Class: Hive::TransactionBuilder

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
ChainConfig, Retriable, Utils
Defined in:
lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb

Overview

TransactionBuilder can be used to create a transaction that the NetworkBroadcastApi can broadcast to the rest of the platform. The main feature of this class is the ability to cryptographically sign the transaction so that it conforms to the consensus rules that are required by the blockchain.

wif = '5JrvPrQeBBvCRdjv29iDvkwn3EQYZ9jqfAHzrCyUvfbEbRkrYFC'
builder = Hive::TransactionBuilder.new(wif: wif)
builder.put(vote: {
  voter: 'alice',
  author: 'bob',
  permlink: 'my-burgers',
  weight: 10000
})

trx = builder.transaction
network_broadcast_api = Hive::CondenserApi.new
network_broadcast_api.broadcast_transaction_synchronous(trx: trx)

The `wif` value may also be an array, when signing with multiple signatures (multisig).

Constant Summary

Constants included from ChainConfig

ChainConfig::EXPIRE_IN_SECS, ChainConfig::EXPIRE_IN_SECS_PROPOSAL, ChainConfig::NETWORKS_HIVE_ADDRESS_PREFIX, ChainConfig::NETWORKS_HIVE_CHAIN_ID, ChainConfig::NETWORKS_HIVE_CORE_ASSET, ChainConfig::NETWORKS_HIVE_DEBT_ASSET, ChainConfig::NETWORKS_HIVE_DEFAULT_NODE, ChainConfig::NETWORKS_HIVE_LEGACY_CHAIN_ID, ChainConfig::NETWORKS_HIVE_VEST_ASSET, ChainConfig::NETWORKS_TEST_ADDRESS_PREFIX, ChainConfig::NETWORKS_TEST_CHAIN_ID, ChainConfig::NETWORKS_TEST_CORE_ASSET, ChainConfig::NETWORKS_TEST_DEBT_ASSET, ChainConfig::NETWORKS_TEST_DEFAULT_NODE, ChainConfig::NETWORKS_TEST_VEST_ASSET, ChainConfig::NETWORK_CHAIN_IDS

Constants included from Retriable

Retriable::MAX_BACKOFF, Retriable::MAX_RETRY_COUNT, Retriable::MAX_RETRY_ELAPSE, Retriable::RETRYABLE_EXCEPTIONS

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from Utils

#hexlify, #unhexlify

Methods included from Retriable

#can_retry?

Constructor Details

#initialize(options = {}) ⇒ TransactionBuilder

Returns a new instance of TransactionBuilder.


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 37

def initialize(options = {})
  @app_base = !!options[:app_base] # default false
  @database_api = options[:database_api]
  @block_api = options[:block_api]
  
  if app_base?
    @database_api ||= Hive::DatabaseApi.new(options)
    @block_api ||= Hive::BlockApi.new(options)
  else
    @database_api ||= Hive::CondenserApi.new(options)
    @block_api ||= Hive::CondenserApi.new(options)
  end
  
  @wif = [options[:wif]].flatten
  @signed = false
  @testnet = !!options[:testnet]
  @force_serialize = !!options[:force_serialize]
  
  if !!(trx = options[:trx])
    trx = case trx
    when String then JSON[trx]
    else; trx
    end
    
    @trx = Transaction.new(trx)
  end
  
  @trx ||= Transaction.new
  @chain = options[:chain] || :hive
  @error_pipe = options[:error_pipe] || STDERR
  @chain_id = options[:chain_id] || ENV['HIVE_CHAIN_ID']
  
  @network_chain_id ||= case @chain
  when :hive then @database_api.get_config{|config| config['HIVE_CHAIN_ID']} rescue NETWORKS_HIVE_CHAIN_ID
  when :test then @database_api.get_config{|config| config['HIVE_CHAIN_ID']} rescue NETWORKS_TEST_CHAIN_ID
  else; raise UnsupportedChainError, "Unsupported chain: #{@chain}"
  end
  
  @chain_id ||= @network_chain_id
  
  if testnet? && (@chain_id == NETWORKS_HIVE_CHAIN_ID || @chain_id == NETWORKS_HIVE_LEGACY_CHAIN_ID)
    raise UnsupportedChainError, "Unsupported testnet chain id: #{@chain_id}"
  end
  
  if @chain_id != @network_chain_id
    raise UnsupportedChainError, "Unsupported chain id (expected: #{@chain_id}, network was: #{@network_chain_id})"
  end
end

Instance Attribute Details

#app_baseObject Also known as: app_base?

