Class: Magick::ImageList

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
Comparable, Enumerable
Defined in:
lib/rmagick_internal.rb,
ext/RMagick/rmmain.c

Overview

class Magick::Image

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: Montage

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(*filenames, &block) ⇒ ImageList

Initialize new instances


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1612

def initialize(*filenames, &block)
  @images = []
  @scene = nil
  filenames.each do |f|
    Magick::Image.read(f, &block).each { |n| @images << n }
  end
  if length > 0
    @scene = length - 1     # last image in array
  end
  self
end

Dynamic Method Handling

This class handles dynamic methods through the method_missing method

#method_missing(methID, *args, &block) ⇒ Object

The ImageList class supports the Magick::Image class methods by simply sending the method to the current image. If the method isn't explicitly supported, send it to the current image in the array. If there are no images, send it up the line. Catch a NameError and emit a useful message.


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1679

def method_missing(methID, *args, &block)
  if @scene
    @images[@scene].send(methID, *args, &block)
  else
    super
  end
rescue NoMethodError
  Kernel.raise NoMethodError, "undefined method `#{methID.id2name}' for #{self.class}"
rescue Exception
  $ERROR_POSITION.delete_if { |s| /:in `send'$/.match(s) || /:in `method_missing'$/.match(s) }
  Kernel.raise
end

Instance Attribute Details

#sceneObject

Returns the value of attribute scene


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1279

def scene
  @scene
end

Instance Method Details

#*(n) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1371

def *(n)
  unless n.is_a? Integer
    Kernel.raise ArgumentError, "Integer required (#{n.class} given)"
  end
  current = get_current
  ilist = self.class.new
  (@images * n).each {|image| ilist << image}
  ilist.set_current current
  ilist
end

#<<(obj) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1382

def <<(obj)
  is_an_image obj
  @images << obj
  @scene = @images.length - 1
  self
end

#<=>(other) ⇒ Object

Compare ImageLists Compare each image in turn until the result of a comparison is not 0. If all comparisons return 0, then

return if A.scene != B.scene
return A.length <=> B.length

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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1394

def <=>(other)
  unless other.is_a? self.class
    Kernel.raise TypeError, "#{self.class} required (#{other.class} given)"
  end
  size = [length, other.length].min
  size.times do |x|
    r = self[x] <=> other[x]
    return r unless r == 0
  end
  if @scene.nil? && other.scene.nil?
    return 0
  elsif @scene.nil? && !other.scene.nil?
    Kernel.raise TypeError, "cannot convert nil into #{other.scene.class}"
  elsif ! @scene.nil? && other.scene.nil?
    Kernel.raise TypeError, "cannot convert nil into #{scene.class}"
  end
  r = scene <=> other.scene
  return r unless r == 0
  length <=> other.length
end

#[](*args) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1415

def [](*args)
  a = @images[*args]
  if a.respond_to?(:each)
    ilist = self.class.new
    a.each {|image| ilist << image}
    a = ilist
  end
  a
end

#[]=(*args) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1425

def []=(*args)
  obj = @images.[]=(*args)
  if obj && obj.respond_to?(:each)
    is_an_image_array(obj)
    set_current obj.last.__id__
  elsif obj
    is_an_image(obj)
    set_current obj.__id__
  else
    set_current nil
  end
  obj
end

#__respond_to__?Object

Ensure respond_to? answers correctly when we are delegating to Image


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1777

alias_method :__respond_to__?, :respond_to?

#animate(*args) ⇒ Object

Repeatedly display the images in the images array to an XWindow screen. The “delay” argument is the number of 1/100ths of a second (0 to 65535) to delay between images.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#animate @endverbatim
- @verbatim ImageList#animate(delay) @endverbatim

Parameters:

  • argc

    number of input arguments

  • argv

    array of input arguments

  • self

    this object

Returns:

  • self


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 42

VALUE
ImageList_animate(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    Image *images;
    Info *info;
    VALUE info_obj;

    if (argc > 1)
    {
        rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong number of arguments (%d for 0 or 1)", argc);
    }

    // Create a new Info object to use with this call
    info_obj = rm_info_new();

    // Convert the images array to an images sequence.
    images = images_from_imagelist(self);

    if (argc == 1)
    {
        Image *img;
        unsigned int delay;

        delay = NUM2UINT(argv[0]);
        for (img = images; img; img = GetNextImageInList(img))
        {
            img->delay = delay;
        }
    }

    Data_Get_Struct(info_obj, Info, info);
    (void) AnimateImages(info, images);
    rm_check_image_exception(images, RetainOnError);
    rm_split(images);

    RB_GC_GUARD(info_obj);

    return self;
}

#append(stack_arg) ⇒ Object

Append all the images by calling ImageAppend.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#append(stack) @endverbatim

Parameters:

  • self

    this object

  • stack_arg

    the stack of images

Returns:

