Class: Geomash::Standardizer

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/geomash/standardizer.rb

Class Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.dedup_geo(geo_list, aggressive = false) ⇒ Object

Attempt to dedup a list of geographic areas. FIXME: Horrendous first pass. Aggresive flag removes less specific matches. IE. ['Hanoi, Vietnam' and 'Vietnam'] would return just ['Hanoi, Vietnam']


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# File 'lib/geomash/standardizer.rb', line 133

def self.dedup_geo(geo_list, aggressive=false)
  geo_list = geo_list.clone

   base_word_geo_list = []
   geo_list.each do |geo_term|
     geo_term = geo_term.gsub('(','').gsub(')','').gsub('.','').gsub(',','').gsub(';','')
     #Remove common junk terms
     Geomash::Constants::JUNK_TERMS.each { |term| geo_term.gsub!(term, '') }

     geo_term = geo_term.squish

     base_word_geo_list << geo_term
   end

  indexes_to_remove = []

  0.upto base_word_geo_list.size-1 do |index|
    matched_words_count = []
    current_best_term = geo_list[index]
    current_best_term_index = index

    base_word_geo_list[index].split(' ').each { |word|

      (index+1).upto base_word_geo_list.size-1 do |inner_index|
        if base_word_geo_list[inner_index].split(' ').any? { |single_word| single_word == word }
          matched_words_count[inner_index] ||= 0
          matched_words_count[inner_index] = matched_words_count[inner_index] + 1

        end
      end
    }

    matched_words_count.each_with_index do |matched_count, matched_index|
      matched_count ||= 0

      if (matched_count ==  base_word_geo_list[matched_index].split(' ').size) && ((base_word_geo_list[matched_index].split(' ').size < base_word_geo_list[index].split(' ').size && aggressive) || (base_word_geo_list[matched_index].split(' ').size == base_word_geo_list[index].split(' ').size))
        if current_best_term.split(',').size < geo_list[matched_index].split(',').size || (current_best_term.size+1 < geo_list[matched_index].size && !geo_list[matched_index].include?('('))
          current_best_term =  geo_list[matched_index]
          indexes_to_remove << current_best_term_index
          current_best_term_index = matched_index
        else
          indexes_to_remove << matched_index
        end
      end

    end
  end

  indexes_to_remove.each do |removal_index|
    geo_list[removal_index] = nil
  end

  return geo_list.compact
end

.LCSHize(value) ⇒ Object

Take LCSH subjects and make them standard.


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# File 'lib/geomash/standardizer.rb', line 217

def self.LCSHize(value)
  #Remove ending periods ... except when an initial or etc.
  if value.last == '.' && value[-2].match(/[^A-Z]/) && !value[-4..-1].match('etc.')
    value = value.slice(0..-2)
  end

  #Fix when '- -' occurs
  value = value.gsub(/-\s-/,'--')

  #Fix for "em" dashes - two types?
  value = value.gsub('','--')

  #Fix for "em" dashes - two types?
  value = value.gsub('','--')

  #Fix for ' - ' combinations
  value = value.gsub(' - ','--')

  #Remove white space after and before  '--'
  value = value.gsub(/\s+--/,'--')
  value = value.gsub(/--\s+/,'--')

  #Ensure first work is capitalized
  value[0] = value.first.capitalize[0]

  #Strip any white space
  value = strip_value(value)

  return value
end

.parse_for_geographic_term(term) ⇒ Object

Take a subject string and look for potential geographic terms.


