Module: Signal

Defined in:
signal.c

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.listHash

Returns a list of signal names mapped to the corresponding underlying signal numbers.

Signal.list   #=> {"EXIT"=>0, "HUP"=>1, "INT"=>2, "QUIT"=>3, "ILL"=>4, "TRAP"=>5, "IOT"=>6, "ABRT"=>6, "FPE"=>8, "KILL"=>9, "BUS"=>7, "SEGV"=>11, "SYS"=>31, "PIPE"=>13, "ALRM"=>14, "TERM"=>15, "URG"=>23, "STOP"=>19, "TSTP"=>20, "CONT"=>18, "CHLD"=>17, "CLD"=>17, "TTIN"=>21, "TTOU"=>22, "IO"=>29, "XCPU"=>24, "XFSZ"=>25, "VTALRM"=>26, "PROF"=>27, "WINCH"=>28, "USR1"=>10, "USR2"=>12, "PWR"=>30, "POLL"=>29}

Returns:


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# File 'signal.c', line 1431

static VALUE
sig_list(VALUE _)
{
    VALUE h = rb_hash_new();
    const struct signals *sigs;

    FOREACH_SIGNAL(sigs, 0) {
	rb_hash_aset(h, rb_fstring_cstr(sigs->signm), INT2FIX(sigs->signo));
    }
    return h;
}

.signame(signo) ⇒ String?

Convert signal number to signal name.

Returns +nil+ if the signo is an invalid signal number.

   Signal.trap("INT") { |signo| puts Signal.signame(signo) }
   Process.kill("INT", 0)

<em>produces:</em>

   INT

Returns:


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# File 'signal.c', line 307

static VALUE
sig_signame(VALUE recv, VALUE signo)
{
    const char *signame = signo2signm(NUM2INT(signo));
    if (!signame) return Qnil;
    return rb_str_new_cstr(signame);
}

.trap(signal, command) ⇒ Object .trap(signal) {|| ... } ⇒ Object

Specifies the handling of signals. The first parameter is a signal name (a string such as “SIGALRM'', “SIGUSR1'', and so on) or a signal number. The characters “SIG'' may be omitted from the signal name. The command or block specifies code to be run when the signal is raised. If the command is the string “IGNORE'' or “SIG_IGN'', the signal will be ignored. If the command is “DEFAULT'' or “SIG_DFL'', the Ruby's default handler will be invoked. If the command is “EXIT'', the script will be terminated by the signal. If the command is “SYSTEM_DEFAULT'', the operating system's default handler will be invoked. Otherwise, the given command or block will be run. The special signal name “EXIT'' or signal number zero will be invoked just prior to program termination. trap returns the previous handler for the given signal.

Signal.trap(0, proc { puts "Terminating: #{$$}" })
Signal.trap("CLD")  { puts "Child died" }
fork && Process.wait

produces:

Terminating: 27461
Child died
Terminating: 27460

Overloads:


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# File 'signal.c', line 1387

static VALUE
sig_trap(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE _)
{
    int sig;
    sighandler_t func;
    VALUE cmd;

    rb_check_arity(argc, 1, 2);

    sig = trap_signm(argv[0]);
    if (reserved_signal_p(sig)) {
        const char *name = signo2signm(sig);
        if (name)
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "can't trap reserved signal: SIG%s", name);
        else
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "can't trap reserved signal: %d", sig);
    }

    if (argc == 1) {
	cmd = rb_block_proc();
	func = sighandler;
    }
    else {
	cmd = argv[1];
	func = trap_handler(&cmd, sig);
    }

    if (rb_obj_is_proc(cmd) &&
        !rb_ractor_main_p() && !rb_ractor_shareable_p(cmd)) {
        cmd = rb_proc_isolate(cmd);
    }

    return trap(sig, func, cmd);
}

Instance Method Details

#listHash (private)

Returns a list of signal names mapped to the corresponding underlying signal numbers.

Signal.list   #=> {"EXIT"=>0, "HUP"=>1, "INT"=>2, "QUIT"=>3, "ILL"=>4, "TRAP"=>5, "IOT"=>6, "ABRT"=>6, "FPE"=>8, "KILL"=>9, "BUS"=>7, "SEGV"=>11, "SYS"=>31, "PIPE"=>13, "ALRM"=>14, "TERM"=>15, "URG"=>23, "STOP"=>19, "TSTP"=>20, "CONT"=>18, "CHLD"=>17, "CLD"=>17, "TTIN"=>21, "TTOU"=>22, "IO"=>29, "XCPU"=>24, "XFSZ"=>25, "VTALRM"=>26, "PROF"=>27, "WINCH"=>28, "USR1"=>10, "USR2"=>12, "PWR"=>30, "POLL"=>29}

Returns:


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# File 'signal.c', line 1431

static VALUE
sig_list(VALUE _)
{
    VALUE h = rb_hash_new();
    const struct signals *sigs;

    FOREACH_SIGNAL(sigs, 0) {
	rb_hash_aset(h, rb_fstring_cstr(sigs->signm), INT2FIX(sigs->signo));
    }
    return h;
}

#signame(signo) ⇒ String? (private)

Convert signal number to signal name.

Returns +nil+ if the signo is an invalid signal number.

   Signal.trap("INT") { |signo| puts Signal.signame(signo) }
   Process.kill("INT", 0)

<em>produces:</em>

   INT

Returns:


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# File 'signal.c', line 307

static VALUE
sig_signame(VALUE recv, VALUE signo)
{
    const char *signame = signo2signm(NUM2INT(signo));
    if (!signame) return Qnil;
    return rb_str_new_cstr(signame);
}

#trap(signal, command) ⇒ Object (private) #trap(signal) {|| ... } ⇒ Object (private)

Specifies the handling of signals. The first parameter is a signal name (a string such as “SIGALRM'', “SIGUSR1'', and so on) or a signal number. The characters “SIG'' may be omitted from the signal name. The command or block specifies code to be run when the signal is raised. If the command is the string “IGNORE'' or “SIG_IGN'', the signal will be ignored. If the command is “DEFAULT'' or “SIG_DFL'', the Ruby's default handler will be invoked. If the command is “EXIT'', the script will be terminated by the signal. If the command is “SYSTEM_DEFAULT'', the operating system's default handler will be invoked. Otherwise, the given command or block will be run. The special signal name “EXIT'' or signal number zero will be invoked just prior to program termination. trap returns the previous handler for the given signal.

Signal.trap(0, proc { puts "Terminating: #{$$}" })
Signal.trap("CLD")  { puts "Child died" }
fork && Process.wait

produces:

Terminating: 27461
Child died
Terminating: 27460

Overloads:


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# File 'signal.c', line 1387

static VALUE
sig_trap(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE _)
{
    int sig;
    sighandler_t func;
    VALUE cmd;

    rb_check_arity(argc, 1, 2);

    sig = trap_signm(argv[0]);
    if (reserved_signal_p(sig)) {
        const char *name = signo2signm(sig);
        if (name)
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "can't trap reserved signal: SIG%s", name);
        else
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "can't trap reserved signal: %d", sig);
    }

    if (argc == 1) {
	cmd = rb_block_proc();
	func = sighandler;
    }
    else {
	cmd = argv[1];
	func = trap_handler(&cmd, sig);
    }

    if (rb_obj_is_proc(cmd) &&
        !rb_ractor_main_p() && !rb_ractor_shareable_p(cmd)) {
        cmd = rb_proc_isolate(cmd);
    }

    return trap(sig, func, cmd);
}