Class: Redis

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
MonitorMixin
Defined in:
lib/redis.rb,
lib/redis/client.rb,
lib/redis/errors.rb,
lib/redis/version.rb,
lib/redis/pipeline.rb,
lib/redis/subscribe.rb,
lib/redis/hash_ring.rb,
lib/redis/distributed.rb

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: BaseConnectionError, BaseError, CannotConnectError, Client, CommandError, ConnectionError, Distributed, Future, FutureNotReady, HashRing, InheritedError, Pipeline, ProtocolError, SubscribedClient, Subscription, TimeoutError

Constant Summary

VERSION =
"3.2.0"

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(options = {}) ⇒ Redis

Returns a new instance of Redis



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 29

def initialize(options = {})
  @options = options.dup
  @original_client = @client = Client.new(options)

  super() # Monitor#initialize
end

Dynamic Method Handling

This class handles dynamic methods through the method_missing method

#method_missing(command, *args) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2527

def method_missing(command, *args)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([command] + args)
  end
end

Instance Attribute Details

#clientObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute client



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 10

def client
  @client
end

Class Method Details

.connect(options = {}) ⇒ Object

Deprecated.

The preferred way to create a new client object is using #new. This method does not actually establish a connection to Redis, in contrary to what you might expect.



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 15

def self.connect(options = {})
  new(options)
end

.currentObject



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 19

def self.current
  @current ||= Redis.new
end

.current=(redis) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 23

def self.current=(redis)
  @current = redis
end

.deprecate(message, trace = caller[0]) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 6

def self.deprecate(message, trace = caller[0])
  $stderr.puts "\n#{message} (in #{trace})"
end

Instance Method Details

#_bpop(cmd, args) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1038

def _bpop(cmd, args)
  options = {}

  case args.last
  when Hash
    options = args.pop
  when Integer
    # Issue deprecation notice in obnoxious mode...
    options[:timeout] = args.pop
  end

  if args.size > 1
    # Issue deprecation notice in obnoxious mode...
  end

  keys = args.flatten
  timeout = options[:timeout] || 0

  synchronize do |client|
    command = [cmd, keys, timeout]
    timeout += client.timeout if timeout > 0
    client.call_with_timeout(command, timeout)
  end
end

#_eval(cmd, args) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2241

def _eval(cmd, args)
  script = args.shift
  options = args.pop if args.last.is_a?(Hash)
  options ||= {}

  keys = args.shift || options[:keys] || []
  argv = args.shift || options[:argv] || []

  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([cmd, script, keys.length] + keys + argv)
  end
end

#_scan(command, cursor, args, options = {}, &block) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2304

def _scan(command, cursor, args, options = {}, &block)
  # SSCAN/ZSCAN/HSCAN already prepend the key to +args+.

  args << cursor

  if match = options[:match]
    args.concat(["MATCH", match])
  end

  if count = options[:count]
    args.concat(["COUNT", count])
  end

  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([command] + args, &block)
  end
end

#append(key, value) ⇒ Fixnum

Append a value to a key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • value (String)

    value to append

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    length of the string after appending



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 879

def append(key, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:append, key, value])
  end
end

#auth(password) ⇒ String

Authenticate to the server.

Parameters:

  • password (String)

    must match the password specified in the requirepass directive in the configuration file

Returns:

  • (String)

    OK



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 62

def auth(password)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:auth, password])
  end
end

#bgrewriteaofString

Asynchronously rewrite the append-only file.

Returns:

  • (String)

    OK



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 115

def bgrewriteaof
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:bgrewriteaof])
  end
end

#bgsaveString

Asynchronously save the dataset to disk.

Returns:

  • (String)

    OK



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 124

def bgsave
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:bgsave])
  end
end

#bitcount(key, start = 0, stop = -1)) ⇒ Fixnum

Count the number of set bits in a range of the string value stored at key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • start (Fixnum) (defaults to: 0)

    start index

  • stop (Fixnum) (defaults to: -1))

    stop index

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the number of bits set to 1



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 891

def bitcount(key, start = 0, stop = -1)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:bitcount, key, start, stop])
  end
end

#bitop(operation, destkey, *keys) ⇒ Fixnum

Perform a bitwise operation between strings and store the resulting string in a key.

Parameters:

  • operation (String)

    e.g. and, or, xor, not

  • destkey (String)

    destination key

  • keys (String, Array<String>)

    one or more source keys to perform operation

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the length of the string stored in destkey



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 903

def bitop(operation, destkey, *keys)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:bitop, operation, destkey] + keys)
  end
end

#bitpos(key, bit, start = nil, stop = nil) ⇒ Fixnum

Return the position of the first bit set to 1 or 0 in a string.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • bit (Fixnum)

    whether to look for the first 1 or 0 bit

  • start (Fixnum) (defaults to: nil)

    start index

  • stop (Fixnum) (defaults to: nil)

    stop index

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the position of the first 1/0 bit. -1 if looking for 1 and it is not found or start and stop are given.



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 917

def bitpos(key, bit, start=nil, stop=nil)
  if stop and not start
    raise(ArgumentError, 'stop parameter specified without start parameter')
  end

  synchronize do |client|
    command = [:bitpos, key, bit]
    command << start if start
    command << stop if stop
    client.call(command)
  end
end

#blpop(*args) ⇒ nil, [String, String]

Remove and get the first element in a list, or block until one is available.

Examples:

With timeout

list, element = redis.blpop("list", :timeout => 5)
  # => nil on timeout
  # => ["list", "element"] on success

Without timeout

list, element = redis.blpop("list")
  # => ["list", "element"]

Blocking pop on multiple lists

list, element = redis.blpop(["list", "another_list"])
  # => ["list", "element"]

Parameters:

  • keys (String, Array<String>)

    one or more keys to perform the blocking pop on

  • options (Hash)
    • :timeout => Fixnum: timeout in seconds, defaults to no timeout

Returns:

  • (nil, [String, String])
    • nil when the operation timed out
    • tuple of the list that was popped from and element was popped otherwise


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1084

def blpop(*args)
  _bpop(:blpop, args)
end

#brpop(*args) ⇒ nil, [String, String]

Remove and get the last element in a list, or block until one is available.

Parameters:

  • keys (String, Array<String>)

    one or more keys to perform the blocking pop on

  • options (Hash)
    • :timeout => Fixnum: timeout in seconds, defaults to no timeout

Returns:

  • (nil, [String, String])
    • nil when the operation timed out
    • tuple of the list that was popped from and element was popped otherwise

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1100

def brpop(*args)
  _bpop(:brpop, args)
end

#brpoplpush(source, destination, options = {}) ⇒ nil, String

Pop a value from a list, push it to another list and return it; or block until one is available.

