Class: RDoc::Parser::C

Inherits:
RDoc::Parser show all
Includes:
Text
Defined in:
lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb

Overview

RDoc::Parser::C attempts to parse C extension files. It looks for the standard patterns that you find in extensions: rb_define_class, rb_define_method and so on. It tries to find the corresponding C source for the methods and extract comments, but if we fail we don't worry too much.

The comments associated with a Ruby method are extracted from the C comment block associated with the routine that implements that method, that is to say the method whose name is given in the rb_define_method call. For example, you might write:

/*
 * Returns a new array that is a one-dimensional flattening of this
 * array (recursively). That is, for every element that is an array,
 * extract its elements into the new array.
 *
 *    s = [ 1, 2, 3 ]           #=> [1, 2, 3]
 *    t = [ 4, 5, 6, [7, 8] ]   #=> [4, 5, 6, [7, 8]]
 *    a = [ s, t, 9, 10 ]       #=> [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6, [7, 8]], 9, 10]
 *    a.flatten                 #=> [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
 */
 static VALUE
 rb_ary_flatten(ary)
     VALUE ary;
 {
     ary = rb_obj_dup(ary);
     rb_ary_flatten_bang(ary);
     return ary;
 }

 ...

 void
 Init_Array()
 {
   ...
   rb_define_method(rb_cArray, "flatten", rb_ary_flatten, 0);

Here RDoc will determine from the rb_define_method line that there's a method called “flatten” in class Array, and will look for the implementation in the method rb_ary_flatten. It will then use the comment from that method in the HTML output. This method must be in the same source file as the rb_define_method.

The comment blocks may include special directives:

Document-class: name

Documentation for the named class.

Document-module: name

Documentation for the named module.

Document-const: name

Documentation for the named rb_define_const.

Constant values can be supplied on the first line of the comment like so:

/* 300: The highest possible score in bowling */
rb_define_const(cFoo, "PERFECT", INT2FIX(300));

The value can contain internal colons so long as they are escaped with a \

Document-global: name

Documentation for the named rb_define_global_const

Document-variable: name

Documentation for the named rb_define_variable

Document-method: method_name

Documentation for the named method. Use this when the method name is unambiguous.

Document-method: <tt>ClassName::method_name<tt>

Documentation for a singleton method in the given class. Use this when the method name alone is ambiguous.

Document-method: <tt>ClassName#method_name<tt>

Documentation for a instance method in the given class. Use this when the method name alone is ambiguous.

Document-attr: name

Documentation for the named attribute.

call-seq: text up to an empty line

Because C source doesn't give descriptive names to Ruby-level parameters, you need to document the calling sequence explicitly

In addition, RDoc assumes by default that the C method implementing a Ruby function is in the same source file as the rb_define_method call. If this isn't the case, add the comment:

rb_define_method(....);  // in filename

As an example, we might have an extension that defines multiple classes in its Init_xxx method. We could document them using

/*
 * Document-class:  MyClass
 *
 * Encapsulate the writing and reading of the configuration
 * file. ...
 */

/*
 * Document-method: read_value
 *
 * call-seq:
 *   cfg.read_value(key)            -> value
 *   cfg.read_value(key} { |key| }  -> value
 *
 * Return the value corresponding to +key+ from the configuration.
 * In the second form, if the key isn't found, invoke the
 * block and return its value.
 */

Constant Summary

Constants included from Text

Text::MARKUP_FORMAT, Text::TO_HTML_CHARACTERS

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Attributes inherited from RDoc::Parser

#file_name

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from Text

encode_fallback, #expand_tabs, #flush_left, #markup, #normalize_comment, #parse, #snippet, #strip_hashes, #strip_newlines, #strip_stars, #to_html, #wrap

Methods inherited from RDoc::Parser

alias_extension, binary?, can_parse, can_parse_by_name, check_modeline, for, parse_files_matching, process_directive, remove_modeline, use_markup, zip?

Constructor Details

#initialize(top_level, file_name, content, options, stats) ⇒ C

Prepares for parsing a C file. See RDoc::Parser#initialize for details on the arguments.


