Class: Nokogiri::XML::Node

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
Enumerable, PP::Node, Searchable
Defined in:
lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb,
lib/nokogiri/xml/node/save_options.rb,
ext/nokogiri/xml_dtd.c,
ext/nokogiri/xml_attr.c,
ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c,
ext/nokogiri/xml_text.c,
ext/nokogiri/xml_cdata.c,
ext/nokogiri/xml_comment.c,
ext/nokogiri/xml_document.c,
ext/nokogiri/html_document.c,
ext/nokogiri/xml_entity_decl.c,
ext/nokogiri/xml_element_decl.c,
ext/nokogiri/xml_attribute_decl.c,
ext/nokogiri/xml_entity_reference.c,
ext/nokogiri/xml_document_fragment.c,
ext/nokogiri/xml_processing_instruction.c

Overview

Nokogiri::XML::Node is your window to the fun filled world of dealing with XML and HTML tags. A Nokogiri::XML::Node may be treated similarly to a hash with regard to attributes. For example (from irb):

irb(main):004:0> node
=> <a href="#foo" id="link">link</a>
irb(main):005:0> node['href']
=> "#foo"
irb(main):006:0> node.keys
=> ["href", "id"]
irb(main):007:0> node.values
=> ["#foo", "link"]
irb(main):008:0> node['class'] = 'green'
=> "green"
irb(main):009:0> node
=> <a href="#foo" id="link" class="green">link</a>
irb(main):010:0>

See Nokogiri::XML::Node#[] and Nokogiri::XML#[]= for more information.

Nokogiri::XML::Node also has methods that let you move around your tree. For navigating your tree, see:

  • Nokogiri::XML::Node#parent

  • Nokogiri::XML::Node#children

  • Nokogiri::XML::Node#next

  • Nokogiri::XML::Node#previous

When printing or otherwise emitting a document or a node (and its subtree), there are a few methods you might want to use:

  • content, text, inner_text, to_str: emit plaintext

    These methods will all emit the plaintext version of your document, meaning that entities will be replaced (e.g., “&lt;” will be replaced with “<”), meaning that any sanitizing will likely be un-done in the output.

  • to_s, to_xml, to_html, inner_html: emit well-formed markup

    These methods will all emit properly-escaped markup, meaning that it's suitable for consumption by browsers, parsers, etc.

You may search this node's subtree using Searchable#xpath and Searchable#css

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: SaveOptions

Constant Summary collapse

ELEMENT_NODE =

Element node type, see Nokogiri::XML::Node#element?

1
ATTRIBUTE_NODE =

Attribute node type

2
TEXT_NODE =

Text node type, see Nokogiri::XML::Node#text?

3
CDATA_SECTION_NODE =

CDATA node type, see Nokogiri::XML::Node#cdata?

4
ENTITY_REF_NODE =

Entity reference node type

5
ENTITY_NODE =

Entity node type

6
PI_NODE =

PI node type

7
COMMENT_NODE =

Comment node type, see Nokogiri::XML::Node#comment?

8
DOCUMENT_NODE =

Document node type, see Nokogiri::XML::Node#xml?

9
DOCUMENT_TYPE_NODE =

Document type node type

10
DOCUMENT_FRAG_NODE =

Document fragment node type

11
NOTATION_NODE =

Notation node type

12
HTML_DOCUMENT_NODE =

HTML document node type, see Nokogiri::XML::Node#html?

13
DTD_NODE =

DTD node type

14
ELEMENT_DECL =

Element declaration type

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ATTRIBUTE_DECL =

Attribute declaration type

16
ENTITY_DECL =

Entity declaration type

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NAMESPACE_DECL =

Namespace declaration type

18
XINCLUDE_START =

XInclude start type

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XINCLUDE_END =

XInclude end type

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DOCB_DOCUMENT_NODE =

DOCB document node type

21

Constants included from Searchable

Searchable::LOOKS_LIKE_XPATH

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from Searchable

#at, #at_css, #at_xpath, #css, #search, #xpath

Methods included from PP::Node

#inspect, #pretty_print

Constructor Details

#initialize(name, document) ⇒ Node

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 101

def initialize name, document # :nodoc:
  # ... Ya.  This is empty on purpose.
end

Class Method Details

.new(name, document) ⇒ Object

Create a new node with name sharing GC lifecycle with document



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 1326

static VALUE new(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
  xmlDocPtr doc;
  xmlNodePtr node;
  VALUE name;
  VALUE document;
  VALUE rest;
  VALUE rb_node;

  rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "2*", &name, &document, &rest);

  Data_Get_Struct(document, xmlDoc, doc);

  node = xmlNewNode(NULL, (xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(name));
  node->doc = doc->doc;
  nokogiri_root_node(node);

  rb_node = Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(
      klass == cNokogiriXmlNode ? (VALUE)NULL : klass,
      node
  );
  rb_obj_call_init(rb_node, argc, argv);

  if(rb_block_given_p()) rb_yield(rb_node);

  return rb_node;
}

Instance Method Details

#<<(node_or_tags) ⇒ Object

Add node_or_tags as a child of this Node. node_or_tags can be a Nokogiri::XML::Node, a ::DocumentFragment, a ::NodeSet, or a string containing markup.

