Class: PG::Result

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
Enumerable, Constants
Defined in:
ext/pg_result.c,
lib/pg/result.rb,
ext/pg_result.c

Overview

******************************************************************

The class to represent the query result tuples (rows).
An instance of this class is created as the result of every query.
You may need to invoke the #clear method of the instance when finished with
the result for better memory performance.

Example:
   require 'pg'
   conn = PGconn.open(:dbname => 'test')
   res  = conn.exec('SELECT 1 AS a, 2 AS b, NULL AS c')
   res.getvalue(0,0) # '1'
   res[0]['b']       # '2'
   res[0]['c']       # nil

Constant Summary

Constants included from Constants

Constants::CONNECTION_AUTH_OK, Constants::CONNECTION_AWAITING_RESPONSE, Constants::CONNECTION_BAD, Constants::CONNECTION_MADE, Constants::CONNECTION_NEEDED, Constants::CONNECTION_OK, Constants::CONNECTION_SETENV, Constants::CONNECTION_SSL_STARTUP, Constants::CONNECTION_STARTED, Constants::INVALID_OID, Constants::INV_READ, Constants::INV_WRITE, Constants::InvalidOid, Constants::PGRES_BAD_RESPONSE, Constants::PGRES_COMMAND_OK, Constants::PGRES_COPY_BOTH, Constants::PGRES_COPY_IN, Constants::PGRES_COPY_OUT, Constants::PGRES_EMPTY_QUERY, Constants::PGRES_FATAL_ERROR, Constants::PGRES_NONFATAL_ERROR, Constants::PGRES_POLLING_FAILED, Constants::PGRES_POLLING_OK, Constants::PGRES_POLLING_READING, Constants::PGRES_POLLING_WRITING, Constants::PGRES_SINGLE_TUPLE, Constants::PGRES_TUPLES_OK, Constants::PG_DIAG_COLUMN_NAME, Constants::PG_DIAG_CONSTRAINT_NAME, Constants::PG_DIAG_CONTEXT, Constants::PG_DIAG_DATATYPE_NAME, Constants::PG_DIAG_INTERNAL_POSITION, Constants::PG_DIAG_INTERNAL_QUERY, Constants::PG_DIAG_MESSAGE_DETAIL, Constants::PG_DIAG_MESSAGE_HINT, Constants::PG_DIAG_MESSAGE_PRIMARY, Constants::PG_DIAG_SCHEMA_NAME, Constants::PG_DIAG_SEVERITY, Constants::PG_DIAG_SOURCE_FILE, Constants::PG_DIAG_SOURCE_FUNCTION, Constants::PG_DIAG_SOURCE_LINE, Constants::PG_DIAG_SQLSTATE, Constants::PG_DIAG_STATEMENT_POSITION, Constants::PG_DIAG_TABLE_NAME, Constants::PQERRORS_DEFAULT, Constants::PQERRORS_TERSE, Constants::PQERRORS_VERBOSE, Constants::PQPING_NO_ATTEMPT, Constants::PQPING_NO_RESPONSE, Constants::PQPING_OK, Constants::PQPING_REJECT, Constants::PQTRANS_ACTIVE, Constants::PQTRANS_IDLE, Constants::PQTRANS_INERROR, Constants::PQTRANS_INTRANS, Constants::PQTRANS_UNKNOWN, Constants::SEEK_CUR, Constants::SEEK_END, Constants::SEEK_SET

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#[](n) ⇒ Hash

Returns tuple n as a hash.

Returns:

  • (Hash)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 707

static VALUE
pgresult_aref(VALUE self, VALUE index)
{
	PGresult *result = pgresult_get(self);
	int tuple_num = NUM2INT(index);
	int field_num;
	VALUE fname;
	VALUE tuple;

	if ( tuple_num < 0 || tuple_num >= PQntuples(result) )
		rb_raise( rb_eIndexError, "Index %d is out of range", tuple_num );

	tuple = rb_hash_new();
	for ( field_num = 0; field_num < PQnfields(result); field_num++ ) {
		fname = rb_tainted_str_new2( PQfname(result,field_num) );
		ASSOCIATE_INDEX(fname, self);
		rb_hash_aset( tuple, fname, pgresult_value(self, result, tuple_num, field_num) );
	}
	return tuple;
}

#checknil Also known as: check_result

Raises appropriate exception if PG::Result is in a bad state.

