Class: Kafka::Client

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/kafka/client.rb

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(seed_brokers:, client_id: "ruby-kafka", logger: nil, connect_timeout: nil, socket_timeout: nil, ssl_ca_cert_file_path: nil, ssl_ca_cert: nil, ssl_client_cert: nil, ssl_client_cert_key: nil, ssl_client_cert_key_password: nil, ssl_client_cert_chain: nil, sasl_gssapi_principal: nil, sasl_gssapi_keytab: nil, sasl_plain_authzid: '', sasl_plain_username: nil, sasl_plain_password: nil, sasl_scram_username: nil, sasl_scram_password: nil, sasl_scram_mechanism: nil, sasl_over_ssl: true, ssl_ca_certs_from_system: false, sasl_oauth_token_provider: nil, ssl_verify_hostname: true) ⇒ Client

Initializes a new Kafka client.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 69

def initialize(seed_brokers:, client_id: "ruby-kafka", logger: nil, connect_timeout: nil, socket_timeout: nil,
               ssl_ca_cert_file_path: nil, ssl_ca_cert: nil, ssl_client_cert: nil, ssl_client_cert_key: nil,
               ssl_client_cert_key_password: nil, ssl_client_cert_chain: nil, sasl_gssapi_principal: nil,
               sasl_gssapi_keytab: nil, sasl_plain_authzid: '', sasl_plain_username: nil, sasl_plain_password: nil,
               sasl_scram_username: nil, sasl_scram_password: nil, sasl_scram_mechanism: nil,
               sasl_over_ssl: true, ssl_ca_certs_from_system: false, sasl_oauth_token_provider: nil, ssl_verify_hostname: true)
  @logger = TaggedLogger.new(logger)
  @instrumenter = Instrumenter.new(client_id: client_id)
  @seed_brokers = normalize_seed_brokers(seed_brokers)

  ssl_context = SslContext.build(
    ca_cert_file_path: ssl_ca_cert_file_path,
    ca_cert: ssl_ca_cert,
    client_cert: ssl_client_cert,
    client_cert_key: ssl_client_cert_key,
    client_cert_key_password: ssl_client_cert_key_password,
    client_cert_chain: ssl_client_cert_chain,
    ca_certs_from_system: ssl_ca_certs_from_system,
    verify_hostname: ssl_verify_hostname
  )

  sasl_authenticator = SaslAuthenticator.new(
    sasl_gssapi_principal: sasl_gssapi_principal,
    sasl_gssapi_keytab: sasl_gssapi_keytab,
    sasl_plain_authzid: sasl_plain_authzid,
    sasl_plain_username: sasl_plain_username,
    sasl_plain_password: sasl_plain_password,
    sasl_scram_username: sasl_scram_username,
    sasl_scram_password: sasl_scram_password,
    sasl_scram_mechanism: sasl_scram_mechanism,
    sasl_oauth_token_provider: sasl_oauth_token_provider,
    logger: @logger
  )

  if sasl_authenticator.enabled? && sasl_over_ssl && ssl_context.nil?
    raise ArgumentError, "SASL authentication requires that SSL is configured"
  end

  @connection_builder = ConnectionBuilder.new(
    client_id: client_id,
    connect_timeout: connect_timeout,
    socket_timeout: socket_timeout,
    ssl_context: ssl_context,
    logger: @logger,
    instrumenter: @instrumenter,
    sasl_authenticator: sasl_authenticator
  )

  @cluster = initialize_cluster
end

Instance Method Details

#alter_topic(name, configs = {}) ⇒ nil

Note:

This is an alpha level API and is subject to change.

Alter the configuration of a topic.

Configuration keys must match Kafka's topic-level configs.

Examples:

Describing the cleanup policy config of a topic

kafka = Kafka.new(["kafka1:9092"])
kafka.alter_topic("my-topic", "cleanup.policy" => "delete", "max.message.byte" => "100000")

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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 606

def alter_topic(name, configs = {})
  @cluster.alter_topic(name, configs)
end

#apisObject


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 707

def apis
  @cluster.apis
end

#async_producer(delivery_interval: 0, delivery_threshold: 0, max_queue_size: 1000, max_retries: -1,, retry_backoff: 0, **options) ⇒ AsyncProducer

Creates a new AsyncProducer instance.

All parameters allowed by #producer can be passed. In addition to this, a few extra parameters can be passed when creating an async producer.