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 166

def initialize top_level, file_name, content, options, stats
  super

  @known_classes = RDoc::KNOWN_CLASSES.dup
  @content = handle_tab_width handle_ifdefs_in @content
  @file_dir = File.dirname @file_name

  @classes           = load_variable_map :c_class_variables
  @singleton_classes = load_variable_map :c_singleton_class_variables

  # class_variable => { function => [method, ...] }
  @methods = Hash.new { |h, f| h[f] = Hash.new { |i, m| i[m] = [] } }

  # missing variable => [handle_class_module arguments]
  @missing_dependencies = {}

  # missing enclosure variable => [dependent handle_class_module arguments]
  @enclosure_dependencies = Hash.new { |h, k| h[k] = [] }
  @enclosure_dependencies.instance_variable_set :@missing_dependencies,
                                                @missing_dependencies

  @enclosure_dependencies.extend TSort

  def @enclosure_dependencies.tsort_each_node &block
    each_key(&block)
  rescue TSort::Cyclic => e
    cycle_vars = e.message.scan(/"(.*?)"/).flatten

    cycle = cycle_vars.sort.map do |var_name|
      delete var_name

      var_name, type, mod_name, = @missing_dependencies[var_name]

      "#{type} #{mod_name} (#{var_name})"
    end.join ', '

    warn "Unable to create #{cycle} due to a cyclic class or module creation"

    retry
  end

  def @enclosure_dependencies.tsort_each_child node, &block
    fetch(node, []).each(&block)
  end
end

Instance Attribute Details

#classesObject (readonly)

Maps C variable names to names of Ruby classes or modules


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 128

def classes
  @classes
end

#contentObject

C file the parser is parsing


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 133

def content
  @content
end

#enclosure_dependenciesObject (readonly)

Dependencies from a missing enclosing class to the classes in missing_dependencies that depend upon it.


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 139

def enclosure_dependencies
  @enclosure_dependencies
end

#known_classesObject (readonly)

Maps C variable names to names of Ruby classes (and singleton classes)


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 144

def known_classes
  @known_classes
end

#missing_dependenciesObject (readonly)

Classes found while parsing the C file that were not yet registered due to a missing enclosing class. These are processed by do_missing


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 150

def missing_dependencies
  @missing_dependencies
end

#singleton_classesObject (readonly)

Maps C variable names to names of Ruby singleton classes


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 155

def singleton_classes
  @singleton_classes
end

#top_levelObject (readonly)

The TopLevel items in the parsed file belong to


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 160

def top_level
  @top_level
end

Class Method Details

.tsort_each_child(node, &block) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 207

def @enclosure_dependencies.tsort_each_child node, &block
  fetch(node, []).each(&block)
end

.tsort_each_node(&block) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 189

def @enclosure_dependencies.tsort_each_node &block
  each_key(&block)
rescue TSort::Cyclic => e
  cycle_vars = e.message.scan(/"(.*?)"/).flatten

  cycle = cycle_vars.sort.map do |var_name|
    delete var_name

    var_name, type, mod_name, = @missing_dependencies[var_name]

    "#{type} #{mod_name} (#{var_name})"
  end.join ', '

  warn "Unable to create #{cycle} due to a cyclic class or module creation"

  retry
end

Instance Method Details

#deduplicate_call_seqObject

Removes duplicate call-seq entries for methods using the same implementation.


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 216

def deduplicate_call_seq
  @methods.each do |var_name, functions|
    class_name = @known_classes[var_name]
    class_obj  = find_class var_name, class_name

    functions.each_value do |method_names|
      next if method_names.length == 1

      method_names.each do |method_name|
        deduplicate_method_name class_obj, method_name
      end
    end
  end
end

#deduplicate_method_name(class_obj, method_name) ⇒ Object

If two ruby methods share a C implementation (and comment) this deduplicates the examples in the call_seq for the method to reduce confusion in the output.


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 236

def deduplicate_method_name class_obj, method_name # :nodoc:
  return unless
    method = class_obj.method_list.find { |m| m.name == method_name }
  return unless call_seq = method.call_seq

  method_name = method_name[0, 1] if method_name =~ /\A\[/

  entries = call_seq.split "\n"

  matching = entries.select do |entry|
    entry =~ /^\w*\.?#{Regexp.escape method_name}/ or
      entry =~ /\s#{Regexp.escape method_name}\s/
  end

  method.call_seq = matching.join "\n"
end

#do_aliasesObject

Scans #content for rb_define_alias


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 256

def do_aliases
  @content.scan(/rb_define_alias\s*\(
                 \s*(\w+),
                 \s*"(.+?)",
                 \s*"(.+?)"
                 \s*\)/xm) do |var_name, new_name, old_name|
    class_name = @known_classes[var_name]

    unless class_name then
      @options.warn "Enclosing class or module %p for alias %s %s is not known" % [
        var_name, new_name, old_name]
      next
    end

    class_obj = find_class var_name, class_name

    al = RDoc::Alias.new '', old_name, new_name, ''
    al.singleton = @singleton_classes.key? var_name

    comment = find_alias_comment var_name, new_name, old_name

    comment.normalize

    al.comment = comment

    al.record_location @top_level

    class_obj.add_alias al
    @stats.add_alias al
  end
end

#do_attrsObject

Scans #content for rb_attr and rb_define_attr


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 291

def do_attrs
  @content.scan(/rb_attr\s*\(
                 \s*(\w+),
                 \s*([\w"()]+),
                 \s*([01]),
                 \s*([01]),
                 \s*\w+\);/xm) do |var_name, attr_name, read, write|
    handle_attr var_name, attr_name, read, write
  end

