Module: FileUtils

Extended by:
FileUtils, StreamUtils_
Includes:
StreamUtils_
Included in:
FileUtils, DryRun, NoWrite, Verbose
Defined in:
lib/fileutils.rb

Overview

fileutils.rb

Copyright © 2000-2007 Minero Aoki

This program is free software. You can distribute/modify this program under the same terms of ruby.

module FileUtils

Namespace for several file utility methods for copying, moving, removing, etc.

Module Functions

cd(dir, options)
cd(dir, options) {|dir| .... }
pwd()
mkdir(dir, options)
mkdir(list, options)
mkdir_p(dir, options)
mkdir_p(list, options)
rmdir(dir, options)
rmdir(list, options)
ln(old, new, options)
ln(list, destdir, options)
ln_s(old, new, options)
ln_s(list, destdir, options)
ln_sf(src, dest, options)
cp(src, dest, options)
cp(list, dir, options)
cp_r(src, dest, options)
cp_r(list, dir, options)
mv(src, dest, options)
mv(list, dir, options)
rm(list, options)
rm_r(list, options)
rm_rf(list, options)
install(src, dest, mode = <src's>, options)
chmod(mode, list, options)
chmod_R(mode, list, options)
chown(user, group, list, options)
chown_R(user, group, list, options)
touch(list, options)

The options parameter is a hash of options, taken from the list :force, :noop, :preserve, and :verbose. :noop means that no changes are made. The other two are obvious. Each method documents the options that it honours.

All methods that have the concept of a “source” file or directory can take either one file or a list of files in that argument. See the method documentation for examples.

There are some `low level' methods, which do not accept any option:

copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = false)
copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true)
copy_stream(srcstream, deststream)
remove_entry(path, force = false)
remove_entry_secure(path, force = false)
remove_file(path, force = false)
compare_file(path_a, path_b)
compare_stream(stream_a, stream_b)
uptodate?(file, cmp_list)

module FileUtils::Verbose

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but it outputs messages before acting. This equates to passing the :verbose flag to methods in FileUtils.

module FileUtils::NoWrite

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but never changes files/directories. This equates to passing the :noop flag to methods in FileUtils.

module FileUtils::DryRun

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but never changes files/directories. This equates to passing the :noop and :verbose flags to methods in FileUtils.

Defined Under Namespace

Modules: DryRun, NoWrite, StreamUtils_, Verbose Classes: Entry_

Constant Summary collapse

OPT_TABLE =

This hash table holds command options.

{}

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#cd(dir, options = {}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: chdir

Options: verbose

Changes the current directory to the directory dir.

If this method is called with block, resumes to the old working directory after the block execution finished.

FileUtils.cd('/', :verbose => true)   # chdir and report it

FileUtils.cd('/') do  # chdir
  [...]               # do something
end                   # return to original directory


203
204
205
206
207
208
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 203

def cd(dir, options = {}, &block) # :yield: dir
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['cd']
  fu_output_message "cd #{dir}" if options[:verbose]
  Dir.chdir(dir, &block)
  fu_output_message 'cd -' if options[:verbose] and block
end

#chmod(mode, list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

mode is the symbolic and absolute mode can be used.

Absolute mode is

FileUtils.chmod 0755, 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod 0644, %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod 0755, '/usr/bin/ruby', :verbose => true

Symbolic mode is

FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod "u=wr,go=rr", %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", '/usr/bin/ruby', :verbose => true
“a”

is user, group, other mask.

“u”

is user's mask.

“g”

is group's mask.

“o”

is other's mask.

“w”

is write permission.

“r”

is read permission.

“x”

is execute permission.

“X”

is execute permission for directories only, must be used in conjunction with “+”

“s”

is uid, gid.

“t”

is sticky bit.

“+”

is added to a class given the specified mode.

“-”

Is removed from a given class given mode.

“=”

Is the exact nature of the class will be given a specified mode.



1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 1040

def chmod(mode, list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['chmod']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chmod %s %s', mode_to_s(mode), list.join(' ')) if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |path|
    Entry_.new(path).chmod(fu_mode(mode, path))
  end
end

#chmod_R(mode, list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose force

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

FileUtils.chmod_R 0700, "/tmp/app.#{$$}"
FileUtils.chmod_R "u=wrx", "/tmp/app.#{$$}"


1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 1061

def chmod_R(mode, list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['chmod_R']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chmod -R%s %s %s',
                            (options[:force] ? 'f' : ''),
                            mode_to_s(mode), list.join(' ')) if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |root|
    Entry_.new(root).traverse do |ent|
      begin
        ent.chmod(fu_mode(mode, ent.path))
      rescue
        raise unless options[:force]
      end
    end
  end
end