  • a Frame object for the result


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 93

VALUE
ImageList_append(VALUE self, VALUE stack_arg)
{
    Image *images, *new_image;
    unsigned int stack;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;

    // Convert the image array to an image sequence.
    images = images_from_imagelist(self);

    // If stack == true, stack rectangular images top-to-bottom,
    // otherwise left-to-right.
    stack = RTEST(stack_arg);

    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();
    new_image = AppendImages(images, stack, exception);
    rm_split(images);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_image, DestroyOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    rm_ensure_result(new_image);

    return rm_image_new(new_image);
}

#averageObject

Average all images together by calling AverageImages.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#average @endverbatim

Parameters:

  • self

    this object

Returns:

  • a Frame object for the averaged image


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 128

VALUE
ImageList_average(VALUE self)
{
    Image *images, *new_image;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;

    // Convert the images array to an images sequence.
    images = images_from_imagelist(self);

    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();
#if defined(HAVE_EVALUATEIMAGES)
    new_image = EvaluateImages(images, MeanEvaluateOperator, exception);
#else
    new_image = AverageImages(images, exception);
#endif

    rm_split(images);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_image, DestroyOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    rm_ensure_result(new_image);

    return rm_image_new(new_image);
}

#clearObject


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1456

def clear
  @scene = nil
  @images.clear
end

#cloneObject


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1461

def clone
  ditto = dup
  ditto.freeze if frozen?
  ditto
end

#coalesceObject

Call CoalesceImages.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#coalesce @endverbatim

Notes:

- Respects the delay, matte, and start_loop fields in each image.

images array

Parameters:

  • self

    this object

Returns:

  • a new Image with the coalesced image sequence return stored in the


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 167

VALUE
ImageList_coalesce(VALUE self)
{
    Image *images, *new_images;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;

    // Convert the image array to an image sequence.
    images = images_from_imagelist(self);

    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();
    new_images = CoalesceImages(images, exception);
    rm_split(images);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_images, DestroyOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    rm_ensure_result(new_images);

    return rm_imagelist_from_images(new_images);
}

#collect(&block) ⇒ Object Also known as: __map__

override Enumerable#collect


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1468

def collect(&block)
  current = get_current
  a = @images.collect(&block)
  ilist = self.class.new
  a.each {|image| ilist << image}
  ilist.set_current current
  ilist
end

#collect!(&block) ⇒ Object Also known as: map!, __map__!


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1477

def collect!(&block)
  @images.collect!(&block)
  is_an_image_array @images
  self
end

#compactObject


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1508

def compact
  current = get_current
  ilist = self.class.new
  a = @images.compact
  a.each {|image| ilist << image}
  ilist.set_current current
  ilist
end

#compact!Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1517

def compact!
  current = get_current
  a = @images.compact!    # returns nil if no changes were made
  set_current current
  a.nil? ? nil : self
end

#composite_layers(*args) ⇒ Object

Equivalent to convert's -layers composite option.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#composite_layers(images) @endverbatim
- @verbatim ImageList#composite_layers(images,operator) @endverbatim

Notes:

- Default operator is OverCompositeOp

Parameters:

  • argc

    number of input arguments

  • argv

    array of input arguments

  • self

    this object

Returns:

  • a new imagelist

See Also:

  • in ImageMagick

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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 204

VALUE
ImageList_composite_layers(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE source_images;
    Image *dest, *source, *new_images;
    RectangleInfo geometry;
    CompositeOperator operator = OverCompositeOp;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;

    switch (argc)
    {
        case 2:
            VALUE_TO_ENUM(argv[1], operator, CompositeOperator);
        case 1:
            source_images = argv[0];
            break;
        default:
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong number of arguments (expected 1 or 2, got %d)", argc);
            break;
    }

    // Convert ImageLists to image sequences.
    dest = images_from_imagelist(self);
    new_images = clone_imagelist(dest);
    rm_split(dest);

    source = images_from_imagelist(source_images);

    SetGeometry(new_images,&geometry);
    (void) ParseAbsoluteGeometry(new_images->geometry, &geometry);

    geometry.width  = source->page.width != 0 ? source->page.width : source->columns;
    geometry.height = source->page.height != 0 ? source->page.height : source->rows;
    GravityAdjustGeometry(new_images->page.width  != 0 ? new_images->page.width  : new_images->columns
                        , new_images->page.height != 0 ? new_images->page.height : new_images->rows
                        , new_images->gravity, &geometry);

    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();
    CompositeLayers(new_images, operator, source, geometry.x, geometry.y, exception);
    rm_split(source);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_images, DestroyOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    RB_GC_GUARD(source_images);

    return rm_imagelist_from_images(new_images);
}

#concat(other) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1524

def concat(other)
  is_an_image_array other
  other.each {|image| @images << image}
  @scene = length-1
  self
end

