Class: Yast::URLClass

Inherits:
Module
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
library/types/src/modules/URL.rb

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#Build(tokens) ⇒ String

Build URL from tokens as parsed with Parse

Parameters:

  • map

    token as returned from Parse

Returns:

  • (String)

    url, empty string if invalid data is used to build the url.

See Also:

  • 2396 (updated by RFC 2732)
  • perl-URI: URI(3)


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# File 'library/types/src/modules/URL.rb', line 339

def Build(tokens)
  tokens = deep_copy(tokens)
  url = ""
  userpass = ""

  Builtins.y2debug("URL::Build(): input: %1", tokens)

  if Builtins.regexpmatch(
    Ops.get_string(tokens, "scheme", ""),
    "^[[:alpha:]]*$"
  )
    # if (tokens["scheme"]:"" == "samba") url="smb";
    # 		else
    url = Ops.get_string(tokens, "scheme", "")
  end
  Builtins.y2debug("url: %1", url)
  if Ops.get_string(tokens, "user", "") != ""
    userpass = URLRecode.EscapePassword(Ops.get_string(tokens, "user", ""))
    Builtins.y2milestone(
      "Escaped username '%1' => '%2'",
      Ops.get_string(tokens, "user", ""),
      userpass
    )
  end
  if Builtins.size(userpass) != 0 &&
      Ops.get_string(tokens, "pass", "") != ""
    userpass = Builtins.sformat(
      "%1:%2",
      userpass,
      URLRecode.EscapePassword(Ops.get_string(tokens, "pass", ""))
    )
  end
  if Ops.greater_than(Builtins.size(userpass), 0)
    userpass = Ops.add(userpass, "@")
  end

  url = Builtins.sformat("%1://%2", url, userpass)
  Builtins.y2debug("url: %1", url)

  if Hostname.CheckFQ(Ops.get_string(tokens, "host", "")) ||
      IP.Check(Ops.get_string(tokens, "host", ""))
    # enclose an IPv6 address in square brackets
    url = if IP.Check6(Ops.get_string(tokens, "host", ""))
      Builtins.sformat("%1[%2]", url, Ops.get_string(tokens, "host", ""))
    else
      Builtins.sformat("%1%2", url, Ops.get_string(tokens, "host", ""))
    end
  end
  Builtins.y2debug("url: %1", url)

  if Builtins.regexpmatch(Ops.get_string(tokens, "port", ""), "^[0-9]*$") &&
      Ops.get_string(tokens, "port", "") != ""
    url = Builtins.sformat("%1:%2", url, Ops.get_string(tokens, "port", ""))
  end
  Builtins.y2debug("url: %1", url)

  # path is not empty and doesn't start with "/"
  if Ops.get_string(tokens, "path", "") != "" &&
      !Builtins.regexpmatch(Ops.get_string(tokens, "path", ""), "^/")
    url = Builtins.sformat(
      "%1/%2",
      url,
      URLRecode.EscapePath(Ops.get_string(tokens, "path", ""))
    )
  # patch is not empty and starts with "/"
  elsif Ops.get_string(tokens, "path", "") != "" &&
      Builtins.regexpmatch(Ops.get_string(tokens, "path", ""), "^/")
    while Builtins.substring(Ops.get_string(tokens, "path", ""), 0, 2) == "//"
      Ops.set(
        tokens,
        "path",
        Builtins.substring(Ops.get_string(tokens, "path", ""), 1)
      )
    end
    url = if Ops.get_string(tokens, "scheme", "") == "ftp"
      Builtins.sformat(
        "%1/%%2f%2",
        url,
        Builtins.substring(
          URLRecode.EscapePath(Ops.get_string(tokens, "path", "")),
          1
        )
      )
    else
      Builtins.sformat(
        "%1%2",
        url,
        URLRecode.EscapePath(Ops.get_string(tokens, "path", ""))
      )
    end
  end
  Builtins.y2debug("url: %1", url)

  query_map = MakeMapFromParams(Ops.get_string(tokens, "query", ""))

  if Ops.get_string(tokens, "scheme", "") == "smb" &&
      Ops.greater_than(
        Builtins.size(Ops.get_string(tokens, "domain", "")),
        0
      ) &&
      Ops.get(query_map, "workgroup", "") !=
          Ops.get_string(tokens, "domain", "")
    Ops.set(query_map, "workgroup", Ops.get_string(tokens, "domain", ""))