Parameters:

  • source (String)

    source key

  • destination (String)

    destination key

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :timeout => Fixnum: timeout in seconds, defaults to no timeout

Returns:

  • (nil, String)
    • nil when the operation timed out
    • the element was popped and pushed otherwise


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1115

def brpoplpush(source, destination, options = {})
  case options
  when Integer
    # Issue deprecation notice in obnoxious mode...
    options = { :timeout => options }
  end

  timeout = options[:timeout] || 0

  synchronize do |client|
    command = [:brpoplpush, source, destination, timeout]
    timeout += client.timeout if timeout > 0
    client.call_with_timeout(command, timeout)
  end
end

#config(action, *args) ⇒ String, Hash

Get or set server configuration parameters.

Parameters:

  • action (Symbol)

    e.g. :get, :set, :resetstat

Returns:

  • (String, Hash)

    string reply, or hash when retrieving more than one property with CONFIG GET



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 135

def config(action, *args)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:config, action] + args) do |reply|
      if reply.kind_of?(Array) && action == :get
        Hash[_pairify(reply)]
      else
        reply
      end
    end
  end
end

#connected?Boolean

Test whether or not the client is connected

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 53

def connected?
  @original_client.connected?
end

#dbsizeFixnum

Return the number of keys in the selected database.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 150

def dbsize
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:dbsize])
  end
end

#debug(*args) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 156

def debug(*args)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:debug] + args)
  end
end

#decr(key) ⇒ Fixnum

Decrement the integer value of a key by one.

Examples:

redis.decr("value")
  # => 4

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    value after decrementing it



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 582

def decr(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:decr, key])
  end
end

#decrby(key, decrement) ⇒ Fixnum

Decrement the integer value of a key by the given number.

Examples:

redis.decrby("value", 5)
  # => 0

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • decrement (Fixnum)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    value after decrementing it



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 597

def decrby(key, decrement)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:decrby, key, decrement])
  end
end

#del(*keys) ⇒ Fixnum

Delete one or more keys.

Parameters:

  • keys (String, Array<String>)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    number of keys that were deleted



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 414

def del(*keys)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:del] + keys)
  end
end

#discardObject

Discard all commands issued after MULTI.

Only call this method when #multi was called without a block.

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2187

def discard
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:discard])
  end
end

#dump(key) ⇒ String

Return a serialized version of the value stored at a key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (String)

    serialized_value



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 372

def dump(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:dump, key])
  end
end

#dupObject



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2523

def dup
  self.class.new(@options)
end

#echo(value) ⇒ String

Echo the given string.

Parameters:

  • value (String)

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 92

def echo(value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:echo, value])
  end
end

#eval(*args) ⇒ Object

Evaluate Lua script.

Examples:

EVAL without KEYS nor ARGV

redis.eval("return 1")
  # => 1

EVAL with KEYS and ARGV as array arguments

redis.eval("return { KEYS, ARGV }", ["k1", "k2"], ["a1", "a2"])
  # => [["k1", "k2"], ["a1", "a2"]]

EVAL with KEYS and ARGV in a hash argument

redis.eval("return { KEYS, ARGV }", :keys => ["k1", "k2"], :argv => ["a1", "a2"])
  # => [["k1", "k2"], ["a1", "a2"]]

Parameters:

  • keys (Array<String>)

    optional array with keys to pass to the script

  • argv (Array<String>)

    optional array with arguments to pass to the script

  • options (Hash)
    • :keys => Array<String>: optional array with keys to pass to the script
    • :argv => Array<String>: optional array with arguments to pass to the script

Returns:

  • depends on the script

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2275

def eval(*args)
  _eval(:eval, args)
end

#evalsha(*args) ⇒ Object

Evaluate Lua script by its SHA.

Examples:

EVALSHA without KEYS nor ARGV

redis.evalsha(sha)
  # => <depends on script>

EVALSHA with KEYS and ARGV as array arguments

redis.evalsha(sha, ["k1", "k2"], ["a1", "a2"])
  # => <depends on script>

EVALSHA with KEYS and ARGV in a hash argument

redis.evalsha(sha, :keys => ["k1", "k2"], :argv => ["a1", "a2"])
  # => <depends on script>

Parameters:

  • keys (Array<String>)

    optional array with keys to pass to the script

  • argv (Array<String>)

    optional array with arguments to pass to the script

  • options (Hash)
    • :keys => Array<String>: optional array with keys to pass to the script
    • :argv => Array<String>: optional array with arguments to pass to the script

Returns:

  • depends on the script

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2300

def evalsha(*args)
  _eval(:evalsha, args)
end

#execnil, Array<...>

Execute all commands issued after MULTI.

Only call this method when #multi was called without a block.

Returns:

  • (nil, Array<...>)
    • when commands were not executed, nil
    • when commands were executed, an array with their replies

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2173

def exec
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:exec])
  end
end

#exists(key) ⇒ Boolean

Determine if a key exists.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 424

def exists(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:exists, key], &_boolify)
  end
end

#expire(key, seconds) ⇒ Boolean

Set a key's time to live in seconds.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • seconds (Fixnum)

    time to live

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    whether the timeout was set or not



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 307

def expire(key, seconds)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:expire, key, seconds], &_boolify)
  end
end

#expireat(key, unix_time) ⇒ Boolean

Set the expiration for a key as a UNIX timestamp.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • unix_time (Fixnum)

    expiry time specified as a UNIX timestamp

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    whether the timeout was set or not



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 318

def expireat(key, unix_time)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:expireat, key, unix_time], &_boolify)
  end
end

#flushallString

Remove all keys from all databases.

Returns:

  • (String)

    OK



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 165

def flushall
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:flushall])
  end
end

#flushdbString

Remove all keys from the current database.

Returns:

  • (String)

    OK



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 174

def flushdb
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:flushdb])
  end
end

#get(key) ⇒ String Also known as: []

Get the value of a key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 782

def get(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:get, key])
  end
end

#getbit(key, offset) ⇒ Fixnum

Returns the bit value at offset in the string value stored at key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • offset (Fixnum)

    bit offset

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    0 or 1



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 868

def getbit(key, offset)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:getbit, key, offset])
  end
end

#getrange(key, start, stop) ⇒ Fixnum

Get a substring of the string stored at a key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • start (Fixnum)

    zero-based start offset

  • stop (Fixnum)

    zero-based end offset. Use -1 for representing the end of the string

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    0 or 1



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 845

def getrange(key, start, stop)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:getrange, key, start, stop])
  end
end

#getset(key, value) ⇒ String

Set the string value of a key and return its old value.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • value (String)

    value to replace the current value with

Returns:

  • (String)

    the old value stored in the key, or nil if the key did not exist



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 936

def getset(key, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:getset, key, value.to_s])
  end
end

#hdel(key, field) ⇒ Fixnum

Delete one or more hash fields.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • field (String, Array<String>)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the number of fields that were removed from the hash



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1921

def hdel(key, field)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:hdel, key, field])
  end
end

#hexists(key, field) ⇒ Boolean

Determine if a hash field exists.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • field (String)

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    whether or not the field exists in the hash



