Class: Net::IMAP

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
MonitorMixin, OpenSSL, SSL
Defined in:
lib/net/imap.rb

Overview

Net::IMAP implements Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP) client functionality. The protocol is described in [IMAP].

IMAP Overview

An IMAP client connects to a server, and then authenticates itself using either #authenticate() or #login(). Having authenticated itself, there is a range of commands available to it. Most work with mailboxes, which may be arranged in an hierarchical namespace, and each of which contains zero or more messages. How this is implemented on the server is implementation-dependent; on a UNIX server, it will frequently be implemented as a files in mailbox format within a hierarchy of directories.

To work on the messages within a mailbox, the client must first select that mailbox, using either #select() or (for read-only access) #examine(). Once the client has successfully selected a mailbox, they enter selected state, and that mailbox becomes the current mailbox, on which mail-item related commands implicitly operate.

Messages have two sorts of identifiers: message sequence numbers, and UIDs.

Message sequence numbers number messages within a mail box from 1 up to the number of items in the mail box. If new message arrives during a session, it receives a sequence number equal to the new size of the mail box. If messages are expunged from the mailbox, remaining messages have their sequence numbers "shuffled down" to fill the gaps.

UIDs, on the other hand, are permanently guaranteed not to identify another message within the same mailbox, even if the existing message is deleted. UIDs are required to be assigned in ascending (but not necessarily sequential) order within a mailbox; this means that if a non-IMAP client rearranges the order of mailitems within a mailbox, the UIDs have to be reassigned. An IMAP client cannot thus rearrange message orders.

Examples of Usage

List sender and subject of all recent messages in the default mailbox

imap = Net::IMAP.new('mail.example.com')
imap.authenticate('LOGIN', 'joe_user', 'joes_password')
imap.examine('INBOX')
imap.search(["RECENT"]).each do |message_id|
  envelope = imap.fetch(message_id, "ENVELOPE")[0].attr["ENVELOPE"]
  puts "#{envelope.from[0].name}: \t#{envelope.subject}"
end

Move all messages from April 2003 from "Mail/sent-mail" to "Mail/sent-apr03"

imap = Net::IMAP.new('mail.example.com')
imap.authenticate('LOGIN', 'joe_user', 'joes_password')
imap.select('Mail/sent-mail')
if not imap.list('Mail/', 'sent-apr03')
  imap.create('Mail/sent-apr03')
end
imap.search(["BEFORE", "30-Apr-2003", "SINCE", "1-Apr-2003"]).each do |message_id|
  imap.copy(message_id, "Mail/sent-apr03")
  imap.store(message_id, "+FLAGS", [:Deleted])
end
imap.expunge

Thread Safety

Net::IMAP supports concurrent threads. For example,

imap = Net::IMAP.new("imap.foo.net", "imap2")
imap.authenticate("cram-md5", "bar", "password")
imap.select("inbox")
fetch_thread = Thread.start { imap.fetch(1..-1, "UID") }
search_result = imap.search(["BODY", "hello"])
fetch_result = fetch_thread.value
imap.disconnect

This script invokes the FETCH command and the SEARCH command concurrently.

Errors

An IMAP server can send three different types of responses to indicate failure:

NO

the attempted command could not be successfully completed. For instance, the username/password used for logging in are incorrect; the selected mailbox does not exists; etc.

BAD

the request from the client does not follow the server's understanding of the IMAP protocol. This includes attempting commands from the wrong client state; for instance, attempting to perform a SEARCH command without having SELECTed a current mailbox. It can also signal an internal server failure (such as a disk crash) has occurred.

BYE

the server is saying goodbye. This can be part of a normal logout sequence, and can be used as part of a login sequence to indicate that the server is (for some reason) unwilling to accept our connection. As a response to any other command, it indicates either that the server is shutting down, or that the server is timing out the client connection due to inactivity.

These three error response are represented by the errors Net::IMAP::NoResponseError, Net::IMAP::BadResponseError, and Net::IMAP::ByeResponseError, all of which are subclasses of Net::IMAP::ResponseError. Essentially, all methods that involve sending a request to the server can generate one of these errors. Only the most pertinent instances have been documented below.