Returns:

  • (nil)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 44

VALUE
pg_result_check( VALUE self )
{
	VALUE error, exception, klass;
	VALUE rb_pgconn = rb_iv_get( self, "@connection" );
	PGconn *conn = pg_get_pgconn(rb_pgconn);
	PGresult *result;
#ifdef M17N_SUPPORTED
	rb_encoding *enc = pg_conn_enc_get( conn );
#endif
	char * sqlstate;

	Data_Get_Struct(self, PGresult, result);

	if(result == NULL)
	{
		error = rb_str_new2( PQerrorMessage(conn) );
	}
	else
	{
		switch (PQresultStatus(result))
		{
		case PGRES_TUPLES_OK:
		case PGRES_COPY_OUT:
		case PGRES_COPY_IN:
#ifdef HAVE_CONST_PGRES_COPY_BOTH
		case PGRES_COPY_BOTH:
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_CONST_PGRES_SINGLE_TUPLE
		case PGRES_SINGLE_TUPLE:
#endif
		case PGRES_EMPTY_QUERY:
		case PGRES_COMMAND_OK:
			return self;
		case PGRES_BAD_RESPONSE:
		case PGRES_FATAL_ERROR:
		case PGRES_NONFATAL_ERROR:
			error = rb_str_new2( PQresultErrorMessage(result) );
			break;
		default:
			error = rb_str_new2( "internal error : unknown result status." );
		}
	}

#ifdef M17N_SUPPORTED
	rb_enc_set_index( error, rb_enc_to_index(enc) );
#endif

	sqlstate = PQresultErrorField( result, PG_DIAG_SQLSTATE );
	klass = lookup_error_class( sqlstate );
	exception = rb_exc_new3( klass, error );
	rb_iv_set( exception, "@connection", rb_pgconn );
	rb_iv_set( exception, "@result", result ? self : Qnil );
	rb_exc_raise( exception );

	/* Not reached */
	return self;
}

#clearnil

Clears the PG::Result object as the result of the query.

Returns:

  • (nil)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 116

VALUE
pg_result_clear(VALUE self)
{
	PQclear(pgresult_get(self));
	DATA_PTR(self) = NULL;
	return Qnil;
}

#cmd_statusString

Returns the status string of the last query command.

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 652

static VALUE
pgresult_cmd_status(VALUE self)
{
	VALUE ret = rb_tainted_str_new2(PQcmdStatus(pgresult_get(self)));
	ASSOCIATE_INDEX(ret, self);
	return ret;
}

#cmd_tuplesFixnum Also known as: cmdtuples

Returns the number of tuples (rows) affected by the SQL command.

If the SQL command that generated the PG::Result was not one of:

  • INSERT

  • UPDATE

  • DELETE

  • MOVE

  • FETCH

or if no tuples were affected, 0 is returned.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 674

static VALUE
pgresult_cmd_tuples(VALUE self)
{
	long n;
	n = strtol(PQcmdTuples(pgresult_get(self)),NULL, 10);
	return INT2NUM(n);
}

#column_values(n) ⇒ Array

Returns an Array of the values from the nth column of each tuple in the result.

Returns:

  • (Array)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 801

static VALUE
pgresult_column_values(VALUE self, VALUE index)
{
	int col = NUM2INT( index );
	return make_column_result_array( self, col );
}

#each {|tuple| ... } ⇒ Object

Invokes block for each tuple in the result set.

Yields:

  • (tuple)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 836

static VALUE
pgresult_each(VALUE self)
{
	PGresult *result = pgresult_get(self);
	int tuple_num;

	for(tuple_num = 0; tuple_num < PQntuples(result); tuple_num++) {
		rb_yield(pgresult_aref(self, INT2NUM(tuple_num)));
	}
	return self;
}

#each_row {|row| ... } ⇒ Object

Yields each row of the result. The row is a list of column values.

Yields:

  • (row)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 734

static VALUE
pgresult_each_row(VALUE self)
{
	PGresult* result = (PGresult*) pgresult_get(self);
	int row;
	int field;
	int num_rows = PQntuples(result);
	int num_fields = PQnfields(result);

	for ( row = 0; row < num_rows; row++ ) {
		VALUE new_row = rb_ary_new2(num_fields);

		/* populate the row */
		for ( field = 0; field < num_fields; field++ ) {
		    rb_ary_store( new_row, field, pgresult_value(self, result, row, field) );
		}
		rb_yield( new_row );
	}

	return Qnil;
}

#error_field(fieldcode) ⇒ String Also known as: result_error_field

Returns the individual field of an error.

fieldcode is one of:

