Class: Cucumber::MultilineArgument::DataTable

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
Core::Ast::DescribesItself
Defined in:
lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb,
lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table/diff_matrices.rb

Overview

Step Definitions that match a plain text Step with a multiline argument table will receive it as an instance of Table. A Table object holds the data of a table parsed from a feature file and lets you access and manipulate the data in different ways.

For example:

Given I have:
  | a | b |
  | c | d |

And a matching StepDefinition:

Given /I have:/ do |table|
  data = table.raw
end

This will store [['a', 'b'], ['c', 'd']] in the data variable.

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: Builder, Cell, Cells, Different, SurplusCell

Constant Summary collapse

NULL_CONVERSIONS =
Hash.new({ :strict => false, :proc => lambda { |cell_value| cell_value } }).freeze

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(data, conversion_procs = NULL_CONVERSIONS.dup, header_mappings = {}, header_conversion_proc = nil) ⇒ DataTable

Returns a new instance of DataTable

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)


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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 84

def initialize(data, conversion_procs = NULL_CONVERSIONS.dup, header_mappings = {}, header_conversion_proc = nil)
  raise ArgumentError, 'data must be a Core::Ast::DataTable' unless data.is_a? Core::Ast::DataTable
  ast_table = data
  # Verify that it's square
  ast_table.transpose
  @cell_matrix = create_cell_matrix(ast_table)
  @conversion_procs = conversion_procs
  @header_mappings = header_mappings
  @header_conversion_proc = header_conversion_proc
  @ast_table = ast_table
end

Instance Attribute Details

#cell_matrixObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute cell_matrix



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 395

def cell_matrix
  @cell_matrix
end

#fileObject

Returns the value of attribute file



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 104

def file
  @file
end

Class Method Details

.default_arg_nameObject

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 33

def self.default_arg_name #:nodoc:
  'table'
end

.from(data, location = Core::Ast::Location.of_caller) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 38

def from(data, location = Core::Ast::Location.of_caller)
  case data
  when Array
    from_array(data, location)
  when String
    parse(data, location)
  else
    raise ArgumentError, 'expected data to be a String or an Array.'
  end
end

Instance Method Details

#append_to(array) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 96

def append_to(array)
  array << self
end

#cells_rowsObject

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 381

def cells_rows #:nodoc:
  @rows ||= cell_matrix.map do |cell_row|
    Cells.new(self, cell_row)
  end
end

#col_width(col) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 397

def col_width(col) #:nodoc:
  columns[col].__send__(:width)
end

#column_namesObject

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 202

def column_names #:nodoc:
  @col_names ||= cell_matrix[0].map(&:value)
end

#columnsObject

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 424

def columns #:nodoc:
  @columns ||= cell_matrix.transpose.map do |cell_row|
    Cells.new(self, cell_row)
  end
end

#description_for_visitorsObject



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 420

def description_for_visitors
  :legacy_table
end

#diff!(other_table, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Compares other_table to self. If other_table contains columns and/or rows that are not in self, new columns/rows are added at the relevant positions, marking the cells in those rows/columns as surplus. Likewise, if other_table lacks columns and/or rows that are present in self, these are marked as missing.

surplus and missing cells are recognised by formatters and displayed so that it's easy to read the differences.

Cells that are different, but look identical (for example the boolean true and the string “true”) are converted to their Object#inspect representation and preceded with (i) - to make it easier to identify where the difference actually is.

Since all tables that are passed to StepDefinitions always have String objects in their cells, you may want to use #map_column! before calling #diff!. You can use #map_column! on either of the tables.

A Different error is raised if there are missing rows or columns, or surplus rows. An error is not raised for surplus columns. An error is not raised for misplaced (out of sequence) columns. Whether to raise or not raise can be changed by setting values in options to true or false:

  • missing_row : Raise on missing rows (defaults to true)

  • surplus_row : Raise on surplus rows (defaults to true)

  • missing_col : Raise on missing columns (defaults to true)

  • surplus_col : Raise on surplus columns (defaults to false)

  • misplaced_col : Raise on misplaced columns (defaults to false)

The other_table argument can be another Table, an Array of Array or an Array of Hash (similar to the structure returned by #hashes).

Calling this method is particularly useful in Then steps that take a Table argument, if you want to compare that table to some actual values.