Because the IMAP class uses Sockets for communication, its methods are also susceptible to the various errors that can occur when working with sockets. These are generally represented as Errno errors. For instance, any method that involves sending a request to the server and/or receiving a response from it could raise an Errno::EPIPE error if the network connection unexpectedly goes down. See the socket(7), ip(7), tcp(7), socket(2), connect(2), and associated man pages.

Finally, a Net::IMAP::DataFormatError is thrown if low-level data is found to be in an incorrect format (for instance, when converting between UTF-8 and UTF-16), and Net::IMAP::ResponseParseError is thrown if a server response is non-parseable.

References

[IMAP]
  1. Crispin, "INTERNET MESSAGE ACCESS PROTOCOL - VERSION 4rev1",

RFC 2060, December 1996. (Note: since obsoleted by RFC 3501)

[LANGUAGE-TAGS]

Alvestrand, H., "Tags for the Identification of Languages", RFC 1766, March 1995.

[MD5]

Myers, J., and M. Rose, "The Content-MD5 Header Field", RFC 1864, October 1995.

[MIME-IMB]

Freed, N., and N. Borenstein, "MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) Part One: Format of Internet Message Bodies", RFC 2045, November 1996.

[RFC-822]

Crocker, D., "Standard for the Format of ARPA Internet Text Messages", STD 11, RFC 822, University of Delaware, August 1982.

[RFC-2087]

Myers, J., "IMAP4 QUOTA extension", RFC 2087, January 1997.

[RFC-2086]

Myers, J., "IMAP4 ACL extension", RFC 2086, January 1997.

[RFC-2195]

Klensin, J., Catoe, R., and Krumviede, P., "IMAP/POP AUTHorize Extension for Simple Challenge/Response", RFC 2195, September 1997.

[SORT-THREAD-EXT]

Crispin, M., "INTERNET MESSAGE ACCESS PROTOCOL - SORT and THREAD Extensions", draft-ietf-imapext-sort, May 2003.

[OSSL]

www.openssl.org

[RSSL]

savannah.gnu.org/projects/rubypki

[UTF7]

Goldsmith, D. and Davis, M., "UTF-7: A Mail-Safe Transformation Format of Unicode", RFC 2152, May 1997.

Constant Summary collapse

SEEN =

Flag indicating a message has been seen

:Seen
ANSWERED =

Flag indicating a message has been answered

:Answered
FLAGGED =

Flag indicating a message has been flagged for special or urgent attention

:Flagged
DELETED =

Flag indicating a message has been marked for deletion. This will occur when the mailbox is closed or expunged.

:Deleted
DRAFT =

Flag indicating a message is only a draft or work-in-progress version.

:Draft
RECENT =

Flag indicating that the message is "recent", meaning that this session is the first session in which the client has been notified of this message.

:Recent
NOINFERIORS =

Flag indicating that a mailbox context name cannot contain children.

:Noinferiors
NOSELECT =

Flag indicating that a mailbox is not selected.

:Noselect
MARKED =

Flag indicating that a mailbox has been marked "interesting" by the server; this commonly indicates that the mailbox contains new messages.

:Marked
UNMARKED =

Flag indicating that the mailbox does not contains new messages.

:Unmarked

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Attribute Details

#client_threadObject

The thread to receive exceptions.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 224

def client_thread
  @client_thread
end

#greetingObject (readonly)

Returns an initial greeting response from the server.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 209

def greeting
  @greeting
end

#response_handlersObject (readonly)

Returns all response handlers.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 221

def response_handlers
  @response_handlers
end

#responsesObject (readonly)

Returns recorded untagged responses. For example:

imap.select("inbox")
p imap.responses["EXISTS"][-1]
#=> 2
p imap.responses["UIDVALIDITY"][-1]
#=> 968263756

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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 218

def responses
  @responses
end

Class Method Details

.add_authenticator(auth_type, authenticator) ⇒ Object

Adds an authenticator for Net::IMAP#authenticate. auth_type is the type of authentication this authenticator supports (for instance, "LOGIN"). The authenticator is an object which defines a process() method to handle authentication with the server. See Net::IMAP::LoginAuthenticator, Net::IMAP::CramMD5Authenticator, and Net::IMAP::DigestMD5Authenticator for examples.