  @content.scan(%r%rb_define_attr\(
                           \s*([\w\.]+),
                           \s*"([^"]+)",
                           \s*(\d+),
                           \s*(\d+)\s*\);
              %xm) do |var_name, attr_name, read, write|
    handle_attr var_name, attr_name, read, write
  end
end

#do_boot_defclassObject

Scans #content for boot_defclass


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 314

def do_boot_defclass
  @content.scan(/(\w+)\s*=\s*boot_defclass\s*\(\s*"(\w+?)",\s*(\w+?)\s*\)/) do
    |var_name, class_name, parent|
    parent = nil if parent == "0"
    handle_class_module(var_name, :class, class_name, parent, nil)
  end
end

#do_classesObject

Scans #content for rb_define_class, boot_defclass, rb_define_class_under and rb_singleton_class


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 326

def do_classes
  do_boot_defclass
  do_define_class
  do_define_class_under
  do_singleton_class
  do_struct_define_without_accessor
end

#do_constantsObject

Scans #content for rb_define_variable, rb_define_readonly_variable, rb_define_const and rb_define_global_const


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 338

def do_constants
  @content.scan(%r%\Wrb_define_
                 ( variable          |
                   readonly_variable |
                   const             |
                   global_const        )
             \s*\(
               (?:\s*(\w+),)?
               \s*"(\w+)",
               \s*(.*?)\s*\)\s*;
               %xm) do |type, var_name, const_name, definition|
    var_name = "rb_cObject" if !var_name or var_name == "rb_mKernel"
    handle_constants type, var_name, const_name, definition
  end

  @content.scan(%r%
                \Wrb_curses_define_const
                \s*\(
                  \s*
                  (\w+)
                  \s*
                \)
                \s*;%xm) do |consts|
    const = consts.first

    handle_constants 'const', 'mCurses', const, "UINT2NUM(#{const})"
  end

  @content.scan(%r%
                \Wrb_file_const
                \s*\(
                  \s*
                  "([^"]+)",
                  \s*
                  (.*?)
                  \s*
                \)
                \s*;%xm) do |name, value|
    handle_constants 'const', 'rb_mFConst', name, value
  end
end

#do_define_classObject

Scans #content for rb_define_class


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 383

def do_define_class
  # The '.' lets us handle SWIG-generated files
  @content.scan(/([\w\.]+)\s* = \s*rb_define_class\s*
            \(
               \s*"(\w+)",
               \s*(\w+)\s*
            \)/mx) do |var_name, class_name, parent|
    handle_class_module(var_name, :class, class_name, parent, nil)
  end
end

#do_define_class_underObject

Scans #content for rb_define_class_under


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 397

def do_define_class_under
  @content.scan(/([\w\.]+)\s* =                  # var_name
                 \s*rb_define_class_under\s*
                 \(
                   \s* (\w+),                    # under
                   \s* "(\w+)",                  # class_name
                   \s*
                   (?:
                     ([\w\*\s\(\)\.\->]+) |      # parent_name
                     rb_path2class\("([\w:]+)"\) # path
                   )
                   \s*
                 \)
                /mx) do |var_name, under, class_name, parent_name, path|
    parent = path || parent_name

    handle_class_module var_name, :class, class_name, parent, under
  end
end

#do_define_moduleObject

Scans #content for rb_define_module


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 420

def do_define_module
  @content.scan(/(\w+)\s* = \s*rb_define_module\s*\(\s*"(\w+)"\s*\)/mx) do
    |var_name, class_name|
    handle_class_module(var_name, :module, class_name, nil, nil)
  end
end

#do_define_module_underObject

Scans #content for rb_define_module_under


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 430

def do_define_module_under
  @content.scan(/(\w+)\s* = \s*rb_define_module_under\s*
            \(
               \s*(\w+),
               \s*"(\w+)"
            \s*\)/mx) do |var_name, in_module, class_name|
    handle_class_module(var_name, :module, class_name, nil, in_module)
  end
end