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1932

def hexists(key, field)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:hexists, key, field], &_boolify)
  end
end

#hget(key, field) ⇒ String

Get the value of a hash field.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • field (String)

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1872

def hget(key, field)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:hget, key, field])
  end
end

#hgetall(key) ⇒ Hash<String, String>

Get all the fields and values in a hash.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Hash<String, String>)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1986

def hgetall(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:hgetall, key], &_hashify)
  end
end

#hincrby(key, field, increment) ⇒ Fixnum

Increment the integer value of a hash field by the given integer number.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • field (String)
  • increment (Fixnum)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    value of the field after incrementing it



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1944

def hincrby(key, field, increment)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:hincrby, key, field, increment])
  end
end

#hincrbyfloat(key, field, increment) ⇒ Float

Increment the numeric value of a hash field by the given float number.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • field (String)
  • increment (Float)

Returns:

  • (Float)

    value of the field after incrementing it



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1956

def hincrbyfloat(key, field, increment)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:hincrbyfloat, key, field, increment], &_floatify)
  end
end

#hkeys(key) ⇒ Array<String>

Get all the fields in a hash.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Array<String>)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1966

def hkeys(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:hkeys, key])
  end
end

#hlen(key) ⇒ Fixnum

Get the number of fields in a hash.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    number of fields in the hash



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1805

def hlen(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:hlen, key])
  end
end

#hmget(key, *fields, &blk) ⇒ Array<String>

Get the values of all the given hash fields.

Examples:

redis.hmget("hash", "f1", "f2")
  # => ["v1", "v2"]

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • fields (Array<String>)

    array of fields

Returns:

  • (Array<String>)

    an array of values for the specified fields

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1889

def hmget(key, *fields, &blk)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:hmget, key] + fields, &blk)
  end
end

#hmset(key, *attrs) ⇒ Object

Set one or more hash values.

Examples:

redis.hmset("hash", "f1", "v1", "f2", "v2")
  # => "OK"

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • attrs (Array<String>)

    array of fields and values

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1846

def hmset(key, *attrs)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:hmset, key] + attrs)
  end
end

#hscan(key, cursor, options = {}) ⇒ String, Array<[String, String]>

Scan a hash

Examples:

Retrieve the first batch of key/value pairs in a hash

redis.hscan("hash", 0)

Parameters:

  • cursor: (String, Integer)

    the cursor of the iteration

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :match => String: only return keys matching the pattern
    • :count => Integer: return count keys at most per iteration

Returns:

  • (String, Array<[String, String]>)

    the next cursor and all found keys



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2377

def hscan(key, cursor, options={})
  _scan(:hscan, cursor, [key], options) do |reply|
    [reply[0], _pairify(reply[1])]
  end
end

#hscan_each(key, options = {}, &block) ⇒ Enumerator

Scan a hash

Examples:

Retrieve all of the key/value pairs in a hash

redis.hscan_each("hash").to_a
# => [["key70", "70"], ["key80", "80"]]

Parameters:

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :match => String: only return keys matching the pattern
    • :count => Integer: return count keys at most per iteration

Returns:

  • (Enumerator)

    an enumerator for all found keys



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2394

def hscan_each(key, options={}, &block)
  return to_enum(:hscan_each, key, options) unless block_given?
  cursor = 0
  loop do
    cursor, values = hscan(key, cursor, options)
    values.each(&block)
    break if cursor == "0"
  end
end

#hset(key, field, value) ⇒ Boolean

Set the string value of a hash field.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • field (String)
  • value (String)

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    whether or not the field was added to the hash



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1817

def hset(key, field, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:hset, key, field, value], &_boolify)
  end
end

#hsetnx(key, field, value) ⇒ Boolean

Set the value of a hash field, only if the field does not exist.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • field (String)
  • value (String)

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    whether or not the field was added to the hash



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1829

def hsetnx(key, field, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:hsetnx, key, field, value], &_boolify)
  end
end

#hvals(key) ⇒ Array<String>

Get all the values in a hash.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Array<String>)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1976

def hvals(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:hvals, key])
  end
end

#idObject



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2515

def id
  @original_client.id
end

#incr(key) ⇒ Fixnum

Increment the integer value of a key by one.

Examples:

redis.incr("value")
  # => 6

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    value after incrementing it



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 611

def incr(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:incr, key])
  end
end

#incrby(key, increment) ⇒ Fixnum

Increment the integer value of a key by the given integer number.

Examples:

redis.incrby("value", 5)
  # => 10

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • increment (Fixnum)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    value after incrementing it



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 626

def incrby(key, increment)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:incrby, key, increment])
  end
end

#incrbyfloat(key, increment) ⇒ Float

Increment the numeric value of a key by the given float number.

Examples:

redis.incrbyfloat("value", 1.23)
  # => 1.23

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • increment (Float)

Returns:

  • (Float)

    value after incrementing it



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 641

def incrbyfloat(key, increment)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:incrbyfloat, key, increment], &_floatify)
  end
end

#info(cmd = nil) ⇒ Hash<String, String>

Get information and statistics about the server.

Parameters:

  • cmd (String, Symbol) (defaults to: nil)

    e.g. "commandstats"

Returns:

  • (Hash<String, String>)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 184

def info(cmd = nil)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:info, cmd].compact) do |reply|
      if reply.kind_of?(String)
        reply = Hash[reply.split("\r\n").map do |line|
          line.split(":", 2) unless line =~ /^(#|$)/
        end.compact]

        if cmd && cmd.to_s == "commandstats"
          # Extract nested hashes for INFO COMMANDSTATS
          reply = Hash[reply.map do |k, v|
            v = v.split(",").map { |e| e.split("=") }
            [k[/^cmdstat_(.*)$/, 1], Hash[v]]
          end]
        end
      end

      reply
    end
  end
end

#inspectObject



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2519

def inspect
  "#<Redis client v#{Redis::VERSION} for #{id}>"
end

#keys(pattern = "*") ⇒ Array<String>

Find all keys matching the given pattern.

Parameters:

  • pattern (String) (defaults to: "*")

Returns:

  • (Array<String>)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 434

def keys(pattern = "*")
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:keys, pattern]) do |reply|
      if reply.kind_of?(String)
        reply.split(" ")
      else
        reply
      end
    end
  end
end

#lastsaveFixnum

Get the UNIX time stamp of the last successful save to disk.

