Class: Fiddle::Handle

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
handle.c,
handle.c

Overview

The Fiddle::Handle is the manner to access the dynamic library

Example

Setup

libc_so = "/lib64/libc.so.6"
=> "/lib64/libc.so.6"
@handle = Fiddle::Handle.new(libc_so)
=> #<Fiddle::Handle:0x00000000d69ef8>

Setup, with flags

libc_so = "/lib64/libc.so.6"
=> "/lib64/libc.so.6"
@handle = Fiddle::Handle.new(libc_so, Fiddle::RTLD_LAZY | Fiddle::RTLD_GLOBAL)
=> #<Fiddle::Handle:0x00000000d69ef8>

See RTLD_LAZY and RTLD_GLOBAL

Addresses to symbols

strcpy_addr = @handle['strcpy']
=> 140062278451968

or

strcpy_addr = @handle.sym('strcpy')
=> 140062278451968

Constant Summary collapse

NEXT =

A predefined pseudo-handle of RTLD_NEXT

Which will find the next occurrence of a function in the search order after the current library.

predefined_fiddle_handle(RTLD_NEXT)
DEFAULT =

A predefined pseudo-handle of RTLD_DEFAULT

Which will find the first occurrence of the desired symbol using the default library search order

predefined_fiddle_handle(RTLD_DEFAULT)
RTLD_GLOBAL =

:Handle flag.

The symbols defined by this library will be made available for symbol resolution of subsequently loaded libraries.

rtld Fiddle
RTLD_LAZY =

:Handle flag.

Perform lazy binding. Only resolve symbols as the code that references them is executed. If the symbol is never referenced, then it is never resolved. (Lazy binding is only performed for function references; references to variables are always immediately bound when the library is loaded.)

rtld Fiddle
RTLD_NOW =

:Handle flag.

If this value is specified or the environment variable LD_BIND_NOW is set to a nonempty string, all undefined symbols in the library are resolved before Fiddle.dlopen returns. If this cannot be done an error is returned.

rtld Fiddle

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#new(library = nil, flags = Fiddle::RTLD_LAZY|Fiddle::RTLD_GLOBAL) ⇒ Object

Create a new handler that opens library with flags.

If no library is specified or nil is given, DEFAULT is used, which is the equivalent to RTLD_DEFAULT. See man 3 dlopen for more.

lib = Fiddle::Handle.new

The default is dependent on OS, and provide a handle for all libraries already loaded. For example, in most cases you can use this to access libc functions, or ruby functions like rb_str_new.



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# File 'handle.c', line 132

static VALUE
rb_fiddle_handle_initialize(int argc, VALUE argv[], VALUE self)
{
    void *ptr;
    struct dl_handle *fiddle_handle;
    VALUE lib, flag;
    char  *clib;
    int   cflag;
    const char *err;

    switch( rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &lib, &flag) ){
      case 0:
	clib = NULL;
	cflag = RTLD_LAZY | RTLD_GLOBAL;
	break;
      case 1:
	clib = NIL_P(lib) ? NULL : SafeStringValueCStr(lib);
	cflag = RTLD_LAZY | RTLD_GLOBAL;
	break;
      case 2:
	clib = NIL_P(lib) ? NULL : SafeStringValueCStr(lib);
	cflag = NUM2INT(flag);
	break;
      default:
	rb_bug("rb_fiddle_handle_new");
    }

#if defined(_WIN32)
    if( !clib ){
	HANDLE rb_libruby_handle(void);
	ptr = rb_libruby_handle();
    }
    else if( STRCASECMP(clib, "libc") == 0
# ifdef RUBY_COREDLL
	     || STRCASECMP(clib, RUBY_COREDLL) == 0
	     || STRCASECMP(clib, RUBY_COREDLL".dll") == 0
# endif
	){
# ifdef _WIN32_WCE
	ptr = dlopen("coredll.dll", cflag);
# else
	(void)cflag;
	ptr = w32_coredll();
# endif
    }
    else
#endif
	ptr = dlopen(clib, cflag);
#if defined(HAVE_DLERROR)
    if( !ptr && (err = dlerror()) ){
	rb_raise(rb_eFiddleError, "%s", err);
    }
#else
    if( !ptr ){
	err = dlerror();
	rb_raise(rb_eFiddleError, "%s", err);
    }
#endif
    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct dl_handle, &fiddle_handle_data_type, fiddle_handle);
    if( fiddle_handle->ptr && fiddle_handle->open && fiddle_handle->enable_close ){
	dlclose(fiddle_handle->ptr);
    }
    fiddle_handle->ptr = ptr;
    fiddle_handle->open = 1;
    fiddle_handle->enable_close = 0;

    if( rb_block_given_p() ){
	rb_ensure(rb_yield, self, rb_fiddle_handle_close, self);
    }

    return Qnil;
}

Class Method Details

.[](sym) ⇒ Object

call-seq: sym(name)

Get the address as an Integer for the function named name. The function is searched via dlsym on RTLD_NEXT.

