Module: FileUtils

Extended by:
StreamUtils_
Includes:
StreamUtils_
Included in:
DryRun, NoWrite, Verbose
Defined in:
lib/fileutils.rb

Overview

fileutils.rb

Copyright © 2000-2007 Minero Aoki

This program is free software. You can distribute/modify this program under the same terms of ruby.

module FileUtils

Namespace for several file utility methods for copying, moving, removing, etc.

Module Functions

cd(dir, options)
cd(dir, options) {|dir| .... }
pwd()
mkdir(dir, options)
mkdir(list, options)
mkdir_p(dir, options)
mkdir_p(list, options)
rmdir(dir, options)
rmdir(list, options)
ln(old, new, options)
ln(list, destdir, options)
ln_s(old, new, options)
ln_s(list, destdir, options)
ln_sf(src, dest, options)
cp(src, dest, options)
cp(list, dir, options)
cp_r(src, dest, options)
cp_r(list, dir, options)
mv(src, dest, options)
mv(list, dir, options)
rm(list, options)
rm_r(list, options)
rm_rf(list, options)
install(src, dest, mode = <src's>, options)
chmod(mode, list, options)
chmod_R(mode, list, options)
chown(user, group, list, options)
chown_R(user, group, list, options)
touch(list, options)

The options parameter is a hash of options, taken from the list :force, :noop, :preserve, and :verbose. :noop means that no changes are made. The other two are obvious. Each method documents the options that it honours.

All methods that have the concept of a “source” file or directory can take either one file or a list of files in that argument. See the method documentation for examples.

There are some `low level' methods, which do not accept any option:

copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = false)
copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true)
copy_stream(srcstream, deststream)
remove_entry(path, force = false)
remove_entry_secure(path, force = false)
remove_file(path, force = false)
compare_file(path_a, path_b)
compare_stream(stream_a, stream_b)
uptodate?(file, cmp_list)

module FileUtils::Verbose

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but it outputs messages before acting. This equates to passing the :verbose flag to methods in FileUtils.

module FileUtils::NoWrite

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but never changes files/directories. This equates to passing the :noop flag to methods in FileUtils.

module FileUtils::DryRun

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but never changes files/directories. This equates to passing the :noop and :verbose flags to methods in FileUtils.

Defined Under Namespace

Modules: DryRun, LowMethods, NoWrite, StreamUtils_, Verbose Classes: Entry_

Constant Summary collapse

OPT_TABLE =

This hash table holds command options.

{}

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.cd(dir, options = {}, &block) ⇒ Object

Options: verbose

Changes the current directory to the directory dir.

If this method is called with block, resumes to the old working directory after the block execution finished.

FileUtils.cd('/', :verbose => true)   # chdir and report it

FileUtils.cd('/') do  # chdir
  [...]               # do something
end                   # return to original directory

122
123
124
125
126
127
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 122

def cd(dir, options = {}, &block) # :yield: dir
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['cd']
  fu_output_message "cd #{dir}" if options[:verbose]
  Dir.chdir(dir, &block)
  fu_output_message 'cd -' if options[:verbose] and block
end

.chdirObject

Options: verbose

Changes the current directory to the directory dir.

If this method is called with block, resumes to the old working directory after the block execution finished.

FileUtils.cd('/', :verbose => true)   # chdir and report it

FileUtils.cd('/') do  # chdir
  [...]               # do something
end                   # return to original directory

130
131
132
133
134
135
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 130

def cd(dir, options = {}, &block) # :yield: dir
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['cd']
  fu_output_message "cd #{dir}" if options[:verbose]
  Dir.chdir(dir, &block)
  fu_output_message 'cd -' if options[:verbose] and block
end

.chmod(mode, list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

mode is the symbolic and absolute mode can be used.

Absolute mode is

FileUtils.chmod 0755, 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod 0644, %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod 0755, '/usr/bin/ruby', :verbose => true

Symbolic mode is

FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod "u=wr,go=rr", %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", '/usr/bin/ruby', :verbose => true
“a”

is user, group, other mask.

“u”

is user's mask.

“g”

is group's mask.

“o”

is other's mask.

“w”

is write permission.

“r”

is read permission.

“x”

is execute permission.

“X”

is execute permission for directories only, must be used in conjunction with “+”

“s”

is uid, gid.