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 209

def lastsave
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:lastsave])
  end
end

#lindex(key, index) ⇒ String

Get an element from a list by its index.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • index (Fixnum)

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1136

def lindex(key, index)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:lindex, key, index])
  end
end

#linsert(key, where, pivot, value) ⇒ Fixnum

Insert an element before or after another element in a list.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • where (String, Symbol)

    BEFORE or AFTER

  • pivot (String)

    reference element

  • value (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    length of the list after the insert operation, or -1 when the element pivot was not found



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1150

def linsert(key, where, pivot, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:linsert, key, where, pivot, value])
  end
end

#llen(key) ⇒ Fixnum

Get the length of a list.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 957

def llen(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:llen, key])
  end
end

#lpop(key) ⇒ String

Remove and get the first element in a list.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1011

def lpop(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:lpop, key])
  end
end

#lpush(key, value) ⇒ Fixnum

Prepend one or more values to a list, creating the list if it doesn't exist

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • string (String, Array)

    value, or array of string values to push

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the length of the list after the push operation



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 968

def lpush(key, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:lpush, key, value])
  end
end

#lpushx(key, value) ⇒ Fixnum

Prepend a value to a list, only if the list exists.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • value (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the length of the list after the push operation



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 979

def lpushx(key, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:lpushx, key, value])
  end
end

#lrange(key, start, stop) ⇒ Array<String>

Get a range of elements from a list.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • start (Fixnum)

    start index

  • stop (Fixnum)

    stop index

Returns:

  • (Array<String>)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1162

def lrange(key, start, stop)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:lrange, key, start, stop])
  end
end

#lrem(key, count, value) ⇒ Fixnum

Remove elements from a list.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • count (Fixnum)

    number of elements to remove. Use a positive value to remove the first count occurrences of value. A negative value to remove the last count occurrences of value. Or zero, to remove all occurrences of value from the list.

  • value (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the number of removed elements



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1177

def lrem(key, count, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:lrem, key, count, value])
  end
end

#lset(key, index, value) ⇒ String

Set the value of an element in a list by its index.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • index (Fixnum)
  • value (String)

Returns:

  • (String)

    OK



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1189

def lset(key, index, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:lset, key, index, value])
  end
end

#ltrim(key, start, stop) ⇒ String

Trim a list to the specified range.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • start (Fixnum)

    start index

  • stop (Fixnum)

    stop index

Returns:

  • (String)

    OK



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1201

def ltrim(key, start, stop)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:ltrim, key, start, stop])
  end
end

#mapped_hmget(key, *fields) ⇒ Hash

Get the values of all the given hash fields.

Examples:

redis.hmget("hash", "f1", "f2")
  # => { "f1" => "v1", "f2" => "v2" }

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • fields (Array<String>)

    array of fields

Returns:

  • (Hash)

    a hash mapping the specified fields to their values

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1906

def mapped_hmget(key, *fields)
  hmget(key, *fields) do |reply|
    if reply.kind_of?(Array)
      Hash[fields.zip(reply)]
    else
      reply
    end
  end
end

#mapped_hmset(key, hash) ⇒ Object

Set one or more hash values.

Examples:

redis.mapped_hmset("hash", { "f1" => "v1", "f2" => "v2" })
  # => "OK"

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • a (Hash)

    non-empty hash with fields mapping to values

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1863

def mapped_hmset(key, hash)
  hmset(key, hash.to_a.flatten)
end

#mapped_mget(*keys) ⇒ Hash

Get the values of all the given keys.

Examples:

redis.mapped_mget("key1", "key1")
  # => { "key1" => "v1", "key2" => "v2" }

Parameters:

  • keys (Array<String>)

    array of keys

Returns:

  • (Hash)

    a hash mapping the specified keys to their values

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 816

def mapped_mget(*keys)
  mget(*keys) do |reply|
    if reply.kind_of?(Array)
      Hash[keys.zip(reply)]
    else
      reply
    end
  end
end

#mapped_mset(hash) ⇒ Object

Set one or more values.

Examples:

redis.mapped_mset({ "f1" => "v1", "f2" => "v2" })
  # => "OK"

Parameters:

  • hash (Hash)

    keys mapping to values

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 744

def mapped_mset(hash)
  mset(hash.to_a.flatten)
end

#mapped_msetnx(hash) ⇒ Boolean

Set one or more values, only if none of the keys exist.

Examples:

redis.msetnx({ "key1" => "v1", "key2" => "v2" })
  # => true

Parameters:

  • hash (Hash)

    keys mapping to values

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    whether or not all values were set

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 774

def mapped_msetnx(hash)
  msetnx(hash.to_a.flatten)
end

#mget(*keys, &blk) ⇒ Array<String>

Get the values of all the given keys.

Examples:

redis.mget("key1", "key1")
  # => ["v1", "v2"]

Parameters:

  • keys (Array<String>)

Returns:

  • (Array<String>)

    an array of values for the specified keys

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 800

def mget(*keys, &blk)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:mget] + keys, &blk)
  end
end

#migrate(key, options) ⇒ String

Transfer a key from the connected instance to another instance.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • options (Hash)
    • :host => String: host of instance to migrate to
    • :port => Integer: port of instance to migrate to
    • :db => Integer: database to migrate to (default: same as source)
    • :timeout => Integer: timeout (default: same as connection timeout)

Returns:

  • (String)

    "OK"



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 399

def migrate(key, options)
  host = options[:host] || raise(RuntimeError, ":host not specified")
  port = options[:port] || raise(RuntimeError, ":port not specified")
  db = (options[:db] || client.db).to_i
  timeout = (options[:timeout] || client.timeout).to_i

  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:migrate, host, port, key, db, timeout])
  end
end

#monitor {|line| ... } ⇒ Object

Listen for all requests received by the server in real time.

There is no way to interrupt this command.

Yields:

  • a block to be called for every line of output

Yield Parameters:

  • line (String)

    timestamp and command that was executed



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 221

def monitor(&block)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call_loop([:monitor], &block)
  end
end

#move(key, db) ⇒ Boolean

Move a key to another database.

Examples:

Move a key to another database

redis.set "foo", "bar"
  # => "OK"
redis.move "foo", 2
  # => true
redis.exists "foo"
  # => false
redis.select 2
  # => "OK"
redis.exists "foo"
  # => true
redis.get "foo"
  # => "bar"

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • db (Fixnum)

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    whether the key was moved or not



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 465

def move(key, db)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:move, key, db], &_boolify)
  end
end

#mset(*args) ⇒ Object

Set one or more values.

Examples:

redis.mset("key1", "v1", "key2", "v2")
  # => "OK"

Parameters:

  • args (Array<String>)

    array of keys and values

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 728

def mset(*args)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:mset] + args)
  end
end

#msetnx(*args) ⇒ Boolean

Set one or more values, only if none of the keys exist.

Examples:

redis.msetnx("key1", "v1", "key2", "v2")
  # => true

Parameters:

  • args (Array<String>)

    array of keys and values

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    whether or not all values were set

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 758

def msetnx(*args)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:msetnx] + args, &_boolify)
  end
end

#multi {|multi| ... } ⇒ String, Array<...>

Mark the start of a transaction block.

Passing a block is optional.

