Class: GraphQL::Schema::Resolver

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Extended by:
Member::BaseDSLMethods, Member::HasArguments, Member::HasPath, Member::HasValidators
Includes:
Member::GraphQLTypeNames, Member::HasPath
Defined in:
lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb,
lib/graphql/schema/resolver/has_payload_type.rb

Overview

A class-based container for field configuration and resolution logic. It supports:

  • Arguments, via .argument(...) helper, which will be applied to the field.
  • Return type, via .type(..., null: ...), which will be applied to the field.
  • Description, via .description(...), which will be applied to the field
  • Resolution, via #resolve(**args) method, which will be called to resolve the field.
  • #object and #context accessors for use during #resolve.

Resolvers can be attached with the resolver: option in a field(...) call.

A resolver's configuration may be overridden with other keywords in the field(...) call.

See the Resolver.field_options to see how a Resolver becomes a set of field configuration options.

See Also:

  • for a concrete subclass of `Resolver`.
  • `Resolver` is a replacement for `GraphQL::Function`

Direct Known Subclasses

Mutation, Subscription

Defined Under Namespace

Modules: HasPayloadType

Constant Summary

Constants included from FindInheritedValue::EmptyObjects

FindInheritedValue::EmptyObjects::EMPTY_ARRAY, FindInheritedValue::EmptyObjects::EMPTY_HASH

Constants included from Member::HasArguments

Member::HasArguments::NO_ARGUMENTS

Constants included from Member::GraphQLTypeNames

Member::GraphQLTypeNames::Boolean, Member::GraphQLTypeNames::ID, Member::GraphQLTypeNames::Int

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from Member::HasPath

path

Methods included from Member::HasValidators

validates, validators

Methods included from Member::HasArguments

add_argument, argument, argument_class, arguments_statically_coercible?, coerce_arguments, get_argument, own_arguments, validate_directive_argument

Methods included from Member::BaseDSLMethods

accessible?, default_graphql_name, description, graphql_name, introspection, introspection?, mutation, name, overridden_graphql_name, to_graphql, visible?

Constructor Details

#initialize(object:, context:, field:) ⇒ Resolver

Returns a new instance of Resolver.

Parameters:


34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 34

def initialize(object:, context:, field:)
  @object = object
  @context = context
  @field = field
  # Since this hash is constantly rebuilt, cache it for this call
  @arguments_by_keyword = {}
  self.class.arguments.each do |name, arg|
    @arguments_by_keyword[arg.keyword] = arg
  end
  @arguments_loads_as_type = self.class.arguments_loads_as_type
  @prepared_arguments = nil
end

Instance Attribute Details

#contextGraphQL::Query::Context (readonly)


51
52
53
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 51

def context
  @context
end

#fieldGraphQL::Schema::Field (readonly)


59
60
61
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 59

def field
  @field
end

#objectObject (readonly)

Returns The application object this field is being resolved on.

Returns:

  • (Object)

    The application object this field is being resolved on


48
49
50
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 48

def object
  @object
end

Class Method Details

.argument(*args, **kwargs, &block) ⇒ Object

Add an argument to this field's signature, but also add some preparation hook methods which will be used for this argument

See Also:

  • for the signature

329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 329

def argument(*args, **kwargs, &block)
  loads = kwargs[:loads]
  # Use `from_resolver: true` to short-circuit the InputObject's own `loads:` implementation
  # so that we can support `#load_{x}` methods below.
  arg_defn = super(*args, from_resolver: true, **kwargs)
  own_arguments_loads_as_type[arg_defn.keyword] = loads if loads

  if loads && arg_defn.type.list?
    class_eval <<-RUBY, __FILE__, __LINE__ + 1
    def load_#{arg_defn.keyword}(values)
      argument = @arguments_by_keyword[:#{arg_defn.keyword}]
      lookup_as_type = @arguments_loads_as_type[:#{arg_defn.keyword}]
      context.schema.after_lazy(values) do |values2|
        GraphQL::Execution::Lazy.all(values2.map { |value| load_application_object(argument, lookup_as_type, value, context) })
      end
    end
    RUBY
  elsif loads
    class_eval <<-RUBY, __FILE__, __LINE__ + 1
    def load_#{arg_defn.keyword}(value)
      argument = @arguments_by_keyword[:#{arg_defn.keyword}]
      lookup_as_type = @arguments_loads_as_type[:#{arg_defn.keyword}]
      load_application_object(argument, lookup_as_type, value, context)
    end
    RUBY
  else
    class_eval <<-RUBY, __FILE__, __LINE__ + 1
    def load_#{arg_defn.keyword}(value)
      value
    end
    RUBY
  end

  arg_defn
end

.arguments_loads_as_typeObject

This method is part of a private API. You should avoid using this method if possible, as it may be removed or be changed in the future.