Returns self, to support chaining of calls (e.g., root << child1 << child2)

Also see related method add_child.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 171

def << node_or_tags
  add_child node_or_tags
  self
end

#<=>(other) ⇒ Object

Compare two Node objects with respect to their Document. Nodes from different documents cannot be compared.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 730

def <=> other
  return nil unless other.is_a?(Nokogiri::XML::Node)
  return nil unless document == other.document
  compare other
end

#==(other) ⇒ Object

Test to see if this Node is equal to other



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 597

def == other
  return false unless other
  return false unless other.respond_to?(:pointer_id)
  pointer_id == other.pointer_id
end

#>(selector) ⇒ Object

Search this node's immediate children using CSS selector selector



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 113

def > selector
  ns = document.root.namespaces
  xpath CSS.xpath_for(selector, :prefix => "./", :ns => ns).first
end

#[](name) ⇒ Object Also known as: get_attribute, attr

Get the attribute value for the attribute name



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 120

def [] name
  get(name.to_s)
end

#[]=(name, value) ⇒ Object Also known as: set_attribute

Set the attribute value for the attribute name to value



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 126

def []= name, value
  set name.to_s, value.to_s
end

#accept(visitor) ⇒ Object

Accept a visitor. This method calls “visit” on visitor with self.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 591

def accept visitor
  visitor.visit(self)
end

#add_child(node_or_tags) ⇒ Object

Add node_or_tags as a child of this Node. node_or_tags can be a Nokogiri::XML::Node, a ::DocumentFragment, a ::NodeSet, or a string containing markup.

Returns the reparented node (if node_or_tags is a Node), or NodeSet (if node_or_tags is a DocumentFragment, NodeSet, or string).

Also see related method <<.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 137

def add_child node_or_tags
  node_or_tags = coerce(node_or_tags)
  if node_or_tags.is_a?(XML::NodeSet)
    node_or_tags.each { |n| add_child_node_and_reparent_attrs n }
  else
    add_child_node_and_reparent_attrs node_or_tags
  end
  node_or_tags
end

#add_namespace_definition(prefix, href) ⇒ Object Also known as: add_namespace

Adds a namespace definition with prefix using href value. The result is as if parsed XML for this node had included an attribute 'xmlns:prefix=value'. A default namespace for this node (“xmlns=”) can be added by passing 'nil' for prefix. Namespaces added this way will not show up in #attributes, but they will be included as an xmlns attribute when the node is serialized to XML.



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 1288

static VALUE add_namespace_definition(VALUE self, VALUE prefix, VALUE href)
{
  xmlNodePtr node, namespacee;
  xmlNsPtr ns;

  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);
  namespacee = node ;

  ns = xmlSearchNs(
      node->doc,
      node,
      (const xmlChar *)(NIL_P(prefix) ? NULL : StringValueCStr(prefix))
  );

  if(!ns) {
    if (node->type != XML_ELEMENT_NODE) {
      namespacee = node->parent;
    }
    ns = xmlNewNs(
        namespacee,
        (const xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(href),
        (const xmlChar *)(NIL_P(prefix) ? NULL : StringValueCStr(prefix))
    );
  }

  if (!ns) return Qnil ;

  if(NIL_P(prefix) || node != namespacee) xmlSetNs(node, ns);

  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_namespace(node->doc, ns);
}

#add_next_sibling(node_or_tags) ⇒ Object Also known as: next=

Insert node_or_tags after this Node (as a sibling). node_or_tags can be a Nokogiri::XML::Node, a ::DocumentFragment, a ::NodeSet, or a string containing markup.

Returns the reparented node (if node_or_tags is a Node), or NodeSet (if node_or_tags is a DocumentFragment, NodeSet, or string).

Also see related method after.

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 196

def add_next_sibling node_or_tags
  raise ArgumentError.new("A document may not have multiple root nodes.") if (parent && parent.document?) && !(node_or_tags.comment? || node_or_tags.processing_instruction?)

  add_sibling :next, node_or_tags
end

#add_previous_sibling(node_or_tags) ⇒ Object Also known as: previous=

Insert node_or_tags before this Node (as a sibling). node_or_tags can be a Nokogiri::XML::Node, a ::DocumentFragment, a ::NodeSet, or a string containing markup.

Returns the reparented node (if node_or_tags is a Node), or NodeSet (if node_or_tags is a DocumentFragment, NodeSet, or string).

Also see related method before.

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 183

def add_previous_sibling node_or_tags
  raise ArgumentError.new("A document may not have multiple root nodes.") if (parent && parent.document?) && !(node_or_tags.comment? || node_or_tags.processing_instruction?)

  add_sibling :previous, node_or_tags
end

#after(node_or_tags) ⇒ Object

Insert node_or_tags after this node (as a sibling). node_or_tags can be a Nokogiri::XML::Node, a Nokogiri::XML::DocumentFragment, or a string containing markup.