  • PG_DIAG_SEVERITY

  • PG_DIAG_SQLSTATE

  • PG_DIAG_MESSAGE_PRIMARY

  • PG_DIAG_MESSAGE_DETAIL

  • PG_DIAG_MESSAGE_HINT

  • PG_DIAG_STATEMENT_POSITION

  • PG_DIAG_INTERNAL_POSITION

  • PG_DIAG_INTERNAL_QUERY

  • PG_DIAG_CONTEXT

  • PG_DIAG_SOURCE_FILE

  • PG_DIAG_SOURCE_LINE

  • PG_DIAG_SOURCE_FUNCTION

An example:

begin
    conn.exec( "SELECT * FROM nonexistant_table" )
rescue PG::Error => err
    p [
        err.result.error_field( PG::Result::PG_DIAG_SEVERITY ),
        err.result.error_field( PG::Result::PG_DIAG_SQLSTATE ),
        err.result.error_field( PG::Result::PG_DIAG_MESSAGE_PRIMARY ),
        err.result.error_field( PG::Result::PG_DIAG_MESSAGE_DETAIL ),
        err.result.error_field( PG::Result::PG_DIAG_MESSAGE_HINT ),
        err.result.error_field( PG::Result::PG_DIAG_STATEMENT_POSITION ),
        err.result.error_field( PG::Result::PG_DIAG_INTERNAL_POSITION ),
        err.result.error_field( PG::Result::PG_DIAG_INTERNAL_QUERY ),
        err.result.error_field( PG::Result::PG_DIAG_CONTEXT ),
        err.result.error_field( PG::Result::PG_DIAG_SOURCE_FILE ),
        err.result.error_field( PG::Result::PG_DIAG_SOURCE_LINE ),
        err.result.error_field( PG::Result::PG_DIAG_SOURCE_FUNCTION ),
    ]
end

Outputs:

["ERROR", "42P01", "relation \"nonexistant_table\" does not exist", nil, nil,
 "15", nil, nil, nil, "path/to/parse_relation.c", "857", "parserOpenTable"]

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 272

static VALUE
pgresult_error_field(VALUE self, VALUE field)
{
	PGresult *result = pgresult_get( self );
	int fieldcode = NUM2INT( field );
	char * fieldstr = PQresultErrorField( result, fieldcode );
	VALUE ret = Qnil;

	if ( fieldstr ) {
		ret = rb_tainted_str_new2( fieldstr );
		ASSOCIATE_INDEX( ret, self );
	}

	return ret;
}

#error_messageString Also known as: result_error_message

Returns the error message of the command as a string.

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 218

static VALUE
pgresult_error_message(VALUE self)
{
	VALUE ret = rb_tainted_str_new2(PQresultErrorMessage(pgresult_get(self)));
	ASSOCIATE_INDEX(ret, self);
	return ret;
}

#fformat(column_number) ⇒ Fixnum

Returns the format (0 for text, 1 for binary) of column column_number.

Raises ArgumentError if column_number is out of range.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 429

static VALUE
pgresult_fformat(VALUE self, VALUE column_number)
{
	PGresult *result = pgresult_get(self);
	int fnumber = NUM2INT(column_number);
	if (fnumber < 0 || fnumber >= PQnfields(result)) {
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "Column number is out of range: %d",
			fnumber);
	}
	return INT2FIX(PQfformat(result, fnumber));
}

#field_values(field) ⇒ Array

Returns an Array of the values from the given field of each tuple in the result.

Returns:

  • (Array)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 816

static VALUE
pgresult_field_values( VALUE self, VALUE field )
{
	PGresult *result = pgresult_get( self );
	const char *fieldname = StringValuePtr( field );
	int fnum = PQfnumber( result, fieldname );

	if ( fnum < 0 )
		rb_raise( rb_eIndexError, "no such field '%s' in result", fieldname );

	return make_column_result_array( self, fnum );
}

#fieldsArray

Returns an array of Strings representing the names of the fields in the result.

Returns:

  • (Array)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 854

static VALUE
pgresult_fields(VALUE self)
{
	PGresult *result = pgresult_get( self );
	int n = PQnfields( result );
	VALUE fields = rb_ary_new2( n );
	int i;

	for ( i = 0; i < n; i++ ) {
		VALUE val = rb_tainted_str_new2(PQfname(result, i));
		ASSOCIATE_INDEX(val, self);
		rb_ary_store( fields, i, val );
	}

	return fields;
}

#fmod(column_number) ⇒ Object

Returns the type modifier associated with column column_number. See the #ftype method for an example of how to use this.

Raises an ArgumentError if column_number is out of range.



