Class: Zache

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/zache.rb

Overview

It is a very simple thread-safe in-memory cache with an ability to expire keys automatically, when their lifetime is over. Use it like this:

require 'zache'
zache = Zache.new
# Expires in 5 minutes
v = zache.get(:count, lifetime: 5 * 60) { expensive() }

For more information read README file.

Author

Yegor Bugayenko ([email protected])

Copyright

Copyright © 2018 Yegor Bugayenko

License

MIT

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: Fake

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(sync: true, dirty: false) ⇒ Zache

Makes a new object of the cache. “sync” is whether the hash is thread-safe (`true`) or not (`false`); it is recommended to leave this parameter untouched, unless you really know what you are doing.

If the dirty argument is set to true, a previously calculated result will be returned if it exists and is already expired.


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# File 'lib/zache.rb', line 76

def initialize(sync: true, dirty: false)
  @hash = {}
  @sync = sync
  @dirty = dirty
  @mutex = Mutex.new
end

Instance Method Details

#cleanObject

Remove keys that are expired.


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# File 'lib/zache.rb', line 153

def clean
  synchronized { @hash.delete_if { |_key, value| key_expired?(value) } }
end

#exists?(key) ⇒ Boolean

Checks whether the value exists in the cache by the provided key. Returns TRUE if the value is here. If the key is already expired in the hash, it will be removed by this method and the result will be FALSE.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/zache.rb', line 116

def exists?(key)
  rec = @hash[key]
  if key_expired?(key)
    @hash.delete(key)
    rec = nil
  end
  !rec.nil?
end

#get(key, lifetime: 2**32, dirty: false) ⇒ Object

Gets the value from the cache by the provided key. If the value is not found in the cache, it will be calculated via the provided block. If the block is not given, an exception will be raised. The lifetime must be in seconds. The default lifetime is huge, which means that the key will never be expired.

If the dirty argument is set to true, a previously calculated result will be returned if it exists and is already expired.


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# File 'lib/zache.rb', line 96

def get(key, lifetime: 2**32, dirty: false)
  if block_given?
    if (dirty || @dirty) && locked? && key_expired?(key) && @hash.key?(key)
      return @hash[key][:value]
    end
    synchronized { calc(key, lifetime) { yield } }
  else
    rec = @hash[key]
    if key_expired?(key)
      @hash.delete(key)
      rec = nil
    end
    raise 'The key is absent in the cache' if rec.nil?
    rec[:value]
  end
end

#locked?Boolean

Is cache currently locked doing something?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/zache.rb', line 126

def locked?
  @mutex.locked?
end

#put(key, value, lifetime: 2**32) ⇒ Object

Put a value into the cache.


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# File 'lib/zache.rb', line 131

def put(key, value, lifetime: 2**32)
  synchronized do
    @hash[key] = {
      value: value,
      start: Time.now,
      lifetime: lifetime
    }
  end
end

#remove(key) ⇒ Object

Removes the value from the hash, by the provied key. If the key is absent and the block is provide, the block will be called.


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# File 'lib/zache.rb', line 143

def remove(key)
  synchronized { @hash.delete(key) { yield if block_given? } }
end

#remove_allObject

Remove all keys from the cache.


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# File 'lib/zache.rb', line 148

def remove_all
  synchronized { @hash = {} }
end

#sizeObject

Total number of keys currently in cache.


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# File 'lib/zache.rb', line 84

def size
  @hash.size
end