Returns self, to support chaining of calls.

Also see related method add_next_sibling.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 221

def after node_or_tags
  add_next_sibling node_or_tags
  self
end

#ancestors(selector = nil) ⇒ Object

Get a list of ancestor Node for this Node. If selector is given, the ancestors must match selector



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 531

def ancestors selector = nil
  return NodeSet.new(document) unless respond_to?(:parent)
  return NodeSet.new(document) unless parent

  parents = [parent]

  while parents.last.respond_to?(:parent)
    break unless ctx_parent = parents.last.parent
    parents << ctx_parent
  end

  return NodeSet.new(document, parents) unless selector

  root = parents.last
  search_results = root.search(selector)

  NodeSet.new(document, parents.find_all { |parent|
    search_results.include?(parent)
  })
end

#attribute(name) ⇒ Object

Get the attribute node with name



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 909

static VALUE attr(VALUE self, VALUE name)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  xmlAttrPtr prop;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);
  prop = xmlHasProp(node, (xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(name));

  if(! prop) return Qnil;
  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, (xmlNodePtr)prop);
}

#attribute_nodesObject

returns a list containing the Node attributes.



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 944

static VALUE attribute_nodes(VALUE self)
{
    /* this code in the mode of xmlHasProp() */
    xmlNodePtr node;
    VALUE attr;

    Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

    attr = rb_ary_new();
    Nokogiri_xml_node_properties(node, attr);

    return attr ;
}

#attribute_with_ns(name, namespace) ⇒ Object

Get the attribute node with name and namespace



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 926

static VALUE attribute_with_ns(VALUE self, VALUE name, VALUE namespace)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  xmlAttrPtr prop;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);
  prop = xmlHasNsProp(node, (xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(name),
      NIL_P(namespace) ? NULL : (xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(namespace));

  if(! prop) return Qnil;
  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, (xmlNodePtr)prop);
}

#attributesObject

Returns a hash containing the node's attributes. The key is the attribute name without any namespace, the value is a Nokogiri::XML::Attr representing the attribute. If you need to distinguish attributes with the same name, with different namespaces use #attribute_nodes instead.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 327

def attributes
  Hash[attribute_nodes.map { |node|
    [node.node_name, node]
  }]
end

#before(node_or_tags) ⇒ Object

Insert node_or_tags before this node (as a sibling). node_or_tags can be a Nokogiri::XML::Node, a ::DocumentFragment, a ::NodeSet, or a string containing markup.

Returns self, to support chaining of calls.

Also see related method add_previous_sibling.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 209

def before node_or_tags
  add_previous_sibling node_or_tags
  self
end

#blank?Boolean

Is this node blank?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 543

static VALUE blank_eh(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);
  return (1 == xmlIsBlankNode(node)) ? Qtrue : Qfalse ;
}

#canonicalize(mode = XML::XML_C14N_1_0, inclusive_namespaces = nil, with_comments = false) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 750

def canonicalize(mode=XML::XML_C14N_1_0,inclusive_namespaces=nil,with_comments=false)
  c14n_root = self
  document.canonicalize(mode, inclusive_namespaces, with_comments) do |node, parent|
    tn = node.is_a?(XML::Node) ? node : parent
    tn == c14n_root || tn.ancestors.include?(c14n_root)
  end
end

#cdata?Boolean

Returns true if this is a CDATA

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 454

def cdata?
  type == CDATA_SECTION_NODE
end

#childObject

Returns the child node



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 715

static VALUE child(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node, child;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  child = node->children;
  if(!child) return Qnil;

  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, child);
}

#childrenObject

Get the list of children for this node as a NodeSet



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 642

static VALUE children(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  xmlNodePtr child;
  xmlNodeSetPtr set;
  VALUE document;
  VALUE node_set;

  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  child = node->children;
  set = xmlXPathNodeSetCreate(child);

  document = DOC_RUBY_OBJECT(node->doc);

  if(!child) return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node_set(set, document);

  child = child->next;
  while(NULL != child) {
    xmlXPathNodeSetAddUnique(set, child);
    child = child->next;
  }

  node_set = Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node_set(set, document);

  return node_set;
}

#children=(node_or_tags) ⇒ Object

Set the inner html for this Node node_or_tags node_or_tags can be a Nokogiri::XML::Node, a Nokogiri::XML::DocumentFragment, or a string containing markup.

Returns the reparented node (if node_or_tags is a Node), or NodeSet (if node_or_tags is a DocumentFragment, NodeSet, or string).