Returns the value of attribute app_base


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 29

def app_base
  @app_base
end

#block_apiObject

Returns the value of attribute block_api


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 29

def block_api
  @block_api
end

#database_apiObject

Returns the value of attribute database_api


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 29

def database_api
  @database_api
end

#expirationObject

Returns the value of attribute expiration


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 29

def expiration
  @expiration
end

#force_serializeObject (readonly) Also known as: force_serialize?

Returns the value of attribute force_serialize


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 31

def force_serialize
  @force_serialize
end

#operationsObject

Returns the value of attribute operations


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 29

def operations
  @operations
end

#signedObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute signed


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 31

def signed
  @signed
end

#testnetObject (readonly) Also known as: testnet?

Returns the value of attribute testnet


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 31

def testnet
  @testnet
end

#wif=(value) ⇒ Object (writeonly)

Sets the attribute wif

Parameters:

  • value

    the value to set the attribute wif to.


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 30

def wif=(value)
  @wif = value
end

Instance Method Details

#inspectObject


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 86

def inspect
  properties = %w(trx).map do |prop|
    if !!(v = instance_variable_get("@#{prop}"))
      "@#{prop}=#{v.inspect}" 
    end
  end.compact.join(', ')
  
  "#<#{self.class.name} [#{properties}]>"
end

#potential_signaturesArray

Returns All public keys that could possibly sign for a given transaction.

Returns:

  • (Array)

    All public keys that could possibly sign for a given transaction.


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 312

def potential_signatures
  potential_signatures_args = if app_base?
    {trx: transaction}
  else
    transaction
  end
  
  @database_api.get_potential_signatures(potential_signatures_args) do |result|
    if app_base?
      result[:keys]
    else
      result
    end
  end
end

#prepareTransactionBuilder

If the transaction can be prepared, this method will do so and set the expiration. Once the expiration is set, it will not re-prepare. If you call #put, the expiration is set Nil so that it can be re-prepared.

Usually, this method is called automatically by #put and/or #transaction.

Returns:


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 110

def prepare
  if @trx.expired?
    catch :prepare_header do; begin
      @database_api.get_dynamic_global_properties do |properties|
        block_number = properties.last_irreversible_block_num
        block_header_args = if app_base?
          {block_num: block_number}
        else
          block_number
        end
      
        @block_api.get_block_header(block_header_args) do |result|
          header = if app_base?
            result.header
          else
            result
          end
          
          @trx.ref_block_num = (block_number - 1) & 0xFFFF
          @trx.ref_block_prefix = unhexlify(header.previous[8..-1]).unpack('V*')[0]
          @trx.expiration ||= (Time.parse(properties.time + 'Z') + EXPIRE_IN_SECS).utc
        end
      end
    rescue => e
      if can_retry? e
        @error_pipe.puts "#{e} ... retrying."
        throw :prepare_header
      else
        raise e
      end
    end; end
  end
  
  self
end

#put(type, op = nil) ⇒ TransactionBuilder

A quick and flexible way to append a new operation to the transaction. This method uses ducktyping to figure out how to form the operation.

There are three main ways you can call this method. These assume that `op_type` is a Symbol (or String) representing the type of operation and `op` is the operation Hash.

put(op_type, op)

… or …

put(op_type => op)

… or …

put([op_type, op])

You can also chain multiple operations:

builder = Hive::TransactionBuilder.new
builder.put(vote: vote1).put(vote: vote2)

Returns:


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 175

def put(type, op = nil)
  @trx.expiration = nil
  @trx.operations << normalize_operation(type, op)
  prepare
  self
end

#required_signaturesArray

This API will take a partially signed transaction and a set of public keys that the owner has the ability to sign for and return the minimal subset of public keys that should add signatures to the transaction.

Returns:

  • (Array)

    The minimal subset of public keys that should add signatures to the transaction.