If auth_type refers to an existing authenticator, it will be replaced by the new one.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 294

def self.add_authenticator(auth_type, authenticator)
  @@authenticators[auth_type] = authenticator
end

.debugObject

Returns the debug mode.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 264

def self.debug
  return @@debug
end

.debug=(val) ⇒ Object

Sets the debug mode.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 269

def self.debug=(val)
  return @@debug = val
end

.decode_utf7(s) ⇒ Object

Decode a string from modified UTF-7 format to UTF-8.

UTF-7 is a 7-bit encoding of Unicode [UTF7]. IMAP uses a slightly modified version of this to encode mailbox names containing non-ASCII characters; see [IMAP] section 5.1.3.

Net::IMAP does not automatically encode and decode mailbox names to and from utf7.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 941

def self.decode_utf7(s)
  return s.gsub(/&(.*?)-/n) {
    if $1.empty?
      "&"
    else
      base64 = $1.tr(",", "/")
      x = base64.length % 4
      if x > 0
        base64.concat("=" * (4 - x))
      end
      base64.unpack("m")[0].unpack("n*").pack("U*")
    end
  }.force_encoding("UTF-8")
end

.encode_utf7(s) ⇒ Object

Encode a string from UTF-8 format to modified UTF-7.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 957

def self.encode_utf7(s)
  return s.gsub(/(&)|([^\x20-\x7e]+)/u) {
    if $1
      "&-"
    else
      base64 = [$&.unpack("U*").pack("n*")].pack("m")
      "&" + base64.delete("=\n").tr("/", ",") + "-"
    end
  }.force_encoding("ASCII-8BIT")
end

.format_date(time) ⇒ Object

Formats time as an IMAP-style date.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 969

def self.format_date(time)
  return time.strftime('%d-%b-%Y')
end

.format_datetime(time) ⇒ Object

Formats time as an IMAP-style date-time.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 974

def self.format_datetime(time)
  return time.strftime('%d-%b-%Y %H:%M %z')
end

.max_flag_countObject

Returns the max number of flags interned to symbols.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 274

def self.max_flag_count
  return @@max_flag_count
end

.max_flag_count=(count) ⇒ Object

Sets the max number of flags interned to symbols.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 279

def self.max_flag_count=(count)
  @@max_flag_count = count
end

Instance Method Details

#add_response_handler(handler = Proc.new) ⇒ Object

Adds a response handler. For example, to detect when the server sends us a new EXISTS response (which normally indicates new messages being added to the mail box), you could add the following handler after selecting the mailbox.

imap.add_response_handler { |resp|
  if resp.kind_of?(Net::IMAP::UntaggedResponse) and resp.name == "EXISTS"
    puts "Mailbox now has #{resp.data} messages"
  end
}

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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 858

def add_response_handler(handler = Proc.new)
  @response_handlers.push(handler)
end

#append(mailbox, message, flags = nil, date_time = nil) ⇒ Object

Sends a APPEND command to append the message to the end of the mailbox. The optional flags argument is an array of flags to initially passing to the new message. The optional date_time argument specifies the creation time to assign to the new message; it defaults to the current time. For example:

imap.append("inbox", <<EOF.gsub(/\n/, "\r\n"), [:Seen], Time.now)
Subject: hello
From: [email protected]
To: [email protected]

hello world
EOF

A Net::IMAP::NoResponseError is raised if the mailbox does not exist (it is not created automatically), or if the flags, date_time, or message arguments contain errors.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 677

def append(mailbox, message, flags = nil, date_time = nil)
  args = []
  if flags
    args.push(flags)
  end
  args.push(date_time) if date_time
  args.push(Literal.new(message))
  send_command("APPEND", mailbox, *args)
end

#authenticate(auth_type, *args) ⇒ Object

Sends an AUTHENTICATE command to authenticate the client. The auth_type parameter is a string that represents the authentication mechanism to be used. Currently Net::IMAP supports authentication mechanisms:

LOGIN:: login using cleartext user and password.
CRAM-MD5:: login with cleartext user and encrypted password
           (see [RFC-2195] for a full description).  This
           mechanism requires that the server have the user's
           password stored in clear-text password.

