Module: ChunkyPNG::Color

Extended by:
Color
Included in:
Color
Defined in:
lib/chunky_png/color.rb

Overview

The Color module defines methods for handling colors. Within the ChunkyPNG library, the concepts of pixels and colors are both used, and they are both represented by a Integer.

Pixels/colors are represented in RGBA components. Each of the four components is stored with a depth of 8 bits (maximum value = 255 = MAX). Together, these components are stored in a 4-byte Integer.

A color will always be represented using these 4 components in memory. When the image is encoded, a more suitable representation can be used (e.g. rgb, grayscale, palette-based), for which several conversion methods are provided in this module.

Constant Summary collapse

MAX =

Returns The maximum value of each color component.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The maximum value of each color component.

0xff
MAX_EUCLIDEAN_DISTANCE_RGBA =

Could be simplified as MAX * 2, but this format mirrors the math in #euclidean_distance_rgba

Returns:

  • (Float)

    The maximum Euclidean distance of two RGBA colors.

Math.sqrt(MAX**2 * 4)
PREDEFINED_COLORS =

Returns All the predefined color names in HTML.

Returns:

  • (Hash<Symbol, Integer>)

    All the predefined color names in HTML.

{
  aliceblue: 0xf0f8ff00,
  antiquewhite: 0xfaebd700,
  aqua: 0x00ffff00,
  aquamarine: 0x7fffd400,
  azure: 0xf0ffff00,
  beige: 0xf5f5dc00,
  bisque: 0xffe4c400,
  black: 0x00000000,
  blanchedalmond: 0xffebcd00,
  blue: 0x0000ff00,
  blueviolet: 0x8a2be200,
  brown: 0xa52a2a00,
  burlywood: 0xdeb88700,
  cadetblue: 0x5f9ea000,
  chartreuse: 0x7fff0000,
  chocolate: 0xd2691e00,
  coral: 0xff7f5000,
  cornflowerblue: 0x6495ed00,
  cornsilk: 0xfff8dc00,
  crimson: 0xdc143c00,
  cyan: 0x00ffff00,
  darkblue: 0x00008b00,
  darkcyan: 0x008b8b00,
  darkgoldenrod: 0xb8860b00,
  darkgray: 0xa9a9a900,
  darkgrey: 0xa9a9a900,
  darkgreen: 0x00640000,
  darkkhaki: 0xbdb76b00,
  darkmagenta: 0x8b008b00,
  darkolivegreen: 0x556b2f00,
  darkorange: 0xff8c0000,
  darkorchid: 0x9932cc00,
  darkred: 0x8b000000,
  darksalmon: 0xe9967a00,
  darkseagreen: 0x8fbc8f00,
  darkslateblue: 0x483d8b00,
  darkslategray: 0x2f4f4f00,
  darkslategrey: 0x2f4f4f00,
  darkturquoise: 0x00ced100,
  darkviolet: 0x9400d300,
  deeppink: 0xff149300,
  deepskyblue: 0x00bfff00,
  dimgray: 0x69696900,
  dimgrey: 0x69696900,
  dodgerblue: 0x1e90ff00,
  firebrick: 0xb2222200,
  floralwhite: 0xfffaf000,
  forestgreen: 0x228b2200,
  fuchsia: 0xff00ff00,
  gainsboro: 0xdcdcdc00,
  ghostwhite: 0xf8f8ff00,
  gold: 0xffd70000,
  goldenrod: 0xdaa52000,
  gray: 0x80808000,
  grey: 0x80808000,
  green: 0x00800000,
  greenyellow: 0xadff2f00,
  honeydew: 0xf0fff000,
  hotpink: 0xff69b400,
  indianred: 0xcd5c5c00,
  indigo: 0x4b008200,
  ivory: 0xfffff000,
  khaki: 0xf0e68c00,
  lavender: 0xe6e6fa00,
  lavenderblush: 0xfff0f500,
  lawngreen: 0x7cfc0000,
  lemonchiffon: 0xfffacd00,
  lightblue: 0xadd8e600,
  lightcoral: 0xf0808000,
  lightcyan: 0xe0ffff00,
  lightgoldenrodyellow: 0xfafad200,
  lightgray: 0xd3d3d300,
  lightgrey: 0xd3d3d300,
  lightgreen: 0x90ee9000,
  lightpink: 0xffb6c100,
  lightsalmon: 0xffa07a00,
  lightseagreen: 0x20b2aa00,
  lightskyblue: 0x87cefa00,
  lightslategray: 0x77889900,
  lightslategrey: 0x77889900,
  lightsteelblue: 0xb0c4de00,
  lightyellow: 0xffffe000,
  lime: 0x00ff0000,
  limegreen: 0x32cd3200,
  linen: 0xfaf0e600,
  magenta: 0xff00ff00,
  maroon: 0x80000000,
  mediumaquamarine: 0x66cdaa00,
  mediumblue: 0x0000cd00,
  mediumorchid: 0xba55d300,
  mediumpurple: 0x9370d800,
  mediumseagreen: 0x3cb37100,
  mediumslateblue: 0x7b68ee00,
  mediumspringgreen: 0x00fa9a00,
  mediumturquoise: 0x48d1cc00,
  mediumvioletred: 0xc7158500,
  midnightblue: 0x19197000,
  mintcream: 0xf5fffa00,
  mistyrose: 0xffe4e100,
  moccasin: 0xffe4b500,
  navajowhite: 0xffdead00,
  navy: 0x00008000,
  oldlace: 0xfdf5e600,
  olive: 0x80800000,
  olivedrab: 0x6b8e2300,
  orange: 0xffa50000,
  orangered: 0xff450000,
  orchid: 0xda70d600,
  palegoldenrod: 0xeee8aa00,
  palegreen: 0x98fb9800,
  paleturquoise: 0xafeeee00,
  palevioletred: 0xd8709300,
  papayawhip: 0xffefd500,
  peachpuff: 0xffdab900,
  peru: 0xcd853f00,
  pink: 0xffc0cb00,
  plum: 0xdda0dd00,
  powderblue: 0xb0e0e600,
  purple: 0x80008000,
  red: 0xff000000,
  rosybrown: 0xbc8f8f00,
  royalblue: 0x4169e100,
  saddlebrown: 0x8b451300,
  salmon: 0xfa807200,
  sandybrown: 0xf4a46000,
  seagreen: 0x2e8b5700,
  seashell: 0xfff5ee00,
  sienna: 0xa0522d00,
  silver: 0xc0c0c000,
  skyblue: 0x87ceeb00,
  slateblue: 0x6a5acd00,
  slategray: 0x70809000,
  slategrey: 0x70809000,
  snow: 0xfffafa00,
  springgreen: 0x00ff7f00,
  steelblue: 0x4682b400,
  tan: 0xd2b48c00,
  teal: 0x00808000,
  thistle: 0xd8bfd800,
  tomato: 0xff634700,
  turquoise: 0x40e0d000,
  violet: 0xee82ee00,
  wheat: 0xf5deb300,
  white: 0xffffff00,
  whitesmoke: 0xf5f5f500,
  yellow: 0xffff0000,
  yellowgreen: 0x9acd3200,
}
BLACK =