Examples:

With a block

redis.multi do |multi|
  multi.set("key", "value")
  multi.incr("counter")
end # => ["OK", 6]

Without a block

redis.multi
  # => "OK"
redis.set("key", "value")
  # => "QUEUED"
redis.incr("counter")
  # => "QUEUED"
redis.exec
  # => ["OK", 6]

Yields:

  • (multi)

    the commands that are called inside this block are cached and written to the server upon returning from it

Yield Parameters:

Returns:

  • (String, Array<...>)
    • when a block is not given, OK
    • when a block is given, an array with replies

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2146

def multi
  synchronize do |client|
    if !block_given?
      client.call([:multi])
    else
      begin
        pipeline = Pipeline::Multi.new
        original, @client = @client, pipeline
        yield(self)
        original.call_pipeline(pipeline)
      ensure
        @client = original
      end
    end
  end
end

#object(*args) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 471

def object(*args)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:object] + args)
  end
end

#persist(key) ⇒ Boolean

Remove the expiration from a key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    whether the timeout was removed or not



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 296

def persist(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:persist, key], &_boolify)
  end
end

#pexpire(key, milliseconds) ⇒ Boolean

Set a key's time to live in milliseconds.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • milliseconds (Fixnum)

    time to live

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    whether the timeout was set or not



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 340

def pexpire(key, milliseconds)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:pexpire, key, milliseconds], &_boolify)
  end
end

#pexpireat(key, ms_unix_time) ⇒ Boolean

Set the expiration for a key as number of milliseconds from UNIX Epoch.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • ms_unix_time (Fixnum)

    expiry time specified as number of milliseconds from UNIX Epoch.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    whether the timeout was set or not



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 351

def pexpireat(key, ms_unix_time)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:pexpireat, key, ms_unix_time], &_boolify)
  end
end

#pfadd(key, member) ⇒ Boolean

Add one or more members to a HyperLogLog structure.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • member (String, Array<String>)

    one member, or array of members

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    true if at least 1 HyperLogLog internal register was altered. false otherwise.



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2484

def pfadd(key, member)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:pfadd, key, member], &_boolify)
  end
end

#pfcount(*keys) ⇒ Fixnum

Get the approximate cardinality of members added to HyperLogLog structure.

If called with multiple keys, returns the approximate cardinality of the union of the HyperLogLogs contained in the keys.

Parameters:

  • keys (String, Array<String>)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2497

def pfcount(*keys)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:pfcount] + keys)
  end
end

#pfmerge(dest_key, *source_key) ⇒ Boolean

Merge multiple HyperLogLog values into an unique value that will approximate the cardinality of the union of the observed Sets of the source HyperLogLog structures.

Parameters:

  • dest_key (String)

    destination key

  • source_key (String, Array<String>)

    source key, or array of keys

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2509

def pfmerge(dest_key, *source_key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:pfmerge, dest_key, *source_key], &_boolify_set)
  end
end

#pingString

Ping the server.

Returns:

  • (String)

    PONG



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 82

def ping
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:ping])
  end
end

#pipelinedObject



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2104

def pipelined
  synchronize do |client|
    begin
      original, @client = @client, Pipeline.new
      yield(self)
      original.call_pipeline(@client)
    ensure
      @client = original
    end
  end
end

#psetex(key, ttl, value) ⇒ Object

Set the time to live in milliseconds of a key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • ttl (Fixnum)
  • value (String)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 701

def psetex(key, ttl, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:psetex, key, ttl, value.to_s])
  end
end

#psubscribe(*channels, &block) ⇒ Object

Listen for messages published to channels matching the given patterns.



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2021

def psubscribe(*channels, &block)
  synchronize do |client|
    _subscription(:psubscribe, channels, block)
  end
end

#pttl(key) ⇒ Fixnum

Get the time to live (in milliseconds) for a key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    remaining time to live in milliseconds, or -1 if the key does not exist or does not have a timeout



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 362

def pttl(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:pttl, key])
  end
end

#publish(channel, message) ⇒ Object

Post a message to a channel.



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1993

def publish(channel, message)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:publish, channel, message])
  end
end

#pubsub(subcommand, *args) ⇒ Object

Inspect the state of the Pub/Sub subsystem. Possible subcommands: channels, numsub, numpat.



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2037

def pubsub(subcommand, *args)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:pubsub, subcommand] + args)
  end
end

#punsubscribe(*channels) ⇒ Object

Stop listening for messages posted to channels matching the given patterns.



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2028

def punsubscribe(*channels)
  synchronize do |client|
    raise RuntimeError, "Can't unsubscribe if not subscribed." unless subscribed?
    client.punsubscribe(*channels)
  end
end

#quitString

Close the connection.

Returns:

  • (String)

    OK



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 101

def quit
  synchronize do |client|
    begin
      client.call([:quit])
    rescue ConnectionError
    ensure
      client.disconnect
    end
  end
end

#randomkeyString

Return a random key from the keyspace.

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 480

def randomkey
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:randomkey])
  end
end

#rename(old_name, new_name) ⇒ String

Rename a key. If the new key already exists it is overwritten.

Parameters:

  • old_name (String)
  • new_name (String)

Returns:

  • (String)

    OK



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 491

def rename(old_name, new_name)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:rename, old_name, new_name])
  end
end

#renamenx(old_name, new_name) ⇒ Boolean

Rename a key, only if the new key does not exist.

Parameters:

  • old_name (String)
  • new_name (String)

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    whether the key was renamed or not



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 502

def renamenx(old_name, new_name)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:renamenx, old_name, new_name], &_boolify)
  end
end

#restore(key, ttl, serialized_value) ⇒ Object

Create a key using the serialized value, previously obtained using DUMP.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • ttl (String)
  • serialized_value (String)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 384

def restore(key, ttl, serialized_value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:restore, key, ttl, serialized_value])
  end
end

#rpop(key) ⇒ String

Remove and get the last element in a list.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1021

def rpop(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:rpop, key])
  end
end

#rpoplpush(source, destination) ⇒ nil, String

Remove the last element in a list, append it to another list and return it.

Parameters:

  • source (String)

    source key

  • destination (String)

    destination key

Returns:

  • (nil, String)

    the element, or nil when the source key does not exist



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1032

def rpoplpush(source, destination)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:rpoplpush, source, destination])
  end
end

#rpush(key, value) ⇒ Fixnum

Append one or more values to a list, creating the list if it doesn't exist

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • value (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the length of the list after the push operation



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 990

def rpush(key, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:rpush, key, value])
  end
end

#rpushx(key, value) ⇒ Fixnum

Append a value to a list, only if the list exists.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • value (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the length of the list after the push operation



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1001

def rpushx(key, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:rpushx, key, value])
  end
end

#sadd(key, member) ⇒ Boolean, Fixnum

Add one or more members to a set.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • member (String, Array<String>)

    one member, or array of members

Returns:

  • (Boolean, Fixnum)

    Boolean when a single member is specified, holding whether or not adding the member succeeded, or Fixnum when an array of members is specified, holding the number of members that were successfully added



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1225

def sadd(key, member)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:sadd, key, member]) do |reply|
      if member.is_a? Array
        # Variadic: return integer
        reply
      else
        # Single argument: return boolean
        _boolify.call(reply)
      end
    end
  end
end

#saveString

Synchronously save the dataset to disk.