For both these mechanisms, there should be two args: username and (cleartext) password. A server may not support one or other of these mechanisms; check #capability() for a capability of the form "AUTH=LOGIN" or "AUTH=CRAM-MD5".

Authentication is done using the appropriate authenticator object: see @@authenticators for more information on plugging in your own authenticator.

For example:

imap.authenticate('LOGIN', user, password)

A Net::IMAP::NoResponseError is raised if authentication fails.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 395

def authenticate(auth_type, *args)
  auth_type = auth_type.upcase
  unless @@authenticators.has_key?(auth_type)
    raise ArgumentError,
      format('unknown auth type - "%s"', auth_type)
  end
  authenticator = @@authenticators[auth_type].new(*args)
  send_command("AUTHENTICATE", auth_type) do |resp|
    if resp.instance_of?(ContinuationRequest)
      data = authenticator.process(resp.data.text.unpack("m")[0])
      s = [data].pack("m").gsub(/\n/, "")
      send_string_data(s)
      put_string(CRLF)
    end
  end
end

#capabilityObject

Sends a CAPABILITY command, and returns an array of capabilities that the server supports. Each capability is a string. See [IMAP] for a list of possible capabilities.

Note that the Net::IMAP class does not modify its behaviour according to the capabilities of the server; it is up to the user of the class to ensure that a certain capability is supported by a server before using it.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 337

def capability
  synchronize do
    send_command("CAPABILITY")
    return @responses.delete("CAPABILITY")[-1]
  end
end

#checkObject

Sends a CHECK command to request a checkpoint of the currently selected mailbox. This performs implementation-specific housekeeping, for instance, reconciling the mailbox's in-memory and on-disk state.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 691

def check
  send_command("CHECK")
end

#closeObject

Sends a CLOSE command to close the currently selected mailbox. The CLOSE command permanently removes from the mailbox all messages that have the Deleted flag set.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 698

def close
  send_command("CLOSE")
end

#copy(set, mailbox) ⇒ Object

Sends a COPY command to copy the specified message(s) to the end of the specified destination mailbox. The set parameter is a number or an array of numbers or a Range object. The number is a message sequence number.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 819

def copy(set, mailbox)
  copy_internal("COPY", set, mailbox)
end

#create(mailbox) ⇒ Object

Sends a CREATE command to create a new mailbox.

A Net::IMAP::NoResponseError is raised if a mailbox with that name cannot be created.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 458

def create(mailbox)
  send_command("CREATE", mailbox)
end

#delete(mailbox) ⇒ Object

Sends a DELETE command to remove the mailbox.

A Net::IMAP::NoResponseError is raised if a mailbox with that name cannot be deleted, either because it does not exist or because the client does not have permission to delete it.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 467

def delete(mailbox)
  send_command("DELETE", mailbox)
end

#disconnectObject

Disconnects from the server.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 299

def disconnect
  begin
    begin
      # try to call SSL::SSLSocket#io.
      @sock.io.shutdown
    rescue NoMethodError
      # @sock is not an SSL::SSLSocket.
      @sock.shutdown
    end
  rescue Errno::ENOTCONN
    # ignore `Errno::ENOTCONN: Socket is not connected' on some platforms.
  rescue Exception => e
    @receiver_thread.raise(e)
  end
  @receiver_thread.join
  synchronize do
    unless @sock.closed?
      @sock.close
    end
  end
  raise e if e
end

#disconnected?Boolean

Returns true if disconnected from the server.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 323

def disconnected?
  return @sock.closed?
end

#examine(mailbox) ⇒ Object

Sends a EXAMINE command to select a mailbox so that messages in the mailbox can be accessed. Behaves the same as #select(), except that the selected mailbox is identified as read-only.