Also see related method inner_html=



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 245

def children= node_or_tags
  node_or_tags = coerce(node_or_tags)
  children.unlink
  if node_or_tags.is_a?(XML::NodeSet)
    node_or_tags.each { |n| add_child_node_and_reparent_attrs n }
  else
    add_child_node_and_reparent_attrs node_or_tags
  end
  node_or_tags
end

#comment?Boolean

Returns true if this is a Comment

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 449

def comment?
  type == COMMENT_NODE
end

#contentObject Also known as: text, inner_text

Returns the content for this Node



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 1079

static VALUE get_native_content(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  xmlChar * content;

  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  content = xmlNodeGetContent(node);
  if(content) {
    VALUE rval = NOKOGIRI_STR_NEW2(content);
    xmlFree(content);
    return rval;
  }
  return Qnil;
}

#content=(string) ⇒ Object

Set the Node's content to a Text node containing string. The string gets XML escaped, not interpreted as markup.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 416

def content= string
  self.native_content = encode_special_chars(string.to_s)
end

#create_external_subset(name, external_id, system_id) ⇒ Object

Create an external subset



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 424

static VALUE create_external_subset(VALUE self, VALUE name, VALUE external_id, VALUE system_id)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  xmlDocPtr doc;
  xmlDtdPtr dtd;

  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  doc = node->doc;

  if(doc->extSubset)
    rb_raise(rb_eRuntimeError, "Document already has an external subset");

  dtd = xmlNewDtd(
      doc,
      NIL_P(name)        ? NULL : (const xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(name),
      NIL_P(external_id) ? NULL : (const xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(external_id),
      NIL_P(system_id)   ? NULL : (const xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(system_id)
  );

  if(!dtd) return Qnil;

  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, (xmlNodePtr)dtd);
}

#create_internal_subset(name, external_id, system_id) ⇒ Object

Create the internal subset of a document.

doc.create_internal_subset("chapter", "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML//EN", "chapter.dtd")
# => <!DOCTYPE chapter PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML//EN" "chapter.dtd">

doc.create_internal_subset("chapter", nil, "chapter.dtd")
# => <!DOCTYPE chapter SYSTEM "chapter.dtd">


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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 393

static VALUE create_internal_subset(VALUE self, VALUE name, VALUE external_id, VALUE system_id)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  xmlDocPtr doc;
  xmlDtdPtr dtd;

  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  doc = node->doc;

  if(xmlGetIntSubset(doc))
    rb_raise(rb_eRuntimeError, "Document already has an internal subset");

  dtd = xmlCreateIntSubset(
      doc,
      NIL_P(name)        ? NULL : (const xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(name),
      NIL_P(external_id) ? NULL : (const xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(external_id),
      NIL_P(system_id)   ? NULL : (const xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(system_id)
  );

  if(!dtd) return Qnil;

  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, (xmlNodePtr)dtd);
}

#css_pathObject

Get the path to this node as a CSS expression



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 522

def css_path
  path.split(/\//).map { |part|
    part.length == 0 ? nil : part.gsub(/\[(\d+)\]/, ':nth-of-type(\1)')
  }.compact.join(' > ')
end

#decorate!Object

Decorate this node with the decorators set up in this node's Document



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 107

def decorate!
  document.decorate(self)
end

#default_namespace=(url) ⇒ Object

Adds a default namespace supplied as a string url href, to self. The consequence is as an xmlns attribute with supplied argument were present in parsed XML. A default namespace set with this method will now show up in #attributes, but when this node is serialized to XML an “xmlns” attribute will appear. See also #namespace and #namespace=



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 558

def default_namespace= url
  add_namespace_definition(nil, url)
end

#descriptionObject

Fetch the Nokogiri::HTML::ElementDescription for this node. Returns nil on XML documents and on unknown tags.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 491

def description
  return nil if document.xml?
  Nokogiri::HTML::ElementDescription[name]
end

#do_xinclude(options = XML::ParseOptions::DEFAULT_XML) {|options| ... } ⇒ Object

Do xinclude substitution on the subtree below node. If given a block, a Nokogiri::XML::ParseOptions object initialized from options, will be passed to it, allowing more convenient modification of the parser options.

Yields:

  • (options)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 740

def do_xinclude options = XML::ParseOptions::DEFAULT_XML, &block
  options = Nokogiri::XML::ParseOptions.new(options) if Integer === options

  # give options to user
  yield options if block_given?

  # call c extension
  process_xincludes(options.to_i)
end

#documentObject

Get the document for this Node



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 336

static VALUE document(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);
  return DOC_RUBY_OBJECT(node->doc);
}

#document?Boolean

Returns true if this is a Document

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 469

def document?
  is_a? XML::Document
end

#dupObject Also known as: clone

Copy this node. An optional depth may be passed in, but it defaults to a deep copy. 0 is a shallow copy, 1 is a deep copy.



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 504

static VALUE duplicate_node(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
  VALUE level;
  xmlNodePtr node, dup;

  if(rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &level) == 0)
    level = INT2NUM((long)1);

  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  dup = xmlDocCopyNode(node, node->doc, (int)NUM2INT(level));
  if(dup == NULL) return Qnil;

  nokogiri_root_node(dup);

  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(rb_obj_class(self), dup);
}

#eachObject

Iterate over each attribute name and value pair for this Node.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 347

def each
  attribute_nodes.each { |node|
    yield [node.node_name, node.value]
  }
end

#element?Boolean Also known as: elem?

Returns true if this is an Element node

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 504

def element?
  type == ELEMENT_NODE
end

#element_childrenObject Also known as: elements

Get the list of children for this node as a NodeSet. All nodes will be element nodes.