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 333

def required_signatures
  required_signatures_args = if app_base?
    {trx: transaction}
  else
    [transaction, []]
  end
  
  @database_api.get_required_signatures(*required_signatures_args) do |result|
    if app_base?
      result[:keys]
    else
      result
    end
  end
end

#resetObject


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 96

def reset
  @trx = Transaction.new
  @signed = false
  
  self
end

#signHash | TransactionBuilder

Appends to the `signatures` array of the transaction, built from a serialized digest.

Returns:


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 217

def sign
  return self if @wif.empty?
  return self if @trx.expired?
  
  unless @signed
    catch :serialize do; begin
      transaction_hex.tap do |result|
        hex = if app_base?
          result.hex
        else
          result
        end

        unless force_serialize?
          derrived_trx = Transaction.new(hex: hex)
          derrived_ops = derrived_trx.operations
          derrived_trx.operations = derrived_ops.map do |op|
            op_name = if app_base?
              op[:type].to_sym
            else
              op[:type].to_s.sub(/_operation$/, '').to_sym
            end
            
            normalize_operation op_name, JSON[op[:value].to_json]
          end
          
          unless @trx == derrived_trx
            if defined? JsonCompare
              raise SerializationMismatchError, JSON.pretty_generate({trx: @trx, derrived_trx: derrived_trx})
            else
              raise SerializationMismatchError
            end
          end
        end
        
        hex = hex[0..-4] # drop empty signature array
        @trx.id = Digest::SHA256.hexdigest(unhexlify(hex))[0..39]
        
        hex = @chain_id + hex
        digest = unhexlify(hex)
        digest_hex = Digest::SHA256.digest(digest)
        private_keys = @wif.map{ |wif| Bitcoin::Key.from_base58 wif }
        ec = Bitcoin::OpenSSL_EC
        count = 0
        
        private_keys.each do |private_key|
          sig = nil
          
          loop do
            count += 1
            @error_pipe.puts "#{count} attempts to find canonical signature" if count % 40 == 0
            public_key_hex = private_key.pub
            sig = ec.sign_compact(digest_hex, private_key.priv, public_key_hex, false)
            
            next if public_key_hex != ec.recover_compact(digest_hex, sig)
            break if canonical? sig
          end
          
          @trx.signatures << hexlify(sig)
        end
        
        @signed = true
      end
    rescue => e
      if can_retry? e
        @error_pipe.puts "#{e} ... retrying."
        throw :serialize
      else
        raise e
      end
    end; end
  end
    
  @trx
end

#transaction(options = {prepare: true, sign: true}) ⇒ Object

If all of the required values are set, this returns a fully formed transaction that is ready to broadcast.

Returns:

  • {

       :ref_block_num => 18912,
    :ref_block_prefix => 575781536,
          :expiration => "2018-04-26T15:26:12",
          :extensions => [],
          :operations => [[:vote, {
               :voter => "alice",
              :author => "bob",
            :permlink => "my-burgers",
              :weight => 10000
            }
        ]],
          :signatures => ["1c45b65740b4b2c17c4bcf6bcc3f8d90ddab827d50532729fc3b8f163f2c465a532b0112ae4bf388ccc97b7c2e0bc570caadda78af48cf3c261037e65eefcd941e"]
    

    }


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 200

def transaction(options = {prepare: true, sign: true})
  options[:prepare] = true unless options.has_key? :prepare
  options[:sign] = true unless options.has_key? :sign
  
  prepare if !!options[:prepare]
  
  if !!options[:sign]
    sign
  else
    @trx
  end
end

#transaction_hexObject


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 293

def transaction_hex
  trx = transaction(prepare: true, sign: false)
  
  transaction_hex_args = if app_base?
    {trx: trx}
  else
    trx
  end
  
  @database_api.get_transaction_hex(transaction_hex_args) do |result|
    if app_base?
      result[:hex]
    else
      result
    end
  end
end

#valid?Boolean

Returns True if the transaction has all of the required signatures.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    True if the transaction has all of the required signatures.


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# File 'lib/hive/transaction_builder.rb', line 350

def valid?
  verify_authority_args = if app_base?
    {trx: transaction}
  else
    transaction
  end
  
  @database_api.verify_authority(verify_authority_args) do |result|
    if app_base?
      result.valid
    else
      result
    end
  end
end