Returns Black pixel/color.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    Black pixel/color

rgb(0, 0, 0)
WHITE =

Returns White pixel/color.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    White pixel/color

rgb(255, 255, 255)
TRANSPARENT =

Returns Fully transparent pixel/color.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    Fully transparent pixel/color

rgba(0, 0, 0, 0)

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#a(value) ⇒ Integer

Returns the alpha channel value for the color value.

Parameters:

  • value (Integer)

    The color value.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    A value between 0 and MAX.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 298

def a(value)
  value & 0x000000ff
end

#alpha_decomposable?(color, mask, bg, tolerance = 1) ⇒ Boolean

Checks whether an alpha channel value can successfully be composed given the resulting color, the mask color and a background color, all of which should be opaque.

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The color that was the result of compositing.

  • mask (Integer)

    The opaque variant of the color that was being composed

  • bg (Integer)

    The background color on which the color was composed.

  • tolerance (Integer) (defaults to: 1)

    The decomposition tolerance level, a value between 0 and 255.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    True if the alpha component can be decomposed successfully.

See Also:


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 502

def alpha_decomposable?(color, mask, bg, tolerance = 1)
  components = decompose_alpha_components(color, mask, bg)
  sum = components.inject(0) { |a, b| a + b }
  max = components.max * 3
  components.max <= 255 && components.min >= 0 && (sum + tolerance * 3) >= max
end

#b(value) ⇒ Integer

Returns the blue-component from the color value.