#copyObject

Make a deep copy


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1484

def copy
  ditto = self.class.new
  @images.each { |f| ditto << f.copy }
  ditto.scene = @scene
  ditto.taint if tainted?
  ditto
end

#cur_imageObject

Return the current image


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1493

def cur_image
  unless @scene
    Kernel.raise IndexError, 'no images in this list'
  end
  @images[@scene]
end

#deconstructObject

Compare each image with the next in a sequence and returns the maximum bounding region of any pixel differences it discovers.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#deconstruct @endverbatim

Parameters:

  • self

    this object

Returns:

  • a new imagelist


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 263

VALUE
ImageList_deconstruct(VALUE self)
{
    Image *new_images, *images;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;

    images = images_from_imagelist(self);
    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();
    new_images = DeconstructImages(images, exception);
    rm_split(images);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_images, DestroyOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    rm_ensure_result(new_images);

    return rm_imagelist_from_images(new_images);
}

#delay=(d) ⇒ Object

Set same delay for all images


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1532

def delay=(d)
  if Integer(d) < 0
    fail ArgumentError, 'delay must be greater than or equal to 0'
  end
  @images.each { |f| f.delay = Integer(d) }
end

#delete(obj, &block) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1539

def delete(obj, &block)
  is_an_image obj
  current = get_current
  a = @images.delete(obj, &block)
  set_current current
  a
end

#delete_at(ndx) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1547

def delete_at(ndx)
  current = get_current
  a = @images.delete_at(ndx)
  set_current current
  a
end

#delete_if(&block) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1554

def delete_if(&block)
  current = get_current
  @images.delete_if(&block)
  set_current current
  self
end

#displayObject Also known as: __display__

Display all the images to an X window screen.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#display @endverbatim

Parameters:

  • self

    this object

Returns:

  • self


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 291

VALUE
ImageList_display(VALUE self)
{
    Image *images;
    Info *info;
    VALUE info_obj;

    // Create a new Info object to use with this call
    info_obj = rm_info_new();
    Data_Get_Struct(info_obj, Info, info);

    // Convert the images array to an images sequence.
    images = images_from_imagelist(self);

    (void) DisplayImages(info, images);
    rm_split(images);
    rm_check_image_exception(images, RetainOnError);

    RB_GC_GUARD(info_obj);

    return self;
}

#dupObject


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1561

def dup
  ditto = self.class.new
  @images.each {|img| ditto << img}
  ditto.scene = @scene
  ditto.taint if tainted?
  ditto
end

#eql?(other) ⇒ Boolean

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1569

def eql?(other)
  is_an_image_array other
  eql = other.eql?(@images)
  begin # "other" is another ImageList
    eql &&= @scene == other.scene
  rescue NoMethodError
    # "other" is a plain Array
  end
  eql
end

#fill(*args, &block) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1580

def fill(*args, &block)
  is_an_image args[0] unless block_given?
  current = get_current
  @images.fill(*args, &block)
  is_an_image_array self
  set_current current
  self
end

#find_all(&block) ⇒ Object Also known as: select

Override Enumerable's find_all


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1590

def find_all(&block)
  current = get_current
  a = @images.find_all(&block)
  ilist = self.class.new
  a.each {|image| ilist << image}
  ilist.set_current current
  ilist
end

#flatten_imagesObject

Merge all the images into a single image.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#flatten_images @endverbatim

Notes:

- Can't use "flatten" because that's an Array method

Parameters:

  • self

    this object

Returns:

  • the new image


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 327

VALUE
ImageList_flatten_images(VALUE self)
{
    Image *images, *new_image;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;

    images = images_from_imagelist(self);
    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();

#if defined(HAVE_ENUM_FLATTENLAYER)
    new_image = MergeImageLayers(images, FlattenLayer, exception);
#else
    new_image = FlattenImages(images, exception);
#endif

    rm_split(images);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_image, DestroyOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    rm_ensure_result(new_image);

    return rm_image_new(new_image);
}

#from_blob(*blobs, &block) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1600

def from_blob(*blobs, &block)
  if (blobs.length == 0)
    Kernel.raise ArgumentError, 'no blobs given'
  end
  blobs.each do |b|
    Magick::Image.from_blob(b, &block).each { |n| @images << n  }
  end
  @scene = length - 1
  self
end

#fx(*args) ⇒ Object

Apply fx on the images.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#fx(expression) @endverbatim
- @verbatim ImageList#fx(expression, channel) @endverbatim
- @verbatim ImageList#fx(expression, channel, ...) @endverbatim

Notes:

- Default channel is AllChannels

Parameters:

  • argc

    number of input arguments

  • argv

    array of input arguments

  • self

    this object

Returns:

  • a new image


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 368

VALUE
ImageList_fx(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    Image *images, *new_image;
    char *expression;
    ChannelType channels;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;


    channels = extract_channels(&argc, argv);