See Also:


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 304

def async_producer(delivery_interval: 0, delivery_threshold: 0, max_queue_size: 1000, max_retries: -1, retry_backoff: 0, **options)
  sync_producer = producer(**options)

  AsyncProducer.new(
    sync_producer: sync_producer,
    delivery_interval: delivery_interval,
    delivery_threshold: delivery_threshold,
    max_queue_size: max_queue_size,
    max_retries: max_retries,
    retry_backoff: retry_backoff,
    instrumenter: @instrumenter,
    logger: @logger,
  )
end

#brokersArray<Kafka::BrokerInfo>

List all brokers in the cluster.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 714

def brokers
  @cluster.cluster_info.brokers
end

#closenil

Closes all connections to the Kafka brokers and frees up used resources.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 728

def close
  @cluster.disconnect
end

#consumer(group_id:, session_timeout: 30, offset_commit_interval: 10, offset_commit_threshold: 0, heartbeat_interval: 10, offset_retention_time: nil, fetcher_max_queue_size: 100) ⇒ Consumer

Creates a new Kafka consumer.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 337

def consumer(
    group_id:,
    session_timeout: 30,
    offset_commit_interval: 10,
    offset_commit_threshold: 0,
    heartbeat_interval: 10,
    offset_retention_time: nil,
    fetcher_max_queue_size: 100
)
  cluster = initialize_cluster

  instrumenter = DecoratingInstrumenter.new(@instrumenter, {
    group_id: group_id,
  })

  # The Kafka protocol expects the retention time to be in ms.
  retention_time = (offset_retention_time && offset_retention_time * 1_000) || -1

  group = ConsumerGroup.new(
    cluster: cluster,
    logger: @logger,
    group_id: group_id,
    session_timeout: session_timeout,
    retention_time: retention_time,
    instrumenter: instrumenter,
  )

  fetcher = Fetcher.new(
    cluster: initialize_cluster,
    group: group,
    logger: @logger,
    instrumenter: instrumenter,
    max_queue_size: fetcher_max_queue_size
  )

  offset_manager = OffsetManager.new(
    cluster: cluster,
    group: group,
    fetcher: fetcher,
    logger: @logger,
    commit_interval: offset_commit_interval,
    commit_threshold: offset_commit_threshold,
    offset_retention_time: offset_retention_time
  )

  heartbeat = Heartbeat.new(
    group: group,
    interval: heartbeat_interval,
    instrumenter: instrumenter
  )

  Consumer.new(
    cluster: cluster,
    logger: @logger,
    instrumenter: instrumenter,
    group: group,
    offset_manager: offset_manager,
    fetcher: fetcher,
    session_timeout: session_timeout,
    heartbeat: heartbeat,
  )
end

#controller_brokerKafka::BrokerInfo

The current controller broker in the cluster.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 721

def controller_broker
  brokers.find {|broker| broker.node_id == @cluster.cluster_info.controller_id }
end

#create_partitions_for(name, num_partitions: 1, timeout: 30) ⇒ nil

Create partitions for a topic.

the topic partitions to be added.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 626

def create_partitions_for(name, num_partitions: 1, timeout: 30)
  @cluster.create_partitions_for(name, num_partitions: num_partitions, timeout: timeout)
end

#create_topic(name, num_partitions: 1, replication_factor: 1, timeout: 30, config: {}) ⇒ nil

Creates a topic in the cluster.

Examples:

Creating a topic with log compaction

# Enable log compaction:
config = { "cleanup.policy" => "compact" }

# Create the topic:
kafka.create_topic("dns-mappings", config: config)

Raises:


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 553

def create_topic(name, num_partitions: 1, replication_factor: 1, timeout: 30, config: {})
  @cluster.create_topic(
    name,
    num_partitions: num_partitions,
    replication_factor: replication_factor,
    timeout: timeout,
    config: config,
  )
end

#delete_topic(name, timeout: 30) ⇒ nil

Delete a topic in the cluster.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 569

def delete_topic(name, timeout: 30)
  @cluster.delete_topic(name, timeout: timeout)
end

#deliver_message(value, key: nil, headers: {}, topic:, partition: nil, partition_key: nil, retries: 1) ⇒ nil

Delivers a single message to the Kafka cluster.