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# File 'lib/geomash/standardizer.rb', line 6

def self.parse_for_geographic_term(term)
  geo_term = ''

  #Likely too long to be an address... some fields have junk with an address string...
  if term.length > 125
    return ''
  end

  term_split_list = term.split(/[,\-\(\(>]|&gt;/).reject{ |e| e.empty? }
  term_split_list.each{ |e| e.gsub!(/[^\w\s]/, "") } #Remove punctuation
  term_split_list.each{ |e| e.strip! } #Remove any extra remaining whitespace
  term_split_list.reject{ |e| e.empty? }
  state_abbr_list = ['Mass']
  state_name_list = []
  country_name_list = []

  #Countries gem of https://github.com/hexorx/countries
  ISO3166::Country.new('US').states.each do |state_abbr, state_names|
    state_abbr_list << ' ' + state_abbr
    state_name_list << state_names["name"]
  end

  ISO3166::Country.all.each do |country_name_hash|
    #country_name_list << country_name_abbr_pair.first
    country_name_list << country_name_hash.data["name"] if country_name_hash.data["name"].present?
    country_name_hash.data["names"].each do |name|
      country_name_list << name
    end
  end
  country_name_list.append('South Korea') #Listed as Korea, Republic of in the gem
  country_name_list.append('North Korea') #Listed as Korea, Democratic People's Republic Of of in the gem

  #Parsing a subject geographic term.
  if (state_name_list & term_split_list).present? || (state_abbr_list & term_split_list).present? || (country_name_list & term_split_list).present?
    if term.include?('--')
      term.split('--').each_with_index do |split_term, index|
        if state_name_list.any? { |state| split_term.include? state } || country_name_list.any? { |country| split_term.include? country }
          #Cases like Naroden Etnografski Muzeĭ (Sofia, Bulgaria)--Catalogs
          if split_term.match(/\([^\)]+\)/)
            geo_term = split_term.gsub('(', ',').gsub(' ,', ', ')
            geo_term = geo_term.gsub(')', '')

=begin
        if split_term.match(/\([^\)]+,[^\)]+\)/)
          geo_term = split_term.match(/\([^\)]+\)/).to_s
          geo_term = geo_term[1..geo_term.length-2]
        #Abbeville (France)--History--20th century.
        elsif split_term.match(/\([^\)]+\)/)
          geo_term = split_term
=end
          else
            geo_term = term.split('--')[index..term.split('--').length-1].reverse!.join(',')
          end

        elsif state_abbr_list.any? { |abbr| split_term.include? abbr }
          geo_term = split_term
        end
      end
      #Other than a '--' field
      #Experimental... example: Palmer (Mass) - history or Stores (retail trade) - Palmer, Mass
    elsif term.include?(' - ')
      term.split(' - ').each do |split_term|
        if state_name_list.any? { |state| split_term.include? state } || state_abbr_list.any? { |abbr| split_term.include? abbr } || country_name_list.any? { |country| split_term.include? country }
          geo_term = split_term
        end

      end
    else
      #if term_split_list.length > 1
      geo_term = term.gsub('(', ',').gsub(' ,', ', ').gsub(' &gt;', ',').gsub(' >', ',')
      geo_term = geo_term.gsub(')', '')
      #end

    end
  end

  return geo_term
end

.parsed_and_original_check(geo_hash) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/geomash/standardizer.rb', line 188

def self.parsed_and_original_check(geo_hash)
  term = geo_hash[:standardized_term]

  if geo_hash[:street_part].present? || geo_hash[:coords].present?
    return true
  end

  #Keep original string if three parts at least or if there is a number in the term.
  #TODO: Make this better!
  #Note: Counties can cause this first length check to fail. For now, adding a check for county word but temporary solution...
  if (term.split(',').length >= 4 && geo_hash[:neighborhood_part].blank?) || (term.split(',').length >= 3 && geo_hash[:neighborhood_part].blank? && !geo_hash[:original_term].match(/[Cc]ounty/)) || (term.split(',').length >= 2 && geo_hash[:city_part].blank?) || term.split(',').length >= 4 || term.match(/\d/).present?
    return true
  end

  if geo_hash[:country_part] != 'United States'
    if geo_hash[:city_part].blank? && geo_hash[:state_part].blank?
      #Currently do noting
    elsif !((geo_hash[:city_part].present? && term.to_ascii.downcase.include?(geo_hash[:city_part].to_ascii.downcase)) || (geo_hash[:state_part].present? && term.to_ascii.downcase.include?(geo_hash[:state_part].to_ascii.downcase)))
     return true
    end
  end


  return false
end

.standardize_geographic_term(geo_term) ⇒ Object

Make a string in a standard format.