    Ops.set(tokens, "query", MakeParamsFromMap(query_map))
  end

  if Ops.get_string(tokens, "query", "") != ""
    url = Builtins.sformat(
      "%1?%2",
      url,
      URLRecode.EscapeQuery(Ops.get_string(tokens, "query", ""))
    )
  end

  if Ops.get_string(tokens, "fragment", "") != ""
    url = Builtins.sformat(
      "%1#%2",
      url,
      URLRecode.EscapePassword(Ops.get_string(tokens, "fragment", ""))
    )
  end
  Builtins.y2debug("url: %1", url)

  if !Check(url)
    Builtins.y2error("Invalid URL: %1", url)
    return ""
  end

  Builtins.y2debug("URL::Build(): result: %1", url)

  url
end

#Check(url) ⇒ Object

Check URL

Parameters:

  • url (String)

    URL to be checked

Returns:

  • true if correct

See Also:

  • 2396 (updated by RFC 2732)
  • perl-URI: URI(3)


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# File 'library/types/src/modules/URL.rb', line 290

def Check(url)
  # We don't allow empty URLs
  return false if url.nil? || Ops.less_than(Builtins.size(url), 1)

  # We don't allow URLs with spaces
  return false if url.include?(" ")

  tokens = Parse(url)

  Builtins.y2debug("tokens: %1", tokens)

  # Check "scheme"  : "http"
  if !Builtins.regexpmatch(
    Ops.get_string(tokens, "scheme", ""),
    "^[[:alpha:]]*$"
  )
    return false
  end

  # Check "host"    : "www.suse.cz"
  if !Hostname.CheckFQ(Ops.get_string(tokens, "host", "")) &&
      !IP.Check(Ops.get_string(tokens, "host", "")) &&
      Ops.get_string(tokens, "host", "") != ""
    return false
  end

  # Check "path"    : /path/index.html"

  # Check "port"    : "80"
  if !Builtins.regexpmatch(Ops.get_string(tokens, "port", ""), "^[0-9]*$")
    return false
  end

  # Check "user"    : "name"

  # Check "pass"    : "pass"

  # Check "query"   : "question"

  # Check "fragment": "part"

  true
end

#EscapeString(in_, transform) ⇒ String

Escape reserved characters in string used as a part of URL (e.g. '%' => '%25', '@' => '%40'…)

URL::EscapeString (“some.nice.url/:with:/$p#ci&l/ch@rs/”, URL::transform_map_passwd) -> http%3a%2f%2fsome.nice.url%2f%3awith%3a%2f%24p#ci%26l%2fch%40rs%2f

Parameters:

  • in (String)

    input string to escape

  • transformation

    map

Returns:



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# File 'library/types/src/modules/URL.rb', line 139

def EscapeString(in_, transform)
  transform = deep_copy(transform)
  ret = ""

  return ret if in_.nil? || in_ == ""

  # replace % at first
  ret = Builtins.mergestring(Builtins.splitstring(in_, "%"), "%25")

  # replace the other reserved characters
  Builtins.foreach(transform) do |src, tgt|
    ret = Builtins.mergestring(Builtins.splitstring(ret, src), tgt)
  end

  ret
end

#FormatURL(tokens, len) ⇒ Object

  • Format URL - truncate the middle part of the directory to fit to the requested lenght.

*
* Elements in the middle of the path specification are replaced by ellipsis (...).
* The result migth be longer that requested size if other URL parts are longer than the requested size.
* If the requested size is greater than size of the full URL then full URL is returned.
* Only path element of the URL is changed the other parts are not modified (e.g. protocol name)
*
* @example FormatURL("http://download.opensuse.org/very/log/path/which/will/be/truncated/target_file", 45)

    -> “download.opensuse.org/…/target_file

* @example FormatURL("http://download.opensuse.org/very/log/path/which/will/be/truncated/target_file", 60)

    -> “download.opensuse.org/very/…/be/truncated/target_file

*
* @param tokens parsed URL
* @see Parse should be used to convert URL string to a map (tokens parameter)
* @param len requested maximum lenght of the output string
* @return string Truncated URL


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# File 'library/types/src/modules/URL.rb', line 489

def FormatURL(tokens, len)
  tokens = deep_copy(tokens)
  ret = Build(tokens)