Example:

@doc.root.element_children.all? { |x| x.element? } # => true


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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 681

static VALUE element_children(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  xmlNodePtr child;
  xmlNodeSetPtr set;
  VALUE document;
  VALUE node_set;

  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  child = xmlFirstElementChild(node);
  set = xmlXPathNodeSetCreate(child);

  document = DOC_RUBY_OBJECT(node->doc);

  if(!child) return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node_set(set, document);

  child = xmlNextElementSibling(child);
  while(NULL != child) {
    xmlXPathNodeSetAddUnique(set, child);
    child = xmlNextElementSibling(child);
  }

  node_set = Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node_set(set, document);

  return node_set;
}

#encode_special_chars(string) ⇒ Object

Encode any special characters in string



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 363

static VALUE encode_special_chars(VALUE self, VALUE string)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  xmlChar *encoded;
  VALUE encoded_str;

  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);
  encoded = xmlEncodeSpecialChars(
      node->doc,
      (const xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(string)
  );

  encoded_str = NOKOGIRI_STR_NEW2(encoded);
  xmlFree(encoded);

  return encoded_str;
}

#external_subsetObject

Get the external subset



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 455

static VALUE external_subset(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  xmlDocPtr doc;
  xmlDtdPtr dtd;

  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  if(!node->doc) return Qnil;

  doc = node->doc;
  dtd = doc->extSubset;

  if(!dtd) return Qnil;

  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, (xmlNodePtr)dtd);
}

#first_element_childObject

Returns the first child node of this node that is an element.

Example:

@doc.root.first_element_child.element? # => true


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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 736

static VALUE first_element_child(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node, child;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  child = xmlFirstElementChild(node);
  if(!child) return Qnil;

  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, child);
}

#fragment(tags) ⇒ Object

Create a DocumentFragment containing tags that is relative to this context node.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 371

def fragment tags
  type = document.html? ? Nokogiri::HTML : Nokogiri::XML
  type::DocumentFragment.new(document, tags, self)
end

#fragment?Boolean

Returns true if this is a DocumentFragment

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 484

def fragment?
  type == DOCUMENT_FRAG_NODE
end

#html?Boolean

Returns true if this is an HTML::Document node

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 464

def html?
  type == HTML_DOCUMENT_NODE
end

#inner_html(*args) ⇒ Object

Get the inner_html for this node's Node#children



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 517

def inner_html *args
  children.map { |x| x.to_html(*args) }.join
end

#inner_html=(node_or_tags) ⇒ Object

Set the inner html for this Node to node_or_tags node_or_tags can be a Nokogiri::XML::Node, a Nokogiri::XML::DocumentFragment, or a string containing markup.

Returns self.

Also see related method children=



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 233

def inner_html= node_or_tags
  self.children = node_or_tags
  self
end

#internal_subsetObject

Get the internal subset



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 479

static VALUE internal_subset(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  xmlDocPtr doc;
  xmlDtdPtr dtd;

  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  if(!node->doc) return Qnil;

  doc = node->doc;
  dtd = xmlGetIntSubset(doc);

  if(!dtd) return Qnil;

  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, (xmlNodePtr)dtd);
}

#key?(attribute) ⇒ Boolean Also known as: has_attribute?

Returns true if attribute is set

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 774

static VALUE key_eh(VALUE self, VALUE attribute)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);
  if(xmlHasProp(node, (xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(attribute)))
    return Qtrue;
  return Qfalse;
}

#keysObject

Get the attribute names for this Node.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 341

def keys
  attribute_nodes.map(&:node_name)
end

#langObject

Searches the language of a node, i.e. the values of the xml:lang attribute or the one carried by the nearest ancestor.



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 1121

static VALUE get_lang(VALUE self_rb)
{
  xmlNodePtr self ;
  xmlChar* lang ;
  VALUE lang_rb ;

  Data_Get_Struct(self_rb, xmlNode, self);

  lang = xmlNodeGetLang(self);
  if (lang) {
    lang_rb = NOKOGIRI_STR_NEW2(lang);
    xmlFree(lang);
    return lang_rb ;
  }

  return Qnil ;
}

#lang=Object

Set the language of a node, i.e. the values of the xml:lang attribute.



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 1101

static VALUE set_lang(VALUE self_rb, VALUE lang_rb)
{
  xmlNodePtr self ;
  xmlChar* lang ;

  Data_Get_Struct(self_rb, xmlNode, self);
  lang = (xmlChar*)StringValueCStr(lang_rb);

  xmlNodeSetLang(self, lang);

  return Qnil ;
}

#last_element_childObject

Returns the last child node of this node that is an element.

Example:

@doc.root.last_element_child.element? # => true


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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 757

static VALUE last_element_child(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node, child;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  child = xmlLastElementChild(node);
  if(!child) return Qnil;

  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, child);
}

#lineObject

Returns the line for this Node



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 1269

static VALUE line(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  return INT2NUM(xmlGetLineNo(node));
}

#matches?(selector) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if this Node matches selector

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 364

def matches? selector
  ancestors.last.search(selector).include?(self)
end

#namespaceObject

returns the namespace of the element or attribute node as a Namespace object, or nil if there is no namespace for the element or attribute.