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# File 'lib/geomash/standardizer.rb', line 86

def self.standardize_geographic_term(geo_term)

  geo_term = geo_term.clone #Don't change original

  #Remove common junk terms
  Geomash::Constants::JUNK_TERMS.each { |term| geo_term.gsub!(term, '') }

  #Strip any leading periods or commas from junk terms
  geo_term = geo_term.gsub(/^[\.,]+/, '').strip

  #Replace any four TGN dashes from removing a junk term
  geo_term = geo_term.gsub('----', '--')

  #Replace &gt; with commas
  geo_term = geo_term.gsub('&gt;', ',').gsub('>', ',')

  #Replace any semicolons with commas... possible strip them?
  geo_term = geo_term.gsub(';', ',')

  #Terms in paranthesis will cause some geographic parsers to freak out. Switch to commas instead.
  if geo_term.match(/[\(\)]+/)
    #Attempt to fix address if something like (word)
    if geo_term.match(/ \(+.*\)+/)
      #Make this replacement better?
      geo_term = geo_term.gsub(/ *\((?=[\S ]*\))/,', ')
      geo_term = geo_term.gsub(')', '')

      #Else skip this as data returned likely will be unreliable for now... FIXME when use case occurs.
    else
      return nil
    end
  end

  temp_term = []
  geo_term.split(',').each do |split_term|
    temp_term << split_term.strip if split_term.present?
  end
  geo_term = temp_term.join(', ')

  geo_term = geo_term.squeeze(',') #This may no longer bee needed wih th the above

  return geo_term
end

.strip_value(value) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/geomash/standardizer.rb', line 248

def self.strip_value(value)
  if(value.blank?)
    return nil
  else
    if value.class == Float || value.class == Fixnum
      value = value.to_i.to_s
    end

    # Make sure it is all UTF-8 and not character encodings or HTML tags and remove any cariage returns
    return utf8Encode(value)
  end
end

.try_with_entered_names(geo_hash) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/geomash/standardizer.rb', line 267

def self.try_with_entered_names(geo_hash)
  geo_hash_local = geo_hash.clone
  geo_hash_local[:tgn] = nil
  if geo_hash_local[:neighborhood_part].present?
     orig_string_check = geo_hash_local[:standardized_term].gsub(',', ' ').squish.split(' ').select { |value| value.downcase.to_ascii == geo_hash_local[:neighborhood_part].downcase.to_ascii}
     geo_hash_local[:neighborhood_part] = orig_string_check.first.strip if orig_string_check.present? && orig_string_check != geo_hash_local[:neighborhood_part]
     return geo_hash_local
  end

  if geo_hash_local[:city_part].present?
    orig_string_check = geo_hash_local[:standardized_term].gsub(',', ' ').squish.split(' ').select { |value| value.downcase.to_ascii == geo_hash_local[:city_part].downcase.to_ascii}
    geo_hash_local[:city_part] = orig_string_check.first.strip if orig_string_check.present?
    return geo_hash_local
  end


  if geo_hash_local[:state_part].present?
    orig_string_check = geo_hash_local[:standardized_term].gsub(',', ' ').squish.split(' ').select { |value| value.downcase.to_ascii == geo_hash_local[:state_part].downcase.to_ascii}
    geo_hash_local[:state_part] = orig_string_check.first.strip if orig_string_check.present?
    return geo_hash_local
  end

  return nil
end

.utf8Encode(value) ⇒ Object

TODO: Better name for this. Should be part of an overall helped gem.


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# File 'lib/geomash/standardizer.rb', line 262

def self.utf8Encode(value)
  return HTMLEntities.new.decode(ActionView::Base.full_sanitizer.sanitize(value.to_s.gsub(/\r?\n?\t/, ' ').gsub(/\r?\n/, ' ').gsub(/<br[\s]*\/>/,' '))).strip
end