Parameters:

  • value (Integer)

    The color value.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    A value between 0 and MAX.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 290

def b(value)
  (value & 0x0000ff00) >> 8
end

#blend(fg, bg) ⇒ Integer

Blends the foreground and background color by taking the average of the components.

Parameters:

  • fg (Integer)

    The foreground color.

  • bg (Integer)

    The foreground color.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The blended color.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 405

def blend(fg, bg)
  (fg + bg) >> 1
end

#compose_precise(fg, bg) ⇒ Integer

Composes two colors with an alpha channel using floating point math.

This method uses more precise floating point math, but this precision is lost when the result is converted back to an integer. Because it is slower than the version based on integer math, that version is preferred.

Parameters:

  • fg (Integer)

    The foreground color.

  • bg (Integer)

    The background color.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The composited color.

See Also:


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 382

def compose_precise(fg, bg)
  return fg if opaque?(fg) || fully_transparent?(bg)
  return bg if fully_transparent?(fg)

  fg_a  = a(fg).to_f / MAX
  bg_a  = a(bg).to_f / MAX
  a_com = (1.0 - fg_a) * bg_a

  new_r = (fg_a * r(fg) + a_com * r(bg)).round
  new_g = (fg_a * g(fg) + a_com * g(bg)).round
  new_b = (fg_a * b(fg) + a_com * b(bg)).round
  new_a = ((fg_a + a_com) * MAX).round
  rgba(new_r, new_g, new_b, new_a)
end

#compose_quick(fg, bg) ⇒ Integer Also known as: compose

Composes two colors with an alpha channel using integer math.

This version is faster than the version based on floating point math, so this compositing function is used by default.

Parameters:

  • fg (Integer)

    The foreground color.

  • bg (Integer)

    The background color.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The composited color.

See Also:


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 360

def compose_quick(fg, bg)
  return fg if opaque?(fg) || fully_transparent?(bg)
  return bg if fully_transparent?(fg)

  a_com = int8_mult(0xff - a(fg), a(bg))
  new_r = int8_mult(a(fg), r(fg)) + int8_mult(a_com, r(bg))
  new_g = int8_mult(a(fg), g(fg)) + int8_mult(a_com, g(bg))
  new_b = int8_mult(a(fg), b(fg)) + int8_mult(a_com, b(bg))
  new_a = a(fg) + a_com
  rgba(new_r, new_g, new_b, new_a)
end

#decompose_alpha(color, mask, bg) ⇒ Integer

Decomposes the alpha channel value given the resulting color, the mask color and a background color, all of which should be opaque.

Make sure to call #alpha_decomposable? first to see if the alpha channel value can successfully decomposed with a given tolerance, otherwise the return value of this method is undefined.

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The color that was the result of compositing.

  • mask (Integer)

    The opaque variant of the color that was being composed

  • bg (Integer)

    The background color on which the color was composed.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The best fitting alpha channel, a value between 0 and 255.

See Also:


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 523

def decompose_alpha(color, mask, bg)
  components = decompose_alpha_components(color, mask, bg)
  (components.inject(0) { |a, b| a + b } / 3.0).round
end

#decompose_alpha_component(channel, color, mask, bg) ⇒ Integer

Decomposes an alpha channel for either the r, g or b color channel.

Parameters:

  • channel (:r, :g, :b)

    The channel to decompose the alpha channel from.

  • color (Integer)

    The color that was the result of compositing.

  • mask (Integer)

    The opaque variant of the color that was being composed

  • bg (Integer)

    The background color on which the color was composed.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The decomposed alpha value for the channel.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 536

def decompose_alpha_component(channel, color, mask, bg)
  cc, mc, bc = send(channel, color), send(channel, mask), send(channel, bg)

  return 0x00 if bc == cc
  return 0xff if bc == mc
  return 0xff if cc == mc

  (((bc - cc).to_f / (bc - mc).to_f) * MAX).round
end

#decompose_alpha_components(color, mask, bg) ⇒ Array<Integer>

Decomposes the alpha channels for the r, g and b color channel.

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The color that was the result of compositing.

  • mask (Integer)

    The opaque variant of the color that was being composed

  • bg (Integer)

    The background color on which the color was composed.