    // There must be exactly 1 remaining argument.
    if (argc == 0)
    {
        rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong number of arguments (0 for 1 or more)");
    }
    else if (argc > 1)
    {
        raise_ChannelType_error(argv[argc-1]);
    }

    expression = StringValuePtr(argv[0]);

    images = images_from_imagelist(self);
    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();
    new_image = FxImageChannel(images, channels, expression, exception);
    rm_split(images);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_image, DestroyOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    rm_ensure_result(new_image);

    return rm_image_new(new_image);
}

#insert(index, *args) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1624

def insert(index, *args)
  args.each {|image| is_an_image image}
  current = get_current
  @images.insert(index, *args)
  set_current current
  self
end

#inspectObject

Call inspect for all the images


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1633

def inspect
  img = []
  @images.each {|image| img << image.inspect }
  img = '[' + img.join(",\n") + "]\nscene=#{@scene}"
end

#iterations=(n) ⇒ Object

Set the number of iterations of an animated GIF


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1640

def iterations=(n)
  n = Integer(n)
  if n < 0 || n > 65535
    Kernel.raise ArgumentError, 'iterations must be between 0 and 65535'
  end
  @images.each {|f| f.iterations=n}
  self
end

#last(*args) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1649

def last(*args)
  if args.length == 0
    a = @images.last
  else
    a = @images.last(*args)
    ilist = self.class.new
    a.each {|img| ilist << img}
    @scene = a.length - 1
    a = ilist
  end
  a
end

#map(*args) ⇒ Object

Call MapImages.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#map(reference) @endverbatim
- @verbatim ImageList#map(reference, dither) @endverbatim

Notes:

- Default dither is false
- Sets \@scene to self.scene

Parameters:

  • argc

    number of input arguments

  • argv

    array of input arguments

  • self

    this object

Returns:

  • a new ImageList with mapped images.


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 420

VALUE
ImageList_map(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    Image *images, *new_images = NULL;
    Image *map;
    unsigned int dither = MagickFalse;
    VALUE scene, new_imagelist, t;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;

#if defined(HAVE_REMAPIMAGES)
    QuantizeInfo quantize_info;
    rb_warning("ImageList#map is deprecated. Use ImageList#remap instead.");
#endif

    switch (argc)
    {
        case 2:
            dither = RTEST(argv[1]);
        case 1:
            t = rm_cur_image(argv[0]);
            map = rm_check_destroyed(t);
            break;
        default:
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong number of arguments (%d for 1 or 2)", argc);
            break;
    }


    // Convert image array to image sequence, clone image sequence.
    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();

    images = images_from_imagelist(self);
    new_images = CloneImageList(images, exception);
    rm_split(images);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_images, DestroyOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    rm_ensure_result(new_images);

    // Call ImageMagick
#if defined(HAVE_REMAPIMAGES)
    GetQuantizeInfo(&quantize_info);
    quantize_info.dither = dither;
    (void) RemapImages(&quantize_info, new_images, map);
#else
    (void) MapImages(new_images, map, dither);
#endif
    rm_check_image_exception(new_images, DestroyOnError);

    // Set @scene in new ImageList object to same value as in self.
    new_imagelist = rm_imagelist_from_images(new_images);
    scene = rb_iv_get(self, "@scene");
    (void) imagelist_scene_eq(new_imagelist, scene);

    RB_GC_GUARD(scene);
    RB_GC_GUARD(new_imagelist);
    RB_GC_GUARD(t);

    return new_imagelist;
}

#marshal_dumpObject

Custom marshal/unmarshal for Ruby 1.8.


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1663

def marshal_dump
  ary = [@scene]
  @images.each {|i| ary << Marshal.dump(i)}
  ary
end

#marshal_load(ary) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1669

def marshal_load(ary)
  @scene = ary.shift
  @images = []
  ary.each {|a| @images << Marshal.load(a)}
end

#montageObject

Call MontageImages.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#montage <{parm block}> @endverbatim

Notes:

- Creates Montage object, yields to block if present in Montage object's
  scope.

Parameters:

  • self

    this object

Returns:

  • a new image list


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 495

VALUE
ImageList_montage(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE montage_obj;
    Montage *montage;
    Image *new_images, *images;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;

    // Create a new instance of the Magick::Montage class
    montage_obj = rm_montage_new();
    if (rb_block_given_p())
    {
        // Run the block in the instance's context, allowing the app to modify the
        // object's attributes.
        (void) rb_obj_instance_eval(0, NULL, montage_obj);
    }

    Data_Get_Struct(montage_obj, Montage, montage);

    images = images_from_imagelist(self);

    // If app specified a non-default composition operator, use it for all images.
    if (montage->compose != UndefinedCompositeOp)
    {
        Image *i;
        for (i = images; i; i = GetNextImageInList(i))
        {
            i->compose = montage->compose;
        }
    }

    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();

    // MontageImage can return more than one image.
    new_images = MontageImages(images, montage->info, exception);
    rm_split(images);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_images, DestroyOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    rm_ensure_result(new_images);

    RB_GC_GUARD(montage_obj);

    return rm_imagelist_from_images(new_images);
}

#morph(nimages) ⇒ Object

Requires a minimum of two images. The first image is transformed into the second by a number of intervening images as specified by “number_images”.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#morph(number_images) @endverbatim

Notes:

- Sets \@scenes to 0

Parameters:

  • self

    this object

  • nimages

    the number of images

Returns:

  • a new image list with the images array set to the morph sequence.