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 230

def save
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:save])
  end
end

#scan(cursor, options = {}) ⇒ String+

Scan the keyspace

Examples:

Retrieve the first batch of keys

redis.scan(0)
  # => ["4", ["key:21", "key:47", "key:42"]]

Retrieve a batch of keys matching a pattern

redis.scan(4, :match => "key:1?")
  # => ["92", ["key:13", "key:18"]]

Parameters:

  • cursor: (String, Integer)

    the cursor of the iteration

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :match => String: only return keys matching the pattern
    • :count => Integer: return count keys at most per iteration

Returns:

  • (String, Array<String>)

    the next cursor and all found keys



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2337

def scan(cursor, options={})
  _scan(:scan, cursor, [], options)
end

#scan_each(options = {}, &block) ⇒ Enumerator

Scan the keyspace

Examples:

Retrieve all of the keys (with possible duplicates)

redis.scan_each.to_a
  # => ["key:21", "key:47", "key:42"]

Execute block for each key matching a pattern

redis.scan_each(:match => "key:1?") {|key| puts key}
  # => key:13
  # => key:18

Parameters:

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :match => String: only return keys matching the pattern
    • :count => Integer: return count keys at most per iteration

Returns:

  • (Enumerator)

    an enumerator for all found keys



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2356

def scan_each(options={}, &block)
  return to_enum(:scan_each, options) unless block_given?
  cursor = 0
  loop do
    cursor, keys = scan(cursor, options)
    keys.each(&block)
    break if cursor == "0"
  end
end

#scard(key) ⇒ Fixnum

Get the number of members in a set.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1211

def scard(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:scard, key])
  end
end

#script(subcommand, *args) ⇒ String, ...

Control remote script registry.

Examples:

Load a script

sha = redis.script(:load, "return 1")
  # => <sha of this script>

Check if a script exists

redis.script(:exists, sha)
  # => true

Check if multiple scripts exist

redis.script(:exists, [sha, other_sha])
  # => [true, false]

Flush the script registry

redis.script(:flush)
  # => "OK"

Kill a running script

redis.script(:kill)
  # => "OK"

Parameters:

  • subcommand (String)

    e.g. exists, flush, load, kill

  • args (Array<String>)

    depends on subcommand

Returns:

  • (String, Boolean, Array<Boolean>, ...)

    depends on subcommand

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2217

def script(subcommand, *args)
  subcommand = subcommand.to_s.downcase

  if subcommand == "exists"
    synchronize do |client|
      arg = args.first

      client.call([:script, :exists, arg]) do |reply|
        reply = reply.map { |r| _boolify.call(r) }

        if arg.is_a?(Array)
          reply
        else
          reply.first
        end
      end
    end
  else
    synchronize do |client|
      client.call([:script, subcommand] + args)
    end
  end
end

#sdiff(*keys) ⇒ Array<String>

Subtract multiple sets.

Parameters:

  • keys (String, Array<String>)

    keys pointing to sets to subtract

Returns:

  • (Array<String>)

    members in the difference



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1323

def sdiff(*keys)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:sdiff] + keys)
  end
end

#sdiffstore(destination, *keys) ⇒ Fixnum

Subtract multiple sets and store the resulting set in a key.

Parameters:

  • destination (String)

    destination key

  • keys (String, Array<String>)

    keys pointing to sets to subtract

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    number of elements in the resulting set



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1334

def sdiffstore(destination, *keys)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:sdiffstore, destination] + keys)
  end
end

#select(db) ⇒ String

Change the selected database for the current connection.

Parameters:

  • db (Fixnum)

    zero-based index of the DB to use (0 to 15)

Returns:

  • (String)

    OK



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 72

def select(db)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.db = db
    client.call([:select, db])
  end
end

#set(key, value, options = {}) ⇒ String, Boolean Also known as: []=

Set the string value of a key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • value (String)
  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :ex => Fixnum: Set the specified expire time, in seconds.
    • :px => Fixnum: Set the specified expire time, in milliseconds.
    • :nx => true: Only set the key if it does not already exist.
    • :xx => true: Only set the key if it already exist.

Returns:

  • (String, Boolean)

    "OK" or true, false if :nx => true or :xx => true



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 657

def set(key, value, options = {})
  args = []

  ex = options[:ex]
  args.concat(["EX", ex]) if ex

  px = options[:px]
  args.concat(["PX", px]) if px

  nx = options[:nx]
  args.concat(["NX"]) if nx

  xx = options[:xx]
  args.concat(["XX"]) if xx

  synchronize do |client|
    if nx || xx
      client.call([:set, key, value.to_s] + args, &_boolify_set)
    else
      client.call([:set, key, value.to_s] + args)
    end
  end
end

#setbit(key, offset, value) ⇒ Fixnum

Sets or clears the bit at offset in the string value stored at key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • offset (Fixnum)

    bit offset

  • value (Fixnum)

    bit value 0 or 1

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the original bit value stored at offset



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 857

def setbit(key, offset, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:setbit, key, offset, value])
  end
end

#setex(key, ttl, value) ⇒ Object

Set the time to live in seconds of a key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • ttl (Fixnum)
  • value (String)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 689

def setex(key, ttl, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:setex, key, ttl, value.to_s])
  end
end

#setnx(key, value) ⇒ Boolean

Set the value of a key, only if the key does not exist.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • value (String)

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

    whether the key was set or not



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 712

def setnx(key, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:setnx, key, value.to_s], &_boolify)
  end
end

#setrange(key, offset, value) ⇒ Fixnum

Overwrite part of a string at key starting at the specified offset.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • offset (Fixnum)

    byte offset

  • value (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    length of the string after it was modified



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 832

def setrange(key, offset, value)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:setrange, key, offset, value.to_s])
  end
end

#shutdownObject

Synchronously save the dataset to disk and then shut down the server.



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 237

def shutdown
  synchronize do |client|
    client.with_reconnect(false) do
      begin
        client.call([:shutdown])
      rescue ConnectionError
        # This means Redis has probably exited.
        nil
      end
    end
  end
end

#sinter(*keys) ⇒ Array<String>

Intersect multiple sets.

Parameters:

  • keys (String, Array<String>)

    keys pointing to sets to intersect

Returns:

  • (Array<String>)

    members in the intersection



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1344

def sinter(*keys)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:sinter] + keys)
  end
end

#sinterstore(destination, *keys) ⇒ Fixnum

Intersect multiple sets and store the resulting set in a key.

Parameters:

  • destination (String)

    destination key

  • keys (String, Array<String>)

    keys pointing to sets to intersect

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    number of elements in the resulting set



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1355

def sinterstore(destination, *keys)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:sinterstore, destination] + keys)
  end
end

#sismember(key, member) ⇒ Boolean

Determine if a given value is a member of a set.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • member (String)

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1303

def sismember(key, member)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:sismember, key, member], &_boolify)
  end
end

#slaveof(host, port) ⇒ Object

Make the server a slave of another instance, or promote it as master.



