Module: Capybara::Node::Actions

Included in:
Base
Defined in:
lib/capybara/node/actions.rb

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#attach_file([locator], paths, **options) ⇒ Capybara::Node::Element #attach_file(paths) { ... } ⇒ Capybara::Node::Element

Find a descendant file field on the page and attach a file given its path. There are two ways to use #attach_file, in the first method the file field can be found via its name, id, test_id attribute, or label text. In the case of the file field being hidden for styling reasons the make_visible option can be used to temporarily change the CSS of the file field, attach the file, and then revert the CSS back to original. If no locator is passed this will match self or a descendant. The second method, which is currently in beta and may be changed/removed, involves passing a block which performs whatever actions would trigger the file chooser to appear.

# will attach file to a descendant file input element that has a name, id, or label_text matching 'My File'
page.attach_file('My File', '/path/to/file.png')

# will attach file to el if it's a file input element
el.attach_file('/path/to/file.png')

# will attach file to whatever file input is triggered by the block
page.attach_file('/path/to/file.png') do
  page.find('#upload_button').click
end

Overloads:

  • #attach_file([locator], paths, **options) ⇒ Capybara::Node::Element

    If the driver is capable of executing JavaScript, this method will wait for a set amount of time and continuously retry finding the element until either the element is found or the time expires. The length of time this method will wait is controlled through default_max_wait_time.

    Options Hash (**options):

    • wait (false, true, Numeric)

      Maximum time to wait for matching element to appear. Defaults to default_max_wait_time.

    • match (Symbol)

      The matching strategy to use (:one, :first, :prefer_exact, :smart). Defaults to match.

    • exact (Boolean)

      Match the exact label name/contents or accept a partial match. Defaults to exact.

    • multiple (Boolean)

      Match field which allows multiple file selection

    • id (String, Regexp)

      Match fields that match the id attribute

    • name (String)

      Match fields that match the name attribute

    • class (String, Array<String>, Regexp)

      Match fields that match the class(es) provided

    • make_visible (true, Hash)

      A Hash of CSS styles to change before attempting to attach the file, if true, { opacity: 1, display: 'block', visibility: 'visible' } is used (may not be supported by all drivers).

  • #attach_file(paths) { ... } ⇒ Capybara::Node::Element

    Yields:

    • Block whose actions will trigger the system file chooser to be shown


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# File 'lib/capybara/node/actions.rb', line 278

def attach_file(locator = nil, paths, make_visible: nil, **options) # rubocop:disable Style/OptionalArguments
  if locator && block_given?
    raise ArgumentError, '``#attach_file` does not support passing both a locator and a block'
  end

  Array(paths).each do |path|
    raise Capybara::FileNotFound, "cannot attach file, #{path} does not exist" unless File.exist?(path.to_s)
  end
  options[:allow_self] = true if locator.nil?

  if block_given?
    begin
      execute_script CAPTURE_FILE_ELEMENT_SCRIPT
      yield
      file_field = evaluate_script 'window._capybara_clicked_file_input'
      raise ArgumentError, "Capybara was unable to determine the file input you're attaching to" unless file_field
    rescue ::Capybara::NotSupportedByDriverError
      warn 'Block mode of `#attach_file` is not supported by the current driver - ignoring.'
    end
  end
  # Allow user to update the CSS style of the file input since they are so often hidden on a page
  if make_visible
    ff = file_field || find(:file_field, locator, options.merge(visible: :all))
    while_visible(ff, make_visible) { |el| el.set(paths) }
  else
    (file_field || find(:file_field, locator, options)).set(paths)
  end
end

#check([locator], **options) ⇒ Capybara::Node::Element

Find a descendant check box and mark it as checked. The check box can be found via name, id, test_id attribute, or label text. If no locator is provided this will match against self or a descendant.

# will check a descendant checkbox with a name, id, or label text matching 'German'
page.check('German')

# will check `el` if it's a checkbox element
el.check()

If the driver is capable of executing JavaScript, this method will wait for a set amount of time and continuously retry finding the element until either the element is found or the time expires. The length of time this method will wait is controlled through default_max_wait_time.

Options Hash (**options):

  • option (String)

    Value of the checkbox to select

  • id (String, Regexp)

    Match fields that match the id attribute

  • name (String)

    Match fields that match the name attribute

  • class (String, Array<String>, Regexp)

    Match fields that match the class(es) provided

  • allow_label_click (Boolean)

    Attempt to click the label to toggle state if element is non-visible. Defaults to automatic_label_click.

