Class: Puppet::Graph::RbTreeMap

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
Enumerable
Defined in:
lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb

Overview

Algorithms and Containers project is Copyright © 2009 Kanwei Li

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

A RbTreeMap is a map that is stored in sorted order based on the order of its keys. This ordering is determined by applying the function <=> to compare the keys. No duplicate values for keys are allowed, so duplicate values are overwritten.

A major advantage of RBTreeMap over a Hash is the fact that keys are stored in order and can thus be iterated over in order. This is useful for many datasets.

The implementation is adapted from Robert Sedgewick's Left Leaning Red-Black Tree implementation, which can be found at www.cs.princeton.edu/~rs/talks/LLRB/Java/RedBlackBST.java

Most methods have O(log n) complexity.

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: Node

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from Enumerable

#uniq

Constructor Details

#initializeRbTreeMap

Create and initialize a new empty TreeMap.


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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 41

def initialize
  @root = nil
  @size = 0
end

Instance Attribute Details

#sizeObject (readonly) Also known as: length

Returns the value of attribute size


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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 36

def size
  @size
end

Instance Method Details

#delete(key) ⇒ Object

Deletes the item and key if it's found, and returns the item. Returns nil if key is not present.

Complexity: O(log n)

map = Containers::TreeMap.new
map.push("MA", "Massachusetts")
map.push("GA", "Georgia")
map.delete("MA") #=> "Massachusetts"

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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 121

def delete(key)
  result = nil
  if @root
    return unless has_key? key
    @root, result = delete_recursive(@root, key)
    @root.color = :black if @root
    @size -= 1
  end
  result
end

#delete_maxObject

Deletes the item with the largest key and returns the item. Returns nil if key is not present.

Complexity: O(log n)

map = Containers::TreeMap.new
map.push("MA", "Massachusetts")
map.push("GA", "Georgia")
map.delete_max #=> "Georgia"
map.size #=> 1

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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 167

def delete_max
  result = nil
  if @root
    @root, result = delete_max_recursive(@root)
    @root.color = :black if @root
    @size -= 1
  end
  result
end

#delete_minObject

Deletes the item with the smallest key and returns the item. Returns nil if key is not present.

Complexity: O(log n)

map = Containers::TreeMap.new
map.push("MA", "Massachusetts")
map.push("GA", "Georgia")
map.delete_min #=> "Massachusetts"
map.size #=> 1

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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 147

def delete_min
  result = nil
  if @root
    @root, result = delete_min_recursive(@root)
    @root.color = :black if @root
    @size -= 1
  end
  result
end

#each(&blk) ⇒ Object

Yields [key, value] pairs in order by key.


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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 178

def each(&blk)
  recursive_yield(@root, &blk)
end

#empty?Boolean

Returns true if the tree is empty, false otherwise


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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 133

def empty?
  @root.nil?
end

#firstObject


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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 182

def first
  return nil unless @root
  node = min_recursive(@root)
  [node.key, node.value]
end

#get(key) ⇒ Object Also known as: []

Return the item associated with the key, or nil if none found.

Complexity: O(log n)

map = Containers::TreeMap.new
map.push("MA", "Massachusetts")
map.push("GA", "Georgia")
map.get("GA") #=> "Georgia"

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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 81

def get(key)
  node = get_recursive(@root, key)
  node ? node.value : nil
  node.value if node
end

#has_key?(key) ⇒ Boolean

Return true if key is found in the TreeMap, false otherwise

Complexity: O(log n)

map = Containers::TreeMap.new
map.push("MA", "Massachusetts")
map.push("GA", "Georgia")
map.has_key?("GA") #=> true
map.has_key?("DE") #=> false

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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 69

def has_key?(key)
  !get_recursive(@root, key).nil?
end

#lastObject


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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 188

def last
  return nil unless @root
  node = max_recursive(@root)
  [node.key, node.value]
end

#max_keyObject

Return the largest key in the map.

Complexity: O(log n)

map = Containers::TreeMap.new
map.push("MA", "Massachusetts")
map.push("GA", "Georgia")
map.max_key #=> "MA"

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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 108

def max_key
  @root.nil? ? nil : max_recursive(@root).key
end

#min_keyObject

Return the smallest key in the map.

Complexity: O(log n)

map = Containers::TreeMap.new
map.push("MA", "Massachusetts")
map.push("GA", "Georgia")
map.min_key #=> "GA"

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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 96

def min_key
  @root.nil? ? nil : min_recursive(@root).key
end

#push(key, value) ⇒ Object Also known as: []=

Insert an item with an associated key into the TreeMap, and returns the item inserted

Complexity: O(log n)

map = Containers::TreeMap.new map.push(“MA”, “Massachusetts”) #=> “Massachusetts” map.get(“MA”) #=> “Massachusetts”


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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 53

def push(key, value)
  @root = insert(@root, key, value)
  @root.color = :black
  value
end

#to_hashObject


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# File 'lib/puppet/graph/rb_tree_map.rb', line 194

def to_hash
  @root ? @root.to_hash : {}
end