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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 479

static VALUE
pgresult_fmod(VALUE self, VALUE column_number)
{
	PGresult *result = pgresult_get(self);
	int fnumber = NUM2INT(column_number);
	int modifier;
	if (fnumber < 0 || fnumber >= PQnfields(result)) {
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "Column number is out of range: %d",
			fnumber);
	}
	modifier = PQfmod(result,fnumber);

	return INT2NUM(modifier);
}

#fname(index) ⇒ String

Returns the name of the column corresponding to index.

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 318

static VALUE
pgresult_fname(VALUE self, VALUE index)
{
	VALUE fname;
	PGresult *result;
	int i = NUM2INT(index);

	result = pgresult_get(self);
	if (i < 0 || i >= PQnfields(result)) {
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError,"invalid field number %d", i);
	}
	fname = rb_tainted_str_new2(PQfname(result, i));
	ASSOCIATE_INDEX(fname, self);
	return fname;
}

#fnumber(name) ⇒ Fixnum

Returns the index of the field specified by the string name. The given name is treated like an identifier in an SQL command, that is, it is downcased unless double-quoted. For example, given a query result generated from the SQL command:

result = conn.exec( %{SELECT 1 AS FOO, 2 AS "BAR"} )

we would have the results:

result.fname( 0 )            # => "foo"
result.fname( 1 )            # => "BAR"
result.fnumber( "FOO" )      # => 0
result.fnumber( "foo" )      # => 0
result.fnumber( "BAR" )      # => ArgumentError
result.fnumber( %{"BAR"} )   # => 1

Raises an ArgumentError if the specified name isn't one of the field names; raises a TypeError if name is not a String.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 357

static VALUE
pgresult_fnumber(VALUE self, VALUE name)
{
	int n;

	Check_Type(name, T_STRING);

	n = PQfnumber(pgresult_get(self), StringValuePtr(name));
	if (n == -1) {
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError,"Unknown field: %s", StringValuePtr(name));
	}
	return INT2FIX(n);
}

#fsize(index) ⇒ Object

Returns the size of the field type in bytes. Returns -1 if the field is variable sized.

res = conn.exec("SELECT myInt, myVarChar50 FROM foo")
res.size(0) => 4
res.size(1) => -1


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 504

static VALUE
pgresult_fsize(VALUE self, VALUE index)
{
	PGresult *result;
	int i = NUM2INT(index);

	result = pgresult_get(self);
	if (i < 0 || i >= PQnfields(result)) {
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError,"invalid field number %d", i);
	}
	return INT2NUM(PQfsize(result, i));
}

#ftable(column_number) ⇒ Fixnum

Returns the Oid of the table from which the column column_number was fetched.

Raises ArgumentError if column_number is out of range or if the Oid is undefined for that column.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 381

static VALUE
pgresult_ftable(VALUE self, VALUE column_number)
{
	Oid n ;
	int col_number = NUM2INT(column_number);
	PGresult *pgresult = pgresult_get(self);

	if( col_number < 0 || col_number >= PQnfields(pgresult))
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError,"Invalid column index: %d", col_number);

	n = PQftable(pgresult, col_number);
	return INT2FIX(n);
}

#ftablecol(column_number) ⇒ Fixnum

Returns the column number (within its table) of the table from which the column column_number is made up.

Raises ArgumentError if column_number is out of range or if the column number from its table is undefined for that column.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 405

static VALUE
pgresult_ftablecol(VALUE self, VALUE column_number)
{
	int col_number = NUM2INT(column_number);
	PGresult *pgresult = pgresult_get(self);

	int n;

	if( col_number < 0 || col_number >= PQnfields(pgresult))
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError,"Invalid column index: %d", col_number);

	n = PQftablecol(pgresult, col_number);
	return INT2FIX(n);
}

#ftype(column_number) ⇒ Object

Returns the data type associated with column_number.

The integer returned is the internal OID number (in PostgreSQL) of the type. To get a human-readable value for the type, use the returned OID and the field's #fmod value with the format_type() SQL function:

# Get the type of the second column of the result 'res'
typename = conn.
  exec( "SELECT format_type($1,$2)", [res.ftype(1), res.fmod(1)] ).
  getvalue( 0, 0 )

Raises an ArgumentError if column_number is out of range.