#do_includesObject

Scans #content for rb_include_module


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 443

def do_includes
  @content.scan(/rb_include_module\s*\(\s*(\w+?),\s*(\w+?)\s*\)/) do |c,m|
    next unless cls = @classes[c]
    m = @known_classes[m] || m

    comment = RDoc::Comment.new '', @top_level
    incl = cls.add_include RDoc::Include.new(m, comment)
    incl.record_location @top_level
  end
end

#do_methodsObject

Scans #content for rb_define_method, rb_define_singleton_method, rb_define_module_function, rb_define_private_method, rb_define_global_function and define_filetest_function


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 459

def do_methods
  @content.scan(%r%rb_define_
                 (
                    singleton_method |
                    method           |
                    module_function  |
                    private_method
                 )
                 \s*\(\s*([\w\.]+),
                   \s*"([^"]+)",
                   \s*(?:RUBY_METHOD_FUNC\(|VALUEFUNC\(|\(METHOD\))?(\w+)\)?,
                   \s*(-?\w+)\s*\)
                 (?:;\s*/[*/]\s+in\s+(\w+?\.(?:cpp|c|y)))?
               %xm) do |type, var_name, meth_name, function, param_count, source_file|

    # Ignore top-object and weird struct.c dynamic stuff
    next if var_name == "ruby_top_self"
    next if var_name == "nstr"

    var_name = "rb_cObject" if var_name == "rb_mKernel"
    handle_method(type, var_name, meth_name, function, param_count,
                  source_file)
  end

  @content.scan(%r%rb_define_global_function\s*\(
                           \s*"([^"]+)",
                           \s*(?:RUBY_METHOD_FUNC\(|VALUEFUNC\()?(\w+)\)?,
                           \s*(-?\w+)\s*\)
              (?:;\s*/[*/]\s+in\s+(\w+?\.[cy]))?
              %xm) do |meth_name, function, param_count, source_file|
    handle_method("method", "rb_mKernel", meth_name, function, param_count,
                  source_file)
  end

  @content.scan(/define_filetest_function\s*\(
                   \s*"([^"]+)",
                   \s*(?:RUBY_METHOD_FUNC\(|VALUEFUNC\()?(\w+)\)?,
                   \s*(-?\w+)\s*\)/xm) do |meth_name, function, param_count|

    handle_method("method", "rb_mFileTest", meth_name, function, param_count)
    handle_method("singleton_method", "rb_cFile", meth_name, function,
                  param_count)
  end
end

#do_missingObject

Creates classes and module that were missing were defined due to the file order being different than the declaration order.


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 508

def do_missing
  return if @missing_dependencies.empty?

  @enclosure_dependencies.tsort.each do |in_module|
    arguments = @missing_dependencies.delete in_module

    next unless arguments # dependency on existing class

    handle_class_module(*arguments)
  end
end

#do_modulesObject

Scans #content for rb_define_module and rb_define_module_under


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 523

def do_modules
  do_define_module
  do_define_module_under
end

#do_singleton_classObject

Scans #content for rb_singleton_class


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 531

def do_singleton_class
  @content.scan(/([\w\.]+)\s* = \s*rb_singleton_class\s*
                \(
                  \s*(\w+)
                \s*\)/mx) do |sclass_var, class_var|
    handle_singleton sclass_var, class_var
  end
end

#do_struct_define_without_accessorObject

Scans #content for struct_define_without_accessor


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 543

def do_struct_define_without_accessor
  @content.scan(/([\w\.]+)\s* = \s*rb_struct_define_without_accessor\s*
            \(
               \s*"(\w+)",  # Class name
               \s*(\w+),    # Parent class
               \s*\w+,      # Allocation function
               (\s*"\w+",)* # Attributes
               \s*NULL
            \)/mx) do |var_name, class_name, parent|
    handle_class_module(var_name, :class, class_name, parent, nil)
  end
end

#find_alias_comment(class_name, new_name, old_name) ⇒ Object

Finds the comment for an alias on class_name from new_name to old_name


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 560

def find_alias_comment class_name, new_name, old_name
  content =~ %r%((?>/\*.*?\*/\s+))
                rb_define_alias\(\s*#{Regexp.escape class_name}\s*,
                                 \s*"#{Regexp.escape new_name}"\s*,
                                 \s*"#{Regexp.escape old_name}"\s*\);%xm

  RDoc::Comment.new($1 || '', @top_level)
end

#find_attr_comment(var_name, attr_name, read = nil, write = nil) ⇒ Object

Finds a comment for rb_define_attr, rb_attr or Document-attr.

var_name is the C class variable the attribute is defined on. attr_name is the attribute's name.

read and write are the read/write flags ('1' or '0'). Either both or neither must be provided.