  # full URL is shorter than requested, no truncation needed
  return ret if Ops.less_or_equal(Builtins.size(ret), len)

  # it's too long, some parts must be removed
  pth = Ops.get_string(tokens, "path", "")
  Ops.set(tokens, "path", "")

  no_path = Build(tokens)
  # size for the directory part
  dir_size = Ops.subtract(len, Builtins.size(no_path))

  # remove the path in the middle
  new_path = String.FormatFilename(pth, dir_size)

  # build the url with the new path
  Ops.set(tokens, "path", new_path)
  Build(tokens)
end

#HidePassword(url) ⇒ String

Hide password in an URL - replaces the password in the URL by 'PASSWORD' string. If there is no password in the URL the original URL is returned. It should be used when an URL is logged to y2log or when it is displayed to user.

Parameters:

  • url (String)

    original URL

Returns:

  • (String)

    new URL with 'PASSWORD' password or unmodified URL if there is no password



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# File 'library/types/src/modules/URL.rb', line 613

def HidePassword(url)
  # Url::Build(Url::Parse) transforms the URL too much, see #247249#c41
  # replace ://user:password@ by ://user:PASSWORD@
  subd = Builtins.regexpsub(
    url,
    "(.*)(://[^/:]*):[^/@]*@(.*)",
    "\\1\\2:PASSWORD@\\3"
  )
  subd.nil? ? url : subd
end

#HidePasswordToken(tokens) ⇒ Hash

Hide password token in parsed URL (by URL::Parse()) - the password is replaced by 'PASSWORD' string. Similar to HidePassword() but uses a parsed URL as the input.

Parameters:

  • tokens (Hash)

    input

Returns:

  • (Hash)

    map with replaced password



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# File 'library/types/src/modules/URL.rb', line 628

def HidePasswordToken(tokens)
  tokens = deep_copy(tokens)
  ret = deep_copy(tokens)

  # hide the password if it's there
  if Builtins.haskey(ret, "pass") &&
      Ops.greater_than(Builtins.size(Ops.get_string(ret, "pass", "")), 0)
    Ops.set(ret, "pass", "PASSWORD")
  end

  deep_copy(ret)
end

#mainObject



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# File 'library/types/src/modules/URL.rb', line 36

def main
  textdomain "base"

  Yast.import "Hostname"
  Yast.import "String"
  Yast.import "IP"
  Yast.import "URLRecode"

  # TODO: read URI(3), esp. compare the regex mentioned in the URI(3) with ours:
  #   my($scheme, $authority, $path, $query, $fragment) =
  #   $uri =~ m|^(?:([^:/?#]+):)?(?://([^/?#]*))?([^?#]*)(?:\?([^#]*))?(?:#(.*))?|;

  # Valid characters in URL
  #
  # bnc#694582 - addedd @ as it is allowed in authority part of URI.
  # for details see RFC2616 and RFC2396
  #
  @ValidChars = "0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ.:_-/%@"

  # Transform map used for (un)escaping characters in username/password part of an URL.
  # It doesn't contain '%' because this character must be used in a particular
  # order (the first or the last) during processing
  @transform_map_passwd = {
    ";" => "%3b",
    "/" => "%2f",
    "?" => "%3f",
    ":" => "%3a",
    "@" => "%40",
    "&" => "%26",
    "=" => "%3d",
    "+" => "%2b",
    "$" => "%24",
    "," => "%2c",
    " " => "%20"
  }

  # Transform map used for (un)escaping characters in file location part of an URL.
  # It doesn't contain '%' because this character must be used in a particular
  # order (the first or the last) during processing
  @transform_map_filename = {
    ";" => "%3b",
    "?" => "%3f",
    ":" => "%3a",
    "@" => "%40",
    "&" => "%26",
    "=" => "%3d",
    "+" => "%2b",
    "$" => "%24",
    "," => "%2c",
    " " => "%20"
  }

  # Transform map used for (un)escaping characters in query part of a URL.
  # It doesn't contain '%' because this character must be used in a particular
  # order (the first or the last) during processing
  @transform_map_query = {
    ";" => "%3b",
    "?" => "%3f",
    "@" => "%40",
    "+" => "%2b",
    "$" => "%24",
    "," => "%2c",
    " " => "%20"
  }
end

#MakeMapFromParams(params) ⇒ Hash{String => String}

Reads list of HTTP params and returns them as map. (Useful also for cd:/, dvd:/, nfs:/ … params) Neither keys nor values are HTML-unescaped, see UnEscapeString().