See man(3) dlsym() for more info.



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# File 'handle.c', line 306

static VALUE
rb_fiddle_handle_s_sym(VALUE self, VALUE sym)
{
    return fiddle_handle_sym(RTLD_NEXT, sym);
}

.sym(sym) ⇒ Object

call-seq: sym(name)

Get the address as an Integer for the function named name. The function is searched via dlsym on RTLD_NEXT.

See man(3) dlsym() for more info.



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# File 'handle.c', line 306

static VALUE
rb_fiddle_handle_s_sym(VALUE self, VALUE sym)
{
    return fiddle_handle_sym(RTLD_NEXT, sym);
}

Instance Method Details

#[](sym) ⇒ Object

call-seq: sym(name)

Get the address as an Integer for the function named name.



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# File 'handle.c', line 276

static VALUE
rb_fiddle_handle_sym(VALUE self, VALUE sym)
{
    struct dl_handle *fiddle_handle;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct dl_handle, &fiddle_handle_data_type, fiddle_handle);
    if( ! fiddle_handle->open ){
	rb_raise(rb_eFiddleError, "closed handle");
    }

    return fiddle_handle_sym(fiddle_handle->ptr, sym);
}

#closeObject

Close this handle.

Calling close more than once will raise a Fiddle::DLError exception.



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# File 'handle.c', line 66

static VALUE
rb_fiddle_handle_close(VALUE self)
{
    struct dl_handle *fiddle_handle;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct dl_handle, &fiddle_handle_data_type, fiddle_handle);
    if(fiddle_handle->open) {
	int ret = dlclose(fiddle_handle->ptr);
	fiddle_handle->open = 0;

	/* Check dlclose for successful return value */
	if(ret) {
#if defined(HAVE_DLERROR)
	    rb_raise(rb_eFiddleError, "%s", dlerror());
#else
	    rb_raise(rb_eFiddleError, "could not close handle");
#endif
	}
	return INT2NUM(ret);
    }
    rb_raise(rb_eFiddleError, "dlclose() called too many times");

    UNREACHABLE;
}

#close_enabled?Boolean

Returns true if dlclose() will be called when this handle is garbage collected.

See man(3) dlclose() for more info.



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# File 'handle.c', line 242

static VALUE
rb_fiddle_handle_close_enabled_p(VALUE self)
{
    struct dl_handle *fiddle_handle;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct dl_handle, &fiddle_handle_data_type, fiddle_handle);

    if(fiddle_handle->enable_close) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

#disable_closeObject

Disable a call to dlclose() when this handle is garbage collected.



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# File 'handle.c', line 225

static VALUE
rb_fiddle_handle_disable_close(VALUE self)
{
    struct dl_handle *fiddle_handle;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct dl_handle, &fiddle_handle_data_type, fiddle_handle);
    fiddle_handle->enable_close = 0;
    return Qnil;
}

#enable_closeObject

Enable a call to dlclose() when this handle is garbage collected.



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# File 'handle.c', line 210

static VALUE
rb_fiddle_handle_enable_close(VALUE self)
{
    struct dl_handle *fiddle_handle;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct dl_handle, &fiddle_handle_data_type, fiddle_handle);
    fiddle_handle->enable_close = 1;
    return Qnil;
}

#sym(sym) ⇒ Object

call-seq: sym(name)

Get the address as an Integer for the function named name.



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# File 'handle.c', line 276

static VALUE
rb_fiddle_handle_sym(VALUE self, VALUE sym)
{
    struct dl_handle *fiddle_handle;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct dl_handle, &fiddle_handle_data_type, fiddle_handle);
    if( ! fiddle_handle->open ){
	rb_raise(rb_eFiddleError, "closed handle");
    }

    return fiddle_handle_sym(fiddle_handle->ptr, sym);
}

#to_iObject

Returns the memory address for this handle.



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# File 'handle.c', line 258

static VALUE
rb_fiddle_handle_to_i(VALUE self)
{
    struct dl_handle *fiddle_handle;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct dl_handle, &fiddle_handle_data_type, fiddle_handle);
    return PTR2NUM(fiddle_handle);
}