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 556

VALUE
ImageList_morph(VALUE self, VALUE nimages)
{
    Image *images, *new_images;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;
    long number_images;


    // Use a signed long so we can test for a negative argument.
    number_images = NUM2LONG(nimages);
    if (number_images <= 0)
    {
        rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "number of intervening images must be > 0");
    }

    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();
    images = images_from_imagelist(self);
    new_images = MorphImages(images, (unsigned long)number_images, exception);
    rm_split(images);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_images, DestroyOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    rm_ensure_result(new_images);

    return rm_imagelist_from_images(new_images);
}

#mosaicObject

Merge all the images into a single image.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#mosaic @endverbatim

Parameters:

  • self

    this object

Returns:

  • the new image


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 593

VALUE
ImageList_mosaic(VALUE self)
{
    Image *images, *new_image;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;

    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();
    images = images_from_imagelist(self);

#if defined(HAVE_ENUM_MOSAICLAYER)
    new_image = MergeImageLayers(images, MosaicLayer, exception);
#else
    new_image = MosaicImages(images, exception);
#endif

    rm_split(images);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_image, DestroyOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    rm_ensure_result(new_image);

    return rm_image_new(new_image);
}

#new_image(cols, rows, *fill, &info_blk) ⇒ Object

Create a new image and add it to the end


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1693

def new_image(cols, rows, *fill, &info_blk)
  self << Magick::Image.new(cols, rows, *fill, &info_blk)
end

#nitemsObject


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1451

def nitems
  @images.nitems
end

#optimize_layers(method) ⇒ Object

Equivalent to -layers option in ImageMagick 6.2.6.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#optimize_layers(method) @endverbatim

Parameters:

  • self

    this object

  • method

    the method to use

Returns:

  • a new imagelist


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 628

VALUE
ImageList_optimize_layers(VALUE self, VALUE method)
{
    Image *images, *new_images, *new_images2;
    LAYERMETHODTYPE mthd;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;
    QuantizeInfo quantize_info;

    new_images2 = NULL;     // defeat "unused variable" message

    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();
#if defined(HAVE_TYPE_IMAGELAYERMETHOD)
    VALUE_TO_ENUM(method, mthd, ImageLayerMethod);
#else
    VALUE_TO_ENUM(method, mthd, MagickLayerMethod);
#endif
    images = images_from_imagelist(self);

    switch (mthd)
    {
        case CoalesceLayer:
            new_images = CoalesceImages(images, exception);
            break;
        case DisposeLayer:
            new_images = DisposeImages(images, exception);
            break;
        case OptimizeTransLayer:
            new_images = clone_imagelist(images);
            OptimizeImageTransparency(new_images, exception);
            break;
        case RemoveDupsLayer:
            new_images = clone_imagelist(images);
            RemoveDuplicateLayers(&new_images, exception);
            break;
        case RemoveZeroLayer:
            new_images = clone_imagelist(images);
            RemoveZeroDelayLayers(&new_images, exception);
            break;
        case CompositeLayer:
            rm_split(images);
            rb_raise(rb_eNotImpError, "Magick::CompositeLayer is not supported. Use the composite_layers method instead.");
            break;
            // In 6.3.4-ish, OptimizeImageLayer replaced OptimizeLayer
        case OptimizeImageLayer:
            new_images = OptimizeImageLayers(images, exception);
            break;
            // and OptimizeLayer became a "General Purpose, GIF Animation Optimizer" (ref. mogrify.c)
        case OptimizeLayer:
            new_images = CoalesceImages(images, exception);
            rm_split(images);
            rm_check_exception(exception, new_images, DestroyOnError);
            new_images2 = OptimizeImageLayers(new_images, exception);
            DestroyImageList(new_images);
            rm_check_exception(exception, new_images2, DestroyOnError);
            new_images = new_images2;
            OptimizeImageTransparency(new_images, exception);
            rm_check_exception(exception, new_images, DestroyOnError);
            // mogrify supports -dither here. We don't.
#if defined(HAVE_REMAPIMAGE)
            GetQuantizeInfo(&quantize_info);
            (void) RemapImages(&quantize_info, new_images, NULL);
#else
            (void) MapImages(new_images, NULL, 0);
#endif
            break;
        case OptimizePlusLayer:
            new_images = OptimizePlusImageLayers(images, exception);
            break;
        case CompareAnyLayer:
        case CompareClearLayer:
        case CompareOverlayLayer:
            new_images = CompareImageLayers(images, mthd, exception);
            break;
#if defined(HAVE_ENUM_MOSAICLAYER)
        case MosaicLayer:
            new_images = MergeImageLayers(images, mthd, exception);
            break;
#endif
#if defined(HAVE_ENUM_FLATTENLAYER)
        case FlattenLayer:
            new_images = MergeImageLayers(images, mthd, exception);
            break;
#endif
#if defined(HAVE_ENUM_MERGELAYER)
        case MergeLayer:
            new_images = MergeImageLayers(images, mthd, exception);
            break;
#endif
#if defined(HAVE_ENUM_TRIMBOUNDSLAYER)
        case TrimBoundsLayer:
            new_images = MergeImageLayers(images, mthd, exception);
            break;
#endif
        default:
            rm_split(images);
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "undefined layer method");
            break;
    }