366
367
368
369
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 366

def arguments_loads_as_type
  inherited_lookups = superclass.respond_to?(:arguments_loads_as_type) ? superclass.arguments_loads_as_type : {}
  inherited_lookups.merge(own_arguments_loads_as_type)
end

.broadcastable(new_broadcastable) ⇒ Object


266
267
268
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 266

def broadcastable(new_broadcastable)
  @broadcastable = new_broadcastable
end

.broadcastable?Boolean?

Returns:


271
272
273
274
275
276
277
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 271

def broadcastable?
  if defined?(@broadcastable)
    @broadcastable
  else
    (superclass.respond_to?(:broadcastable?) ? superclass.broadcastable? : nil)
  end
end

.complexity(new_complexity = nil) ⇒ Integer, Proc

Specifies the complexity of the field. Defaults to 1

Returns:

  • (Integer, Proc)

259
260
261
262
263
264
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 259

def complexity(new_complexity = nil)
  if new_complexity
    @complexity = new_complexity
  end
  @complexity || (superclass.respond_to?(:complexity) ? superclass.complexity : 1)
end

.extension(extension, **options) ⇒ Object

Registers new extension

Parameters:

  • extension (Class)

    Extension class

  • options (Hash)

    Optional extension options


374
375
376
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 374

def extension(extension, **options)
  extensions << {extension => options}
end

.extensionsObject

This method is part of a private API. You should avoid using this method if possible, as it may be removed or be changed in the future.


379
380
381
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 379

def extensions
  @extensions ||= []
end

.extras(new_extras = nil) ⇒ Object

Additional info injected into #resolve

See Also:

  • {GraphQL{GraphQL::Schema{GraphQL::Schema::Field{GraphQL::Schema::Field#extras}

213
214
215
216
217
218
219
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 213

def extras(new_extras = nil)
  if new_extras
    @own_extras = new_extras
  end
  own_extras = @own_extras || []
  own_extras + (superclass.respond_to?(:extras) ? superclass.extras : [])
end

.field_optionsObject


300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 300

def field_options
  field_opts = {
    type: type_expr,
    description: description,
    extras: extras,
    resolver_method: :resolve_with_support,
    resolver_class: self,
    arguments: arguments,
    null: null,
    complexity: complexity,
    extensions: extensions,
    broadcastable: broadcastable?,
  }

  if has_max_page_size?
    field_opts[:max_page_size] = max_page_size
  end

  field_opts
end

.has_max_page_size?Boolean

Returns true if this resolver or a superclass has an assigned max_page_size.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    true if this resolver or a superclass has an assigned max_page_size


296
297
298
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 296

def has_max_page_size?
  defined?(@max_page_size) || (superclass.respond_to?(:has_max_page_size?) && superclass.has_max_page_size?)
end

.max_page_size(new_max_page_size = :not_given) ⇒ Integer?

Get or set the max_page_size: which will be configured for fields using this resolver (nil means "unlimited max page size".)

Parameters:

  • max_page_size (Integer, nil)

    Set a new value

Returns:

  • (Integer, nil)

    The max_page_size assigned to fields that use this resolver


283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 283

def max_page_size(new_max_page_size = :not_given)
  if new_max_page_size != :not_given
    @max_page_size = new_max_page_size
  elsif defined?(@max_page_size)
    @max_page_size
  elsif superclass.respond_to?(:max_page_size)
    superclass.max_page_size
  else
    nil
  end
end

.null(allow_null = nil) ⇒ Object

Specifies whether or not the field is nullable. Defaults to true TODO unify with #type

Parameters:

  • allow_null (Boolean) (defaults to: nil)

    Whether or not the response can be null


224
225
226
227
228
229
230
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 224

def null(allow_null = nil)
  if !allow_null.nil?
    @null = allow_null
  end

  @null.nil? ? (superclass.respond_to?(:null) ? superclass.null : true) : @null
end

.resolve_method(new_method = nil) ⇒ Symbol

Default :resolve set below.

Returns:

  • (Symbol)

    The method to call on instances of this object to resolve the field


204
205
206
207
208
209
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 204

def resolve_method(new_method = nil)
  if new_method
    @resolve_method = new_method
  end
  @resolve_method || (superclass.respond_to?(:resolve_method) ? superclass.resolve_method : :resolve)
end

.type(new_type = nil, null: nil) ⇒ Class

Call this method to get the return type of the field, or use it as a configuration method to assign a return type instead of generating one. TODO unify with #null

Parameters:

  • new_type (Class, Array<Class>, nil) (defaults to: nil)

    If a type definition class is provided, it will be used as the return type of the field

  • null (true, false) (defaults to: nil)

    Whether or not the field may return nil

Returns:

  • (Class)

    The type which this field returns.