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 966

static VALUE namespace(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node ;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  if (node->ns)
    return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_namespace(node->doc, node->ns);

  return Qnil ;
}

#namespace=(ns) ⇒ Object

Set the default namespace on this node (as would be defined with an “xmlns=” attribute in XML source), as a Namespace object ns. Note that a Namespace added this way will NOT be serialized as an xmlns attribute for this node. You probably want #default_namespace= instead, or perhaps #add_namespace_definition with a nil prefix argument.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 569

def namespace= ns
  return set_namespace(ns) unless ns

  unless Nokogiri::XML::Namespace === ns
    raise TypeError, "#{ns.class} can't be coerced into Nokogiri::XML::Namespace"
  end
  if ns.document != document
    raise ArgumentError, 'namespace must be declared on the same document'
  end

  set_namespace ns
end

#namespace_definitionsObject

returns namespaces defined on self element directly, as an array of Namespace objects. Includes both a default namespace (as in“xmlns=”), and prefixed namespaces (as in “xmlns:prefix=”).



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 983

static VALUE namespace_definitions(VALUE self)
{
  /* this code in the mode of xmlHasProp() */
  xmlNodePtr node ;
  VALUE list;
  xmlNsPtr ns;

  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  list = rb_ary_new();

  ns = node->nsDef;

  if(!ns) return list;

  while(NULL != ns) {
    rb_ary_push(list, Nokogiri_wrap_xml_namespace(node->doc, ns));
    ns = ns->next;
  }

  return list;
}

#namespace_scopesObject

returns namespaces in scope for self – those defined on self element directly or any ancestor node – as an array of Namespace objects. Default namespaces (“xmlns=” style) for self are included in this array; Default namespaces for ancestors, however, are not. See also #namespaces



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 1015

static VALUE namespace_scopes(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node ;
  VALUE list;
  xmlNsPtr *ns_list;
  int j;

  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  list = rb_ary_new();
  ns_list = xmlGetNsList(node->doc, node);

  if(!ns_list) return list;

  for (j = 0 ; ns_list[j] != NULL ; ++j) {
    rb_ary_push(list, Nokogiri_wrap_xml_namespace(node->doc, ns_list[j]));
  }

  xmlFree(ns_list);
  return list;
}

#namespaced_key?(attribute, namespace) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if attribute is set with namespace

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 789

static VALUE namespaced_key_eh(VALUE self, VALUE attribute, VALUE namespace)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);
  if(xmlHasNsProp(node, (xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(attribute),
        NIL_P(namespace) ? NULL : (xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(namespace)))
    return Qtrue;
  return Qfalse;
}

#namespacesObject

Returns a Hash of => value for all namespaces on this node and its ancestors.

This method returns the same namespaces as #namespace_scopes.

Returns namespaces in scope for self – those defined on self element directly or any ancestor node – as a Hash of attribute-name/value pairs. Note that the keys in this hash XML attributes that would be used to define this namespace, such as “xmlns:prefix”, not just the prefix. Default namespace set on self will be included with key “xmlns”. However, default namespaces set on ancestor will NOT be, even if self has no explicit default namespace.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 441

def namespaces
  Hash[namespace_scopes.map { |nd|
    key = ['xmlns', nd.prefix].compact.join(':')
    [key, nd.href]
  }]
end

#content=Object

Set the content for this Node



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 1056

static VALUE set_native_content(VALUE self, VALUE content)
{
  xmlNodePtr node, child, next ;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  child = node->children;
  while (NULL != child) {
    next = child->next ;
    xmlUnlinkNode(child) ;
    nokogiri_root_node(child);
    child = next ;
  }

  xmlNodeSetContent(node, (xmlChar *)StringValueCStr(content));
  return content;
}

#next_elementObject

Returns the next Nokogiri::XML::Element type sibling node.



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 590

static VALUE next_element(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node, sibling;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  sibling = xmlNextElementSibling(node);
  if(!sibling) return Qnil;

  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, sibling);
}

#next_siblingObject Also known as: next

Returns the next sibling node



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 556

static VALUE next_sibling(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node, sibling;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  sibling = node->next;
  if(!sibling) return Qnil;

  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, sibling) ;
}

#nameObject Also known as: name

Returns the name for this Node



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 1182

static VALUE get_name(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);
  if(node->name)
    return NOKOGIRI_STR_NEW2(node->name);
  return Qnil;
}

#name=(new_name) ⇒ Object Also known as: name=

Set the name for this Node



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 1168

static VALUE set_name(VALUE self, VALUE new_name)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);
  xmlNodeSetName(node, (xmlChar*)StringValueCStr(new_name));
  return new_name;
}

#node_typeObject Also known as: type

Get the type for this Node



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 1043

static VALUE node_type(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);
  return INT2NUM((long)node->type);
}

#parentObject

Get the parent Node for this Node



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 1151

static VALUE get_parent(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node, parent;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  parent = node->parent;
  if(!parent) return Qnil;

  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, parent) ;
}

#parent=(parent_node) ⇒ Object

Set the parent Node for this Node



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 422

def parent= parent_node
  parent_node.add_child(self)
  parent_node
end

#parse(string_or_io, options = nil) {|options| ... } ⇒ Object

Parse string_or_io as a document fragment within the context of this node. Returns a XML::NodeSet containing the nodes parsed from string_or_io.