#chown(user, group, list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown 'root', 'staff', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.chown nil, 'bin', Dir.glob('/usr/bin/*'), :verbose => true


1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 1093

def chown(user, group, list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['chown']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chown %s%s',
                            [user,group].compact.join(':') + ' ',
                            list.join(' ')) if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  uid = fu_get_uid(user)
  gid = fu_get_gid(group)
  list.each do |path|
    Entry_.new(path).chown uid, gid
  end
end

#chown_R(user, group, list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose force

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group recursively. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown_R 'www', 'www', '/var/www/htdocs'
FileUtils.chown_R 'cvs', 'cvs', '/var/cvs', :verbose => true


1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 1121

def chown_R(user, group, list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['chown_R']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chown -R%s %s%s',
                            (options[:force] ? 'f' : ''),
                            [user,group].compact.join(':') + ' ',
                            list.join(' ')) if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  uid = fu_get_uid(user)
  gid = fu_get_gid(group)
  return unless uid or gid
  list.each do |root|
    Entry_.new(root).traverse do |ent|
      begin
        ent.chown uid, gid
      rescue
        raise unless options[:force]
      end
    end
  end
end

#compare_file(a, b) ⇒ Object Also known as: identical?, cmp

Returns true if the contents of a file A and a file B are identical.

FileUtils.compare_file('somefile', 'somefile')  #=> true
FileUtils.compare_file('/bin/cp', '/bin/mv')    #=> maybe false


878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 878

def compare_file(a, b)
  return false unless File.size(a) == File.size(b)
  File.open(a, 'rb') {|fa|
    File.open(b, 'rb') {|fb|
      return compare_stream(fa, fb)
    }
  }
end

#compare_stream(a, b) ⇒ Object

Returns true if the contents of a stream a and b are identical.



897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 897

def compare_stream(a, b)
  bsize = fu_stream_blksize(a, b)
  sa = ""
  sb = ""
  begin
    a.read(bsize, sa)
    b.read(bsize, sb)
    return true if sa.empty? && sb.empty?
  end while sa == sb
  false
end

#copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference_root = false, remove_destination = false) ⇒ Object

Copies a file system entry src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies its contents recursively. This method preserves file types, c.f. symlink, directory… (FIFO, device files and etc. are not supported yet)

Both of src and dest must be a path name. src must exist, dest must not exist.

If preserve is true, this method preserves owner, group, permissions and modified time.

If dereference_root is true, this method dereference tree root.

If remove_destination is true, this method removes each destination file before copy.



528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 528

def copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference_root = false, remove_destination = false)
  Entry_.new(src, nil, dereference_root).wrap_traverse(proc do |ent|
    destent = Entry_.new(dest, ent.rel, false)
    File.unlink destent.path if remove_destination && File.file?(destent.path)
    ent.copy destent.path
  end, proc do |ent|
    destent = Entry_.new(dest, ent.rel, false)
    ent. destent.path if preserve
  end)
end

#copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true) ⇒ Object

Copies file contents of src to dest. Both of src and dest must be a path name.



545
546
547
548
549
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 545

def copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true)
  ent = Entry_.new(src, nil, dereference)
  ent.copy_file dest
  ent. dest if preserve
end

#copy_stream(src, dest) ⇒ Object

Copies stream src to dest. src must respond to #read(n) and dest must respond to #write(str).



558
559
560
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 558

def copy_stream(src, dest)
  IO.copy_stream(src, dest)
end

#cp(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object Also known as: copy

Options: preserve noop verbose

Copies a file content src to dest. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

If src is a list of files, then dest must be a directory.

FileUtils.cp 'eval.c', 'eval.c.org'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6', :verbose => true
FileUtils.cp 'symlink', 'dest'   # copy content, "dest" is not a symlink


462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 462

def cp(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['cp']
  fu_output_message "cp#{options[:preserve] ? ' -p' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    copy_file s, d, options[:preserve]
  end
end

#cp_r(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: preserve noop verbose dereference_root remove_destination

Copies src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies all its contents recursively. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

src can be a list of files.

# Installing ruby library "mylib" under the site_ruby
FileUtils.rm_r site_ruby + '/mylib', :force
FileUtils.cp_r 'lib/', site_ruby + '/mylib'

# Examples of copying several files to target directory.
FileUtils.cp_r %w(mail.rb field.rb debug/), site_ruby + '/tmail'
FileUtils.cp_r Dir.glob('*.rb'), '/home/aamine/lib/ruby', :noop => true, :verbose => true

# If you want to copy all contents of a directory instead of the
# directory itself, c.f. src/x -> dest/x, src/y -> dest/y,
# use following code.
FileUtils.cp_r 'src/.', 'dest'     # cp_r('src', 'dest') makes dest/src,
                                   # but this doesn't.