“t”

is sticky bit.

“+”

is added to a class given the specified mode.

“-”

Is removed from a given class given mode.

“=”

Is the exact nature of the class will be given a specified mode.


991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 991

def chmod(mode, list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['chmod']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chmod %s %s', mode_to_s(mode), list.join(' ')) if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |path|
    Entry_.new(path).chmod(fu_mode(mode, path))
  end
end

.chmod_R(mode, list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose force

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

FileUtils.chmod_R 0700, "/tmp/app.#{$$}"
FileUtils.chmod_R "u=wrx", "/tmp/app.#{$$}"

1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 1013

def chmod_R(mode, list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['chmod_R']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chmod -R%s %s %s',
                            (options[:force] ? 'f' : ''),
                            mode_to_s(mode), list.join(' ')) if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |root|
    Entry_.new(root).traverse do |ent|
      begin
        ent.chmod(fu_mode(mode, ent.path))
      rescue
        raise unless options[:force]
      end
    end
  end
end

.chown(user, group, list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown 'root', 'staff', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.chown nil, 'bin', Dir.glob('/usr/bin/*'), :verbose => true

1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 1046

def chown(user, group, list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['chown']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chown %s %s',
                            (group ? "#{user}:#{group}" : user || ':'),
                            list.join(' ')) if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  uid = fu_get_uid(user)
  gid = fu_get_gid(group)
  list.each do |path|
    Entry_.new(path).chown uid, gid
  end
end

.chown_R(user, group, list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose force

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group recursively. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown_R 'www', 'www', '/var/www/htdocs'
FileUtils.chown_R 'cvs', 'cvs', '/var/cvs', :verbose => true

1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 1075

def chown_R(user, group, list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['chown_R']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chown -R%s %s %s',
                            (options[:force] ? 'f' : ''),
                            (group ? "#{user}:#{group}" : user || ':'),
                            list.join(' ')) if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  uid = fu_get_uid(user)
  gid = fu_get_gid(group)
  list.each do |root|
    Entry_.new(root).traverse do |ent|
      begin
        ent.chown uid, gid
      rescue
        raise unless options[:force]
      end
    end
  end
end

.cmpObject

Returns true if the contents of a file A and a file B are identical.

FileUtils.compare_file('somefile', 'somefile')  #=> true
FileUtils.compare_file('/bin/cp', '/bin/mv')    #=> maybe false

823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 823

def compare_file(a, b)
  return false unless File.size(a) == File.size(b)
  File.open(a, 'rb') {|fa|
    File.open(b, 'rb') {|fb|
      return compare_stream(fa, fb)
    }
  }
end

.compare_file(a, b) ⇒ Object

Returns true if the contents of a file A and a file B are identical.

FileUtils.compare_file('somefile', 'somefile')  #=> true
FileUtils.compare_file('/bin/cp', '/bin/mv')    #=> maybe false

812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 812

def compare_file(a, b)
  return false unless File.size(a) == File.size(b)
  File.open(a, 'rb') {|fa|
    File.open(b, 'rb') {|fb|
      return compare_stream(fa, fb)
    }
  }
end

.compare_stream(a, b) ⇒ Object

Returns true if the contents of a stream a and b are identical.


830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 830

def compare_stream(a, b)
  bsize = fu_stream_blksize(a, b)
  sa = ""
  sb = ""
  begin
    a.read(bsize, sa)
    b.read(bsize, sb)
    return true if sa.empty? && sb.empty?
  end while sa == sb
  false
end

.copyObject

Options: preserve noop verbose

Copies a file content src to dest. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

If src is a list of files, then dest must be a directory.

FileUtils.cp 'eval.c', 'eval.c.org'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6', :verbose => true
FileUtils.cp 'symlink', 'dest'   # copy content, "dest" is not a symlink

405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 405

def cp(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['cp']
  fu_output_message "cp#{options[:preserve] ? ' -p' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    copy_file s, d, options[:preserve]
  end
end

.copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference_root = false, remove_destination = false) ⇒ Object

Copies a file system entry src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies its contents recursively. This method preserves file types, c.f. symlink, directory… (FIFO, device files and etc. are not supported yet)

Both of src and dest must be a path name. src must exist, dest must not exist.

If preserve is true, this method preserves owner, group, and modified time. Permissions are copied regardless preserve.