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 578

def find_attr_comment var_name, attr_name, read = nil, write = nil
  attr_name = Regexp.escape attr_name

  rw = if read and write then
         /\s*#{read}\s*,\s*#{write}\s*/xm
       else
         /.*?/m
       end

  comment = if @content =~ %r%((?>/\*.*?\*/\s+))
                              rb_define_attr\((?:\s*#{var_name},)?\s*
                                              "#{attr_name}"\s*,
                                              #{rw}\)\s*;%xm then
              $1
            elsif @content =~ %r%((?>/\*.*?\*/\s+))
                                 rb_attr\(\s*#{var_name}\s*,
                                          \s*#{attr_name}\s*,
                                          #{rw},.*?\)\s*;%xm then
              $1
            elsif @content =~ %r%Document-attr:\s#{attr_name}\s*?\n
                                 ((?>.*?\*/))%xm then
              $1
            else
              ''
            end

  RDoc::Comment.new comment, @top_level
end

#find_body(class_name, meth_name, meth_obj, file_content, quiet = false) ⇒ Object

Find the C code corresponding to a Ruby method


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 610

def find_body class_name, meth_name, meth_obj, file_content, quiet = false
  case file_content
  when %r%((?>/\*.*?\*/\s*)?)
          ((?:(?:static|SWIGINTERN)\s+)?
           (?:intern\s+)?VALUE\s+#{meth_name}
           \s*(\([^)]*\))([^;]|$))%xm then
    comment = RDoc::Comment.new $1, @top_level
    body = $2
    offset, = $~.offset(2)

    comment.remove_private if comment

    # try to find the whole body
    body = $& if /#{Regexp.escape body}[^(]*?\{.*?^\}/m =~ file_content

    # The comment block may have been overridden with a 'Document-method'
    # block. This happens in the interpreter when multiple methods are
    # vectored through to the same C method but those methods are logically
    # distinct (for example Kernel.hash and Kernel.object_id share the same
    # implementation

    override_comment = find_override_comment class_name, meth_obj
    comment = override_comment if override_comment

    comment.normalize
    find_modifiers comment, meth_obj if comment

    #meth_obj.params = params
    meth_obj.start_collecting_tokens
    tk = RDoc::RubyToken::Token.new nil, 1, 1
    tk.set_text body
    meth_obj.add_token tk
    meth_obj.comment = comment
    meth_obj.offset  = offset
    meth_obj.line    = file_content[0, offset].count("\n") + 1

    body
  when %r%((?>/\*.*?\*/\s*))^\s*(\#\s*define\s+#{meth_name}\s+(\w+))%m then
    comment = RDoc::Comment.new $1, @top_level
    body = $2
    offset = $~.offset(2).first

    find_body class_name, $3, meth_obj, file_content, true

    comment.normalize
    find_modifiers comment, meth_obj

    meth_obj.start_collecting_tokens
    tk = RDoc::RubyToken::Token.new nil, 1, 1
    tk.set_text body
    meth_obj.add_token tk
    meth_obj.comment = comment
    meth_obj.offset  = offset
    meth_obj.line    = file_content[0, offset].count("\n") + 1

    body
  when %r%^\s*\#\s*define\s+#{meth_name}\s+(\w+)%m then
    # with no comment we hope the aliased definition has it and use it's
    # definition

    body = find_body(class_name, $1, meth_obj, file_content, true)

    return body if body

    @options.warn "No definition for #{meth_name}"
    false
  else # No body, but might still have an override comment
    comment = find_override_comment class_name, meth_obj

    if comment then
      comment.normalize
      find_modifiers comment, meth_obj
      meth_obj.comment = comment

      ''
    else
      @options.warn "No definition for #{meth_name}"
      false
    end
  end
end

#find_class(raw_name, name) ⇒ Object

Finds a RDoc::NormalClass or RDoc::NormalModule for raw_name


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 695

def find_class(raw_name, name)
  unless @classes[raw_name]
    if raw_name =~ /^rb_m/
      container = @top_level.add_module RDoc::NormalModule, name
    else
      container = @top_level.add_class RDoc::NormalClass, name
    end

    container.record_location @top_level
    @classes[raw_name] = container
  end
  @classes[raw_name]
end

#find_class_comment(class_name, class_mod) ⇒ Object

Look for class or module documentation above Init_+class_name+(void), in a Document-class class_name (or module) comment or above an rb_define_class (or module). If a comment is supplied above a matching Init_ and a rb_define_class the Init_ comment is used.