  • wait (false, true, Numeric)

    Maximum time to wait for matching element to appear. Defaults to default_max_wait_time.


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# File 'lib/capybara/node/actions.rb', line 149

def check(locator = nil, **options)
  _check_with_label(:checkbox, true, locator, options)
end

#choose([locator], **options) ⇒ Capybara::Node::Element

Find a descendant radio button and mark it as checked. The radio button can be found via name, id, test_id attribute or label text. If no locator is provided this will match against self or a descendant.

# will choose a descendant radio button with a name, id, or label text matching 'Male'
page.choose('Male')

# will choose `el` if it's a radio button element
el.choose()

If the driver is capable of executing JavaScript, this method will wait for a set amount of time and continuously retry finding the element until either the element is found or the time expires. The length of time this method will wait is controlled through default_max_wait_time.

Options Hash (**options):

  • option (String)

    Value of the radio_button to choose

  • id (String, Regexp)

    Match fields that match the id attribute

  • name (String)

    Match fields that match the name attribute

  • class (String, Array<String>, Regexp)

    Match fields that match the class(es) provided

  • wait (false, true, Numeric)

    Maximum time to wait for matching element to appear. Defaults to default_max_wait_time.

  • allow_label_click (Boolean)

    Attempt to click the label to toggle state if element is non-visible. Defaults to automatic_label_click.


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# File 'lib/capybara/node/actions.rb', line 121

def choose(locator = nil, **options)
  _check_with_label(:radio_button, true, locator, options)
end

#click_button([locator], **options) ⇒ Capybara::Node::Element

Finds a button on the page and clicks it. This can be any <input> element of type submit, reset, image, button or it can be a <button> element. All buttons can be found by their id, name, test_id attribute, value, or title. <button> elements can also be found by their text content, and image <input> elements by their alt attribute.

If the driver is capable of executing JavaScript, this method will wait for a set amount of time and continuously retry finding the element until either the element is found or the time expires. The length of time this method will wait is controlled through default_max_wait_time.

Options Hash (**options):

  • wait (false, true, Numeric)

    Maximum time to wait for matching element to appear. Defaults to default_max_wait_time.


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# File 'lib/capybara/node/actions.rb', line 57

def click_button(locator = nil, **options)
  find(:button, locator, options).click
end

Finds a link by id, test_id attribute, text or title and clicks it. Also looks at image alt text inside the link.

If the driver is capable of executing JavaScript, this method will wait for a set amount of time and continuously retry finding the element until either the element is found or the time expires. The length of time this method will wait is controlled through default_max_wait_time.

Options Hash (**options):

  • wait (false, true, Numeric)

    Maximum time to wait for matching element to appear. Defaults to default_max_wait_time.


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# File 'lib/capybara/node/actions.rb', line 41

def click_link(locator = nil, **options)
  find(:link, locator, options).click
end

Finds a button or link and clicks it. See #click_button and #click_link for what locator will match against for each type of element.

If the driver is capable of executing JavaScript, this method will wait for a set amount of time and continuously retry finding the element until either the element is found or the time expires. The length of time this method will wait is controlled through default_max_wait_time.

Options Hash (**options):

  • wait (false, true, Numeric)

    Maximum time to wait for matching element to appear. Defaults to default_max_wait_time.


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# File 'lib/capybara/node/actions.rb', line 25

def click_link_or_button(locator = nil, **options)
  find(:link_or_button, locator, options).click
end

#fill_in([locator], with: , **options) ⇒ Capybara::Node::Element

Locate a text field or text area and fill it in with the given text. The field can be found via its name, id, test_id attribute, placeholder, or label text. If no locator is provided this will operate on self or a descendant.

# will fill in a descendant fillable field with name, id, or label text matching 'Name'
page.fill_in 'Name', with: 'Bob'

# will fill in `el` if it's a fillable field
el.fill_in with: 'Tom'

If the driver is capable of executing JavaScript, this method will wait for a set amount of time and continuously retry finding the element until either the element is found or the time expires. The length of time this method will wait is controlled through default_max_wait_time.

