Class: Split::Experiment

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/split/experiment.rb

Constant Summary collapse

DEFAULT_OPTIONS =
{
  :resettable => true
}

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(name, options = {}) ⇒ Experiment

Returns a new instance of Experiment.


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 16

def initialize(name, options = {})
  options = DEFAULT_OPTIONS.merge(options)

  @name = name.to_s

  alternatives = extract_alternatives_from_options(options)

  if alternatives.empty? && (exp_config = Split.configuration.experiment_for(name))
    set_alternatives_and_options(
      alternatives: load_alternatives_from_configuration,
      goals: Split::GoalsCollection.new(@name).load_from_configuration,
      metadata: ,
      resettable: exp_config[:resettable],
      algorithm: exp_config[:algorithm]
    )
  else
    set_alternatives_and_options(
      alternatives: alternatives,
      goals: options[:goals],
      metadata: options[:metadata],
      resettable: options[:resettable],
      algorithm: options[:algorithm]
    )
  end
end

Instance Attribute Details

#algorithmObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 131

def algorithm
  @algorithm ||= Split.configuration.algorithm
end

#alternative_probabilitiesObject

Returns the value of attribute alternative_probabilities


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 9

def alternative_probabilities
  @alternative_probabilities
end

#alternativesObject

Returns the value of attribute alternatives


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 8

def alternatives
  @alternatives
end

#goalsObject

Returns the value of attribute goals


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 7

def goals
  @goals
end

#metadataObject

Returns the value of attribute metadata


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 10

def 
  @metadata
end

#nameObject

Returns the value of attribute name


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 4

def name
  @name
end

#resettableObject

Returns the value of attribute resettable


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 6

def resettable
  @resettable
end

Instance Method Details

#==(obj) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 123

def ==(obj)
  self.name == obj.name
end

#[](name) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 127

def [](name)
  alternatives.find{|a| a.name == name}
end

#calc_alternative_probabilities(winning_counts, number_of_simulations) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 329

def calc_alternative_probabilities(winning_counts, number_of_simulations)
  alternative_probabilities = {}
  winning_counts.each do |alternative, wins|
    alternative_probabilities[alternative] = wins / number_of_simulations.to_f
  end
  return alternative_probabilities
end

#calc_beta_params(goal = nil) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 380

def calc_beta_params(goal = nil)
  beta_params = {}
  alternatives.each do |alternative|
    conversions = goal.nil? ? alternative.completed_count : alternative.completed_count(goal)
    alpha = 1 + conversions
    beta = 1 + alternative.participant_count - conversions

    params = [alpha, beta]

    beta_params[alternative] = params
  end
  return beta_params
end

#calc_simulated_conversion_rates(beta_params) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 362

def calc_simulated_conversion_rates(beta_params)
  # initialize a random variable (from which to simulate conversion rates ~beta-distributed)
  rand = SimpleRandom.new
  rand.set_seed

  simulated_cr_hash = {}

  # create a hash which has the conversion rate pulled from each alternative's beta distribution
  beta_params.each do |alternative, params|
    alpha = params[0]
    beta = params[1]
    simulated_conversion_rate = rand.beta(alpha, beta)
    simulated_cr_hash[alternative] = simulated_conversion_rate
  end

  return simulated_cr_hash
end

#calc_timeObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 398

def calc_time
  Split.redis.hget(experiment_config_key, :calc_time).to_i
end

#calc_time=(time) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 394

def calc_time=(time)
  Split.redis.hset(experiment_config_key, :calc_time, time)
end