Examples:

MakeMapFromParams ("device=sda3&login=aaa&password=bbb") -> $[
        "device"   : "sda3",
        "login"    : "aaa",
        "password" : "bbb"
]

Parameters:

Returns:



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# File 'library/types/src/modules/URL.rb', line 538

def MakeMapFromParams(params)
  # Error
  if params.nil?
    Builtins.y2error("Erroneous (nil) params!")
    return nil
    # Empty
  elsif params == ""
    return {}
  end

  params_list = Builtins.splitstring(params, "&")

  params_list = Builtins.filter(params_list) do |one_param|
    one_param != "" && !one_param.nil?
  end

  ret = {}
  eq_pos = nil
  opt = ""
  val = ""

  Builtins.foreach(params_list) do |one_param|
    eq_pos = Builtins.search(one_param, "=")
    if eq_pos.nil?
      Ops.set(ret, one_param, "")
    else
      opt = Builtins.substring(one_param, 0, eq_pos)
      val = Builtins.substring(one_param, Ops.add(eq_pos, 1))

      Ops.set(ret, opt, val)
    end
  end

  deep_copy(ret)
end

#MakeParamsFromMap(params_map) ⇒ Object

Returns string made of HTTP params. It's a reverse function to MakeMapFromParams(). Neither keys nor values are HTML-escaped, use EscapeString() if needed.

Examples:

MakeMapFromParams ($[
  "param1" : "a",
  "param2" : "b",
  "param3" : "c",
]) -> "param1=a&param2=b&param3=c"

Parameters:

  • map (string, string)

See Also:



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# File 'library/types/src/modules/URL.rb', line 587

def MakeParamsFromMap(params_map)
  params_map = deep_copy(params_map)
  # ["key1=value1", "key2=value2", ...] -> "key1=value1&key2=value2"
  Builtins.mergestring(
    # ["key" : "value", ...] -> ["key=value", ...]
    Builtins.maplist(params_map) do |key, value|
      if value.nil?
        Builtins.y2warning("Empty value for key %1", key)
        value = ""
      end
      if key.nil? || key == ""
        Builtins.y2error("Empty key (will be skipped)")
        next ""
      end
      # "key=value"
      Builtins.sformat("%1=%2", key, value)
    end,
    "&"
  )
end

#Parse(url) ⇒ Object

Tokenize URL

Examples:

$[
    "scheme"  : "http",
    "host"    : "www.suse.cz"
    "port"    : "80",
    "path"    : /path/index.html",
    "user"    : "name",
    "pass"    : "pass",
    "query"   : "question",
    "fragment": "part"
]

Parameters:

  • url (String)

    URL to be parsed

Returns:

  • URL split to tokens



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# File 'library/types/src/modules/URL.rb', line 170

def Parse(url)
  Builtins.y2debug("url=%1", url)

  # We don't parse empty URLs
  return {} if url.nil? || Ops.less_than(Builtins.size(url), 1)

  # Extract basic URL parts: scheme://host/path?question#part
  rawtokens = Builtins.regexptokenize(
    url,
    # 0,1: http://
    # 2: user:pass@www.suse.cz:23
    # 3: /some/path
    # 4,5: ?question
    # 6,7: #fragment
    "^" \
      "(([^:/?#]+):[/]{0,2})?" \
      "([^/?#]*)?" \
      "([^?#]*)?" \
      "(\\?([^#]*))?" \
      "(#(.*))?"
  )
  Builtins.y2debug("rawtokens=%1", rawtokens)
  tokens = {}
  Ops.set(tokens, "scheme", Ops.get_string(rawtokens, 1, ""))
  pth = Ops.get_string(rawtokens, 3, "")
  if Ops.get_string(tokens, "scheme", "") == "ftp"
    if Builtins.substring(pth, 0, 4) == "/%2f"
      pth = Ops.add("/", Builtins.substring(pth, 4))
    elsif pth != ""
      pth = Builtins.substring(pth, 1)
    end
  end
  Ops.set(tokens, "path", URLRecode.UnEscape(pth))
  Ops.set(
    tokens,
    "query",
    URLRecode.UnEscape(Ops.get_string(rawtokens, 5, ""))
  )
  Ops.set(
    tokens,
    "fragment",
    URLRecode.UnEscape(Ops.get_string(rawtokens, 7, ""))
  )