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 336

def diff!(other_table, options = {})
  other_table = ensure_table(other_table)
  other_table.convert_headers!
  other_table.convert_columns!

  convert_headers!
  convert_columns!

  DiffMatrices.new(cell_matrix, other_table.cell_matrix, options).call
end

#dupObject

Creates a copy of this table, inheriting any column and header mappings registered with #map_column! and #map_headers!.



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 113

def dup
  self.class.new(Core::Ast::DataTable.new(raw, location), @conversion_procs.dup, @header_mappings.dup, @header_conversion_proc)
end

#each_cells_row(&proc) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 212

def each_cells_row(&proc) #:nodoc:
  cells_rows.each(&proc)
end

#has_text?(text) ⇒ Boolean

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 377

def has_text?(text) #:nodoc:
  raw.flatten.compact.detect { |cell_value| cell_value.index(text) }
end

#hashesObject

Converts this table into an Array of Hash where the keys of each Hash are the headers in the table. For example, a Table built from the following plain text:

| a | b | sum |
| 2 | 3 | 5   |
| 7 | 9 | 16  |

Gets converted into the following:

[{'a' => '2', 'b' => '3', 'sum' => '5'}, {'a' => '7', 'b' => '9', 'sum' => '16'}]

Use #map_column! to specify how values in a column are converted.



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 146

def hashes
  @hashes ||= build_hashes
end

#header_cell(col) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 391

def header_cell(col) #:nodoc:
  cells_rows[0][col]
end

#headersObject

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 387

def headers #:nodoc:
  raw.first
end

#index(cells) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 365

def index(cells) #:nodoc:
  cells_rows.index(cells)
end

#locationObject



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 106

def location
  @ast_table.location
end

#map_column(column_name, strict = true, &conversion_proc) ⇒ Object

Returns a new Table with an additional column mapping. See #map_column!



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 294

def map_column(column_name, strict = true, &conversion_proc)
  conversion_procs = @conversion_procs.dup
  conversion_procs[column_name.to_s] = { :strict => strict, :proc => conversion_proc }
  self.class.new(Core::Ast::DataTable.new(raw, location), conversion_procs, @header_mappings.dup, @header_conversion_proc)
end

#map_column!(column_name, strict = true, &conversion_proc) ⇒ Object

Change how #hashes converts column values. The column_name argument identifies the column and conversion_proc performs the conversion for each cell in that column. If strict is true, an error will be raised if the column named column_name is not found. If strict is false, no error will be raised. Example:

Given /^an expense report for (.*) with the following posts:$/ do |table|
  posts_table.map_column!('amount') { |a| a.to_i }
  posts_table.hashes.each do |post|
    # post['amount'] is a Fixnum, rather than a String
  end
end


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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 287

def map_column!(column_name, strict = true, &conversion_proc)
  # TODO: Remove this method for 2.0
  @conversion_procs[column_name.to_s] = { :strict => strict, :proc => conversion_proc }
  self
end

#map_headers(mappings = {}, &block) ⇒ Object

Returns a new Table where the headers are redefined. See #map_headers!



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 271

def map_headers(mappings = {}, &block)
  self.class.new(Core::Ast::DataTable.new(raw, location), @conversion_procs.dup, mappings, block)
end

#map_headers!(mappings = {}, &block) ⇒ Object

Redefines the table headers. This makes it possible to use prettier and more flexible header names in the features. The keys of mappings are Strings or regular expressions (anything that responds to #=== will work) that may match column headings in the table. The values of mappings are desired names for the columns.

Example:

| Phone Number | Address |
| 123456       | xyz     |
| 345678       | abc     |

A StepDefinition receiving this table can then map the columns with both Regexp and String:

table.map_headers!(/phone( number)?/i => :phone, 'Address' => :address)
table.hashes
# => [{:phone => '123456', :address => 'xyz'}, {:phone => '345678', :address => 'abc'}]

You may also pass in a block if you wish to convert all of the headers:

table.map_headers! { |header| header.downcase }
table.hashes.keys
# => ['phone number', 'address']

When a block is passed in along with a hash then the mappings in the hash take precendence:

table.map_headers!('Address' => 'ADDRESS') { |header| header.downcase }
table.hashes.keys
# => ['phone number', 'ADDRESS']


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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 263

def map_headers!(mappings = {}, &block)
  # TODO: Remove this method for 2.0
  clear_cache!
  @header_mappings = mappings
  @header_conversion_proc = block
end

#match(pattern) ⇒ Object

Matches pattern against the header row of the table. This is used especially for argument transforms.