#calc_winning_alternativesObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 277

def calc_winning_alternatives
  # Super simple cache so that we only recalculate winning alternatives once per day
  days_since_epoch = Time.now.utc.to_i / 86400

  if self.calc_time != days_since_epoch
    if goals.empty?
      self.estimate_winning_alternative
    else
      goals.each do |goal|
        self.estimate_winning_alternative(goal)
      end
    end

    self.calc_time = days_since_epoch

    self.save
  end
end

#controlObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 173

def control
  alternatives.first
end

#count_simulated_wins(winning_alternatives) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 337

def count_simulated_wins(winning_alternatives)
   # initialize a hash to keep track of winning alternative in simulations
  winning_counts = {}
  alternatives.each do |alternative|
    winning_counts[alternative] = 0
  end
  # count number of times each alternative won, calculate probabilities, place in hash
  winning_alternatives.each do |alternative|
    winning_counts[alternative] += 1
  end
  return winning_counts
end

#deleteObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 249

def delete
  Split.configuration.on_before_experiment_delete.call(self)
  if Split.configuration.start_manually
    Split.redis.hdel(:experiment_start_times, @name)
  end
  alternatives.each(&:delete)
  reset_winner
  Split.redis.srem(:experiments, name)
  Split.redis.del(name)
  goals_collection.delete
  
  Split.configuration.on_experiment_delete.call(self)
  increment_version
end

#delete_metadataObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 264

def 
  Split.redis.del()
end

#estimate_winning_alternative(goal = nil) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 296

def estimate_winning_alternative(goal = nil)
  # TODO - refactor out functionality to work with and without goals

  # initialize a hash of beta distributions based on the alternatives' conversion rates
  beta_params = calc_beta_params(goal)

  winning_alternatives = []

  Split.configuration.beta_probability_simulations.times do
    # calculate simulated conversion rates from the beta distributions
    simulated_cr_hash = calc_simulated_conversion_rates(beta_params)

    winning_alternative = find_simulated_winner(simulated_cr_hash)

    # push the winning pair to the winning_alternatives array
    winning_alternatives.push(winning_alternative)
  end

  winning_counts = count_simulated_wins(winning_alternatives)

  @alternative_probabilities = calc_alternative_probabilities(winning_counts, Split.configuration.beta_probability_simulations)

  write_to_alternatives(goal)

  self.save
end

#extract_alternatives_from_options(options) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 50

def extract_alternatives_from_options(options)
  alts = options[:alternatives] || []

  if alts.length == 1
    if alts[0].is_a? Hash
      alts = alts[0].map{|k,v| {k => v} }
    end
  end

  if alts.empty?
    exp_config = Split.configuration.experiment_for(name)
    if exp_config
      alts = load_alternatives_from_configuration
      options[:goals] = Split::GoalsCollection.new(@name).load_from_configuration
      options[:metadata] = 
      options[:resettable] = exp_config[:resettable]
      options[:algorithm] = exp_config[:algorithm]
    end
  end

  self.alternatives = alts
  self.goals = options[:goals]
  self.algorithm = options[:algorithm]
  self.resettable = options[:resettable]

  # calculate probability that each alternative is the winner
  @alternative_probabilities = {}
  alts
end

#find_simulated_winner(simulated_cr_hash) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 350

def find_simulated_winner(simulated_cr_hash)
  # figure out which alternative had the highest simulated conversion rate
  winning_pair = ["",0.0]
  simulated_cr_hash.each do |alternative, rate|
    if rate > winning_pair[1]
      winning_pair = [alternative, rate]
    end
  end
  winner = winning_pair[0]
  return winner
end

#finished_keyObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 229

def finished_key
  "#{key}:finished"
end

#goals_keyObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 225

def goals_key
  "#{name}:goals"
end

#has_winner?Boolean

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 161

def has_winner?
  !winner.nil?
end

#increment_versionObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 213

def increment_version
  @version = Split.redis.incr("#{name}:version")
end

#jstring(goal = nil) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 402

def jstring(goal = nil)
  js_id = if goal.nil?
            name
          else
            name + "-" + goal
          end
  js_id.gsub('/', '--')
end

#keyObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 217

def key
  if version.to_i > 0
    "#{name}:#{version}"
  else
    name
  end
end

#load_from_redisObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 268

def load_from_redis
  exp_config = Split.redis.hgetall(experiment_config_key)
  self.resettable = exp_config['resettable']
  self.algorithm = exp_config['algorithm']
  self.alternatives = load_alternatives_from_redis
  self.goals = Split::GoalsCollection.new(@name).load_from_redis
  self. = 
end

#metadata_keyObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 233

def 
  "#{name}:metadata"
end

#new_record?Boolean

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 119

def new_record?
  !Split.redis.exists(name)
end

#next_alternativeObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 197

def next_alternative
  winner || random_alternative
end

#participant_countObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 169

def participant_count
  alternatives.inject(0){|sum,a| sum + a.participant_count}
end

#random_alternativeObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 201

def random_alternative
  if alternatives.length > 1
    algorithm.choose_alternative(self)
  else
    alternatives.first
  end
end

#resetObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 241

def reset
  Split.configuration.on_before_experiment_reset.call(self)
  alternatives.each(&:reset)
  reset_winner
  Split.configuration.on_experiment_reset.call(self)
  increment_version
end

#reset_winnerObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 177

def reset_winner
  Split.redis.hdel(:experiment_winner, name)
end

#resettable?Boolean

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 237

def resettable?
  resettable
end

#saveObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 80

def save
  validate!

  if new_record?
    Split.redis.sadd(:experiments, name)
    start unless Split.configuration.start_manually
    @alternatives.reverse.each {|a| Split.redis.lpush(name, a.name)}
    goals_collection.save
    
    Split.redis.set(, @metadata.to_json) unless @metadata.nil?
  else
    existing_alternatives = load_alternatives_from_redis
    existing_goals = Split::GoalsCollection.new(@name).load_from_redis
     = 
    unless existing_alternatives == @alternatives.map(&:name) && existing_goals == @goals &&  == @metadata
      reset
      @alternatives.each(&:delete)
      goals_collection.delete
      
      Split.redis.del(@name)
      @alternatives.reverse.each {|a| Split.redis.lpush(name, a.name)}
      goals_collection.save
      
    end
  end

  Split.redis.hset(experiment_config_key, :resettable, resettable)
  Split.redis.hset(experiment_config_key, :algorithm, algorithm.to_s)
  self
end

#set_alternatives_and_options(options) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 42

def set_alternatives_and_options(options)
  self.alternatives = options[:alternatives]
  self.goals = options[:goals]
  self.resettable = options[:resettable]
  self.algorithm = options[:algorithm]
  self. = options[:metadata]
end

#startObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 181

def start
  Split.redis.hset(:experiment_start_times, @name, Time.now.to_i)
end

#start_timeObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 185

def start_time
  t = Split.redis.hget(:experiment_start_times, @name)
  if t
    # Check if stored time is an integer
    if t =~ /^[-+]?[0-9]+$/
      t = Time.at(t.to_i)
    else
      t = Time.parse(t)
    end
  end
end

#validate!Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 111

def validate!
  if @alternatives.empty? && Split.configuration.experiment_for(@name).nil?
    raise ExperimentNotFound.new("Experiment #{@name} not found")
  end
  @alternatives.each {|a| a.validate! }
  goals_collection.validate!
end

#versionObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 209

def version
  @version ||= (Split.redis.get("#{name.to_s}:version").to_i || 0)
end

#winnerObject


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 153

def winner
  if w = Split.redis.hget(:experiment_winner, name)
    Split::Alternative.new(w, name)
  else
    nil
  end
end

#winner=(winner_name) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 165

def winner=(winner_name)
  Split.redis.hset(:experiment_winner, name, winner_name.to_s)
end

#write_to_alternatives(goal = nil) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/split/experiment.rb', line 323

def write_to_alternatives(goal = nil)
  alternatives.each do |alternative|
    alternative.set_p_winner(@alternative_probabilities[alternative], goal)
  end
end