If dereference_root is true, this method dereference tree root.

If remove_destination is true, this method removes each destination file before copy.


465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 465

def copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference_root = false, remove_destination = false)
  Entry_.new(src, nil, dereference_root).wrap_traverse(proc do |ent|
    destent = Entry_.new(dest, ent.rel, false)
    File.unlink destent.path if remove_destination && File.file?(destent.path)
    ent.copy destent.path
  end, proc do |ent|
    destent = Entry_.new(dest, ent.rel, false)
    ent. destent.path if preserve
  end)
end

.copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true) ⇒ Object

Copies file contents of src to dest. Both of src and dest must be a path name.


481
482
483
484
485
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 481

def copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true)
  ent = Entry_.new(src, nil, dereference)
  ent.copy_file dest
  ent. dest if preserve
end

.copy_stream(src, dest) ⇒ Object

Copies stream src to dest. src must respond to #read(n) and dest must respond to #write(str).


493
494
495
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 493

def copy_stream(src, dest)
  IO.copy_stream(src, dest)
end

.cp(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: preserve noop verbose

Copies a file content src to dest. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

If src is a list of files, then dest must be a directory.

FileUtils.cp 'eval.c', 'eval.c.org'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6', :verbose => true
FileUtils.cp 'symlink', 'dest'   # copy content, "dest" is not a symlink

395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 395

def cp(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['cp']
  fu_output_message "cp#{options[:preserve] ? ' -p' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    copy_file s, d, options[:preserve]
  end
end

.cp_r(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: preserve noop verbose dereference_root remove_destination

Copies src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies all its contents recursively. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

src can be a list of files.

# Installing Ruby library "mylib" under the site_ruby
FileUtils.rm_r site_ruby + '/mylib', :force
FileUtils.cp_r 'lib/', site_ruby + '/mylib'

# Examples of copying several files to target directory.
FileUtils.cp_r %w(mail.rb field.rb debug/), site_ruby + '/tmail'
FileUtils.cp_r Dir.glob('*.rb'), '/home/aamine/lib/ruby', :noop => true, :verbose => true

# If you want to copy all contents of a directory instead of the
# directory itself, c.f. src/x -> dest/x, src/y -> dest/y,
# use following code.
FileUtils.cp_r 'src/.', 'dest'     # cp_r('src', 'dest') makes dest/src,
                                   # but this doesn't.

434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 434

def cp_r(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['cp_r']
  fu_output_message "cp -r#{options[:preserve] ? 'p' : ''}#{options[:remove_destination] ? ' --remove-destination' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  options = options.dup
  options[:dereference_root] = true unless options.key?(:dereference_root)
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    copy_entry s, d, options[:preserve], options[:dereference_root], options[:remove_destination]
  end
end

.getwdObject

Options: (none)

Returns the name of the current directory.


105
106
107
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 105

def pwd
  Dir.pwd
end

.identical?Object

Returns true if the contents of a file A and a file B are identical.

FileUtils.compare_file('somefile', 'somefile')  #=> true
FileUtils.compare_file('/bin/cp', '/bin/mv')    #=> maybe false

822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 822

def compare_file(a, b)
  return false unless File.size(a) == File.size(b)
  File.open(a, 'rb') {|fa|
    File.open(b, 'rb') {|fb|
      return compare_stream(fa, fb)
    }
  }
end

.install(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: mode preserve noop verbose

If src is not same as dest, copies it and changes the permission mode to mode. If dest is a directory, destination is dest/src. This method removes destination before copy.

FileUtils.install 'ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby', :mode => 0755, :verbose => true
FileUtils.install 'lib.rb', '/usr/local/lib/ruby/site_ruby', :verbose => true

853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 853

def install(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['install']
  fu_output_message "install -c#{options[:preserve] && ' -p'}#{options[:mode] ? (' -m 0%o' % options[:mode]) : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    st = File.stat(s)
    unless File.exist?(d) and compare_file(s, d)
      remove_file d, true
      copy_file s, d
      File.utime st.atime, st.mtime, d if options[:preserve]
      File.chmod options[:mode], d if options[:mode]
    end
  end
end

Options: force noop verbose

ln(old, new, options = {})

Creates a hard link new which points to old. If new already exists and it is a directory, creates a link new/old. If new already exists and it is not a directory, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if :force option is set, overwrite new.