499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 499

def cp_r(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['cp_r']
  fu_output_message "cp -r#{options[:preserve] ? 'p' : ''}#{options[:remove_destination] ? ' --remove-destination' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  options = options.dup
  options[:dereference_root] = true unless options.key?(:dereference_root)
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    copy_entry s, d, options[:preserve], options[:dereference_root], options[:remove_destination]
  end
end

#install(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: mode preserve noop verbose

If src is not same as dest, copies it and changes the permission mode to mode. If dest is a directory, destination is dest/src. This method removes destination before copy.

FileUtils.install 'ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby', :mode => 0755, :verbose => true
FileUtils.install 'lib.rb', '/usr/local/lib/ruby/site_ruby', :verbose => true


921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 921

def install(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['install']
  fu_output_message "install -c#{options[:preserve] && ' -p'}#{options[:mode] ? (' -m 0%o' % options[:mode]) : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d, st|
    unless File.exist?(d) and compare_file(s, d)
      remove_file d, true
      copy_file s, d
      File.utime st.atime, st.mtime, d if options[:preserve]
      File.chmod options[:mode], d if options[:mode]
    end
  end
end

#ln(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object Also known as: link

Options: force noop verbose

ln(old, new, options = {})

Creates a hard link new which points to old. If new already exists and it is a directory, creates a link new/old. If new already exists and it is not a directory, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if :force option is set, overwrite new.

FileUtils.ln 'gcc', 'cc', :verbose => true
FileUtils.ln '/usr/bin/emacs21', '/usr/bin/emacs'

ln(list, destdir, options = {})

Creates several hard links in a directory, with each one pointing to the item in list. If destdir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

include FileUtils
cd '/sbin'
FileUtils.ln %w(cp mv mkdir), '/bin'   # Now /sbin/cp and /bin/cp are linked.


382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 382

def ln(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['ln']
  fu_output_message "ln#{options[:force] ? ' -f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest0(src, dest) do |s,d|
    remove_file d, true if options[:force]
    File.link s, d
  end
end

#ln_s(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object Also known as: symlink

Options: force noop verbose

ln_s(old, new, options = {})

Creates a symbolic link new which points to old. If new already exists and it is a directory, creates a symbolic link new/old. If new already exists and it is not a directory, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if :force option is set, overwrite new.

FileUtils.ln_s '/usr/bin/ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.ln_s 'verylongsourcefilename.c', 'c', :force => true

ln_s(list, destdir, options = {})

Creates several symbolic links in a directory, with each one pointing to the item in list. If destdir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

If destdir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

FileUtils.ln_s Dir.glob('bin/*.rb'), '/home/aamine/bin'


419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 419

def ln_s(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['ln_s']
  fu_output_message "ln -s#{options[:force] ? 'f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest0(src, dest) do |s,d|
    remove_file d, true if options[:force]
    File.symlink s, d
  end
end

#ln_sf(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose

Same as

#ln_s(src, dest, :force => true)


440
441
442
443
444
445
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 440

def ln_sf(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['ln_sf']
  options = options.dup
  options[:force] = true
  ln_s src, dest, options
end

#mkdir(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: mode noop verbose

Creates one or more directories.

FileUtils.mkdir 'test'
FileUtils.mkdir %w( tmp data )
FileUtils.mkdir 'notexist', :noop => true  # Does not really create.
FileUtils.mkdir 'tmp', :mode => 0700


247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 247

def mkdir(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['mkdir']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "mkdir #{options[:mode] ? ('-m %03o ' % options[:mode]) : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]

  list.each do |dir|
    fu_mkdir dir, options[:mode]
  end
end

#mkdir_p(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object Also known as: mkpath, makedirs

Options: mode noop verbose

Creates a directory and all its parent directories. For example,

FileUtils.mkdir_p '/usr/local/lib/ruby'

causes to make following directories, if it does not exist.

* /usr
* /usr/local
* /usr/local/lib
* /usr/local/lib/ruby

You can pass several directories at a time in a list.