    rm_split(images);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_images, DestroyOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    rm_ensure_result(new_images);

    return rm_imagelist_from_images(new_images);
}

#partition(&block) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1697

def partition(&block)
  a = @images.partition(&block)
  t = self.class.new
  a[0].each { |img| t << img}
  t.set_current nil
  f = self.class.new
  a[1].each { |img| f << img}
  f.set_current nil
  [t, f]
end

#ping(*files, &block) ⇒ Object

Ping files and concatenate the new images


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1709

def ping(*files, &block)
  if (files.length == 0)
    Kernel.raise ArgumentError, 'no files given'
  end
  files.each do |f|
    Magick::Image.ping(f, &block).each { |n| @images << n }
  end
  @scene = length - 1
  self
end

#popObject


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1720

def pop
  current = get_current
  a = @images.pop       # can return nil
  set_current current
  a
end

#push(*objs) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1727

def push(*objs)
  objs.each do |image|
    is_an_image image
    @images << image
  end
  @scene = length - 1
  self
end

#quantize(*args) ⇒ Object

Call QuantizeImages.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#quantize @endverbatim
- @verbatim ImageList#quantize(number_colors) @endverbatim
- @verbatim ImageList#quantize(number_colors, colorspace) @endverbatim
- @verbatim ImageList#quantize(number_colors, colorspace, dither) @endverbatim
- @verbatim ImageList#quantize(number_colors, colorspace, dither, tree_depth) @endverbatim
- @verbatim ImageList#quantize(number_colors, colorspace, dither, tree_depth, measure_error) @endverbatim

Notes:

- Default number_colors is 256
- Default coorspace is Magick::RGBColorsapce
- Default dither is true
- Default tree_depth is 0
- Default measure_error is false
- Sets \@scene to the same value as self.scene

Parameters:

  • argc

    number of input arguments

  • argv

    array of input arguments

  • self

    this object

Returns:

  • a new ImageList with quantized images


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 964

VALUE
ImageList_quantize(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    Image *images, *new_images;
    Image *new_image;
    QuantizeInfo quantize_info;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;
    VALUE new_imagelist, scene;

    GetQuantizeInfo(&quantize_info);

    switch (argc)
    {
        case 5:
            quantize_info.measure_error = (MagickBooleanType) RTEST(argv[4]);
        case 4:
            quantize_info.tree_depth = (unsigned long)NUM2INT(argv[3]);
        case 3:
#if defined(HAVE_TYPE_DITHERMETHOD) && defined(HAVE_ENUM_NODITHERMETHOD)
            if (rb_obj_is_kind_of(argv[2], Class_DitherMethod))
            {
                VALUE_TO_ENUM(argv[2], quantize_info.dither_method, DitherMethod);
                quantize_info.dither = quantize_info.dither_method != NoDitherMethod;
            }
#else
            quantize_info.dither = (MagickBooleanType) RTEST(argv[2]);
#endif
        case 2:
            VALUE_TO_ENUM(argv[1], quantize_info.colorspace, ColorspaceType);
        case 1:
            quantize_info.number_colors = NUM2ULONG(argv[0]);
        case 0:
            break;
        default:
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong number of arguments (%d for 0 to 5)", argc);
            break;
    }


    // Convert image array to image sequence, clone image sequence.
    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();
    images = images_from_imagelist(self);
    new_images = CloneImageList(images, exception);
    rm_split(images);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_images, DestroyOnError);

    rm_ensure_result(new_images);


    (void) QuantizeImages(&quantize_info, new_images);
    rm_check_exception(exception, new_images, DestroyOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    // Create new ImageList object, convert mapped image sequence to images,
    // append to images array.
    new_imagelist = ImageList_new();
    while ((new_image = RemoveFirstImageFromList(&new_images)))
    {
        imagelist_push(new_imagelist, rm_image_new(new_image));
    }