A Net::IMAP::NoResponseError is raised if the mailbox does not exist or is for some reason non-examinable.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 447

def examine(mailbox)
  synchronize do
    @responses.clear
    send_command("EXAMINE", mailbox)
  end
end

#expungeObject

Sends a EXPUNGE command to permanently remove from the currently selected mailbox all messages that have the Deleted flag set.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 704

def expunge
  synchronize do
    send_command("EXPUNGE")
    return @responses.delete("EXPUNGE")
  end
end

#fetch(set, attr) ⇒ Object

Sends a FETCH command to retrieve data associated with a message in the mailbox. The set parameter is a number or an array of numbers or a Range object. The number is a message sequence number. attr is a list of attributes to fetch; see the documentation for Net::IMAP::FetchData for a list of valid attributes. The return value is an array of Net::IMAP::FetchData. For example:

p imap.fetch(6..8, "UID")
#=> [#<Net::IMAP::FetchData seqno=6, attr={"UID"=>98}>, \\
     #<Net::IMAP::FetchData seqno=7, attr={"UID"=>99}>, \\
     #<Net::IMAP::FetchData seqno=8, attr={"UID"=>100}>]
p imap.fetch(6, "BODY[HEADER.FIELDS (SUBJECT)]")
#=> [#<Net::IMAP::FetchData seqno=6, attr={"BODY[HEADER.FIELDS (SUBJECT)]"=>"Subject: test\r\n\r\n"}>]
data = imap.uid_fetch(98, ["RFC822.SIZE", "INTERNALDATE"])[0]
p data.seqno
#=> 6
p data.attr["RFC822.SIZE"]
#=> 611
p data.attr["INTERNALDATE"]
#=> "12-Oct-2000 22:40:59 +0900"
p data.attr["UID"]
#=> 98

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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 783

def fetch(set, attr)
  return fetch_internal("FETCH", set, attr)
end

#getacl(mailbox) ⇒ Object

Send the GETACL command along with specified mailbox. If this mailbox exists, an array containing objects of Net::IMAP::MailboxACLItem will be returned.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 617

def getacl(mailbox)
  synchronize do
    send_command("GETACL", mailbox)
    return @responses.delete("ACL")[-1]
  end
end

#getquota(mailbox) ⇒ Object

Sends the GETQUOTA command along with specified mailbox. If this mailbox exists, then an array containing a Net::IMAP::MailboxQuota object is returned. This command generally is only available to server admin.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 581

def getquota(mailbox)
  synchronize do
    send_command("GETQUOTA", mailbox)
    return @responses.delete("QUOTA")
  end
end

#getquotaroot(mailbox) ⇒ Object

Sends the GETQUOTAROOT command along with specified mailbox. This command is generally available to both admin and user. If mailbox exists, returns an array containing objects of Net::IMAP::MailboxQuotaRoot and Net::IMAP::MailboxQuota.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 567

def getquotaroot(mailbox)
  synchronize do
    send_command("GETQUOTAROOT", mailbox)
    result = []
    result.concat(@responses.delete("QUOTAROOT"))
    result.concat(@responses.delete("QUOTA"))
    return result
  end
end

#idle(&response_handler) ⇒ Object

Sends an IDLE command that waits for notifications of new or expunged messages. Yields responses from the server during the IDLE.

Use #idle_done() to leave IDLE.

Raises:

  • (LocalJumpError)

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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 894

def idle(&response_handler)
  raise LocalJumpError, "no block given" unless response_handler

  response = nil

  synchronize do
    tag = Thread.current[:net_imap_tag] = generate_tag
    put_string("#{tag} IDLE#{CRLF}")

    begin
      add_response_handler(response_handler)
      @idle_done_cond = new_cond
      @idle_done_cond.wait
      @idle_done_cond = nil
      if @receiver_thread_terminating
        raise Net::IMAP::Error, "connection closed"
      end
    ensure
      unless @receiver_thread_terminating
        remove_response_handler(response_handler)
        put_string("DONE#{CRLF}")
        response = get_tagged_response(tag, "IDLE")
      end
    end
  end

  return response
end

#idle_doneObject

Leaves IDLE.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 924

def idle_done
  synchronize do
    if @idle_done_cond.nil?
      raise Net::IMAP::Error, "not during IDLE"
    end
    @idle_done_cond.signal
  end
end

#list(refname, mailbox) ⇒ Object

Sends a LIST command, and returns a subset of names from the complete set of all names available to the client. refname provides a context (for instance, a base directory in a directory-based mailbox hierarchy). mailbox specifies a mailbox or (via wildcards) mailboxes under that context. Two wildcards may be used in mailbox: '*', which matches all characters including the hierarchy delimiter (for instance, '/' on a UNIX-hosted directory-based mailbox hierarchy); and '%', which matches all characters except the hierarchy delimiter.