FileUtils.ln 'gcc', 'cc', :verbose => true
FileUtils.ln '/usr/bin/emacs21', '/usr/bin/emacs'

ln(list, destdir, options = {})

Creates several hard links in a directory, with each one pointing to the item in list. If destdir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

include FileUtils
cd '/sbin'
FileUtils.ln %w(cp mv mkdir), '/bin'   # Now /sbin/cp and /bin/cp are linked.

321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 321

def ln(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['ln']
  fu_output_message "ln#{options[:force] ? ' -f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest0(src, dest) do |s,d|
    remove_file d, true if options[:force]
    File.link s, d
  end
end

.ln(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: force noop verbose

ln(old, new, options = {})

Creates a hard link new which points to old. If new already exists and it is a directory, creates a link new/old. If new already exists and it is not a directory, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if :force option is set, overwrite new.

FileUtils.ln 'gcc', 'cc', :verbose => true
FileUtils.ln '/usr/bin/emacs21', '/usr/bin/emacs'

ln(list, destdir, options = {})

Creates several hard links in a directory, with each one pointing to the item in list. If destdir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

include FileUtils
cd '/sbin'
FileUtils.ln %w(cp mv mkdir), '/bin'   # Now /sbin/cp and /bin/cp are linked.

310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 310

def ln(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['ln']
  fu_output_message "ln#{options[:force] ? ' -f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest0(src, dest) do |s,d|
    remove_file d, true if options[:force]
    File.link s, d
  end
end

.ln_s(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: force noop verbose

ln_s(old, new, options = {})

Creates a symbolic link new which points to old. If new already exists and it is a directory, creates a symbolic link new/old. If new already exists and it is not a directory, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if :force option is set, overwrite new.

FileUtils.ln_s '/usr/bin/ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.ln_s 'verylongsourcefilename.c', 'c', :force => true

ln_s(list, destdir, options = {})

Creates several symbolic links in a directory, with each one pointing to the item in list. If destdir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

If destdir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

FileUtils.ln_s Dir.glob('bin/*.rb'), '/home/aamine/bin'

349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 349

def ln_s(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['ln_s']
  fu_output_message "ln -s#{options[:force] ? 'f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest0(src, dest) do |s,d|
    remove_file d, true if options[:force]
    File.symlink s, d
  end
end

.ln_sf(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose

Same as

#ln_s(src, dest, :force => true)

372
373
374
375
376
377
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 372

def ln_sf(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['ln_sf']
  options = options.dup
  options[:force] = true
  ln_s src, dest, options
end

.makedirsObject

Options: mode noop verbose

Creates a directory and all its parent directories. For example,

FileUtils.mkdir_p '/usr/local/lib/ruby'

causes to make following directories, if it does not exist.

* /usr
* /usr/local
* /usr/local/lib
* /usr/local/lib/ruby

You can pass several directories at a time in a list.


236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 236

def mkdir_p(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['mkdir_p']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "mkdir -p #{options[:mode] ? ('-m %03o ' % options[:mode]) : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return *list if options[:noop]

  list.map {|path| remove_tailing_slash(path)}.each do |path|
    # optimize for the most common case
    begin
      fu_mkdir path, options[:mode]
      next
    rescue SystemCallError
      next if File.directory?(path)
    end

    stack = []
    until path == stack.last   # dirname("/")=="/", dirname("C:/")=="C:/"
      stack.push path
      path = File.dirname(path)
    end
    stack.reverse_each do |dir|
      begin
        fu_mkdir dir, options[:mode]
      rescue SystemCallError
        raise unless File.directory?(dir)
      end
    end
  end

  return *list
end

.mkdir(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: mode noop verbose

Creates one or more directories.

FileUtils.mkdir 'test'
FileUtils.mkdir %w( tmp data )
FileUtils.mkdir 'notexist', :noop => true  # Does not really create.
FileUtils.mkdir 'tmp', :mode => 0700

172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 172

def mkdir(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['mkdir']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "mkdir #{options[:mode] ? ('-m %03o ' % options[:mode]) : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]

  list.each do |dir|
    fu_mkdir dir, options[:mode]
  end
end

.mkdir_p(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: mode noop verbose

Creates a directory and all its parent directories. For example,

FileUtils.mkdir_p '/usr/local/lib/ruby'

causes to make following directories, if it does not exist.