    // Set @scene in new ImageList object to same value as in self.
    scene = rb_iv_get(self, "@scene");
    (void) rb_iv_set(new_imagelist, "@scene", scene);

    RB_GC_GUARD(new_imagelist);
    RB_GC_GUARD(scene);

    return new_imagelist;
}

#read(*files, &block) ⇒ Object

Read files and concatenate the new images


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1737

def read(*files, &block)
  if (files.length == 0)
    Kernel.raise ArgumentError, 'no files given'
  end
  files.each do |f|
    Magick::Image.read(f, &block).each { |n| @images << n }
  end
  @scene = length - 1
  self
end

#reject(&block) ⇒ Object

override Enumerable's reject


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1749

def reject(&block)
  current = get_current
  ilist = self.class.new
  a = @images.reject(&block)
  a.each {|image| ilist << image}
  ilist.set_current current
  ilist
end

#reject!(&block) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1758

def reject!(&block)
  current = get_current
  a = @images.reject!(&block)
  @images = a unless a.nil?
  set_current current
  a.nil? ? nil : self
end

#remap(*args) ⇒ Object Also known as: affinity

Call RemapImages.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#remap @endverbatim
- @verbatim ImageList#remap(remap_image) @endverbatim
- @verbatim ImageList#remap(remap_image, dither_method) @endverbatim

Notes:

- Default remap_image is nil
- Default dither_method is RiemersmaDitherMethod
- Modifies images in-place.

Parameters:

  • argc

    number of input arguments

  • argv

    array of input arguments

  • self

    this object

See Also:

  • Image_remap

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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 1054

VALUE
ImageList_remap(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
#if defined(HAVE_REMAPIMAGES) || defined(HAVE_AFFINITYIMAGES)
    Image *images, *remap_image = NULL;
    QuantizeInfo quantize_info;


    if (argc > 0 && argv[0] != Qnil)
    {
        VALUE t = rm_cur_image(argv[0]);
        remap_image = rm_check_destroyed(t);
        RB_GC_GUARD(t);
    }

    GetQuantizeInfo(&quantize_info);

    if (argc > 1)
    {
        VALUE_TO_ENUM(argv[1], quantize_info.dither_method, DitherMethod);
        quantize_info.dither = MagickTrue;
    }
    if (argc > 2)
    {
        rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong number of arguments (%d for 1 or 2)", argc);
    }

    images = images_from_imagelist(self);

#if defined(HAVE_REMAPIMAGE)
    (void) RemapImages(&quantize_info, images, remap_image);
#else
    (void) AffinityImages(&quantize_info, images, remap_image);
#endif
    rm_check_image_exception(images, RetainOnError);
    rm_split(images);

    return self;
#else
    self = self;
    argc = argc;
    argv = argv;
    rm_not_implemented();
    return(VALUE)0;
#endif
}

#replace(other) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1766

def replace(other)
  is_an_image_array other
  current = get_current
  @images.clear
  other.each {|image| @images << image}
  @scene = length == 0 ? nil : 0
  set_current current
  self
end

#respond_to?(methID, priv = false) ⇒ Boolean

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1778

def respond_to?(methID, priv=false)
  return true if __respond_to__?(methID, priv)
  if @scene
    @images[@scene].respond_to?(methID, priv)
  else
    super
  end
end

#reverseObject


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1787

def reverse
  current = get_current
  a = self.class.new
  @images.reverse_each {|image| a << image}
  a.set_current current
  a
end

#reverse!Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1795

def reverse!
  current = get_current
  @images.reverse!
  set_current current
  self
end

#reverse_eachObject


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1802

def reverse_each
  @images.reverse_each {|image| yield(image)}
  self
end

#shiftObject


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1807

def shift
  current = get_current
  a = @images.shift
  set_current current
  a
end

#slice(*args) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1814

def slice(*args)
  current = get_current
  slice = @images.slice(*args)
  if slice
    ilist = self.class.new
    if slice.respond_to?(:each)
      slice.each {|image| ilist << image}
    else
      ilist << slice
    end
  else
    ilist = nil
  end
  ilist
end

#slice!(*args) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1830

def slice!(*args)
  current = get_current
  a = @images.slice!(*args)
  set_current current
  a
end

#ticks_per_second=(t) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1837

def ticks_per_second=(t)
  if Integer(t) < 0
    Kernel.raise ArgumentError, 'ticks_per_second must be greater than or equal to 0'
  end
  @images.each { |f| f.ticks_per_second = Integer(t) }
end

#to_aObject


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1844

def to_a
  a = []
  @images.each {|image| a << image}
  a
end

#to_blobObject

Return the imagelist as a blob (a String).