Returns:

  • (Array<Integer>)

    The decomposed alpha values for the r, g and b channels.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 553

def decompose_alpha_components(color, mask, bg)
  [
    decompose_alpha_component(:r, color, mask, bg),
    decompose_alpha_component(:g, color, mask, bg),
    decompose_alpha_component(:b, color, mask, bg),
  ]
end

#decompose_color(color, mask, bg, tolerance = 1) ⇒ Integer

Decomposes a color, given a color, a mask color and a background color. The returned color will be a variant of the mask color, with the alpha channel set to the best fitting value. This basically is the reverse operation if alpha composition.

If the color cannot be decomposed, this method will return the fully transparent variant of the mask color.

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The color that was the result of compositing.

  • mask (Integer)

    The opaque variant of the color that was being composed

  • bg (Integer)

    The background color on which the color was composed.

  • tolerance (Integer) (defaults to: 1)

    The decomposition tolerance level, a value between 0 and 255.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The decomposed color, a variant of the masked color with the alpha channel set to an appropriate value.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 481

def decompose_color(color, mask, bg, tolerance = 1)
  if alpha_decomposable?(color, mask, bg, tolerance)
    mask & 0xffffff00 | decompose_alpha(color, mask, bg)
  else
    mask & 0xffffff00
  end
end

#euclidean_distance_rgba(pixel_after, pixel_before) ⇒ Float

Compute the Euclidean distance between 2 colors in RGBA

This method simply takes the Euclidean distance between the RGBA channels of 2 colors, which gives us a measure of how different the two colors are.

Although it would be more perceptually accurate to calculate a proper Delta E in Lab colorspace, this method should serve many use-cases while avoiding the overhead of converting RGBA to Lab.

Parameters:

  • pixel_after (Integer)
  • pixel_before (Integer)

Returns:

  • (Float)

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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 721

def euclidean_distance_rgba(pixel_after, pixel_before)
  return 0.0 if pixel_after == pixel_before

  Math.sqrt(
    (r(pixel_after) - r(pixel_before))**2 +
    (g(pixel_after) - g(pixel_before))**2 +
    (b(pixel_after) - b(pixel_before))**2 +
    (a(pixel_after) - a(pixel_before))**2
  )
end

#fade(color, factor) ⇒ Integer

Lowers the intensity of a color, by lowering its alpha by a given factor.

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The color to adjust.

  • factor (Integer)

    Fade factor as an integer between 0 and 255.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The faded color.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 460

def fade(color, factor)
  new_alpha = int8_mult(a(color), factor)
  (color & 0xffffff00) | new_alpha
end

#from_hex(hex_value, opacity = nil) ⇒ Integer

Creates a color by converting it from a string in hex notation.

It supports colors with (#rrggbbaa) or without (#rrggbb) alpha channel as well as the 3-digit short format (#rgb) for those without. Color strings may include the prefix “0x” or “#”.

Parameters:

  • hex_value (String)

    The color in hex notation.

  • opacity (Integer) (defaults to: nil)

    The opacity value for the color. Overrides any opacity value given in the hex value if given.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The color value.

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)

    if the value given is not a hex color notation.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 165

def from_hex(hex_value, opacity = nil)
  base_color = case hex_value
    when HEX3_COLOR_REGEXP
      $1.gsub(/([0-9a-f])/i, '\1\1').hex << 8
    when HEX6_COLOR_REGEXP
      $1.hex << 8
    else
      raise ArgumentError, "Not a valid hex color notation: #{hex_value.inspect}!"
  end
  opacity ||= $2 ? $2.hex : 0xff
  base_color | opacity
end

#from_hsl(hue, saturation, lightness, alpha = 255) ⇒ Integer

Creates a new color from an HSL triple.

This implementation follows the modern convention of 0 degrees hue indicating red.

Parameters:

  • hue (Fixnum)

    The hue component (0-360)

  • saturation (Fixnum)

    The saturation component (0-1)

  • lightness (Fixnum)

    The lightness component (0-1)

  • alpha (Fixnum) (defaults to: 255)

    Defaults to opaque (255).

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The newly constructed color value.

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)

    if the hsl triple is invalid.

