Class: ActiveSupport::Duration

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/active_support/duration.rb,
lib/active_support/duration/iso8601_parser.rb,
lib/active_support/duration/iso8601_serializer.rb

Overview

Provides accurate date and time measurements using Date#advance and Time#advance, respectively. It mainly supports the methods on Numeric.

1.month.ago       # equivalent to Time.now.advance(months: -1)

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: ISO8601Parser, ISO8601Serializer, Scalar

Constant Summary collapse

SECONDS_PER_MINUTE =
60
SECONDS_PER_HOUR =
3600
SECONDS_PER_DAY =
86400
SECONDS_PER_WEEK =
604800
SECONDS_PER_MONTH =

1/12 of a gregorian year

2629746
SECONDS_PER_YEAR =

length of a gregorian year (365.2425 days)

31556952
PARTS_IN_SECONDS =
{
  seconds: 1,
  minutes: SECONDS_PER_MINUTE,
  hours:   SECONDS_PER_HOUR,
  days:    SECONDS_PER_DAY,
  weeks:   SECONDS_PER_WEEK,
  months:  SECONDS_PER_MONTH,
  years:   SECONDS_PER_YEAR
}.freeze
PARTS =
[:years, :months, :weeks, :days, :hours, :minutes, :seconds].freeze

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(value, parts) ⇒ Duration

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 212

def initialize(value, parts) #:nodoc:
  @value, @parts = value, parts
  @parts.reject! { |k, v| v.zero? } unless value == 0
end

Dynamic Method Handling

This class handles dynamic methods through the method_missing method

#method_missing(method, *args, &block) ⇒ Object (private)


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 476

def method_missing(method, *args, &block)
  value.public_send(method, *args, &block)
end

Instance Attribute Details

#partsObject

Returns the value of attribute parts


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 127

def parts
  @parts
end

#valueObject

Returns the value of attribute value


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 127

def value
  @value
end

Class Method Details

.===(other) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 143

def ===(other) #:nodoc:
  other.is_a?(Duration)
rescue ::NoMethodError
  false
end

.build(value) ⇒ Object

Creates a new Duration from a seconds value that is converted to the individual parts:

ActiveSupport::Duration.build(31556952).parts # => {:years=>1}
ActiveSupport::Duration.build(2716146).parts  # => {:months=>1, :days=>1}

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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 183

def build(value)
  unless value.is_a?(::Numeric)
    raise TypeError, "can't build an #{self.name} from a #{value.class.name}"
  end

  parts = {}
  remainder = value.round(9)

  PARTS.each do |part|
    unless part == :seconds
      part_in_seconds = PARTS_IN_SECONDS[part]
      parts[part] = remainder.div(part_in_seconds)
      remainder %= part_in_seconds
    end
  end unless value == 0

  parts[:seconds] = remainder

  new(value, parts)
end

.days(value) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 161

def days(value) #:nodoc:
  new(value * SECONDS_PER_DAY, days: value)
end

.hours(value) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 157

def hours(value) #:nodoc:
  new(value * SECONDS_PER_HOUR, hours: value)
end

.minutes(value) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 153

def minutes(value) #:nodoc:
  new(value * SECONDS_PER_MINUTE, minutes: value)
end

.months(value) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 169

def months(value) #:nodoc:
  new(value * SECONDS_PER_MONTH, months: value)
end

.parse(iso8601duration) ⇒ Object

Creates a new Duration from string formatted according to ISO 8601 Duration.

See ISO 8601 for more information. This method allows negative parts to be present in pattern. If invalid string is provided, it will raise ActiveSupport::Duration::ISO8601Parser::ParsingError.


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 138

def parse(iso8601duration)
  parts = ISO8601Parser.new(iso8601duration).parse!
  new(calculate_total_seconds(parts), parts)
end

.seconds(value) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 149

def seconds(value) #:nodoc:
  new(value, seconds: value)
end

.weeks(value) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 165

def weeks(value) #:nodoc:
  new(value * SECONDS_PER_WEEK, weeks: value)
end

.years(value) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 173

def years(value) #:nodoc:
  new(value * SECONDS_PER_YEAR, years: value)
end

Instance Method Details

#%(other) ⇒ Object

Returns the modulo of this Duration by another Duration or Numeric. Numeric values are treated as seconds.


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 284

def %(other)
  if Duration === other || Scalar === other
    Duration.build(value % other.value)
  elsif Numeric === other
    Duration.build(value % other)
  else
    raise_type_error(other)
  end
end

#*(other) ⇒ Object

Multiplies this Duration by a Numeric and returns a new Duration.


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 259

def *(other)
  if Scalar === other || Duration === other
    Duration.new(value * other.value, parts.transform_values { |number| number * other.value })
  elsif Numeric === other
    Duration.new(value * other, parts.transform_values { |number| number * other })
  else
    raise_type_error(other)
  end
end

#+(other) ⇒ Object

Adds another Duration or a Numeric to this Duration. Numeric values are treated as seconds.


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 240

def +(other)
  if Duration === other
    parts = @parts.merge(other.parts) do |_key, value, other_value|
      value + other_value
    end
    Duration.new(value + other.value, parts)
  else
    seconds = @parts.fetch(:seconds, 0) + other
    Duration.new(value + other, @parts.merge(seconds: seconds))
  end
end

#[email protected]Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 298

def [email protected] #:nodoc:
  self
end

#-(other) ⇒ Object

Subtracts another Duration or a Numeric from this Duration. Numeric values are treated as seconds.