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 251

def slaveof(host, port)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:slaveof, host, port])
  end
end

#slowlog(subcommand, length = nil) ⇒ Array<String>, ...

Interact with the slowlog (get, len, reset)

Parameters:

  • subcommand (String)

    e.g. get, len, reset

  • length (Fixnum) (defaults to: nil)

    maximum number of entries to return

Returns:

  • (Array<String>, Fixnum, String)

    depends on subcommand



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 262

def slowlog(subcommand, length=nil)
  synchronize do |client|
    args = [:slowlog, subcommand]
    args << length if length
    client.call args
  end
end

#smembers(key) ⇒ Array<String>

Get all the members in a set.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Array<String>)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1313

def smembers(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:smembers, key])
  end
end

#smove(source, destination, member) ⇒ Boolean

Move a member from one set to another.

Parameters:

  • source (String)

    source key

  • destination (String)

    destination key

  • member (String)

    member to move from source to destination

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1292

def smove(source, destination, member)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:smove, source, destination, member], &_boolify)
  end
end

#sort(key, options = {}) ⇒ Array<String>, ...

Sort the elements in a list, set or sorted set.

Examples:

Retrieve the first 2 elements from an alphabetically sorted "list"

redis.sort("list", :order => "alpha", :limit => [0, 2])
  # => ["a", "b"]

Store an alphabetically descending list in "target"

redis.sort("list", :order => "desc alpha", :store => "target")
  # => 26

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :by => String: use external key to sort elements by
    • :limit => [offset, count]: skip offset elements, return a maximum of count elements
    • :get => [String, Array<String>]: single key or array of keys to retrieve per element in the result
    • :order => String: combination of ASC, DESC and optionally ALPHA
    • :store => String: key to store the result at

Returns:

  • (Array<String>, Array<Array<String>>, Fixnum)
    • when :get is not specified, or holds a single element, an array of elements
    • when :get is specified, and holds more than one element, an array of elements where every element is an array with the result for every element specified in :get
    • when :store is specified, the number of elements in the stored result


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 533

def sort(key, options = {})
  args = []

  by = options[:by]
  args.concat(["BY", by]) if by

  limit = options[:limit]
  args.concat(["LIMIT"] + limit) if limit

  get = Array(options[:get])
  args.concat(["GET"].product(get).flatten) unless get.empty?

  order = options[:order]
  args.concat(order.split(" ")) if order

  store = options[:store]
  args.concat(["STORE", store]) if store

  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:sort, key] + args) do |reply|
      if get.size > 1 && !store
        if reply
          reply.each_slice(get.size).to_a
        end
      else
        reply
      end
    end
  end
end

#spop(key) ⇒ String

Remove and return a random member from a set.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1265

def spop(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:spop, key])
  end
end

#srandmember(key, count = nil) ⇒ String

Get one or more random members from a set.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • count (Fixnum) (defaults to: nil)

Returns:

  • (String)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1276

def srandmember(key, count = nil)
  synchronize do |client|
    if count.nil?
      client.call([:srandmember, key])
    else
      client.call([:srandmember, key, count])
    end
  end
end

#srem(key, member) ⇒ Boolean, Fixnum

Remove one or more members from a set.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • member (String, Array<String>)

    one member, or array of members

Returns:

  • (Boolean, Fixnum)

    Boolean when a single member is specified, holding whether or not removing the member succeeded, or Fixnum when an array of members is specified, holding the number of members that were successfully removed



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1247

def srem(key, member)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:srem, key, member]) do |reply|
      if member.is_a? Array
        # Variadic: return integer
        reply
      else
        # Single argument: return boolean
        _boolify.call(reply)
      end
    end
  end
end

#sscan(key, cursor, options = {}) ⇒ String+

Scan a set

Examples:

Retrieve the first batch of keys in a set

redis.sscan("set", 0)

Parameters:

  • cursor: (String, Integer)

    the cursor of the iteration

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :match => String: only return keys matching the pattern
    • :count => Integer: return count keys at most per iteration

Returns:

  • (String, Array<String>)

    the next cursor and all found members



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2454

def sscan(key, cursor, options={})
  _scan(:sscan, cursor, [key], options)
end

#sscan_each(key, options = {}, &block) ⇒ Enumerator

Scan a set

Examples:

Retrieve all of the keys in a set

redis.sscan("set").to_a
# => ["key1", "key2", "key3"]

Parameters:

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :match => String: only return keys matching the pattern
    • :count => Integer: return count keys at most per iteration

Returns:

  • (Enumerator)

    an enumerator for all keys in the set



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2469

def sscan_each(key, options={}, &block)
  return to_enum(:sscan_each, key, options) unless block_given?
  cursor = 0
  loop do
    cursor, keys = sscan(key, cursor, options)
    keys.each(&block)
    break if cursor == "0"
  end
end

#strlen(key) ⇒ Fixnum

Get the length of the value stored in a key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    the length of the value stored in the key, or 0 if the key does not exist



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 947

def strlen(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:strlen, key])
  end
end

#subscribe(*channels, &block) ⇒ Object

Listen for messages published to the given channels.



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2006

def subscribe(*channels, &block)
  synchronize do |client|
    _subscription(:subscribe, channels, block)
  end
end

#subscribed?Boolean

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1999

def subscribed?
  synchronize do |client|
    client.kind_of? SubscribedClient
  end
end

#sunion(*keys) ⇒ Array<String>

Add multiple sets.

Parameters:

  • keys (String, Array<String>)

    keys pointing to sets to unify

Returns:

  • (Array<String>)

    members in the union



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1365

def sunion(*keys)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:sunion] + keys)
  end
end

#sunionstore(destination, *keys) ⇒ Fixnum

Add multiple sets and store the resulting set in a key.

Parameters:

  • destination (String)

    destination key

  • keys (String, Array<String>)

    keys pointing to sets to unify

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    number of elements in the resulting set



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1376

def sunionstore(destination, *keys)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:sunionstore, destination] + keys)
  end
end

#syncObject

Internal command used for replication.



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 271

def sync
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:sync])
  end
end

#synchronizeObject



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 36

def synchronize
  mon_synchronize { yield(@client) }
end

#timeArray<Fixnum>

Return the server time.

Examples:

r.time # => [ 1333093196, 606806 ]

Returns:

  • (Array<Fixnum>)

    tuple of seconds since UNIX epoch and microseconds in the current second



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 284

def time
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:time]) do |reply|
      reply.map(&:to_i) if reply
    end
  end
end

#ttl(key) ⇒ Fixnum

Get the time to live (in seconds) for a key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    remaining time to live in seconds, or -1 if the key does not exist or does not have a timeout



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 329

def ttl(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:ttl, key])
  end
end

#type(key) ⇒ String

Determine the type stored at key.

