Module: ActiveRecord::ConnectionAdapters::PostgreSQLAdapter::DatabaseStatements

Included in:
ActiveRecord::ConnectionAdapters::PostgreSQLAdapter
Defined in:
activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: ExplainPrettyPrinter

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#begin_db_transactionObject

Begins a transaction.


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 202

def begin_db_transaction
  execute "BEGIN"
end

#begin_isolated_db_transaction(isolation) ⇒ Object


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 206

def begin_isolated_db_transaction(isolation)
  begin_db_transaction
  execute "SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL #{transaction_isolation_levels.fetch(isolation)}"
end

#commit_db_transactionObject

Commits a transaction.


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 212

def commit_db_transaction
  execute "COMMIT"
end

#createObject


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 71

def create
  super.insert
end

#create_savepointObject


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 221

def create_savepoint
  execute("SAVEPOINT #{current_savepoint_name}")
end

#exec_delete(sql, name = 'SQL', binds = []) ⇒ Object Also known as: exec_update


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 157

def exec_delete(sql, name = 'SQL', binds = [])
  log(sql, name, binds) do
    result = binds.empty? ? exec_no_cache(sql, binds) :
                            exec_cache(sql, binds)
    affected = result.cmd_tuples
    result.clear
    affected
  end
end

#exec_insert(sql, name, binds, pk = nil, sequence_name = nil) ⇒ Object


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 182

def exec_insert(sql, name, binds, pk = nil, sequence_name = nil)
  val = exec_query(sql, name, binds)
  if !use_insert_returning? && pk
    unless sequence_name
      table_ref = extract_table_ref_from_insert_sql(sql)
      sequence_name = default_sequence_name(table_ref, pk)
      return val unless sequence_name
    end
    last_insert_id_result(sequence_name)
  else
    val
  end
end

#exec_query(sql, name = 'SQL', binds = []) ⇒ Object


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 136

def exec_query(sql, name = 'SQL', binds = [])
  log(sql, name, binds) do
    result = binds.empty? ? exec_no_cache(sql, binds) :
                            exec_cache(sql, binds)

    types = {}
    result.fields.each_with_index do |fname, i|
      ftype = result.ftype i
      fmod  = result.fmod i
      types[fname] = OID::TYPE_MAP.fetch(ftype, fmod) { |oid, mod|
        warn "unknown OID: #{fname}(#{oid}) (#{sql})"
        OID::Identity.new
      }
    end

    ret = ActiveRecord::Result.new(result.fields, result.values, types)
    result.clear
    return ret
  end
end

#execute(sql, name = nil) ⇒ Object

Executes an SQL statement, returning a PGresult object on success or raising a PGError exception otherwise.


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 126

def execute(sql, name = nil)
  log(sql, name) do
    @connection.async_exec(sql)
  end
end

#explain(arel, binds = []) ⇒ Object


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 5

def explain(arel, binds = [])
  sql = "EXPLAIN #{to_sql(arel, binds)}"
  ExplainPrettyPrinter.new.pp(exec_query(sql, 'EXPLAIN', binds))
end

#insert_sql(sql, name = nil, pk = nil, id_value = nil, sequence_name = nil) ⇒ Object

Executes an INSERT query and returns the new record's ID


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 54

def insert_sql(sql, name = nil, pk = nil, id_value = nil, sequence_name = nil)
  unless pk
    # Extract the table from the insert sql. Yuck.
    table_ref = extract_table_ref_from_insert_sql(sql)
    pk = primary_key(table_ref) if table_ref
  end

  if pk && use_insert_returning?
    select_value("#{sql} RETURNING #{quote_column_name(pk)}")
  elsif pk
    super
    last_insert_id_value(sequence_name || default_sequence_name(table_ref, pk))
  else
    super
  end
end

#query(sql, name = nil) ⇒ Object

Queries the database and returns the results in an Array-like object


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 118

def query(sql, name = nil) #:nodoc:
  log(sql, name) do
    result_as_array @connection.async_exec(sql)
  end
end

#release_savepointObject


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 229

def release_savepoint
  execute("RELEASE SAVEPOINT #{current_savepoint_name}")
end

#result_as_array(res) ⇒ Object

create a 2D array representing the result set


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 76

def result_as_array(res) #:nodoc:
  # check if we have any binary column and if they need escaping
  ftypes = Array.new(res.nfields) do |i|
    [i, res.ftype(i)]
  end

  rows = res.values
  return rows unless ftypes.any? { |_, x|
    x == BYTEA_COLUMN_TYPE_OID || x == MONEY_COLUMN_TYPE_OID
  }

  typehash = ftypes.group_by { |_, type| type }
  binaries = typehash[BYTEA_COLUMN_TYPE_OID] || []
  monies   = typehash[MONEY_COLUMN_TYPE_OID] || []

  rows.each do |row|
    # unescape string passed BYTEA field (OID == 17)
    binaries.each do |index, _|
      row[index] = unescape_bytea(row[index])
    end

    # If this is a money type column and there are any currency symbols,
    # then strip them off. Indeed it would be prettier to do this in
    # PostgreSQLColumn.string_to_decimal but would break form input
    # fields that call value_before_type_cast.
    monies.each do |index, _|
      data = row[index]
      # Because money output is formatted according to the locale, there are two
      # cases to consider (note the decimal separators):
      #  (1) $12,345,678.12
      #  (2) $12.345.678,12
      case data
      when /^-?\D+[\d,]+\.\d{2}$/  # (1)
        data.gsub!(/[^-\d.]/, '')
      when /^-?\D+[\d.]+,\d{2}$/  # (2)
        data.gsub!(/[^-\d,]/, '').sub!(/,/, '.')
      end
    end
  end
end

#rollback_db_transactionObject

Aborts a transaction.


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 217

def rollback_db_transaction
  execute "ROLLBACK"
end

#rollback_to_savepointObject


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 225

def rollback_to_savepoint
  execute("ROLLBACK TO SAVEPOINT #{current_savepoint_name}")
end

#select_rows(sql, name = nil) ⇒ Object

Executes a SELECT query and returns an array of rows. Each row is an array of field values.


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 49

def select_rows(sql, name = nil)
  select_raw(sql, name).last
end

#sql_for_insert(sql, pk, id_value, sequence_name, binds) ⇒ Object


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 168

def sql_for_insert(sql, pk, id_value, sequence_name, binds)
  unless pk
    # Extract the table from the insert sql. Yuck.
    table_ref = extract_table_ref_from_insert_sql(sql)
    pk = primary_key(table_ref) if table_ref
  end

  if pk && use_insert_returning?
    sql = "#{sql} RETURNING #{quote_column_name(pk)}"
  end

  [sql, binds]
end

#substitute_at(column, index) ⇒ Object


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 132

def substitute_at(column, index)
  Arel::Nodes::BindParam.new "$#{index + 1}"
end

#update_sql(sql, name = nil) ⇒ Object

Executes an UPDATE query and returns the number of affected tuples.


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# File 'activerecord/lib/active_record/connection_adapters/postgresql/database_statements.rb', line 197

def update_sql(sql, name = nil)
  super.cmd_tuples
end