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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 459

static VALUE
pgresult_ftype(VALUE self, VALUE index)
{
	PGresult* result = pgresult_get(self);
	int i = NUM2INT(index);
	if (i < 0 || i >= PQnfields(result)) {
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid field number %d", i);
	}
	return INT2NUM(PQftype(result, i));
}

#getisnull(tuple_position, field_position) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if the specified value is nil; false otherwise.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 572

static VALUE
pgresult_getisnull(VALUE self, VALUE tup_num, VALUE field_num)
{
	PGresult *result;
	int i = NUM2INT(tup_num);
	int j = NUM2INT(field_num);

	result = pgresult_get(self);
	if (i < 0 || i >= PQntuples(result)) {
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError,"invalid tuple number %d", i);
	}
	if (j < 0 || j >= PQnfields(result)) {
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError,"invalid field number %d", j);
	}
	return PQgetisnull(result, i, j) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}

#getlength(tup_num, field_num) ⇒ Fixnum

Returns the (String) length of the field in bytes.

Equivalent to res.value(tup_num,field_num).length.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 597

static VALUE
pgresult_getlength(VALUE self, VALUE tup_num, VALUE field_num)
{
	PGresult *result;
	int i = NUM2INT(tup_num);
	int j = NUM2INT(field_num);

	result = pgresult_get(self);
	if (i < 0 || i >= PQntuples(result)) {
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError,"invalid tuple number %d", i);
	}
	if (j < 0 || j >= PQnfields(result)) {
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError,"invalid field number %d", j);
	}
	return INT2FIX(PQgetlength(result, i, j));
}

#getvalue(tup_num, field_num) ⇒ Object

Returns the value in tuple number tup_num, field field_num, or nil if the field is NULL.



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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 549

static VALUE
pgresult_getvalue(VALUE self, VALUE tup_num, VALUE field_num)
{
	PGresult *result;
	int i = NUM2INT(tup_num);
	int j = NUM2INT(field_num);

	result = pgresult_get(self);
	if(i < 0 || i >= PQntuples(result)) {
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError,"invalid tuple number %d", i);
	}
	if(j < 0 || j >= PQnfields(result)) {
		rb_raise(rb_eArgError,"invalid field number %d", j);
	}
	return pgresult_value(self, result, i, j);
}

#nfieldsFixnum Also known as: num_fields

Returns the number of columns in the query result.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 306

static VALUE
pgresult_nfields(VALUE self)
{
	return INT2NUM(PQnfields(pgresult_get(self)));
}

#nparamsFixnum

Returns the number of parameters of a prepared statement. Only useful for the result returned by conn.describePrepared

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 621

static VALUE
pgresult_nparams(VALUE self)
{
	PGresult *result;

	result = pgresult_get(self);
	return INT2FIX(PQnparams(result));
}

#ntuplesFixnum Also known as: num_tuples

Returns the number of tuples in the query result.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 294

static VALUE
pgresult_ntuples(VALUE self)
{
	return INT2FIX(PQntuples(pgresult_get(self)));
}

#oid_valueFixnum

Returns the oid of the inserted row if applicable, otherwise nil.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 689

static VALUE
pgresult_oid_value(VALUE self)
{
	Oid n = PQoidValue(pgresult_get(self));
	if (n == InvalidOid)
		return Qnil;
	else
		return INT2FIX(n);
}

#paramtype(param_number) ⇒ Oid

Returns the Oid of the data type of parameter param_number. Only useful for the result returned by conn.describePrepared

Returns:

  • (Oid)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 637

static VALUE
pgresult_paramtype(VALUE self, VALUE param_number)
{
	PGresult *result;

	result = pgresult_get(self);
	return INT2FIX(PQparamtype(result,NUM2INT(param_number)));
}

#res_status(status) ⇒ String

Returns the string representation of status status.

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 204

static VALUE
pgresult_res_status(VALUE self, VALUE status)
{
	VALUE ret = rb_tainted_str_new2(PQresStatus(NUM2INT(status)));
	ASSOCIATE_INDEX(ret, self);
	return ret;
}

#result_statusFixnum

Returns the status of the query. The status value is one of:

  • PGRES_EMPTY_QUERY

  • PGRES_COMMAND_OK

  • PGRES_TUPLES_OK

  • PGRES_COPY_OUT

  • PGRES_COPY_IN

  • PGRES_BAD_RESPONSE

  • PGRES_NONFATAL_ERROR

  • PGRES_FATAL_ERROR

  • PGRES_COPY_BOTH

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'ext/pg_result.c', line 191

static VALUE
pgresult_result_status(VALUE self)
{
	return INT2FIX(PQresultStatus(pgresult_get(self)));
}

#valuesObject

Returns all tuples as an array of arrays



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# File 'lib/pg/result.rb', line 9

def values
	return enum_for(:each_row).to_a
end