See Also:


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 218

def from_hsl(hue, saturation, lightness, alpha = 255)
  raise ArgumentError, "Hue #{hue} was not between 0 and 360" unless (0..360).cover?(hue)
  raise ArgumentError, "Saturation #{saturation} was not between 0 and 1" unless (0..1).cover?(saturation)
  raise ArgumentError, "Lightness #{lightness} was not between 0 and 1" unless (0..1).cover?(lightness)

  chroma = (1 - (2 * lightness - 1).abs) * saturation
  rgb    = cylindrical_to_cubic(hue, saturation, lightness, chroma)
  rgb.map! { |component| ((component + lightness - 0.5 * chroma) * 255).to_i }
  rgb << alpha
  rgba(*rgb)
end

#from_hsv(hue, saturation, value, alpha = 255) ⇒ Integer Also known as: from_hsb

Creates a new color from an HSV triple.

Create a new color using an HSV (sometimes also called HSB) triple. The words `value` and `brightness` are used interchangeably and synonymously in descriptions of this colorspace. This implementation follows the modern convention of 0 degrees hue indicating red.

Parameters:

  • hue (Fixnum)

    The hue component (0-360)

  • saturation (Fixnum)

    The saturation component (0-1)

  • value (Fixnum)

    The value (brightness) component (0-1)

  • alpha (Fixnum) (defaults to: 255)

    Defaults to opaque (255).

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The newly constructed color value.

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)

    if the hsv triple is invalid.

See Also:


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 192

def from_hsv(hue, saturation, value, alpha = 255)
  raise ArgumentError, "Hue must be between 0 and 360" unless (0..360).cover?(hue)
  raise ArgumentError, "Saturation must be between 0 and 1" unless (0..1).cover?(saturation)
  raise ArgumentError, "Value/brightness must be between 0 and 1" unless (0..1).cover?(value)

  chroma = value * saturation
  rgb    = cylindrical_to_cubic(hue, saturation, value, chroma)
  rgb.map! { |component| ((component + value - chroma) * 255).to_i }
  rgb << alpha
  rgba(*rgb)
end

#from_rgb_stream(stream, pos = 0) ⇒ Integer

Creates a color by unpacking an rgb triple from a string.

Parameters:

  • stream (String)

    The string to load the color from. It should be at least 3 + pos bytes long.

  • pos (Integer) (defaults to: 0)

    The position in the string to load the triple from.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The newly constructed color value.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 140

def from_rgb_stream(stream, pos = 0)
  rgb(*stream.unpack("@#{pos}C3"))
end

#from_rgba_stream(stream, pos = 0) ⇒ Integer

Creates a color by unpacking an rgba triple from a string

Parameters:

  • stream (String)

    The string to load the color from. It should be at least 4 + pos bytes long.

  • pos (Integer) (defaults to: 0)

    The position in the string to load the triple from.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The newly constructed color value.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 150

def from_rgba_stream(stream, pos = 0)
  rgba(*stream.unpack("@#{pos}C4"))
end

#fully_transparent?(value) ⇒ true, false

Returns true if this color is fully transparent.

Parameters:

  • value (Integer)

    The color to test.

Returns:

  • (true, false)

    True if the alpha channel equals 0.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 329

def fully_transparent?(value)
  a(value) == 0x00000000
end

#g(value) ⇒ Integer

Returns the green-component from the color value.

Parameters:

  • value (Integer)

    The color value.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    A value between 0 and MAX.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 282

def g(value)
  (value & 0x00ff0000) >> 16
end

#grayscale(teint) ⇒ Integer

Creates a new color using a grayscale teint.

Parameters:

  • teint (Integer)

    The grayscale teint (0-255), will be used as r, g, and b value.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The newly constructed color value.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 117

def grayscale(teint)
  teint << 24 | teint << 16 | teint << 8 | 0xff
end

#grayscale?(value) ⇒ true, false

Returns true if this color is fully transparent.

Parameters:

  • value (Integer)

    The color to test.

Returns:

  • (true, false)

    True if the r, g and b component are equal.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 321

def grayscale?(value)
  r(value) == b(value) && b(value) == g(value)
end

#grayscale_alpha(teint, a) ⇒ Integer

Creates a new color using a grayscale teint and alpha value.

Parameters:

  • teint (Integer)

    The grayscale teint (0-255), will be used as r, g, and b value.

  • a (Integer)

    The opacity (0-255)

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The newly constructed color value.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 126

def grayscale_alpha(teint, a)
  teint << 24 | teint << 16 | teint << 8 | a
end

#grayscale_teint(color) ⇒ Integer

Calculates the grayscale teint of an RGB color.