Options Hash (**options):

  • wait (false, true, Numeric)

    Maximum time to wait for matching element to appear. Defaults to default_max_wait_time.

  • currently_with (String)

    The current value property of the field to fill in

  • multiple (Boolean)

    Match fields that can have multiple values?

  • id (String, Regexp)

    Match fields that match the id attribute

  • name (String)

    Match fields that match the name attribute

  • placeholder (String)

    Match fields that match the placeholder attribute

  • class (String, Array<String>, Regexp)

    Match fields that match the class(es) provided

  • fill_options (Hash)

    Driver specific options regarding how to fill fields (Defaults come from default_set_options)


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# File 'lib/capybara/node/actions.rb', line 88

def fill_in(locator = nil, with:, currently_with: nil, fill_options: {}, **find_options)
  find_options[:with] = currently_with if currently_with
  find_options[:allow_self] = true if locator.nil?
  find(:fillable_field, locator, find_options).set(with, fill_options)
end

#select(value = nil, from: nil, **options) ⇒ Capybara::Node::Element

If from option is present, #select finds a select box, or text input with associated datalist, on the page and selects a particular option from it. Otherwise it finds an option inside current scope and selects it. If the select box is a multiple select, #select can be called multiple times to select more than one option. The select box can be found via its name, id, test_id attribute, or label text. The option can be found by its text.

page.select 'March', from: 'Month'

If the driver is capable of executing JavaScript, this method will wait for a set amount of time and continuously retry finding the element until either the element is found or the time expires. The length of time this method will wait is controlled through default_max_wait_time.

Options Hash (**options):

  • wait (false, true, Numeric)

    Maximum time to wait for matching element to appear. Defaults to default_max_wait_time.

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)

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# File 'lib/capybara/node/actions.rb', line 200

def select(value = nil, from: nil, **options)
  raise ArgumentError, 'The :from option does not take an element' if from.is_a? Capybara::Node::Element

  el = from ? find_select_or_datalist_input(from, options) : self

  if el.respond_to?(:tag_name) && (el.tag_name == 'input')
    select_datalist_option(el, value)
  else
    el.find(:option, value, options).select_option
  end
end

#uncheck([locator], **options) ⇒ Capybara::Node::Element

Find a descendant check box and uncheck it. The check box can be found via name, id, test_id attribute, or label text. If no locator is provided this will match against self or a descendant.

# will uncheck a descendant checkbox with a name, id, or label text matching 'German'
page.uncheck('German')

# will uncheck `el` if it's a checkbox element
el.uncheck()

If the driver is capable of executing JavaScript, this method will wait for a set amount of time and continuously retry finding the element until either the element is found or the time expires. The length of time this method will wait is controlled through default_max_wait_time.

Options Hash (**options):

  • option (String)

    Value of the checkbox to deselect

  • id (String, Regexp)

    Match fields that match the id attribute

  • name (String)

    Match fields that match the name attribute

  • class (String, Array<String>, Regexp)

    Match fields that match the class(es) provided

  • allow_label_click (Boolean)

    Attempt to click the label to toggle state if element is non-visible. Defaults to automatic_label_click.

  • wait (false, true, Numeric)

    Maximum time to wait for matching element to appear. Defaults to default_max_wait_time.


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# File 'lib/capybara/node/actions.rb', line 177

def uncheck(locator = nil, **options)
  _check_with_label(:checkbox, false, locator, options)
end

#unselect(value = nil, from: nil, **options) ⇒ Capybara::Node::Element

Find a select box on the page and unselect a particular option from it. If the select box is a multiple select, #unselect can be called multiple times to unselect more than one option. The select box can be found via its name, id, test_id attribute, or label text.

page.unselect 'March', from: 'Month'

If the driver is capable of executing JavaScript, this method will wait for a set amount of time and continuously retry finding the element until either the element is found or the time expires. The length of time this method will wait is controlled through default_max_wait_time.

Options Hash (**options):

  • wait (false, true, Numeric)

    Maximum time to wait for matching element to appear. Defaults to default_max_wait_time.

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)

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# File 'lib/capybara/node/actions.rb', line 229

def unselect(value = nil, from: nil, **options)
  raise ArgumentError, 'The :from option does not take an element' if from.is_a? Capybara::Node::Element

  scope = from ? find(:select, from, options) : self
  scope.find(:option, value, options).unselect_option
end