* /usr
* /usr/local
* /usr/local/lib
* /usr/local/lib/ruby

You can pass several directories at a time in a list.


202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 202

def mkdir_p(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['mkdir_p']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "mkdir -p #{options[:mode] ? ('-m %03o ' % options[:mode]) : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return *list if options[:noop]

  list.map {|path| remove_tailing_slash(path)}.each do |path|
    # optimize for the most common case
    begin
      fu_mkdir path, options[:mode]
      next
    rescue SystemCallError
      next if File.directory?(path)
    end

    stack = []
    until path == stack.last   # dirname("/")=="/", dirname("C:/")=="C:/"
      stack.push path
      path = File.dirname(path)
    end
    stack.reverse_each do |dir|
      begin
        fu_mkdir dir, options[:mode]
      rescue SystemCallError
        raise unless File.directory?(dir)
      end
    end
  end

  return *list
end

.mkpathObject

Options: mode noop verbose

Creates a directory and all its parent directories. For example,

FileUtils.mkdir_p '/usr/local/lib/ruby'

causes to make following directories, if it does not exist.

* /usr
* /usr/local
* /usr/local/lib
* /usr/local/lib/ruby

You can pass several directories at a time in a list.


235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 235

def mkdir_p(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['mkdir_p']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "mkdir -p #{options[:mode] ? ('-m %03o ' % options[:mode]) : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return *list if options[:noop]

  list.map {|path| remove_tailing_slash(path)}.each do |path|
    # optimize for the most common case
    begin
      fu_mkdir path, options[:mode]
      next
    rescue SystemCallError
      next if File.directory?(path)
    end

    stack = []
    until path == stack.last   # dirname("/")=="/", dirname("C:/")=="C:/"
      stack.push path
      path = File.dirname(path)
    end
    stack.reverse_each do |dir|
      begin
        fu_mkdir dir, options[:mode]
      rescue SystemCallError
        raise unless File.directory?(dir)
      end
    end
  end

  return *list
end

.moveObject

Options: force noop verbose

Moves file(s) src to dest. If file and dest exist on the different disk partition, the file is copied then the original file is removed.

FileUtils.mv 'badname.rb', 'goodname.rb'
FileUtils.mv 'stuff.rb', '/notexist/lib/ruby', :force => true  # no error

FileUtils.mv %w(junk.txt dust.txt), '/home/aamine/.trash/'
FileUtils.mv Dir.glob('test*.rb'), 'test', :noop => true, :verbose => true

541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 541

def mv(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['mv']
  fu_output_message "mv#{options[:force] ? ' -f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    destent = Entry_.new(d, nil, true)
    begin
      if destent.exist?
        if destent.directory?
          raise Errno::EEXIST, dest
        else
          destent.remove_file if rename_cannot_overwrite_file?
        end
      end
      begin
        File.rename s, d
      rescue Errno::EXDEV
        copy_entry s, d, true
        if options[:secure]
          remove_entry_secure s, options[:force]
        else
          remove_entry s, options[:force]
        end
      end
    rescue SystemCallError
      raise unless options[:force]
    end
  end
end

.mv(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: force noop verbose

Moves file(s) src to dest. If file and dest exist on the different disk partition, the file is copied then the original file is removed.

FileUtils.mv 'badname.rb', 'goodname.rb'
FileUtils.mv 'stuff.rb', '/notexist/lib/ruby', :force => true  # no error

FileUtils.mv %w(junk.txt dust.txt), '/home/aamine/.trash/'
FileUtils.mv Dir.glob('test*.rb'), 'test', :noop => true, :verbose => true

510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 510

def mv(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['mv']
  fu_output_message "mv#{options[:force] ? ' -f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    destent = Entry_.new(d, nil, true)
    begin
      if destent.exist?
        if destent.directory?
          raise Errno::EEXIST, dest
        else
          destent.remove_file if rename_cannot_overwrite_file?
        end
      end
      begin
        File.rename s, d
      rescue Errno::EXDEV
        copy_entry s, d, true
        if options[:secure]
          remove_entry_secure s, options[:force]
        else
          remove_entry s, options[:force]
        end
      end
    rescue SystemCallError
      raise unless options[:force]
    end
  end
end

.private_module_function(name) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


87
88
89
90
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 87

def self.private_module_function(name)   #:nodoc:
  module_function name
  private_class_method name
end

.pwdObject

Options: (none)

Returns the name of the current directory.