If refname is empty, mailbox is used directly to determine which mailboxes to match. If mailbox is empty, the root name of refname and the hierarchy delimiter are returned.

The return value is an array of Net::IMAP::MailboxList. For example:

imap.create("foo/bar")
imap.create("foo/baz")
p imap.list("", "foo/%")
#=> [#<Net::IMAP::MailboxList attr=[:Noselect], delim="/", name="foo/">, \\
     #<Net::IMAP::MailboxList attr=[:Noinferiors, :Marked], delim="/", name="foo/bar">, \\
     #<Net::IMAP::MailboxList attr=[:Noinferiors], delim="/", name="foo/baz">]

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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 524

def list(refname, mailbox)
  synchronize do
    send_command("LIST", refname, mailbox)
    return @responses.delete("LIST")
  end
end

#login(user, password) ⇒ Object

Sends a LOGIN command to identify the client and carries the plaintext password authenticating this user. Note that, unlike calling #authenticate() with an auth_type of "LOGIN", #login() does not use the login authenticator.

A Net::IMAP::NoResponseError is raised if authentication fails.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 418

def (user, password)
  send_command("LOGIN", user, password)
end

#logoutObject

Sends a LOGOUT command to inform the server that the client is done with the connection.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 351

def logout
  send_command("LOGOUT")
end

#lsub(refname, mailbox) ⇒ Object

Sends a LSUB command, and returns a subset of names from the set of names that the user has declared as being "active" or "subscribed". refname and mailbox are interpreted as for #list(). The return value is an array of Net::IMAP::MailboxList.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 629

def lsub(refname, mailbox)
  synchronize do
    send_command("LSUB", refname, mailbox)
    return @responses.delete("LSUB")
  end
end

#noopObject

Sends a NOOP command to the server. It does nothing.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 345

def noop
  send_command("NOOP")
end

#remove_response_handler(handler) ⇒ Object

Removes the response handler.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 863

def remove_response_handler(handler)
  @response_handlers.delete(handler)
end

#rename(mailbox, newname) ⇒ Object

Sends a RENAME command to change the name of the mailbox to newname.

A Net::IMAP::NoResponseError is raised if a mailbox with the name mailbox cannot be renamed to newname for whatever reason; for instance, because mailbox does not exist, or because there is already a mailbox with the name newname.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 478

def rename(mailbox, newname)
  send_command("RENAME", mailbox, newname)
end

#search(keys, charset = nil) ⇒ Object

Sends a SEARCH command to search the mailbox for messages that match the given searching criteria, and returns message sequence numbers. keys can either be a string holding the entire search string, or a single-dimension array of search keywords and arguments. The following are some common search criteria; see [IMAP] section 6.4.4 for a full list.

<message set>

a set of message sequence numbers. ',' indicates an interval, ':' indicates a range. For instance, '2,10:12,15' means "2,10,11,12,15".

BEFORE <date>

messages with an internal date strictly before <date>. The date argument has a format similar to 8-Aug-2002.

BODY <string>

messages that contain <string> within their body.

CC <string>

messages containing <string> in their CC field.

FROM <string>

messages that contain <string> in their FROM field.

NEW

messages with the Recent, but not the Seen, flag set.

NOT <search-key>

negate the following search key.

OR <search-key> <search-key>

"or" two search keys together.

ON <date>

messages with an internal date exactly equal to <date>, which has a format similar to 8-Aug-2002.

SINCE <date>

messages with an internal date on or after <date>.

SUBJECT <string>

messages with <string> in their subject.

TO <string>

messages with <string> in their TO field.

For example:

p imap.search(["SUBJECT", "hello", "NOT", "NEW"])
#=> [1, 6, 7, 8]

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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 751

def search(keys, charset = nil)
  return search_internal("SEARCH", keys, charset)
end

#select(mailbox) ⇒ Object

Sends a SELECT command to select a mailbox so that messages in the mailbox can be accessed.

After you have selected a mailbox, you may retrieve the number of items in that mailbox from @responses[-1], and the number of recent messages from @responses[-1]. Note that these values can change if new messages arrive during a session; see #add_response_handler() for a way of detecting this event.