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#to_blob @endverbatim

Notes:

- Runs an info parm block if present - the user can specify the image
  format and depth

Parameters:

  • self

    this object

Returns:

  • the blob


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 1115

VALUE
ImageList_to_blob(VALUE self)
{
    Image *images, *image;
    Info *info;
    VALUE info_obj;
    VALUE blob_str;
    void *blob = NULL;
    size_t length = 0;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;

    info_obj = rm_info_new();
    Data_Get_Struct(info_obj, Info, info);

    // Convert the images array to an images sequence.
    images = images_from_imagelist(self);

    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();
    (void) SetImageInfo(info, MagickTrue, exception);
    rm_check_exception(exception, images, RetainOnError);

    if (*info->magick != '\0')
    {
        Image *img;
        for (img = images; img; img = GetNextImageInList(img))
        {
            strncpy(img->magick, info->magick, sizeof(info->magick)-1);
        }
    }

    for (image = images; image; image = GetNextImageInList(image))
    {
        rm_sync_image_options(image, info);
    }

    // Unconditionally request multi-images support. The worst that
    // can happen is that there's only one image or the format
    // doesn't support multi-image files.
    info->adjoin = MagickTrue;
    blob = ImagesToBlob(info, images, &length, exception);
    if (blob && exception->severity >= ErrorException)
    {
        magick_free((void*)blob);
        blob = NULL;
        length = 0;
    }
    rm_split(images);
    CHECK_EXCEPTION()
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);


    if (length == 0 || !blob)
    {
        return Qnil;
    }

    blob_str = rb_str_new(blob, (long)length);
    magick_free((void*)blob);

    RB_GC_GUARD(info_obj);
    RB_GC_GUARD(blob_str);

    return blob_str;
}

#uniqObject


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1850

def uniq
  current = get_current
  a = self.class.new
  @images.uniq.each {|image| a << image}
  a.set_current current
  a
end

#uniq!(*args) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1858

def uniq!(*args)
  current = get_current
  a = @images.uniq!
  set_current current
  a.nil? ? nil : self
end

#unshift(obj) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1866

def unshift(obj)
  is_an_image obj
  @images.unshift(obj)
  @scene = 0
  self
end

#values_at(*args) ⇒ Object Also known as: indexes, indices


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# File 'lib/rmagick_internal.rb', line 1873

def values_at(*args)
  a = @images.values_at(*args)
  a = self.class.new
  @images.values_at(*args).each {|image| a << image}
  a.scene = a.length - 1
  a
end

#write(file) ⇒ Object

Write all the images to the specified file. If the file format supports multi-image files, and the 'images' array contains more than one image, then the images will be written as a single multi-image file. Otherwise each image will be written to a separate file.

Ruby usage:

- @verbatim ImageList#write(file) @endverbatim

Parameters:

  • self

    this object

  • file

    the file

Returns:

  • self


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# File 'ext/RMagick/rmilist.c', line 1194

VALUE
ImageList_write(VALUE self, VALUE file)
{
    Image *images, *img;
    Info *info;
    const MagickInfo *m;
    VALUE info_obj;
    unsigned long scene;
    ExceptionInfo *exception;

    info_obj = rm_info_new();
    Data_Get_Struct(info_obj, Info, info);


    if (TYPE(file) == T_FILE)
    {
        OpenFile *fptr;

        // Ensure file is open - raise error if not
        GetOpenFile(file, fptr);
#if defined(_WIN32)
        add_format_prefix(info, fptr->pathv);
        SetImageInfoFile(info, NULL);
#else
        SetImageInfoFile(info, GetReadFile(fptr));
#endif
    }
    else
    {
        add_format_prefix(info, file);
        SetImageInfoFile(info, NULL);
    }

    // Convert the images array to an images sequence.
    images = images_from_imagelist(self);

    // Copy the filename into each image. Set a scene number to be used if
    // writing multiple files. (Ref: ImageMagick's utilities/convert.c
    for (scene = 0, img = images; img; img = GetNextImageInList(img))
    {
        img->scene = scene++;
        strcpy(img->filename, info->filename);
    }

    // Find out if the format supports multi-images files.
    exception = AcquireExceptionInfo();
    (void) SetImageInfo(info, MagickTrue, exception);
    rm_check_exception(exception, images, RetainOnError);

    m = GetMagickInfo(info->magick, exception);
    rm_check_exception(exception, images, RetainOnError);
    (void) DestroyExceptionInfo(exception);

    // Tell WriteImage if we want a multi-images file.
    if (imagelist_length(self) > 1L && m->adjoin)
    {
        info->adjoin = MagickTrue;
    }

    for (img = images; img; img = GetNextImageInList(img))
    {
        rm_sync_image_options(img, info);
        (void) WriteImage(info, img);
        // images will be split before raising an exception
        rm_check_image_exception(images, RetainOnError);
        if (info->adjoin)
        {
            break;
        }
    }

    rm_split(images);

    RB_GC_GUARD(info_obj);

    return self;
}