100
101
102
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 100

def pwd
  Dir.pwd
end

.removeObject

Options: force noop verbose

Remove file(s) specified in list. This method cannot remove directories. All StandardErrors are ignored when the :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm %w( junk.txt dust.txt )
FileUtils.rm Dir.glob('*.so')
FileUtils.rm 'NotExistFile', :force => true   # never raises exception

574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 574

def rm(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "rm#{options[:force] ? ' -f' : ''} #{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]

  list.each do |path|
    remove_file path, options[:force]
  end
end

.remove_dir(path, force = false) ⇒ Object

Removes a directory dir and its contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.


801
802
803
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 801

def remove_dir(path, force = false)
  remove_entry path, force   # FIXME?? check if it is a directory
end

.remove_entry(path, force = false) ⇒ Object

This method removes a file system entry path. path might be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively.

See also #remove_entry_secure.


773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 773

def remove_entry(path, force = false)
  Entry_.new(path).postorder_traverse do |ent|
    begin
      ent.remove
    rescue
      raise unless force
    end
  end
rescue
  raise unless force
end

.remove_entry_secure(path, force = false) ⇒ Object

This method removes a file system entry path. path shall be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively. This method is required to avoid TOCTTOU (time-of-check-to-time-of-use) local security vulnerability of #rm_r. #rm_r causes security hole when:

* Parent directory is world writable (including /tmp).
* Removing directory tree includes world writable directory.
* The system has symbolic link.

To avoid this security hole, this method applies special preprocess. If path is a directory, this method chown(2) and chmod(2) all removing directories. This requires the current process is the owner of the removing whole directory tree, or is the super user (root).

WARNING: You must ensure that ALL parent directories cannot be moved by other untrusted users. For example, parent directories should not be owned by untrusted users, and should not be world writable except when the sticky bit set.

WARNING: Only the owner of the removing directory tree, or Unix super user (root) should invoke this method. Otherwise this method does not work.

For details of this security vulnerability, see Perl's case:

http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CAN-2005-0448
http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CAN-2004-0452

For fileutils.rb, this vulnerability is reported in [ruby-dev:26100].


696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 696

def remove_entry_secure(path, force = false)
  unless fu_have_symlink?
    remove_entry path, force
    return
  end
  fullpath = File.expand_path(path)
  st = File.lstat(fullpath)
  unless st.directory?
    File.unlink fullpath
    return
  end  # is a directory.

  parent_st = File.stat(File.dirname(fullpath))
  unless parent_st.world_writable?
    remove_entry path, force
    return
  end
  unless parent_st.sticky?
    raise ArgumentError, "parent directory is world writable, FileUtils#remove_entry_secure does not work; abort: #{path.inspect} (parent directory mode #{'%o' % parent_st.mode})"
  end  # freeze tree root

  euid = Process.euid
  File.open(fullpath + '/.') {|f|
    unless fu_stat_identical_entry?(st, f.stat)      # symlink (TOC-to-TOU attack?)

      File.unlink fullpath
      return
    end
    f.chown euid, -1
    f.chmod 0700
    unless fu_stat_identical_entry?(st, File.lstat(fullpath))      # TOC-to-TOU attack?

      File.unlink fullpath
      return
    end
  }  # ---- tree root is frozen ----

  root = Entry_.new(path)
  root.preorder_traverse do |ent|
    if ent.directory?
      ent.chown euid, -1
      ent.chmod 0700
    end
  end
  root.postorder_traverse do |ent|
    begin
      ent.remove
    rescue
      raise unless force
    end
  end
rescue
  raise unless force
end

.remove_file(path, force = false) ⇒ Object

Removes a file path. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.