A Net::IMAP::NoResponseError is raised if the mailbox does not exist or is for some reason non-selectable.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 434

def select(mailbox)
  synchronize do
    @responses.clear
    send_command("SELECT", mailbox)
  end
end

#setacl(mailbox, user, rights) ⇒ Object

Sends the SETACL command along with mailbox, user and the rights that user is to have on that mailbox. If rights is nil, then that user will be stripped of any rights to that mailbox. The IMAP ACL commands are described in [RFC-2086].


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 606

def setacl(mailbox, user, rights)
  if rights.nil?
    send_command("SETACL", mailbox, user, "")
  else
    send_command("SETACL", mailbox, user, rights)
  end
end

#setquota(mailbox, quota) ⇒ Object

Sends a SETQUOTA command along with the specified mailbox and quota. If quota is nil, then quota will be unset for that mailbox. Typically one needs to be logged in as server admin for this to work. The IMAP quota commands are described in [RFC-2087].


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 593

def setquota(mailbox, quota)
  if quota.nil?
    data = '()'
  else
    data = '(STORAGE ' + quota.to_s + ')'
  end
  send_command("SETQUOTA", mailbox, RawData.new(data))
end

#sort(sort_keys, search_keys, charset) ⇒ Object

Sends a SORT command to sort messages in the mailbox. Returns an array of message sequence numbers. For example:

p imap.sort(["FROM"], ["ALL"], "US-ASCII")
#=> [1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 4, 9]
p imap.sort(["DATE"], ["SUBJECT", "hello"], "US-ASCII")
#=> [6, 7, 8, 1]

See [SORT-THREAD-EXT] for more details.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 837

def sort(sort_keys, search_keys, charset)
  return sort_internal("SORT", sort_keys, search_keys, charset)
end

#starttls(options = {}, verify = true) ⇒ Object

Sends a STARTTLS command to start TLS session.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 356

def starttls(options = {}, verify = true)
  send_command("STARTTLS") do |resp|
    if resp.kind_of?(TaggedResponse) && resp.name == "OK"
      begin
        # for backward compatibility
        certs = options.to_str
        options = create_ssl_params(certs, verify)
      rescue NoMethodError
      end
      start_tls_session(options)
    end
  end
end

#status(mailbox, attr) ⇒ Object

Sends a STATUS command, and returns the status of the indicated mailbox. attr is a list of one or more attributes that we are request the status of. Supported attributes include:

MESSAGES:: the number of messages in the mailbox.
RECENT:: the number of recent messages in the mailbox.
UNSEEN:: the number of unseen messages in the mailbox.

The return value is a hash of attributes. For example:

p imap.status("inbox", ["MESSAGES", "RECENT"])
#=> {"RECENT"=>0, "MESSAGES"=>44}

A Net::IMAP::NoResponseError is raised if status values for mailbox cannot be returned, for instance because it does not exist.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 652

def status(mailbox, attr)
  synchronize do
    send_command("STATUS", mailbox, attr)
    return @responses.delete("STATUS")[-1].attr
  end
end

#store(set, attr, flags) ⇒ Object

Sends a STORE command to alter data associated with messages in the mailbox, in particular their flags. The set parameter is a number or an array of numbers or a Range object. Each number is a message sequence number. attr is the name of a data item to store: 'FLAGS' means to replace the message's flag list with the provided one; '+FLAGS' means to add the provided flags; and '-FLAGS' means to remove them. flags is a list of flags.

The return value is an array of Net::IMAP::FetchData. For example:

p imap.store(6..8, "+FLAGS", [:Deleted])
#=> [#<Net::IMAP::FetchData seqno=6, attr={"FLAGS"=>[:Seen, :Deleted]}>, \\
     #<Net::IMAP::FetchData seqno=7, attr={"FLAGS"=>[:Seen, :Deleted]}>, \\
     #<Net::IMAP::FetchData seqno=8, attr={"FLAGS"=>[:Seen, :Deleted]}>]

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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 806

def store(set, attr, flags)
  return store_internal("STORE", set, attr, flags)
end

#subscribe(mailbox) ⇒ Object

Sends a SUBSCRIBE command to add the specified mailbox name to the server's set of "active" or "subscribed" mailboxes as returned by #lsub().