/*
 * This is a comment for Foo
 */
Init_Foo(void) {
    VALUE cFoo = rb_define_class("Foo", rb_cObject);
}

/*
 * Document-class: Foo
 * This is a comment for Foo
 */
Init_foo(void) {
    VALUE cFoo = rb_define_class("Foo", rb_cObject);
}

/*
 * This is a comment for Foo
 */
VALUE cFoo = rb_define_class("Foo", rb_cObject);

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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 735

def find_class_comment class_name, class_mod
  comment = nil

  if @content =~ %r%
      ((?>/\*.*?\*/\s+))
      (static\s+)?
      void\s+
      Init_#{class_name}\s*(?:_\(\s*)?\(\s*(?:void\s*)?\)%xmi then
    comment = $1.sub(%r%Document-(?:class|module):\s+#{class_name}%, '')
  elsif @content =~ %r%Document-(?:class|module):\s+#{class_name}\s*?
                       (?:<\s+[:,\w]+)?\n((?>.*?\*/))%xm then
    comment = "/*\n#{$1}"
  elsif @content =~ %r%.*((?>/\*.*?\*/\s+))
                       ([\w\.\s]+\s* = \s+)?rb_define_(class|module).*?"(#{class_name})"%xm then
    comment = $1
  elsif @content =~ %r%.*((?>/\*.*?\*/\s+))
                       ([\w\.\s]+\s* = \s+)?rb_define_(class|module)_under.*?"(#{class_name.split('::').last})"%xm then
    comment = $1
  else
    comment = ''
  end

  comment = RDoc::Comment.new comment, @top_level
  comment.normalize

  look_for_directives_in class_mod, comment

  class_mod.add_comment comment, @top_level
end

#find_const_comment(type, const_name, class_name = nil) ⇒ Object

Finds a comment matching type and const_name either above the comment or in the matching Document- section.


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 769

def find_const_comment(type, const_name, class_name = nil)
  comment = if @content =~ %r%((?>^\s*/\*.*?\*/\s+))
                           rb_define_#{type}\((?:\s*(\w+),)?\s*
                                              "#{const_name}"\s*,
                                              .*?\)\s*;%xmi then
              $1
            elsif class_name and
                  @content =~ %r%Document-(?:const|global|variable):\s
                                 #{class_name}::#{const_name}
                                 \s*?\n((?>.*?\*/))%xm then
              "/*\n#{$1}"
            elsif @content =~ %r%Document-(?:const|global|variable):
                                 \s#{const_name}
                                 \s*?\n((?>.*?\*/))%xm then
              "/*\n#{$1}"
            else
              ''
            end

  RDoc::Comment.new comment, @top_level
end

#find_modifiers(comment, meth_obj) ⇒ Object

Handles modifiers in comment and updates meth_obj as appropriate.


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 794

def find_modifiers comment, meth_obj
  comment.normalize
  comment.extract_call_seq meth_obj

  look_for_directives_in meth_obj, comment
end

#find_override_comment(class_name, meth_obj) ⇒ Object

Finds a Document-method override for meth_obj on class_name


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 804

def find_override_comment class_name, meth_obj
  name = Regexp.escape meth_obj.name
  prefix = Regexp.escape meth_obj.name_prefix

  comment = if @content =~ %r%Document-method:
                              \s+#{class_name}#{prefix}#{name}
                              \s*?\n((?>.*?\*/))%xm then
              "/*#{$1}"
            elsif @content =~ %r%Document-method:
                                 \s#{name}\s*?\n((?>.*?\*/))%xm then
              "/*#{$1}"
            end

  return unless comment

  RDoc::Comment.new comment, @top_level
end

#handle_attr(var_name, attr_name, read, write) ⇒ Object

Creates a new RDoc::Attr attr_name on class var_name that is either read, write or both


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 826

def handle_attr(var_name, attr_name, read, write)
  rw = ''
  rw << 'R' if '1' == read
  rw << 'W' if '1' == write

  class_name = @known_classes[var_name]

  return unless class_name

  class_obj = find_class var_name, class_name

  return unless class_obj

  comment = find_attr_comment var_name, attr_name
  comment.normalize

  name = attr_name.gsub(/rb_intern\("([^"]+)"\)/, '\1')

  attr = RDoc::Attr.new '', name, rw, comment

  attr.record_location @top_level
  class_obj.add_attribute attr
  @stats.add_attribute attr
end

#handle_class_module(var_name, type, class_name, parent, in_module) ⇒ Object

Creates a new RDoc::NormalClass or RDoc::NormalModule based on type named class_name in parent which was assigned to the C var_name.