790
791
792
793
794
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 790

def remove_file(path, force = false)
  Entry_.new(path).remove_file
rescue
  raise unless force
end

.rm(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: force noop verbose

Remove file(s) specified in list. This method cannot remove directories. All StandardErrors are ignored when the :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm %w( junk.txt dust.txt )
FileUtils.rm Dir.glob('*.so')
FileUtils.rm 'NotExistFile', :force => true   # never raises exception

562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 562

def rm(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "rm#{options[:force] ? ' -f' : ''} #{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]

  list.each do |path|
    remove_file path, options[:force]
  end
end

.rm_f(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose

Equivalent to

#rm(list, :force => true)

587
588
589
590
591
592
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 587

def rm_f(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm_f']
  options = options.dup
  options[:force] = true
  rm list, options
end

.rm_r(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: force noop verbose secure

remove files list[0] list[1]… If list[n] is a directory, removes its all contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError when :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm_r Dir.glob('/tmp/*')
FileUtils.rm_r '/', :force => true          #  :-)

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability if one of parent directories or removing directory tree are world writable (including /tmp, whose permission is 1777), and the current process has strong privilege such as Unix super user (root), and the system has symbolic link. For secure removing, read the documentation of #remove_entry_secure carefully, and set :secure option to true. Default is :secure=>false.

NOTE: This method calls #remove_entry_secure if :secure option is set. See also #remove_entry_secure.


622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 622

def rm_r(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm_r']  # options[:secure] = true unless options.key?(:secure)

  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "rm -r#{options[:force] ? 'f' : ''} #{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |path|
    if options[:secure]
      remove_entry_secure path, options[:force]
    else
      remove_entry path, options[:force]
    end
  end
end

.rm_rf(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose secure

Equivalent to

#rm_r(list, :force => true)

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability. Read the documentation of #rm_r first.


650
651
652
653
654
655
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 650

def rm_rf(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm_rf']
  options = options.dup
  options[:force] = true
  rm_r list, options
end

.rmdir(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop, verbose

Removes one or more directories.

FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir'
FileUtils.rmdir %w(somedir anydir otherdir)# Does not really remove directory; outputs message.

FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir', :verbose => true, :noop => true

265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 265

def rmdir(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rmdir']
  list = fu_list(list)
  parents = options[:parents]
  fu_output_message "rmdir #{parents ? '-p ' : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |dir|
    begin
      Dir.rmdir(dir = remove_tailing_slash(dir))
      if parents
        until (parent = File.dirname(dir)) == '.' or parent == dir
          dir = parent
          Dir.rmdir(dir)
        end
      end
    rescue Errno::ENOTEMPTY, Errno::EEXIST, Errno::ENOENT
    end
  end
end

.rmtreeObject

Options: noop verbose secure

Equivalent to

#rm_r(list, :force => true)

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability. Read the documentation of #rm_r first.


658
659
660
661
662
663
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 658

def rm_rf(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm_rf']
  options = options.dup
  options[:force] = true
  rm_r list, options
end

Options: noop verbose

Equivalent to

#rm(list, :force => true)

595
596
597
598
599
600
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 595

def rm_f(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm_f']
  options = options.dup
  options[:force] = true
  rm list, options
end

Options: force noop verbose

ln_s(old, new, options = {})

Creates a symbolic link new which points to old. If new already exists and it is a directory, creates a symbolic link new/old. If new already exists and it is not a directory, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if :force option is set, overwrite new.

FileUtils.ln_s '/usr/bin/ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.ln_s 'verylongsourcefilename.c', 'c', :force => true

ln_s(list, destdir, options = {})

Creates several symbolic links in a directory, with each one pointing to the item in list. If destdir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

If destdir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

FileUtils.ln_s Dir.glob('bin/*.rb'), '/home/aamine/bin'

360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 360

def ln_s(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['ln_s']
  fu_output_message "ln -s#{options[:force] ? 'f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest0(src, dest) do |s,d|
    remove_file d, true if options[:force]
    File.symlink s, d
  end
end

.touch(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose

Updates modification time (mtime) and access time (atime) of file(s) in list. Files are created if they don't exist.

FileUtils.touch 'timestamp'
FileUtils.touch Dir.glob('*.c');  system 'make'

1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 1151

def touch(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['touch']
  list = fu_list(list)
  nocreate = options[:nocreate]
  t = options[:mtime]
  if options[:verbose]
    fu_output_message "touch #{nocreate ? '-c ' : ''}#{t ? t.strftime('-t %Y%m%d%H%M.%S ') : ''}#{list.join ' '}"
  end
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |path|
    created = nocreate
    begin
      File.utime(t, t, path)
    rescue Errno::ENOENT
      raise if created
      File.open(path, 'a') {
        ;
      }
      created = true
      retry if t
    end
  end
end

.uptodate?(new, old_list) ⇒ Boolean

Options: (none)

Returns true if newer is newer than all old_list. Non-existent files are older than any file.