  # Extract username:pass@host:port
  userpass = Builtins.regexptokenize(
    Ops.get_string(rawtokens, 2, ""),
    # 0,1,2,3: user:pass@
    # 4,5,6,7: hostname|[xxx]
    # FIXME: "(([^:@]+)|(\\[([^]]+)\\]))" +
    # 8,9: port
    "^" \
      "(([^@:]+)(:([^@:]+))?@)?" \
      "(([^:@]+))" \
      "(:([^:@]+))?"
  )
  Builtins.y2debug("userpass=%1", userpass)

  Ops.set(
    tokens,
    "user",
    URLRecode.UnEscape(Ops.get_string(userpass, 1, ""))
  )
  Ops.set(
    tokens,
    "pass",
    URLRecode.UnEscape(Ops.get_string(userpass, 3, ""))
  )
  Ops.set(tokens, "port", Ops.get_string(userpass, 7, ""))

  if Ops.get_string(userpass, 5, "") != ""
    Ops.set(tokens, "host", Ops.get_string(userpass, 5, ""))
  else
    Ops.set(tokens, "host", Ops.get_string(userpass, 7, ""))
  end

  hostport6 = Builtins.substring(
    Ops.get_string(rawtokens, 2, ""),
    Builtins.size(Ops.get_string(userpass, 0, ""))
  )
  Builtins.y2debug("hostport6: %1", hostport6)

  # check if there is an IPv6 address
  host6 = Builtins.regexpsub(hostport6, "^\\[(.*)\\]", "\\1")

  if !host6.nil? && host6 != ""
    Builtins.y2milestone("IPv6 host detected: %1", host6)
    Ops.set(tokens, "host", host6)
    port6 = Builtins.regexpsub(hostport6, "^\\[.*\\]:(.*)", "\\1")
    Builtins.y2debug("port: %1", port6)
    Ops.set(tokens, "port", !port6.nil? ? port6 : "")
  end

  # some exceptions for samba scheme (there is optional extra option "domain")
  if Ops.get_string(tokens, "scheme", "") == "samba" ||
      Ops.get_string(tokens, "scheme", "") == "smb"
    # Note: CUPS uses different URL syntax for Samba printers:
    #     smb://username:password@workgroup/server/printer
    # Fortunately yast2-printer does not use URL.ycp, so we can safely support libzypp syntax only:
    #     smb://username:passwd@servername/share/path/on/the/share?workgroup=mygroup

    options = MakeMapFromParams(Ops.get_string(tokens, "query", ""))

    if Builtins.haskey(options, "workgroup")
      Ops.set(tokens, "domain", Ops.get(options, "workgroup", ""))
    end
  end

  # merge host and path if the scheme does not allow a host (bsc#991935)
  tokens = merge_host_and_path(tokens) if SCHEMES_WO_HOST.include?(tokens["scheme"].downcase)

  Builtins.y2debug("tokens=%1", tokens)
  deep_copy(tokens)
end

#UnEscapeString(in_, transform) ⇒ String

Escape reserved characters in string used as a part of URL (e.g. '%25' => '%', '%40' => '@'…)

URL::UnEscapeString (“http%3a%2f%2fsome.nice.url%2f%3awith%3a%2f%24p#ci%26l%2fch%40rs%2f”, URL::transform_map_passwd) -> some.nice.url/:with:/$p#ci&l/ch@rs/

Parameters:

  • in (String)

    input string to escape

  • transformation

    map

Returns:

  • (String)

    unescaped string



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# File 'library/types/src/modules/URL.rb', line 112

def UnEscapeString(in_, transform)
  transform = deep_copy(transform)
  return "" if in_.nil? || in_ == ""

  # replace the other reserved characters
  Builtins.foreach(transform) do |tgt, src|
    # replace both upper and lower case escape sequences
    in_ = String.Replace(in_, Builtins.tolower(src), tgt)
    in_ = String.Replace(in_, Builtins.toupper(src), tgt)
  end

  # replace % at the end
  in_ = String.Replace(in_, "%25", "%")

  in_
end