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 855

def handle_class_module(var_name, type, class_name, parent, in_module)
  parent_name = @known_classes[parent] || parent

  if in_module then
    enclosure = @classes[in_module] || @store.find_c_enclosure(in_module)

    if enclosure.nil? and enclosure = @known_classes[in_module] then
      enc_type = /^rb_m/ =~ in_module ? :module : :class
      handle_class_module in_module, enc_type, enclosure, nil, nil
      enclosure = @classes[in_module]
    end

    unless enclosure then
      @enclosure_dependencies[in_module] << var_name
      @missing_dependencies[var_name] =
        [var_name, type, class_name, parent, in_module]

      return
    end
  else
    enclosure = @top_level
  end

  if type == :class then
    full_name = if RDoc::ClassModule === enclosure then
                  enclosure.full_name + "::#{class_name}"
                else
                  class_name
                end

    if @content =~ %r%Document-class:\s+#{full_name}\s*<\s+([:,\w]+)% then
      parent_name = $1
    end

    cm = enclosure.add_class RDoc::NormalClass, class_name, parent_name
  else
    cm = enclosure.add_module RDoc::NormalModule, class_name
  end

  cm.record_location enclosure.top_level

  find_class_comment cm.full_name, cm

  case cm
  when RDoc::NormalClass
    @stats.add_class cm
  when RDoc::NormalModule
    @stats.add_module cm
  end

  @classes[var_name] = cm
  @known_classes[var_name] = cm.full_name
  @store.add_c_enclosure var_name, cm
end

#handle_constants(type, var_name, const_name, definition) ⇒ Object

Adds constants. By providing some_value: at the start of the comment you can override the C value of the comment to give a friendly definition.

/* 300: The perfect score in bowling */
rb_define_const(cFoo, "PERFECT", INT2FIX(300);

Will override INT2FIX(300) with the value 300 in the output RDoc. Values may include quotes and escaped colons (:).


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 920

def handle_constants(type, var_name, const_name, definition)
  class_name = @known_classes[var_name]

  return unless class_name

  class_obj = find_class var_name, class_name

  unless class_obj then
    @options.warn 'Enclosing class or module %p is not known' % [const_name]
    return
  end

  comment = find_const_comment type, const_name, class_name
  comment.normalize

  # In the case of rb_define_const, the definition and comment are in
  # "/* definition: comment */" form.  The literal ':' and '\' characters
  # can be escaped with a backslash.
  if type.downcase == 'const' then
    no_match, new_definition, new_comment = comment.text.split(/(\A.*):/)

    if no_match and no_match.empty? then
      if new_definition.empty? then # Default to literal C definition
        new_definition = definition
      else
        new_definition.gsub!("\:", ":")
        new_definition.gsub!("\\", '\\')
      end

      new_definition.sub!(/\A(\s+)/, '')

      new_comment = "#{$1}#{new_comment.lstrip}"

      new_comment = RDoc::Comment.new new_comment, @top_level

      con = RDoc::Constant.new const_name, new_definition, new_comment
    else
      con = RDoc::Constant.new const_name, definition, comment
    end
  else
    con = RDoc::Constant.new const_name, definition, comment
  end

  con.record_location @top_level
  @stats.add_constant con
  class_obj.add_constant con
end

#handle_ifdefs_in(body) ⇒ Object

Removes #ifdefs that would otherwise confuse us


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 971

def handle_ifdefs_in(body)
  body.gsub(/^#ifdef HAVE_PROTOTYPES.*?#else.*?\n(.*?)#endif.*?\n/m, '\1')
end

#handle_method(type, var_name, meth_name, function, param_count, source_file = nil) ⇒ Object

Adds an RDoc::AnyMethod meth_name defined on a class or module assigned to var_name. type is the type of method definition function used. singleton_method and module_function create a singleton method.


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 980

def handle_method(type, var_name, meth_name, function, param_count,
                  source_file = nil)
  class_name = @known_classes[var_name]
  singleton  = @singleton_classes.key? var_name

  @methods[var_name][function] << meth_name

  return unless class_name

  class_obj = find_class var_name, class_name

  if class_obj then
    if meth_name == 'initialize' then
      meth_name = 'new'
      singleton = true
      type = 'method' # force public
    end

    meth_obj = RDoc::AnyMethod.new '', meth_name
    meth_obj.c_function = function
    meth_obj.singleton =
      singleton || %w[singleton_method module_function].include?(type)

    p_count = Integer(param_count) rescue -1

    if source_file then
      file_name = File.join @file_dir, source_file

      if File.exist? file_name then
        file_content = File.read file_name
      else
        @options.warn "unknown source #{source_file} for #{meth_name} in #{@file_name}"
      end
    else
      file_content = @content
    end

    body = find_body class_name, function, meth_obj, file_content

    if body and meth_obj.document_self then
      meth_obj.params = if p_count < -1 then # -2 is Array
                          '(*args)'
                        elsif p_count == -1 then # argc, argv
                          rb_scan_args body
                        else
                          "(#{(1..p_count).map { |i| "p#{i}" }.join ', '})"
                        end


      meth_obj.record_location @top_level
      class_obj.add_method meth_obj
      @stats.add_method meth_obj
      meth_obj.visibility = :private if 'private_method' == type
    end
  end
end