276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 276

def mkdir_p(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['mkdir_p']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "mkdir -p #{options[:mode] ? ('-m %03o ' % options[:mode]) : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return *list if options[:noop]

  list.map {|path| path.chomp(?/) }.each do |path|
    # optimize for the most common case
    begin
      fu_mkdir path, options[:mode]
      next
    rescue SystemCallError
      next if File.directory?(path)
    end

    stack = []
    until path == stack.last   # dirname("/")=="/", dirname("C:/")=="C:/"
      stack.push path
      path = File.dirname(path)
    end
    stack.reverse_each do |dir|
      begin
        fu_mkdir dir, options[:mode]
      rescue SystemCallError
        raise unless File.directory?(dir)
      end
    end
  end

  return *list
end

#mv(src, dest, options = {}) ⇒ Object Also known as: move

Options: force noop verbose

Moves file(s) src to dest. If file and dest exist on the different disk partition, the file is copied then the original file is removed.

FileUtils.mv 'badname.rb', 'goodname.rb'
FileUtils.mv 'stuff.rb', '/notexist/lib/ruby', :force => true  # no error

FileUtils.mv %w(junk.txt dust.txt), '/home/aamine/.trash/'
FileUtils.mv Dir.glob('test*.rb'), 'test', :noop => true, :verbose => true


576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 576

def mv(src, dest, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['mv']
  fu_output_message "mv#{options[:force] ? ' -f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    destent = Entry_.new(d, nil, true)
    begin
      if destent.exist?
        if destent.directory?
          raise Errno::EEXIST, dest
        else
          destent.remove_file if rename_cannot_overwrite_file?
        end
      end
      begin
        File.rename s, d
      rescue Errno::EXDEV
        copy_entry s, d, true
        if options[:secure]
          remove_entry_secure s, options[:force]
        else
          remove_entry s, options[:force]
        end
      end
    rescue SystemCallError
      raise unless options[:force]
    end
  end
end

#pwdObject Also known as: getwd

Options: (none)

Returns the name of the current directory.



180
181
182
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 180

def pwd
  Dir.pwd
end

#remove_dir(path, force = false) ⇒ Object

Removes a directory dir and its contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.



866
867
868
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 866

def remove_dir(path, force = false)
  remove_entry path, force   # FIXME?? check if it is a directory
end

#remove_entry(path, force = false) ⇒ Object

This method removes a file system entry path. path might be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively.

See also #remove_entry_secure.



836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 836

def remove_entry(path, force = false)
  Entry_.new(path).postorder_traverse do |ent|
    begin
      ent.remove
    rescue
      raise unless force
    end
  end
rescue
  raise unless force
end

#remove_entry_secure(path, force = false) ⇒ Object

This method removes a file system entry path. path shall be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively. This method is required to avoid TOCTTOU (time-of-check-to-time-of-use) local security vulnerability of #rm_r. #rm_r causes security hole when:

* Parent directory is world writable (including /tmp).
* Removing directory tree includes world writable directory.
* The system has symbolic link.

To avoid this security hole, this method applies special preprocess. If path is a directory, this method chown(2) and chmod(2) all removing directories. This requires the current process is the owner of the removing whole directory tree, or is the super user (root).

WARNING: You must ensure that ALL parent directories cannot be moved by other untrusted users. For example, parent directories should not be owned by untrusted users, and should not be world writable except when the sticky bit set.

WARNING: Only the owner of the removing directory tree, or Unix super user (root) should invoke this method. Otherwise this method does not work.

For details of this security vulnerability, see Perl's case:

http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CAN-2005-0448
http://www.cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CAN-2004-0452

For fileutils.rb, this vulnerability is reported in [ruby-dev:26100].



756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 756

def remove_entry_secure(path, force = false)
  unless fu_have_symlink?
    remove_entry path, force
    return
  end
  fullpath = File.expand_path(path)
  st = File.lstat(fullpath)
  unless st.directory?
    File.unlink fullpath
    return
  end
  # is a directory.
  parent_st = File.stat(File.dirname(fullpath))
  unless parent_st.world_writable?
    remove_entry path, force
    return
  end
  unless parent_st.sticky?
    raise ArgumentError, "parent directory is world writable, FileUtils#remove_entry_secure does not work; abort: #{path.inspect} (parent directory mode #{'%o' % parent_st.mode})"
  end
  # freeze tree root
  euid = Process.euid
  File.open(fullpath + '/.') {|f|
    unless fu_stat_identical_entry?(st, f.stat)
      # symlink (TOC-to-TOU attack?)
      File.unlink fullpath
      return
    end
    f.chown euid, -1
    f.chmod 0700
    unless fu_stat_identical_entry?(st, File.lstat(fullpath))
      # TOC-to-TOU attack?
      File.unlink fullpath
      return
    end
  }
  # ---- tree root is frozen ----
  root = Entry_.new(path)
  root.preorder_traverse do |ent|
    if ent.directory?
      ent.chown euid, -1
      ent.chmod 0700
    end
  end
  root.postorder_traverse do |ent|
    begin
      ent.remove
    rescue
      raise unless force
    end
  end
rescue
  raise unless force
end

#remove_file(path, force = false) ⇒ Object

Removes a file path. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.



