Class: Chef::Handler

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Extended by:
Forwardable
Defined in:
lib/chef/handler.rb,
lib/chef/handler/json_file.rb,
lib/chef/handler/error_report.rb

Overview

The base class for an Exception or Notification Handler. Create your own handler by subclassing Chef::Handler. When a Chef run fails with an uncaught Exception, Chef will set the run_status on your handler and call report

Examples:

require 'net/smtp'

module MyOrg
  class OhNoes < Chef::Handler

    def report
      # Create the email message
      message  = "From: Your Name <[email protected]>\n"
      message << "To: Destination Address <[email protected]>\n"
      message << "Subject: Chef Run Failure\n"
      message << "Date: #{Time.now.rfc2822}\n\n"

      # The Node is available as +node+
      message << "Chef run failed on #{node.name}\n"
      # +run_status+ is a value object with all of the run status data
      message << "#{run_status.formatted_exception}\n"
      # Join the backtrace lines. Coerce to an array just in case.
      message << Array(backtrace).join("\n")

      # Send the email
      Net::SMTP.start('your.smtp.server', 25) do |smtp|
        smtp.send_message message, '[email protected]', '[email protected]'
      end
    end

  end
end

Direct Known Subclasses

ErrorReport, JsonFile

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: ErrorReport, JsonFile

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Attribute Details

#run_statusObject (readonly)

The Chef::RunStatus object containing data about the Chef run.


164
165
166
# File 'lib/chef/handler.rb', line 164

def run_status
  @run_status
end

Class Method Details

.exception_handlersObject

The list of currently configured exception handlers


137
138
139
# File 'lib/chef/handler.rb', line 137

def self.exception_handlers
  Array(Chef::Config[:exception_handlers])
end

.handler_for(*args) ⇒ Object


58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
# File 'lib/chef/handler.rb', line 58

def self.handler_for(*args)
  if args.include?(:start)
    Chef::Config[:start_handlers] ||= []
    Chef::Config[:start_handlers] |= [self]
  end
  if args.include?(:report)
    Chef::Config[:report_handlers] ||= []
    Chef::Config[:report_handlers] |= [self]
  end
  if args.include?(:exception)
    Chef::Config[:exception_handlers] ||= []
    Chef::Config[:exception_handlers] |= [self]
  end
end

.report_handlersObject

The list of currently configured report handlers


111
112
113
# File 'lib/chef/handler.rb', line 111

def self.report_handlers
  Array(Chef::Config[:report_handlers])
end

.resolve_handler_instance(handler) ⇒ Object


78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
# File 'lib/chef/handler.rb', line 78

def self.resolve_handler_instance(handler)
  if handler.is_a?(Class)
    if handler.respond_to?(:instance)
      # support retrieving a Singleton reporting object
      handler.instance
    else
      # just a class with no way to insert data
      handler.new
    end
  else
    # the Chef::Config array contains an instance, not a class
    handler
  end
end

.run_exception_handlers(run_status) ⇒ Object

Run the exception handlers. Usually will be called by a notification from Chef::Client when the run fails.


143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
# File 'lib/chef/handler.rb', line 143

def self.run_exception_handlers(run_status)
  events = run_status.events
  events.handlers_start(exception_handlers.size)
  Chef::Log.error("Running exception handlers")
  exception_handlers.each do |handler|
    handler = resolve_handler_instance(handler)
    handler.run_report_safely(run_status)
    events.handler_executed(handler)
  end
  events.handlers_completed
  Chef::Log.error("Exception handlers complete")
end

.run_report_handlers(run_status) ⇒ Object

Run the report handlers. This will usually be called by a notification from Chef::Client


117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
# File 'lib/chef/handler.rb', line 117

def self.run_report_handlers(run_status)
  events = run_status.events
  events.handlers_start(report_handlers.size)
  Chef::Log.info("Running report handlers")
  report_handlers.each do |handler|
    handler = resolve_handler_instance(handler)
    handler.run_report_safely(run_status)
    events.handler_executed(handler)
  end
  events.handlers_completed
  Chef::Log.info("Report handlers complete")
end

.run_start_handlers(run_status) ⇒ Object

Run the start handlers. This will usually be called by a notification from Chef::Client


95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
# File 'lib/chef/handler.rb', line 95

def self.run_start_handlers(run_status)
  Chef::Log.info("Running start handlers")
  start_handlers.each do |handler|
    handler = resolve_handler_instance(handler)
    handler.run_report_safely(run_status)
  end
  Chef::Log.info("Start handlers complete.")
end

.start_handlersObject

The list of currently configured start handlers


74
75
76
# File 'lib/chef/handler.rb', line 74

def self.start_handlers
  Array(Chef::Config[:start_handlers])
end

Instance Method Details

#dataObject

Return the Hash representation of the run_status


260
261
262
# File 'lib/chef/handler.rb', line 260

def data
  @run_status.to_h
end

#reportObject

The main entry point for report handling. Subclasses should override this method with their own report handling logic.


237
# File 'lib/chef/handler.rb', line 237

def report; end

#run_report_safely(run_status) ⇒ Object

Runs the report handler, rescuing and logging any errors it may cause. This ensures that all handlers get a chance to run even if one fails. This method should not be overridden by subclasses unless you know what you're doing.


243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
# File 'lib/chef/handler.rb', line 243

def run_report_safely(run_status)
  run_report_unsafe(run_status)
rescue Exception => e
  Chef::Log.error("Report handler #{self.class.name} raised #{e.inspect}")
  Array(e.backtrace).each { |line| Chef::Log.error(line) }
ensure
  @run_status = nil
end

#run_report_unsafe(run_status) ⇒ Object

Runs the report handler without any error handling. This method should not be used directly except in testing.


254
255
256
257
# File 'lib/chef/handler.rb', line 254

def run_report_unsafe(run_status)
  @run_status = run_status
  report
end