Example:

| column_1_name | column_2_name |
| x             | y             |

table.match(/table:column_1_name,column_2_name/) #=> non-nil

Note: must use 'table:' prefix on match



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 226

def match(pattern)
  header_to_match = "table:#{headers.join(',')}"
  pattern.match(header_to_match)
end

#rawObject

Gets the raw data of this table. For example, a Table built from the following plain text:

| a | b |
| c | d |

gets converted into the following:

[['a', 'b'], ['c', 'd']]


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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 196

def raw
  cell_matrix.map do |row|
    row.map(&:value)
  end
end

#rowsObject



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 206

def rows
  hashes.map do |hash|
    hash.values_at *headers
  end
end

#rows_hashObject

Converts this table into a Hash where the first column is used as keys and the second column is used as values

| a | 2 |
| b | 3 |

Gets converted into the following:

{'a' => '2', 'b' => '3'}

The table must be exactly two columns wide



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 180

def rows_hash
  return @rows_hash if @rows_hash
  verify_table_width(2)
  @rows_hash = self.transpose.hashes[0]
end

#symbolic_hashesObject

Converts this table into an Array of Hashes where the keys are symbols. For example, a Table built from the following plain text:

| foo | Bar | Foo Bar |
| 2   | 3   | 5       |
| 7   | 9   | 16      |

Gets converted into the following:

[{:foo => '2', :bar => '3', :foo_bar => '5'}, {:foo => '7', :bar => '9', :foo_bar => '16'}]


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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 161

def symbolic_hashes
  @symbolic_hashes ||=
    self.hashes.map do |string_hash|
      Hash[string_hash.map { |a, b| [symbolize_key(a), b] }]
    end
end

#to_hash(cells) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 355

def to_hash(cells) #:nodoc:
  hash = Hash.new do |hash, key|
    hash[key.to_s] if key.is_a?(Symbol)
  end
  column_names.each_with_index do |column_name, column_index|
    hash[column_name] = cells.value(column_index)
  end
  hash
end

#to_json(*args) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 430

def to_json(*args)
  raw.to_json(*args)
end

#to_s(options = {}) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 401

def to_s(options = {}) #:nodoc:
  # TODO: factor out this code so we don't depend on such a big lump of old cruft
  require 'cucumber/formatter/pretty'
  require 'cucumber/formatter/legacy_api/adapter'
  options = {:color => true, :indent => 2, :prefixes => TO_S_PREFIXES}.merge(options)
  io = StringIO.new

  c = Cucumber::Term::ANSIColor.coloring?
  Cucumber::Term::ANSIColor.coloring = options[:color]
  runtime = Struct.new(:configuration).new(Configuration.new)
  formatter = Formatter::Pretty.new(runtime, io, options)
  formatter.instance_variable_set('@indent', options[:indent])
  Formatter::LegacyApi::Ast::MultilineArg.for(self).accept(Formatter::Fanout.new([formatter]))
  Cucumber::Term::ANSIColor.coloring = c
  io.rewind
  s = "\n" + io.read + (' ' * (options[:indent] - 2))
  s
end

#to_step_definition_argObject



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 100

def to_step_definition_arg
  dup
end

#transposeObject

Returns a new, transposed table. Example:

| a | 7 | 4 |
| b | 9 | 2 |

Gets converted into the following:

| a | b |
| 7 | 9 |
| 4 | 2 |


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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 128

def transpose
  self.class.new(Core::Ast::DataTable.new(raw.transpose, location), @conversion_procs.dup, @header_mappings.dup, @header_conversion_proc)
end

#verify_column(column_name) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 369

def verify_column(column_name) #:nodoc:
  raise %{The column named "#{column_name}" does not exist} unless raw[0].include?(column_name)
end

#verify_table_width(width) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/cucumber/multiline_argument/data_table.rb', line 373

def verify_table_width(width) #:nodoc:
  raise %{The table must have exactly #{width} columns} unless raw[0].size == width
end