Note: Only use this API for low-throughput scenarios. If you want to deliver many messages at a high rate, or if you want to configure the way messages are sent, use the #producer or #async_producer APIs instead.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 138

def deliver_message(value, key: nil, headers: {}, topic:, partition: nil, partition_key: nil, retries: 1)
  create_time = Time.now

  message = PendingMessage.new(
    value: value,
    key: key,
    headers: headers,
    topic: topic,
    partition: partition,
    partition_key: partition_key,
    create_time: create_time
  )

  if partition.nil?
    partition_count = @cluster.partitions_for(topic).count
    partition = Partitioner.partition_for_key(partition_count, message)
  end

  buffer = MessageBuffer.new

  buffer.write(
    value: message.value,
    key: message.key,
    headers: message.headers,
    topic: message.topic,
    partition: partition,
    create_time: message.create_time,
  )

  @cluster.add_target_topics([topic])

  compressor = Compressor.new(
    instrumenter: @instrumenter,
  )

  transaction_manager = TransactionManager.new(
    cluster: @cluster,
    logger: @logger,
    idempotent: false,
    transactional: false
  )

  operation = ProduceOperation.new(
    cluster: @cluster,
    transaction_manager: transaction_manager,
    buffer: buffer,
    required_acks: 1,
    ack_timeout: 10,
    compressor: compressor,
    logger: @logger,
    instrumenter: @instrumenter,
  )

  attempt = 1

  begin
    operation.execute

    unless buffer.empty?
      raise DeliveryFailed.new(nil, [message])
    end
  rescue Kafka::Error => e
    @cluster.mark_as_stale!

    if attempt >= (retries + 1)
      raise
    else
      attempt += 1
      @logger.warn "Error while delivering message, #{e.class}: #{e.message}; retrying after 1s..."

      sleep 1

      retry
    end
  end
end

#describe_group(group_id) ⇒ Kafka::Protocol::DescribeGroupsResponse::Group

Describe a consumer group


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 614

def describe_group(group_id)
  @cluster.describe_group(group_id)
end

#describe_topic(name, configs = []) ⇒ Hash<String, String>

Note:

This is an alpha level API and is subject to change.

Describe the configuration of a topic.

Retrieves the topic configuration from the Kafka brokers. Configuration names refer to Kafka's topic-level configs.

Examples:

Describing the cleanup policy config of a topic

kafka = Kafka.new(["kafka1:9092"])
kafka.describe_topic("my-topic", ["cleanup.policy"])
#=> { "cleanup.policy" => "delete" }

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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 588

def describe_topic(name, configs = [])
  @cluster.describe_topic(name, configs)
end

#each_message(topic:, start_from_beginning: true, max_wait_time: 5, min_bytes: 1, max_bytes: 1048576, &block) ⇒ nil

Enumerate all messages in a topic.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 507

def each_message(topic:, start_from_beginning: true, max_wait_time: 5, min_bytes: 1, max_bytes: 1048576, &block)
  default_offset ||= start_from_beginning ? :earliest : :latest
  offsets = Hash.new { default_offset }

  loop do
    operation = FetchOperation.new(
      cluster: @cluster,
      logger: @logger,
      min_bytes: min_bytes,
      max_wait_time: max_wait_time,
    )

    @cluster.partitions_for(topic).map(&:partition_id).each do |partition|
      partition_offset = offsets[partition]
      operation.fetch_from_partition(topic, partition, offset: partition_offset, max_bytes: max_bytes)
    end

    batches = operation.execute

    batches.each do |batch|
      batch.messages.each(&block)
      offsets[batch.partition] = batch.last_offset + 1 unless batch.unknown_last_offset?
    end
  end
end

#fetch_messages(topic:, partition:, offset: :latest, max_wait_time: 5, min_bytes: 1, max_bytes: 1048576, retries: 1) ⇒ Array<Kafka::FetchedMessage>

Fetches a batch of messages from a single partition. Note that it's possible to get back empty batches.

The starting point for the fetch can be configured with the :offset argument. If you pass a number, the fetch will start at that offset. However, there are two special Symbol values that can be passed instead:

  • :earliest — the first offset in the partition.
  • :latest — the next offset that will be written to, effectively making the call block until there is a new message in the partition.

The Kafka protocol specifies the numeric values of these two options: -2 and -1, respectively. You can also pass in these numbers directly.