A Net::IMAP::NoResponseError is raised if mailbox cannot be subscribed to, for instance because it does not exist.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 488

def subscribe(mailbox)
  send_command("SUBSCRIBE", mailbox)
end

#thread(algorithm, search_keys, charset) ⇒ Object

As for #search(), but returns message sequence numbers in threaded format, as a Net::IMAP::ThreadMember tree. The supported algorithms are:

ORDEREDSUBJECT

split into single-level threads according to subject, ordered by date.

REFERENCES

split into threads by parent/child relationships determined by which message is a reply to which.

Unlike #search(), charset is a required argument. US-ASCII and UTF-8 are sample values.

See [SORT-THREAD-EXT] for more details.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 880

def thread(algorithm, search_keys, charset)
  return thread_internal("THREAD", algorithm, search_keys, charset)
end

#uid_copy(set, mailbox) ⇒ Object

As for #copy(), but set contains unique identifiers.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 824

def uid_copy(set, mailbox)
  copy_internal("UID COPY", set, mailbox)
end

#uid_fetch(set, attr) ⇒ Object

As for #fetch(), but set contains unique identifiers.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 788

def uid_fetch(set, attr)
  return fetch_internal("UID FETCH", set, attr)
end

#uid_search(keys, charset = nil) ⇒ Object

As for #search(), but returns unique identifiers.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 756

def uid_search(keys, charset = nil)
  return search_internal("UID SEARCH", keys, charset)
end

#uid_sort(sort_keys, search_keys, charset) ⇒ Object

As for #sort(), but returns an array of unique identifiers.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 842

def uid_sort(sort_keys, search_keys, charset)
  return sort_internal("UID SORT", sort_keys, search_keys, charset)
end

#uid_store(set, attr, flags) ⇒ Object

As for #store(), but set contains unique identifiers.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 811

def uid_store(set, attr, flags)
  return store_internal("UID STORE", set, attr, flags)
end

#uid_thread(algorithm, search_keys, charset) ⇒ Object

As for #thread(), but returns unique identifiers instead of message sequence numbers.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 886

def uid_thread(algorithm, search_keys, charset)
  return thread_internal("UID THREAD", algorithm, search_keys, charset)
end

#unsubscribe(mailbox) ⇒ Object

Sends a UNSUBSCRIBE command to remove the specified mailbox name from the server's set of "active" or "subscribed" mailboxes.

A Net::IMAP::NoResponseError is raised if mailbox cannot be unsubscribed from, for instance because the client is not currently subscribed to it.


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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 498

def unsubscribe(mailbox)
  send_command("UNSUBSCRIBE", mailbox)
end

#xlist(refname, mailbox) ⇒ Object

Sends a XLIST command, and returns a subset of names from the complete set of all names available to the client. refname provides a context (for instance, a base directory in a directory-based mailbox hierarchy). mailbox specifies a mailbox or (via wildcards) mailboxes under that context. Two wildcards may be used in mailbox: '*', which matches all characters including the hierarchy delimiter (for instance, '/' on a UNIX-hosted directory-based mailbox hierarchy); and '%', which matches all characters except the hierarchy delimiter.

If refname is empty, mailbox is used directly to determine which mailboxes to match. If mailbox is empty, the root name of refname and the hierarchy delimiter are returned.

The XLIST command is like the LIST command except that the flags returned refer to the function of the folder/mailbox, e.g. :Sent

The return value is an array of Net::IMAP::MailboxList. For example:

imap.create("foo/bar")
imap.create("foo/baz")
p imap.xlist("", "foo/%")
#=> [#<Net::IMAP::MailboxList attr=[:Noselect], delim="/", name="foo/">, \\
     #<Net::IMAP::MailboxList attr=[:Noinferiors, :Marked], delim="/", name="foo/bar">, \\
     #<Net::IMAP::MailboxList attr=[:Noinferiors], delim="/", name="foo/baz">]

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# File 'lib/net/imap.rb', line 556

def xlist(refname, mailbox)
  synchronize do
    send_command("XLIST", refname, mailbox)
    return @responses.delete("XLIST")
  end
end