854
855
856
857
858
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 854

def remove_file(path, force = false)
  Entry_.new(path).remove_file
rescue
  raise unless force
end

#rm(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object Also known as: remove

Options: force noop verbose

Remove file(s) specified in list. This method cannot remove directories. All StandardErrors are ignored when the :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm %w( junk.txt dust.txt )
FileUtils.rm Dir.glob('*.so')
FileUtils.rm 'NotExistFile', :force => true   # never raises exception


629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 629

def rm(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm']
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "rm#{options[:force] ? ' -f' : ''} #{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]

  list.each do |path|
    remove_file path, options[:force]
  end
end

#rm_f(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object Also known as: safe_unlink

Options: noop verbose

Equivalent to

#rm(list, :force => true)


652
653
654
655
656
657
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 652

def rm_f(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm_f']
  options = options.dup
  options[:force] = true
  rm list, options
end

#rm_r(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: force noop verbose secure

remove files list[0] list[1]… If list[n] is a directory, removes its all contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError when :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm_r Dir.glob('/tmp/*')
FileUtils.rm_r '/', :force => true          #  :-)

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability if one of parent directories or removing directory tree are world writable (including /tmp, whose permission is 1777), and the current process has strong privilege such as Unix super user (root), and the system has symbolic link. For secure removing, read the documentation of #remove_entry_secure carefully, and set :secure option to true. Default is :secure=>false.

NOTE: This method calls #remove_entry_secure if :secure option is set. See also #remove_entry_secure.



685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 685

def rm_r(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm_r']
  # options[:secure] = true unless options.key?(:secure)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "rm -r#{options[:force] ? 'f' : ''} #{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |path|
    if options[:secure]
      remove_entry_secure path, options[:force]
    else
      remove_entry path, options[:force]
    end
  end
end

#rm_rf(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object Also known as: rmtree

Options: noop verbose secure

Equivalent to

#rm_r(list, :force => true)

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability. Read the documentation of #rm_r first.



712
713
714
715
716
717
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 712

def rm_rf(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rm_rf']
  options = options.dup
  options[:force] = true
  rm_r list, options
end

#rmdir(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop, verbose

Removes one or more directories.

FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir'
FileUtils.rmdir %w(somedir anydir otherdir)
# Does not really remove directory; outputs message.
FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir', :verbose => true, :noop => true


339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 339

def rmdir(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['rmdir']
  list = fu_list(list)
  parents = options[:parents]
  fu_output_message "rmdir #{parents ? '-p ' : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if options[:verbose]
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |dir|
    begin
      Dir.rmdir(dir = dir.chomp(?/))
      if parents
        until (parent = File.dirname(dir)) == '.' or parent == dir
          Dir.rmdir(dir)
        end
      end
    rescue Errno::ENOTEMPTY, Errno::ENOENT
    end
  end
end

#touch(list, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Options: noop verbose

Updates modification time (mtime) and access time (atime) of file(s) in list. Files are created if they don't exist.

FileUtils.touch 'timestamp'
FileUtils.touch Dir.glob('*.c');  system 'make'


1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 1197

def touch(list, options = {})
  fu_check_options options, OPT_TABLE['touch']
  list = fu_list(list)
  created = nocreate = options[:nocreate]
  t = options[:mtime]
  if options[:verbose]
    fu_output_message "touch #{nocreate ? '-c ' : ''}#{t ? t.strftime('-t %Y%m%d%H%M.%S ') : ''}#{list.join ' '}"
  end
  return if options[:noop]
  list.each do |path|
    created = nocreate
    begin
      File.utime(t, t, path)
    rescue Errno::ENOENT
      raise if created
      File.open(path, 'a') {
        ;
      }
      created = true
      retry if t
    end
  end
end

#uptodate?(new, old_list) ⇒ Boolean

Options: (none)

Returns true if newer is newer than all old_list. Non-existent files are older than any file.

FileUtils.uptodate?('hello.o', %w(hello.c hello.h)) or \
    system 'make hello.o'

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
# File 'lib/fileutils.rb', line 224

def uptodate?(new, old_list)
  return false unless File.exist?(new)
  new_time = File.mtime(new)
  old_list.each do |old|
    if File.exist?(old)
      return false unless new_time > File.mtime(old)
    end
  end
  true
end