Yields:

  • (options)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 380

def parse string_or_io, options = nil
  ##
  # When the current node is unparented and not an element node, use the
  # document as the parsing context instead. Otherwise, the in-context
  # parser cannot find an element or a document node.
  # Document Fragments are also not usable by the in-context parser.
  if !element? && !document? && (!parent || parent.fragment?)
    return document.parse(string_or_io, options)
  end

  options ||= (document.html? ? ParseOptions::DEFAULT_HTML : ParseOptions::DEFAULT_XML)
  if Integer === options
    options = Nokogiri::XML::ParseOptions.new(options)
  end
  # Give the options to the user
  yield options if block_given?

  contents = string_or_io.respond_to?(:read) ?
    string_or_io.read :
    string_or_io

  return Nokogiri::XML::NodeSet.new(document) if contents.empty?

  ##
  # This is a horrible hack, but I don't care. See #313 for background.
  error_count = document.errors.length
  node_set = in_context(contents, options.to_i)
  if node_set.empty? and document.errors.length > error_count and options.recover?
    fragment = Nokogiri::HTML::DocumentFragment.parse contents
    node_set = fragment.children
  end
  node_set
end

#pathObject

Returns the path associated with this Node



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 1197

static VALUE path(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  xmlChar *path ;
  VALUE rval;

  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  path = xmlGetNodePath(node);
  rval = NOKOGIRI_STR_NEW2(path);
  xmlFree(path);
  return rval ;
}

#pointer_idObject

Get the internal pointer number



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 349

static VALUE pointer_id(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  return INT2NUM((long)(node));
}

#prepend_child(node_or_tags) ⇒ Object

Add node_or_tags as the first child of this Node. node_or_tags can be a Nokogiri::XML::Node, a ::DocumentFragment, a ::NodeSet, or a string containing markup.

Returns the reparented node (if node_or_tags is a Node), or NodeSet (if node_or_tags is a DocumentFragment, NodeSet, or string).

Also see related method add_child.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 154

def prepend_child node_or_tags
  if first = children.first
    # Mimic the error add_child would raise.
    raise RuntimeError, "Document already has a root node" if document? && !(node_or_tags.comment? || node_or_tags.processing_instruction?)
    first.__send__(:add_sibling, :previous, node_or_tags)
  else
    add_child(node_or_tags)
  end
end

#previous_elementObject

Returns the previous Nokogiri::XML::Element type sibling node.



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 607

static VALUE previous_element(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node, sibling;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  /*
   *  note that we don't use xmlPreviousElementSibling here because it's buggy pre-2.7.7.
   */
  sibling = node->prev;
  if(!sibling) return Qnil;

  while(sibling && sibling->type != XML_ELEMENT_NODE)
    sibling = sibling->prev;

  return sibling ? Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, sibling) : Qnil ;
}

#previous_siblingObject Also known as: previous

Returns the previous sibling node



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 573

static VALUE previous_sibling(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node, sibling;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);

  sibling = node->prev;
  if(!sibling) return Qnil;

  return Nokogiri_wrap_xml_node(Qnil, sibling);
}

#processing_instruction?Boolean

Returns true if this is a ProcessingInstruction node

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 474

def processing_instruction?
  type == PI_NODE
end

#read_only?Boolean

Is this a read only node?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 498

def read_only?
  # According to gdome2, these are read-only node types
  [NOTATION_NODE, ENTITY_NODE, ENTITY_DECL].include?(type)
end

#remove_attribute(name) ⇒ Object Also known as: delete

Remove the attribute named name



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 355

def remove_attribute name
  attr = attributes[name].remove if key? name
  clear_xpath_context if Nokogiri.jruby?
  attr
end

#replace(node_or_tags) ⇒ Object

Replace this Node with node_or_tags. node_or_tags can be a Nokogiri::XML::Node, a ::DocumentFragment, a ::NodeSet, or a string containing markup.

Returns the reparented node (if node_or_tags is a Node), or NodeSet (if node_or_tags is a DocumentFragment, NodeSet, or string).

Also see related method swap.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 263

def replace node_or_tags
  # We cannot replace a text node directly, otherwise libxml will return
  # an internal error at parser.c:13031, I don't know exactly why
  # libxml is trying to find a parent node that is an element or document
  # so I can't tell if this is bug in libxml or not. issue #775.
  if text?
    replacee = Nokogiri::XML::Node.new 'dummy', document
    add_previous_sibling_node replacee
    unlink
    return replacee.replace node_or_tags
  end

  node_or_tags = coerce(node_or_tags)

  if node_or_tags.is_a?(XML::NodeSet)
    node_or_tags.each { |n| add_previous_sibling n }
    unlink
  else
    replace_node node_or_tags
  end
  node_or_tags
end

#serialize(*args, &block) ⇒ Object

Serialize Node using options. Save options can also be set using a block. See SaveOptions.