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The color to convert.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The grayscale teint of the input color, 0-255.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 437

def grayscale_teint(color)
  (r(color) * 0.3 + g(color) * 0.59 + b(color) * 0.11).round
end

#html_color(color_name, opacity = nil) ⇒ Integer

Gets a color value based on a HTML color name.

The color name is flexible. E.g. 'yellowgreen', 'Yellow green', 'YellowGreen', 'YELLOW_GREEN' and :yellow_green will all return the same color value.

You can include a opacity level in the color name (e.g. 'red @ 0.5') or give an explicit opacity value as second argument. If no opacity value is given, the color will be fully opaque.

Parameters:

  • color_name (Symbol, String)

    The color name. It may include an opacity specifier like @ 0.8 to set the color's opacity.

  • opacity (Integer) (defaults to: nil)

    The opacity value for the color between 0 and

    1. Overrides any opacity value given in the color name.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The color value.

Raises:


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 908

def html_color(color_name, opacity = nil)
  if color_name.to_s =~ HTML_COLOR_REGEXP
    opacity ||= $2 ? ($2.to_f * 255.0).round : 0xff
    base_color_name = $1.gsub(/[^a-z]+/i, "").downcase.to_sym
    return PREDEFINED_COLORS[base_color_name] | opacity if PREDEFINED_COLORS.key?(base_color_name)
  end
  raise ArgumentError, "Unknown color name #{color_name}!"
end

#int8_mult(a, b) ⇒ Integer

Multiplies two fractions using integer math, where the fractions are stored using an integer between 0 and 255. This method is used as a helper method for compositing colors using integer math.

This is a quicker implementation of ((a * b) / 255.0).round.

Parameters:

  • a (Integer)

    The first fraction.

  • b (Integer)

    The second fraction.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The result of the multiplication.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 346

def int8_mult(a, b)
  t = a * b + 0x80
  ((t >> 8) + t) >> 8
end

#interpolate_quick(fg, bg, alpha) ⇒ Integer

Interpolates the foreground and background colors by the given alpha value. This also blends the alpha channels themselves.

A blending factor of 255 will give entirely the foreground, while a blending factor of 0 will give the background.

Parameters:

  • fg (Integer)

    The foreground color.

  • bg (Integer)

    The background color.

  • alpha (Integer)

    The blending factor (fixed 8bit)

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The interpolated color.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 419

def interpolate_quick(fg, bg, alpha)
  return fg if alpha >= 255
  return bg if alpha <= 0

  alpha_com = 255 - alpha

  new_r = int8_mult(alpha, r(fg)) + int8_mult(alpha_com, r(bg))
  new_g = int8_mult(alpha, g(fg)) + int8_mult(alpha_com, g(bg))
  new_b = int8_mult(alpha, b(fg)) + int8_mult(alpha_com, b(bg))
  new_a = int8_mult(alpha, a(fg)) + int8_mult(alpha_com, a(bg))

  rgba(new_r, new_g, new_b, new_a)
end

#opaque!(value) ⇒ Integer

Returns the opaque value of this color by removing the alpha channel.

Parameters:

  • value (Integer)

    The color to transform.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The opaque color


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 313

def opaque!(value)
  value | 0x000000ff
end

#opaque?(value) ⇒ true, false

Returns true if this color is fully opaque.

Parameters:

  • value (Integer)

    The color to test.

Returns:

  • (true, false)

    True if the alpha channel equals MAX.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 306

def opaque?(value)
  a(value) == 0x000000ff
end

#parse(source) ⇒ Integer

Parses a color value given a numeric or string argument.

It supports color numbers, colors in hex notation and named HTML colors.

Parameters:

  • source (Integer, String)

    The color value.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The color value, with the opacity applied if one was given.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 84

def parse(source)
  return source if source.is_a?(Integer)
  case source.to_s
    when /^\d+$/ then source.to_s.to_i
    when HEX3_COLOR_REGEXP, HEX6_COLOR_REGEXP then from_hex(source.to_s)
    when HTML_COLOR_REGEXP then html_color(source.to_s)
    else raise ArgumentError, "Don't know how to create a color from #{source.inspect}!"
  end
end

#pass_bytesize(color_mode, depth, width, height) ⇒ Integer

Returns the number of bytes used for an image pass

Parameters:

  • color_mode (Integer)

    The color mode in which the pixels are stored.