FileUtils.uptodate?('hello.o', %w(hello.c hello.h)) or \
    system 'make hello.o'

145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 145

def uptodate?(new, old_list)
  return false unless File.exist?(new)
  new_time = File.mtime(new)
  old_list.each do |old|
    if File.exist?(old)
      return false unless new_time > File.mtime(old)
    end
  end
  true
end

Instance Method Details

#apply_mask(mode, user_mask, op, mode_mask) ⇒ Object


889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 889

def apply_mask(mode, user_mask, op, mode_mask)
  case op
  when '='
    (mode & ~user_mask) | (user_mask & mode_mask)
  when '+'
    mode | (user_mask & mode_mask)
  when '-'
    mode & ~(user_mask & mode_mask)
  end
end

#fu_have_symlink?Boolean

:nodoc:


752
753
754
755
756
757
758
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 752

def fu_have_symlink?   #:nodoc:
  File.symlink nil, nil
rescue NotImplementedError
  return false
rescue TypeError
  return true
end

#fu_mkdir(path, mode) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 244

def fu_mkdir(path, mode)   #:nodoc:
  path = remove_tailing_slash(path)
  if mode
    Dir.mkdir path, mode
    File.chmod mode, path
  else
    Dir.mkdir path
  end
end

#fu_mode(mode, path) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


948
949
950
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 948

def fu_mode(mode, path)  #:nodoc:
  mode.is_a?(String) ? symbolic_modes_to_i(mode, path) : mode
end

#fu_stat_identical_entry?(a, b) ⇒ Boolean

:nodoc:


761
762
763
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 761

def fu_stat_identical_entry?(a, b)   #:nodoc:
  a.dev == b.dev and a.ino == b.ino
end

#mode_to_s(mode) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


953
954
955
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 953

def mode_to_s(mode)  #:nodoc:
  mode.is_a?(String) ? mode : "%o" % mode
end

#remove_tailing_slash(dir) ⇒ Object


157
158
159
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 157

def remove_tailing_slash(dir)
  dir == '/' ? dir : dir.chomp(?/)
end

#rename_cannot_overwrite_file?Boolean

:nodoc:


547
548
549
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 547

def rename_cannot_overwrite_file?   #:nodoc:
  /cygwin|mswin|mingw|bccwin|emx/ =~ RUBY_PLATFORM
end

#symbolic_modes_to_i(mode_sym, path) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 901

def symbolic_modes_to_i(mode_sym, path)  #:nodoc:
  mode_sym.split(/,/).inject(File.stat(path).mode & 07777) do |current_mode, clause|
    target, *actions = clause.split(/([=+-])/)
    raise ArgumentError, "invalid file mode: #{mode_sym}" if actions.empty?
    target = 'a' if target.empty?
    user_mask = user_mask(target)
    actions.each_slice(2) do |op, perm|
      need_apply = op == '='
      mode_mask = (perm || '').each_char.inject(0) do |mask, chr|
        case chr
        when "r"
          mask | 0444
        when "w"
          mask | 0222
        when "x"
          mask | 0111
        when "X"
          if FileTest.directory? path
            mask | 0111
          else
            mask
          end
        when "s"
          mask | 06000
        when "t"
          mask | 01000
        when "u", "g", "o"
          if mask.nonzero?
            current_mode = apply_mask(current_mode, user_mask, op, mask)
          end
          need_apply = false
          copy_mask = user_mask(chr)
          (current_mode & copy_mask) / (copy_mask & 0111) * (user_mask & 0111)
        else
          raise ArgumentError, "invalid `perm' symbol in file mode: #{chr}"
        end
      end

      if mode_mask.nonzero? || need_apply
        current_mode = apply_mask(current_mode, user_mask, op, mode_mask)
      end
    end
    current_mode
  end
end

#user_mask(target) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 871

def user_mask(target)  #:nodoc:
  target.each_char.inject(0) do |mask, chr|
    case chr
    when "u"
      mask | 04700
    when "g"
      mask | 02070
    when "o"
      mask | 01007
    when "a"
      mask | 07777
    else
      raise ArgumentError, "invalid `who' symbol in file mode: #{chr}"
    end
  end
end