239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 239

def type(new_type = nil, null: nil)
  if new_type
    if null.nil?
      raise ArgumentError, "required argument `null:` is missing"
    end
    @type_expr = new_type
    @null = null
  else
    if @type_expr
      GraphQL::Schema::Member::BuildType.parse_type(@type_expr, null: @null)
    elsif superclass.respond_to?(:type)
      superclass.type
    else
      nil
    end
  end
end

.type_exprObject

A non-normalized type configuration, without null applied


322
323
324
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 322

def type_expr
  @type_expr || (superclass.respond_to?(:type_expr) ? superclass.type_expr : nil)
end

Instance Method Details

#argumentsObject


61
62
63
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 61

def arguments
  @prepared_arguments || raise("Arguments have not been prepared yet, still waiting for #load_arguments to resolve. (Call `.arguments` later in the code.)")
end

#authorized?(**inputs) ⇒ Boolean, early_return_data

Called after arguments are loaded, but before resolving.

Override it to check everything before calling the mutation.

Parameters:

  • inputs (Hash)

    The input arguments

Returns:

  • (Boolean, early_return_data)

    If false, execution will stop (and early_return_data will be returned instead, if present.)

Raises:


148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 148

def authorized?(**inputs)
  self.class.arguments.each_value do |argument|
    arg_keyword = argument.keyword
    if inputs.key?(arg_keyword) && !(arg_value = inputs[arg_keyword]).nil? && (arg_value != argument.default_value)
      arg_auth, err = argument.authorized?(self, arg_value, context)
      if !arg_auth
        return arg_auth, err
      else
        true
      end
    else
      true
    end
  end
end

#dataloaderGraphQL::Dataloader

Returns:


54
55
56
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 54

def dataloader
  context.dataloader
end

#ready?(**args) ⇒ Boolean, early_return_data

Called before arguments are prepared. Implement this hook to make checks before doing any work.

If it returns a lazy object (like a promise), it will be synced by GraphQL (but the resulting value won't be used).

Parameters:

  • args (Hash)

    The input arguments, if there are any

Returns:

  • (Boolean, early_return_data)

    If false, execution will stop (and early_return_data will be returned instead, if present.)

Raises:


137
138
139
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 137

def ready?(**args)
  true
end

#resolve(**args) ⇒ Object

Do the work. Everything happens here.

Returns:

  • (Object)

    An object corresponding to the return type

Raises:


123
124
125
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 123

def resolve(**args)
  raise GraphQL::RequiredImplementationMissingError, "#{self.class.name}#resolve should execute the field's logic"
end

#resolve_with_support(**args) ⇒ Object

This method is part of a private API. You should avoid using this method if possible, as it may be removed or be changed in the future.

This method is actually called by the runtime, it does some preparation and then eventually calls the user-defined #resolve method.


69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
# File 'lib/graphql/schema/resolver.rb', line 69

def resolve_with_support(**args)
  # First call the ready? hook which may raise
  ready_val = if args.any?
    ready?(**args)
  else
    ready?
  end
  context.schema.after_lazy(ready_val) do |is_ready, ready_early_return|
    if ready_early_return
      if is_ready != false
        raise "Unexpected result from #ready? (expected `true`, `false` or `[false, {...}]`): [#{authorized_result.inspect}, #{ready_early_return.inspect}]"
      else
        ready_early_return
      end
    elsif is_ready
      # Then call each prepare hook, which may return a different value
      # for that argument, or may return a lazy object
      load_arguments_val = load_arguments(args)
      context.schema.after_lazy(load_arguments_val) do |loaded_args|
        @prepared_arguments = loaded_args
        Schema::Validator.validate!(self.class.validators, object, context, loaded_args, as: @field)
        # Then call `authorized?`, which may raise or may return a lazy object
        authorized_val = if loaded_args.any?
          authorized?(**loaded_args)
        else
          authorized?
        end
        context.schema.after_lazy(authorized_val) do |(authorized_result, early_return)|
          # If the `authorized?` returned two values, `false, early_return`,
          # then use the early return value instead of continuing
          if early_return
            if authorized_result == false
              early_return
            else
              raise "Unexpected result from #authorized? (expected `true`, `false` or `[false, {...}]`): [#{authorized_result.inspect}, #{early_return.inspect}]"
            end
          elsif authorized_result
            # Finally, all the hooks have passed, so resolve it
            if loaded_args.any?
              public_send(self.class.resolve_method, **loaded_args)
            else
              public_send(self.class.resolve_method)
            end
          else
            nil
          end
        end
      end
    end
  end
end