  • depth (Integer)

    The color depth of the pixels.

  • width (Integer)

    The width of the image pass.

  • height (Integer)

    The height of the image pass.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The number of bytes used per scanline in a datastream.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 983

def pass_bytesize(color_mode, depth, width, height)
  return 0 if width == 0 || height == 0
  (scanline_bytesize(color_mode, depth, width) + 1) * height
end

#pixel_bitsize(color_mode, depth = 8) ⇒ Integer

Returns the size in bits of a pixel when it is stored using a given color mode.

Parameters:

  • color_mode (Integer)

    The color mode in which the pixels are stored.

  • depth (Integer) (defaults to: 8)

    The color depth of the pixels.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The number of bytes used per pixel in a datastream.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 962

def pixel_bitsize(color_mode, depth = 8)
  samples_per_pixel(color_mode) * depth
end

#pixel_bytesize(color_mode, depth = 8) ⇒ Integer

Returns the size in bytes of a pixel when it is stored using a given color mode.

Parameters:

  • color_mode (Integer)

    The color mode in which the pixels are stored.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The number of bytes used per pixel in a datastream.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 950

def pixel_bytesize(color_mode, depth = 8)
  return 1 if depth < 8
  (pixel_bitsize(color_mode, depth) + 7) >> 3
end

#r(value) ⇒ Integer

Returns the red-component from the color value.

Parameters:

  • value (Integer)

    The color value.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    A value between 0 and MAX.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 274

def r(value)
  (value & 0xff000000) >> 24
end

#rgb(r, g, b) ⇒ Integer

Creates a new color using an r, g, b triple.

Parameters:

  • r (Integer)

    The r-component (0-255)

  • g (Integer)

    The g-component (0-255)

  • b (Integer)

    The b-component (0-255)

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The newly constructed color value.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 109

def rgb(r, g, b)
  r << 24 | g << 16 | b << 8 | 0xff
end

#rgba(r, g, b, a) ⇒ Integer

Creates a new color using an r, g, b triple and an alpha value.

Parameters:

  • r (Integer)

    The r-component (0-255)

  • g (Integer)

    The g-component (0-255)

  • b (Integer)

    The b-component (0-255)

  • a (Integer)

    The opacity (0-255)

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The newly constructed color value.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 100

def rgba(r, g, b, a)
  r << 24 | g << 16 | b << 8 | a
end

#samples_per_pixel(color_mode) ⇒ Integer

Returns the number of sample values per pixel.

Parameters:

  • color_mode (Integer)

    The color mode being used.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The number of sample values per pixel.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 933

def samples_per_pixel(color_mode)
  case color_mode
    when ChunkyPNG::COLOR_INDEXED         then 1
    when ChunkyPNG::COLOR_TRUECOLOR       then 3
    when ChunkyPNG::COLOR_TRUECOLOR_ALPHA then 4
    when ChunkyPNG::COLOR_GRAYSCALE       then 1
    when ChunkyPNG::COLOR_GRAYSCALE_ALPHA then 2
    else raise ChunkyPNG::NotSupported, "Don't know the number of samples for this colormode: #{color_mode}!"
  end
end

#scanline_bytesize(color_mode, depth, width) ⇒ Integer

Returns the number of bytes used per scanline.

Parameters:

  • color_mode (Integer)

    The color mode in which the pixels are stored.

  • depth (Integer)

    The color depth of the pixels.

  • width (Integer)

    The number of pixels per scanline.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The number of bytes used per scanline in a datastream.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 972

def scanline_bytesize(color_mode, depth, width)
  ((pixel_bitsize(color_mode, depth) * width) + 7) >> 3
end

#to_grayscale(color) ⇒ Integer

Converts a color to a fiting grayscale value. It will conserve the alpha channel.

This method will return a full color value, with the R, G, and B value set to the grayscale teint calcuated from the input color's R, G and B values.

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The color to convert.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

    The input color, converted to the best fitting grayscale.

See Also:


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 452

def to_grayscale(color)
  grayscale_alpha(grayscale_teint(color), a(color))
end

#to_grayscale_alpha_bytes(color) ⇒ Array<Integer>

Returns an array with the grayscale teint and alpha channel values for this color.

This method expects the color to be grayscale, i.e. r, g, and b value to be equal and uses only the B channel. If you need to convert a color to grayscale first, see #to_grayscale.

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The grayscale color to convert.

