Class: BCrypt::Engine

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/bcrypt/engine.rb,
ext/mri/bcrypt_ext.c

Overview

A Ruby wrapper for the bcrypt() C extension calls and the Java calls.

Constant Summary collapse

DEFAULT_COST =

The default computational expense parameter.

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MIN_COST =

The minimum cost supported by the algorithm.

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MAX_COST =

The maximum cost supported by the algorithm.

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MAX_SALT_LENGTH =

Maximum possible size of bcrypt() salts.

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Class Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.__bc_crypt(key, setting) ⇒ Object

Given a secret and a salt, generates a salted hash (which you can then store safely).


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# File 'ext/mri/bcrypt_ext.c', line 29

static VALUE bc_crypt(VALUE self, VALUE key, VALUE setting) {
    char * value;
    void * data;
    int size;
    VALUE out;

    data = NULL;
    size = 0xDEADBEEF;

    if(NIL_P(key) || NIL_P(setting)) return Qnil;

    value = crypt_ra(
	    NIL_P(key) ? NULL : StringValuePtr(key),
	    NIL_P(setting) ? NULL : StringValuePtr(setting),
	    &data,
	    &size);

    if(!value || !data) return Qnil;

    out = rb_str_new2(value);

    xfree(data);

    return out;
}

.__bc_salt(prefix, count, input) ⇒ Object

Given a logarithmic cost parameter, generates a salt for use with bc_crypt.


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# File 'ext/mri/bcrypt_ext.c', line 9

static VALUE bc_salt(VALUE self, VALUE prefix, VALUE count, VALUE input) {
    char * salt;
    VALUE str_salt;

    salt = crypt_gensalt_ra(
	    StringValuePtr(prefix),
	    NUM2ULONG(count),
	    NIL_P(input) ? NULL : StringValuePtr(input),
	    NIL_P(input) ? 0 : RSTRING_LEN(input));

    if(!salt) return Qnil;

    str_salt = rb_str_new2(salt);
    free(salt);

    return str_salt;
}

.autodetect_cost(salt) ⇒ Object

Autodetects the cost from the salt string.


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# File 'lib/bcrypt/engine.rb', line 113

def self.autodetect_cost(salt)
  salt[4..5].to_i
end

.calibrate(upper_time_limit_in_ms) ⇒ Object

Returns the cost factor which will result in computation times less than upper_time_limit_in_ms.

Example:

BCrypt::Engine.calibrate(200)  #=> 10
BCrypt::Engine.calibrate(1000) #=> 12

# should take less than 200ms
BCrypt::Password.create("woo", :cost => 10)

# should take less than 1000ms
BCrypt::Password.create("woo", :cost => 12)

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# File 'lib/bcrypt/engine.rb', line 103

def self.calibrate(upper_time_limit_in_ms)
  (BCrypt::Engine::MIN_COST..BCrypt::Engine::MAX_COST-1).each do |i|
    start_time = Time.now
    Password.create("testing testing", :cost => i+1)
    end_time = Time.now - start_time
    return i if end_time * 1_000 > upper_time_limit_in_ms
  end
end

.costObject

Returns the cost factor that will be used if one is not specified when creating a password hash. Defaults to DEFAULT_COST if not set.


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# File 'lib/bcrypt/engine.rb', line 24

def self.cost
  @cost || DEFAULT_COST
end

.cost=(cost) ⇒ Object

Set a default cost factor that will be used if one is not specified when creating a password hash.

Example:

BCrypt::Engine::DEFAULT_COST            #=> 12
BCrypt::Password.create('secret').cost  #=> 12

BCrypt::Engine.cost = 8
BCrypt::Password.create('secret').cost  #=> 8

# cost can still be overridden as needed
BCrypt::Password.create('secret', :cost => 6).cost  #=> 6

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# File 'lib/bcrypt/engine.rb', line 41

def self.cost=(cost)
  @cost = cost
end

.generate_salt(cost = self.cost) ⇒ Object

Generates a random salt with a given computational cost.


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# File 'lib/bcrypt/engine.rb', line 64

def self.generate_salt(cost = self.cost)
  cost = cost.to_i
  if cost > 0
    if cost < MIN_COST
      cost = MIN_COST
    end
    if RUBY_PLATFORM == "java"
      Java.bcrypt_jruby.BCrypt.gensalt(cost)
    else
      prefix = "$2a$05$CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC.E5YPO9kmyuRGyh0XouQYb4YMJKvyOeW"
      __bc_salt(prefix, cost, OpenSSL::Random.random_bytes(MAX_SALT_LENGTH))
    end
  else
    raise Errors::InvalidCost.new("cost must be numeric and > 0")
  end
end

.hash_secret(secret, salt, _ = nil) ⇒ Object

Given a secret and a valid salt (see BCrypt::Engine.generate_salt) calculates a bcrypt() password hash.


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# File 'lib/bcrypt/engine.rb', line 47

def self.hash_secret(secret, salt, _ = nil)
  if valid_secret?(secret)
    if valid_salt?(salt)
      if RUBY_PLATFORM == "java"
        Java.bcrypt_jruby.BCrypt.hashpw(secret.to_s.to_java_bytes, salt.to_s)
      else
        __bc_crypt(secret.to_s, salt)
      end
    else
      raise Errors::InvalidSalt.new("invalid salt")
    end
  else
    raise Errors::InvalidSecret.new("invalid secret")
  end
end

.valid_salt?(salt) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if salt is a valid bcrypt() salt, false if not.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/bcrypt/engine.rb', line 82

def self.valid_salt?(salt)
  !!(salt =~ /\A\$[0-9a-z]{2,}\$[0-9]{2,}\$[A-Za-z0-9\.\/]{22,}\z/)
end

.valid_secret?(secret) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if secret is a valid bcrypt() secret, false if not.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/bcrypt/engine.rb', line 87

def self.valid_secret?(secret)
  secret.respond_to?(:to_s)
end