Module: ActiveRecord::ConnectionAdapters::Quoting

Included in:
AbstractAdapter
Defined in:
lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#column_name_matcherObject

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 152

def column_name_matcher # :nodoc:
  COLUMN_NAME
end

#column_name_with_order_matcherObject

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 156

def column_name_with_order_matcher # :nodoc:
  COLUMN_NAME_WITH_ORDER
end

#lookup_cast_type_from_column(column) ⇒ Object

If you are having to call this function, you are likely doing something wrong. The column does not have sufficient type information if the user provided a custom type on the class level either explicitly (via Attributes::ClassMethods#attribute) or implicitly (via AttributeMethods::Serialization::ClassMethods#serialize, time_zone_aware_attributes). In almost all cases, the sql type should only be used to change quoting behavior, when the primitive to represent the type doesn't sufficiently reflect the differences (varchar vs binary) for example. The type used to get this primitive should have been provided before reaching the connection adapter.


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 63

def lookup_cast_type_from_column(column) # :nodoc:
  lookup_cast_type(column.sql_type)
end

#quote(value) ⇒ Object

Quotes the column value to help prevent SQL injection attacks.


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 11

def quote(value)
  case value
  when String, Symbol, ActiveSupport::Multibyte::Chars
    "'#{quote_string(value.to_s)}'"
  when true       then quoted_true
  when false      then quoted_false
  when nil        then "NULL"
  # BigDecimals need to be put in a non-normalized form and quoted.
  when BigDecimal then value.to_s("F")
  when Numeric, ActiveSupport::Duration then value.to_s
  when Type::Binary::Data then quoted_binary(value)
  when Type::Time::Value then "'#{quoted_time(value)}'"
  when Date, Time then "'#{quoted_date(value)}'"
  when Class      then "'#{value}'"
  else raise TypeError, "can't quote #{value.class.name}"
  end
end

#quote_bound_value(value) ⇒ Object

Quote a value to be used as a bound parameter of unknown type. For example, MySQL might perform dangerous castings when comparing a string to a number, so this method will cast numbers to string.


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 50

def quote_bound_value(value)
  quote(value)
end

#quote_column_name(column_name) ⇒ Object

Quotes the column name. Defaults to no quoting.


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 74

def quote_column_name(column_name)
  column_name.to_s
end

#quote_default_expression(value, column) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 95

def quote_default_expression(value, column) # :nodoc:
  if value.is_a?(Proc)
    value.call
  else
    value = lookup_cast_type(column.sql_type).serialize(value)
    quote(value)
  end
end

#quote_string(s) ⇒ Object

Quotes a string, escaping any ' (single quote) and \ (backslash) characters.


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 69

def quote_string(s)
  s.gsub("\\", '\&\&').gsub("'", "''") # ' (for ruby-mode)
end

#quote_table_name(table_name) ⇒ Object

Quotes the table name. Defaults to column name quoting.


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 79

def quote_table_name(table_name)
  quote_column_name(table_name)
end

#quote_table_name_for_assignment(table, attr) ⇒ Object

Override to return the quoted table name for assignment. Defaults to table quoting.

This works for mysql2 where table.column can be used to resolve ambiguity.

We override this in the sqlite3 and postgresql adapters to use only the column name (as per syntax requirements).


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 91

def quote_table_name_for_assignment(table, attr)
  quote_table_name("#{table}.#{attr}")
end

#quoted_binary(value) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 144

def quoted_binary(value) # :nodoc:
  "'#{quote_string(value.to_s)}'"
end

#quoted_date(value) ⇒ Object

Quote date/time values for use in SQL input. Includes microseconds if the value is a Time responding to usec.


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 122

def quoted_date(value)
  if value.acts_like?(:time)
    if ActiveRecord.default_timezone == :utc
      value = value.getutc if !value.utc?
    else
      value = value.getlocal
    end
  end

  result = value.to_fs(:db)
  if value.respond_to?(:usec) && value.usec > 0
    result << "." << sprintf("%06d", value.usec)
  else
    result
  end
end

#quoted_falseObject


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 112

def quoted_false
  "FALSE"
end

#quoted_time(value) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 139

def quoted_time(value) # :nodoc:
  value = value.change(year: 2000, month: 1, day: 1)
  quoted_date(value).sub(/\A\d\d\d\d-\d\d-\d\d /, "")
end

#quoted_trueObject


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 104

def quoted_true
  "TRUE"
end

#sanitize_as_sql_comment(value) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 148

def sanitize_as_sql_comment(value) # :nodoc:
  value.to_s.gsub(%r{ (/ (?: | \g<1>) \*) \+? \s* | \s* (\* (?: | \g<2>) /) }x, "")
end

#type_cast(value) ⇒ Object

Cast a value to a type that the database understands. For example, SQLite does not understand dates, so this method will convert a Date to a String.


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 32

def type_cast(value)
  case value
  when Symbol, ActiveSupport::Multibyte::Chars, Type::Binary::Data
    value.to_s
  when true       then unquoted_true
  when false      then unquoted_false
  # BigDecimals need to be put in a non-normalized form and quoted.
  when BigDecimal then value.to_s("F")
  when nil, Numeric, String then value
  when Type::Time::Value then quoted_time(value)
  when Date, Time then quoted_date(value)
  else raise TypeError, "can't cast #{value.class.name}"
  end
end

#unquoted_falseObject


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 116

def unquoted_false
  false
end

#unquoted_trueObject


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# File 'lib/active_record/connection_adapters/abstract/quoting.rb', line 108

def unquoted_true
  true
end