#handle_singleton(sclass_var, class_var) ⇒ Object

Registers a singleton class sclass_var as a singleton of class_var


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 1040

def handle_singleton sclass_var, class_var
  class_name = @known_classes[class_var]

  @known_classes[sclass_var]     = class_name
  @singleton_classes[sclass_var] = class_name
end

#handle_tab_width(body) ⇒ Object

Normalizes tabs in body


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 1050

def handle_tab_width(body)
  if /\t/ =~ body
    tab_width = @options.tab_width
    body.split(/\n/).map do |line|
      1 while line.gsub!(/\t+/) do
        ' ' * (tab_width * $&.length - $`.length % tab_width)
      end && $~
      line
    end.join "\n"
  else
    body
  end
end

#load_variable_map(map_name) ⇒ Object

Loads the variable map with the given name from the RDoc::Store, if present.


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 1068

def load_variable_map map_name
  return {} unless files = @store.cache[map_name]
  return {} unless name_map = files[@file_name]

  class_map = {}

  name_map.each do |variable, name|
    next unless mod = @store.find_class_or_module(name)

    class_map[variable] = if map_name == :c_class_variables then
                            mod
                          else
                            name
                          end
    @known_classes[variable] = name
  end

  class_map
end

#look_for_directives_in(context, comment) ⇒ Object

Look for directives in a normal comment block:

/*
 * :title: My Awesome Project
 */

This method modifies the comment


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 1097

def look_for_directives_in context, comment
  @preprocess.handle comment, context do |directive, param|
    case directive
    when 'main' then
      @options.main_page = param
      ''
    when 'title' then
      @options.default_title = param if @options.respond_to? :default_title=
      ''
    end
  end

  comment
end

#rb_scan_args(method_body) ⇒ Object

Extracts parameters from the method_body and returns a method parameter string. Follows 1.9.3dev's scan-arg-spec, see README.EXT


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 1116

def rb_scan_args method_body
  method_body =~ /rb_scan_args\((.*?)\)/m
  return '(*args)' unless $1

  $1.split(/,/)[2] =~ /"(.*?)"/ # format argument
  format = $1.split(//)

  lead = opt = trail = 0

  if format.first =~ /\d/ then
    lead = $&.to_i
    format.shift
    if format.first =~ /\d/ then
      opt = $&.to_i
      format.shift
      if format.first =~ /\d/ then
        trail = $&.to_i
        format.shift
        block_arg = true
      end
    end
  end

  if format.first == '*' and not block_arg then
    var = true
    format.shift
    if format.first =~ /\d/ then
      trail = $&.to_i
      format.shift
    end
  end

  if format.first == ':' then
    hash = true
    format.shift
  end

  if format.first == '&' then
    block = true
    format.shift
  end

  # if the format string is not empty there's a bug in the C code, ignore it

  args = []
  position = 1

  (1...(position + lead)).each do |index|
    args << "p#{index}"
  end

  position += lead

  (position...(position + opt)).each do |index|
    args << "p#{index} = v#{index}"
  end

  position += opt

  if var then
    args << '*args'
    position += 1
  end

  (position...(position + trail)).each do |index|
    args << "p#{index}"
  end

  position += trail

  if hash then
    args << "p#{position} = {}"
    position += 1
  end

  args << '&block' if block

  "(#{args.join ', '})"
end

#remove_commented_out_linesObject

Removes lines that are commented out that might otherwise get picked up when scanning for classes and methods


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 1200

def remove_commented_out_lines
  @content.gsub!(%r%//.*rb_define_%, '//')
end

#scanObject

Extracts the classes, modules, methods, attributes, constants and aliases from a C file and returns an RDoc::TopLevel for this file


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# File 'lib/rdoc/parser/c.rb', line 1208

def scan
  remove_commented_out_lines

  do_modules
  do_classes
  do_missing

  do_constants
  do_methods
  do_includes
  do_aliases
  do_attrs

  deduplicate_call_seq

  @store.add_c_variables self

  @top_level
end