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 254

def -(other)
  self + (-other)
end

#[email protected]Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 294

def [email protected] #:nodoc:
  Duration.new(-value, parts.transform_values(&:[email protected]))
end

#/(other) ⇒ Object

Divides this Duration by a Numeric and returns a new Duration.


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 270

def /(other)
  if Scalar === other
    Duration.new(value / other.value, parts.transform_values { |number| number / other.value })
  elsif Duration === other
    value / other.value
  elsif Numeric === other
    Duration.new(value / other, parts.transform_values { |number| number / other })
  else
    raise_type_error(other)
  end
end

#<=>(other) ⇒ Object

Compares one Duration with another or a Numeric to this Duration. Numeric values are treated as seconds.


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 230

def <=>(other)
  if Duration === other
    value <=> other.value
  elsif Numeric === other
    value <=> other
  end
end

#==(other) ⇒ Object

Returns true if other is also a Duration instance with the same value, or if other == value.


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 313

def ==(other)
  if Duration === other
    other.value == value
  else
    other == value
  end
end

#ago(time = ::Time.current) ⇒ Object Also known as: until, before

Calculates a new Time or Date that is as far in the past as this Duration represents.


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 416

def ago(time = ::Time.current)
  sum(-1, time)
end

#as_json(options = nil) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 431

def as_json(options = nil) #:nodoc:
  to_i
end

#coerce(other) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 217

def coerce(other) #:nodoc:
  case other
  when Scalar
    [other, self]
  when Duration
    [Scalar.new(other.value), self]
  else
    [Scalar.new(other), self]
  end
end

#encode_with(coder) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 439

def encode_with(coder) #:nodoc:
  coder.map = { "value" => @value, "parts" => @parts }
end

#eql?(other) ⇒ Boolean

Returns true if other is also a Duration instance, which has the same parts as this one.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 398

def eql?(other)
  Duration === other && other.value.eql?(value)
end

#hashObject


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 402

def hash
  @value.hash
end

#in_daysObject

Returns the amount of days a duration covers as a float

12.hours.in_days # => 0.5

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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 371

def in_days
  in_seconds / SECONDS_PER_DAY.to_f
end

#in_hoursObject

Returns the amount of hours a duration covers as a float

1.day.in_hours # => 24.0

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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 364

def in_hours
  in_seconds / SECONDS_PER_HOUR.to_f
end

#in_minutesObject

Returns the amount of minutes a duration covers as a float

1.day.in_minutes # => 1440.0

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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 357

def in_minutes
  in_seconds / SECONDS_PER_MINUTE.to_f
end

#in_monthsObject

Returns the amount of months a duration covers as a float

9.weeks.in_months # => 2.07

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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 385

def in_months
  in_seconds / SECONDS_PER_MONTH.to_f
end

#in_weeksObject

Returns the amount of weeks a duration covers as a float

2.months.in_weeks # => 8.696

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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 378

def in_weeks
  in_seconds / SECONDS_PER_WEEK.to_f
end

#in_yearsObject

Returns the amount of years a duration covers as a float

30.days.in_years # => 0.082

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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 392

def in_years
  in_seconds / SECONDS_PER_YEAR.to_f
end

#init_with(coder) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 435

def init_with(coder) #:nodoc:
  initialize(coder["value"], coder["parts"])
end

#inspectObject

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 422

def inspect #:nodoc:
  return "#{value} seconds" if parts.empty?

  parts.
    sort_by { |unit,  _ | PARTS.index(unit) }.
    map     { |unit, val| "#{val} #{val == 1 ? unit.to_s.chop : unit.to_s}" }.
    to_sentence(locale: ::I18n.default_locale)
end

#instance_of?(klass) ⇒ Boolean

:nodoc:

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 307

def instance_of?(klass) # :nodoc:
  Duration == klass || value.instance_of?(klass)
end

#is_a?(klass) ⇒ Boolean Also known as: kind_of?

:nodoc:

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 302

def is_a?(klass) #:nodoc:
  Duration == klass || value.is_a?(klass)
end

#iso8601(precision: nil) ⇒ Object

Build ISO 8601 Duration string for this duration. The precision parameter can be used to limit seconds' precision of duration.


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 445

def iso8601(precision: nil)
  ISO8601Serializer.new(self, precision: precision).serialize
end

#since(time = ::Time.current) ⇒ Object Also known as: from_now, after

Calculates a new Time or Date that is as far in the future as this Duration represents.


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 408

def since(time = ::Time.current)
  sum(1, time)
end

#to_iObject Also known as: in_seconds

Returns the number of seconds that this Duration represents.

1.minute.to_i   # => 60
1.hour.to_i     # => 3600
1.day.to_i      # => 86400

Note that this conversion makes some assumptions about the duration of some periods, e.g. months are always 1/12 of year and years are 365.2425 days:

# equivalent to (1.year / 12).to_i
1.month.to_i    # => 2629746

# equivalent to 365.2425.days.to_i
1.year.to_i     # => 31556952

In such cases, Ruby's core Date and Time should be used for precision date and time arithmetic.


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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 349

def to_i
  @value.to_i
end

#to_sObject

Returns the amount of seconds a duration covers as a string. For more information check to_i method.

1.day.to_s # => "86400"

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# File 'lib/active_support/duration.rb', line 325

def to_s
  @value.to_s
end