Module: ActiveRecord::Persistence::ClassMethods

Defined in:
activerecord/lib/active_record/persistence.rb

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#create(attributes = nil, &block) ⇒ Object

Creates an object (or multiple objects) and saves it to the database, if validations pass. The resulting object is returned whether the object was saved successfully to the database or not.

The attributes parameter can be either a Hash or an Array of Hashes. These Hashes describe the attributes on the objects that are to be created.

create respects mass-assignment security and accepts either :as or :without_protection options in the options parameter.

Examples

# Create a single new object
User.create(first_name: 'Jamie')

# Create an Array of new objects
User.create([{ first_name: 'Jamie' }, { first_name: 'Jeremy' }])

# Create a single object and pass it into a block to set other attributes.
User.create(first_name: 'Jamie') do |u|
  u.is_admin = false
end

# Creating an Array of new objects using a block, where the block is executed for each object:
User.create([{ first_name: 'Jamie' }, { first_name: 'Jeremy' }]) do |u|
  u.is_admin = false
end

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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/persistence.rb', line 32

def create(attributes = nil, &block)
  if attributes.is_a?(Array)
    attributes.collect { |attr| create(attr, &block) }
  else
    object = new(attributes, &block)
    object.save
    object
  end
end

#instantiate(record, column_types = {}) ⇒ Object

Given an attributes hash, instantiate returns a new instance of the appropriate class.

For example, Post.all may return Comments, Messages, and Emails by storing the record's subclass in a type attribute. By calling instantiate instead of new, finder methods ensure they get new instances of the appropriate class for each record.

See ActiveRecord::Inheritance#discriminate_class_for_record to see how this “single-table” inheritance mapping is implemented.


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/persistence.rb', line 52

def instantiate(record, column_types = {})
  klass = discriminate_class_for_record(record)
  column_types = klass.decorate_columns(column_types.dup)
  klass.allocate.init_with('attributes' => record, 'column_types' => column_types)
end