These two statements are equivalent:

node.serialize(:encoding => 'UTF-8', :save_with => FORMAT | AS_XML)

or

node.serialize(:encoding => 'UTF-8') do |config|
  config.format.as_xml
end


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 617

def serialize *args, &block
  options = args.first.is_a?(Hash) ? args.shift : {
    :encoding   => args[0],
    :save_with  => args[1]
  }

  encoding = options[:encoding] || document.encoding
  options[:encoding] = encoding

  outstring = String.new
  outstring.force_encoding(Encoding.find(encoding || 'utf-8'))
  io = StringIO.new(outstring)
  write_to io, options, &block
  io.string
end

#swap(node_or_tags) ⇒ Object

Swap this Node for node_or_tags node_or_tags can be a Nokogiri::XML::Node, a ::DocumentFragment, a ::NodeSet, or a string containing markup.

Returns self, to support chaining of calls.

Also see related method replace.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 293

def swap node_or_tags
  replace node_or_tags
  self
end

#text?Boolean

Returns true if this is a Text node

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 479

def text?
  type == TEXT_NODE
end

#to_html(options = {}) ⇒ Object

Serialize this Node to HTML

doc.to_html

See Node#write_to for a list of options. For formatted output, use Node#to_xhtml instead.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 640

def to_html options = {}
  to_format SaveOptions::DEFAULT_HTML, options
end

#to_sObject

Turn this node in to a string. If the document is HTML, this method returns html. If the document is XML, this method returns XML.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 512

def to_s
  document.xml? ? to_xml : to_html
end

#to_xhtml(options = {}) ⇒ Object

Serialize this Node to XHTML using options

doc.to_xhtml(:indent => 5, :encoding => 'UTF-8')

See Node#write_to for a list of options



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 661

def to_xhtml options = {}
  to_format SaveOptions::DEFAULT_XHTML, options
end

#to_xml(options = {}) ⇒ Object

Serialize this Node to XML using options

doc.to_xml(:indent => 5, :encoding => 'UTF-8')

See Node#write_to for a list of options



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 650

def to_xml options = {}
  options[:save_with] ||= SaveOptions::DEFAULT_XML
  serialize(options)
end

#traverse(&block) ⇒ Object

Yields self and all children to block recursively.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 584

def traverse &block
  children.each{|j| j.traverse(&block) }
  block.call(self)
end

Unlink this node from its current context.



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# File 'ext/nokogiri/xml_node.c', line 528

static VALUE unlink_node(VALUE self)
{
  xmlNodePtr node;
  Data_Get_Struct(self, xmlNode, node);
  xmlUnlinkNode(node);
  nokogiri_root_node(node);
  return self;
}

#valuesObject

Get the attribute values for this Node.



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 335

def values
  attribute_nodes.map(&:value)
end

#write_html_to(io, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Write Node as HTML to io with options

See Node#write_to for a list of options



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 704

def write_html_to io, options = {}
  write_format_to SaveOptions::DEFAULT_HTML, io, options
end

#write_to(io, *options) {|config| ... } ⇒ Object

Write Node to io with options. options modify the output of this method. Valid options are:

  • :encoding for changing the encoding

  • :indent_text the indentation text, defaults to one space

  • :indent the number of :indent_text to use, defaults to 2

  • :save_with a combination of SaveOptions constants.

To save with UTF-8 indented twice:

node.write_to(io, :encoding => 'UTF-8', :indent => 2)

To save indented with two dashes:

node.write_to(io, :indent_text => '-', :indent => 2)

Yields:

  • (config)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 682

def write_to io, *options
  options       = options.first.is_a?(Hash) ? options.shift : {}
  encoding      = options[:encoding] || options[0]
  if Nokogiri.jruby?
    save_options  = options[:save_with] || options[1]
    indent_times  = options[:indent] || 0
  else
    save_options  = options[:save_with] || options[1] || SaveOptions::FORMAT
    indent_times  = options[:indent] || 2
  end
  indent_text   = options[:indent_text] || ' '

  config = SaveOptions.new(save_options.to_i)
  yield config if block_given?

  native_write_to(io, encoding, indent_text * indent_times, config.options)
end

#write_xhtml_to(io, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Write Node as XHTML to io with options

See Node#write_to for a list of options



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 712

def write_xhtml_to io, options = {}
  write_format_to SaveOptions::DEFAULT_XHTML, io, options
end

#write_xml_to(io, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Write Node as XML to io with options

doc.write_xml_to io, :encoding => 'UTF-8'

See Node#write_to for a list of options



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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 722

def write_xml_to io, options = {}
  options[:save_with] ||= SaveOptions::DEFAULT_XML
  write_to io, options
end

#xml?Boolean

Returns true if this is an XML::Document node

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/nokogiri/xml/node.rb', line 459

def xml?
  type == DOCUMENT_NODE
end