Returns:

  • (Array<Integer>)

    An array with 2 Integer elements.

See Also:


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 700

def to_grayscale_alpha_bytes(color)
  [b(color), a(color)] # assumption r == g == b
end

#to_grayscale_bytes(color) ⇒ Array<Integer>

Returns an array with the grayscale teint value for this color.

This method expects the r, g, and b value to be equal, and the alpha channel will be discarded.

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The grayscale color to convert.

Returns:

  • (Array<Integer>)

    An array with 1 Integer element.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 686

def to_grayscale_bytes(color)
  [b(color)] # assumption r == g == b
end

#to_hex(color, include_alpha = true) ⇒ String

Returns a string representing this color using hex notation (i.e. #rrggbbaa).

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The color to convert.

  • include_alpha (Boolean) (defaults to: true)

Returns:

  • (String)

    The color in hex notation, starting with a pound sign.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 571

def to_hex(color, include_alpha = true)
  include_alpha ? ("#%08x" % color) : ("#%06x" % [color >> 8])
end

#to_hsl(color, include_alpha = false) ⇒ Array<Fixnum>[0], ...

Returns an array with the separate HSL components of a color.

Because ChunkyPNG internally handles colors as Integers for performance reasons, some rounding occurs when importing or exporting HSL colors whose coordinates are float-based. Because of this rounding, #to_hsl and #from_hsl may not be perfect inverses.

This implementation follows the modern convention of 0 degrees hue indicating red.

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The ChunkyPNG color to convert.

  • include_alpha (Boolean) (defaults to: false)

    Flag indicates whether a fourth element representing alpha channel should be included in the returned array.

Returns:

  • (Array<Fixnum>[0])

    The hue of the color (0-360)

  • (Array<Fixnum>[1])

    The saturation of the color (0-1)

  • (Array<Fixnum>[2])

    The lightness of the color (0-1)

  • (Array<Fixnum>[3])

    Optional fourth element for alpha, included if include_alpha=true (0-255)

See Also:


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 623

def to_hsl(color, include_alpha = false)
  hue, chroma, max, min = hue_and_chroma(color)
  lightness  = 0.5 * (max + min)
  saturation = chroma.zero? ? 0.0 : chroma.fdiv(1 - (2 * lightness - 1).abs)

  include_alpha ? [hue, saturation, lightness, a(color)] :
                  [hue, saturation, lightness]
end

#to_hsv(color, include_alpha = false) ⇒ Array[0], ... Also known as: to_hsb

Returns an array with the separate HSV components of a color.

Because ChunkyPNG internally handles colors as Integers for performance reasons, some rounding occurs when importing or exporting HSV colors whose coordinates are float-based. Because of this rounding, #to_hsv and #from_hsv may not be perfect inverses.

This implementation follows the modern convention of 0 degrees hue indicating red.

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The ChunkyPNG color to convert.

  • include_alpha (Boolean) (defaults to: false)

    Flag indicates whether a fourth element representing alpha channel should be included in the returned array.

Returns:

  • (Array[0])

    The hue of the color (0-360)

  • (Array[1])

    The saturation of the color (0-1)

  • (Array[2])

    The value of the color (0-1)

  • (Array[3])

    Optional fourth element for alpha, included if include_alpha=true (0-255)

See Also:


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 594

def to_hsv(color, include_alpha = false)
  hue, chroma, max, _ = hue_and_chroma(color)
  value      = max
  saturation = chroma.zero? ? 0.0 : chroma.fdiv(value)

  include_alpha ? [hue, saturation, value, a(color)] :
                  [hue, saturation, value]
end

#to_truecolor_alpha_bytes(color) ⇒ Array<Integer>

Returns an array with the separate RGBA values for this color.

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The color to convert.

Returns:

  • (Array<Integer>)

    An array with 4 Integer elements.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 666

def to_truecolor_alpha_bytes(color)
  [r(color), g(color), b(color), a(color)]
end

#to_truecolor_bytes(color) ⇒ Array<Integer>

Returns an array with the separate RGB values for this color. The alpha channel will be discarded.

Parameters:

  • color (Integer)

    The color to convert.

Returns:

  • (Array<Integer>)

    An array with 3 Integer elements.


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# File 'lib/chunky_png/color.rb', line 675

def to_truecolor_bytes(color)
  [r(color), g(color), b(color)]
end