Example

When enumerating the messages in a partition, you typically fetch batches sequentially.

offset = :earliest

loop do
  messages = kafka.fetch_messages(
    topic: "my-topic",
    partition: 42,
    offset: offset,
  )

  messages.each do |message|
    puts message.offset, message.key, message.value

    # Set the next offset that should be read to be the subsequent
    # offset.
    offset = message.offset + 1
  end
end

See a working example in examples/simple-consumer.rb.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 459

def fetch_messages(topic:, partition:, offset: :latest, max_wait_time: 5, min_bytes: 1, max_bytes: 1048576, retries: 1)
  operation = FetchOperation.new(
    cluster: @cluster,
    logger: @logger,
    min_bytes: min_bytes,
    max_bytes: max_bytes,
    max_wait_time: max_wait_time,
  )

  operation.fetch_from_partition(topic, partition, offset: offset, max_bytes: max_bytes)

  attempt = 1

  begin
    operation.execute.flat_map {|batch| batch.messages }
  rescue Kafka::Error => e
    @cluster.mark_as_stale!

    if attempt >= (retries + 1)
      raise
    else
      attempt += 1
      @logger.warn "Error while fetching messages, #{e.class}: #{e.message}; retrying..."
      retry
    end
  end
end

#groupsArray<String>

Lists all consumer groups in the cluster


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 648

def groups
  @cluster.list_groups
end

#has_topic?(topic) ⇒ Boolean


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 652

def has_topic?(topic)
  @cluster.clear_target_topics
  @cluster.add_target_topics([topic])
  @cluster.topics.include?(topic)
end

#last_offset_for(topic, partition) ⇒ Integer

Retrieve the offset of the last message in a partition. If there are no messages in the partition -1 is returned.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 673

def last_offset_for(topic, partition)
  # The offset resolution API will return the offset of the "next" message to
  # be written when resolving the "latest" offset, so we subtract one.
  @cluster.resolve_offset(topic, partition, :latest) - 1
end

#last_offsets_for(*topics) ⇒ Hash<String, Hash<Integer, Integer>>

Retrieve the offset of the last message in each partition of the specified topics.

Examples:

last_offsets_for('topic-1', 'topic-2') # =>
# {
#   'topic-1' => { 0 => 100, 1 => 100 },
#   'topic-2' => { 0 => 100, 1 => 100 }
# }

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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 689

def last_offsets_for(*topics)
  @cluster.add_target_topics(topics)
  topics.map {|topic|
    partition_ids = @cluster.partitions_for(topic).collect(&:partition_id)
    partition_offsets = @cluster.resolve_offsets(topic, partition_ids, :latest)
    [topic, partition_offsets.collect { |k, v| [k, v - 1] }.to_h]
  }.to_h
end

#partitions_for(topic) ⇒ Integer

Counts the number of partitions in a topic.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 662

def partitions_for(topic)
  @cluster.partitions_for(topic).count
end

#producer(compression_codec: nil, compression_threshold: 1, ack_timeout: 5, required_acks: :all, max_retries: 2, retry_backoff: 1, max_buffer_size: 1000, max_buffer_bytesize: 10_000_000, idempotent: false, transactional: false, transactional_id: nil, transactional_timeout: 60) ⇒ Kafka::Producer

Initializes a new Kafka producer.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 245

def producer(
  compression_codec: nil,
  compression_threshold: 1,
  ack_timeout: 5,
  required_acks: :all,
  max_retries: 2,
  retry_backoff: 1,
  max_buffer_size: 1000,
  max_buffer_bytesize: 10_000_000,
  idempotent: false,
  transactional: false,
  transactional_id: nil,
  transactional_timeout: 60
)
  cluster = initialize_cluster
  compressor = Compressor.new(
    codec_name: compression_codec,
    threshold: compression_threshold,
    instrumenter: @instrumenter,
  )

  transaction_manager = TransactionManager.new(
    cluster: cluster,
    logger: @logger,
    idempotent: idempotent,
    transactional: transactional,
    transactional_id: transactional_id,
    transactional_timeout: transactional_timeout,
  )

  Producer.new(
    cluster: cluster,
    transaction_manager: transaction_manager,
    logger: @logger,
    instrumenter: @instrumenter,
    compressor: compressor,
    ack_timeout: ack_timeout,
    required_acks: required_acks,
    max_retries: max_retries,
    retry_backoff: retry_backoff,
    max_buffer_size: max_buffer_size,
    max_buffer_bytesize: max_buffer_bytesize,
  )
end

#supports_api?(api_key, version = nil) ⇒ Boolean

Check whether current cluster supports a specific version or not


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 703

def supports_api?(api_key, version = nil)
  @cluster.supports_api?(api_key, version)
end

#topicsArray<String>

Lists all topics in the cluster.


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# File 'lib/kafka/client.rb', line 633

def topics
  attempts = 0
  begin
    attempts += 1
    @cluster.list_topics
  rescue Kafka::ConnectionError
    @cluster.mark_as_stale!
    retry unless attempts > 1
    raise
  end
end