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (String)

    string, list, set, zset, hash or none



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 568

def type(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:type, key])
  end
end

#unsubscribe(*channels) ⇒ Object

Stop listening for messages posted to the given channels.



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2013

def unsubscribe(*channels)
  synchronize do |client|
    raise RuntimeError, "Can't unsubscribe if not subscribed." unless subscribed?
    client.unsubscribe(*channels)
  end
end

#unwatchString

Forget about all watched keys.

Returns:

  • (String)

    OK

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2098

def unwatch
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:unwatch])
  end
end

#watch(*keys) ⇒ Object, String

Watch the given keys to determine execution of the MULTI/EXEC block.

Using a block is optional, but is necessary for thread-safety.

An #unwatch is automatically issued if an exception is raised within the block that is a subclass of StandardError and is not a ConnectionError.

Examples:

With a block

redis.watch("key") do
  if redis.get("key") == "some value"
    redis.multi do |multi|
      multi.set("key", "other value")
      multi.incr("counter")
    end
  else
    redis.unwatch
  end
end
  # => ["OK", 6]

Without a block

redis.watch("key")
  # => "OK"

Parameters:

  • keys (String, Array<String>)

    one or more keys to watch

Returns:

  • (Object)

    if using a block, returns the return value of the block

  • (String)

    if not using a block, returns OK

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2073

def watch(*keys)
  synchronize do |client|
    res = client.call([:watch] + keys)

    if block_given?
      begin
        yield(self)
      rescue ConnectionError
        raise
      rescue StandardError
        unwatch
        raise
      end
    else
      res
    end
  end
end

#with_reconnect(val = true, &blk) ⇒ Object

Run code with the client reconnecting



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 41

def with_reconnect(val=true, &blk)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.with_reconnect(val, &blk)
  end
end

#without_reconnect(&blk) ⇒ Object

Run code without the client reconnecting



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 48

def without_reconnect(&blk)
  with_reconnect(false, &blk)
end

#zadd(key, *args) ⇒ Boolean, Fixnum

Add one or more members to a sorted set, or update the score for members that already exist.

Examples:

Add a single [score, member] pair to a sorted set

redis.zadd("zset", 32.0, "member")

Add an array of [score, member] pairs to a sorted set

redis.zadd("zset", [[32.0, "a"], [64.0, "b"]])

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • args ([Float, String], Array<[Float, String]>)
    • a single [score, member] pair
    • an array of [score, member] pairs

Returns:

  • (Boolean, Fixnum)
    • Boolean when a single pair is specified, holding whether or not it was added to the sorted set
    • Fixnum when an array of pairs is specified, holding the number of pairs that were added to the sorted set


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1414

def zadd(key, *args)
  synchronize do |client|
    if args.size == 1 && args[0].is_a?(Array)
      # Variadic: return integer
      client.call([:zadd, key] + args[0])
    elsif args.size == 2
      # Single pair: return boolean
      client.call([:zadd, key, args[0], args[1]], &_boolify)
    else
      raise ArgumentError, "wrong number of arguments"
    end
  end
end

#zcard(key) ⇒ Fixnum

Get the number of members in a sorted set.

Examples:

redis.zcard("zset")
  # => 4

Parameters:

  • key (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1390

def zcard(key)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zcard, key])
  end
end

#zcount(key, min, max) ⇒ Fixnum

Count the members in a sorted set with scores within the given values.

Examples:

Count members with score >= 5 and < 100

redis.zcount("zset", "5", "(100")
  # => 2

Count members with scores > 5

redis.zcount("zset", "(5", "+inf")
  # => 2

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • min (String)
    • inclusive minimum score is specified verbatim
    • exclusive minimum score is specified by prefixing (
  • max (String)
    • inclusive maximum score is specified verbatim
    • exclusive maximum score is specified by prefixing (

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    number of members in within the specified range



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1740

def zcount(key, min, max)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zcount, key, min, max])
  end
end

#zincrby(key, increment, member) ⇒ Float

Increment the score of a member in a sorted set.

Examples:

redis.zincrby("zset", 32.0, "a")
  # => 64.0

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • increment (Float)
  • member (String)

Returns:

  • (Float)

    score of the member after incrementing it



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1438

def zincrby(key, increment, member)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zincrby, key, increment, member], &_floatify)
  end
end

#zinterstore(destination, keys, options = {}) ⇒ Fixnum

Intersect multiple sorted sets and store the resulting sorted set in a new key.

Examples:

Compute the intersection of 2*zsetA with 1*zsetB, summing their scores

redis.zinterstore("zsetC", ["zsetA", "zsetB"], :weights => [2.0, 1.0], :aggregate => "sum")
  # => 4

Parameters:

  • destination (String)

    destination key

  • keys (Array<String>)

    source keys

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :weights => [Float, Float, ...]: weights to associate with source sorted sets
    • :aggregate => String: aggregate function to use (sum, min, max, ...)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    number of elements in the resulting sorted set



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1760

def zinterstore(destination, keys, options = {})
  args = []

  weights = options[:weights]
  args.concat(["WEIGHTS"] + weights) if weights

  aggregate = options[:aggregate]
  args.concat(["AGGREGATE", aggregate]) if aggregate

  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zinterstore, destination, keys.size] + keys + args)
  end
end

#zrange(key, start, stop, options = {}) ⇒ Array<String>, Array<[String, Float]>

Return a range of members in a sorted set, by index.

Examples:

Retrieve all members from a sorted set

redis.zrange("zset", 0, -1)
  # => ["a", "b"]

Retrieve all members and their scores from a sorted set

redis.zrange("zset", 0, -1, :with_scores => true)
  # => [["a", 32.0], ["b", 64.0]]

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • start (Fixnum)

    start index

  • stop (Fixnum)

    stop index

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :with_scores => true: include scores in output

Returns:

  • (Array<String>, Array<[String, Float]>)
    • when :with_scores is not specified, an array of members
    • when :with_scores is specified, an array with [member, score] pairs


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1508

def zrange(key, start, stop, options = {})
  args = []

  with_scores = options[:with_scores] || options[:withscores]

  if with_scores
    args << "WITHSCORES"
    block = _floatify_pairs
  end

  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zrange, key, start, stop] + args, &block)
  end
end

#zrangebylex(key, min, max, options = {}) ⇒ Array<String>, Array<[String, Float]>

Return a range of members with the same score in a sorted set, by lexicographical ordering

Examples:

Retrieve members matching a

redis.zrangebylex("zset", "[a", "[a\xff")
  # => ["aaren", "aarika", "abagael", "abby"]

Retrieve the first 2 members matching a

redis.zrangebylex("zset", "[a", "[a\xff", :limit => [0, 2])
  # => ["aaren", "aarika"]

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • min (String)
    • inclusive minimum is specified by prefixing (
    • exclusive minimum is specified by prefixing [
  • max (String)
    • inclusive maximum is specified by prefixing (
    • exclusive maximum is specified by prefixing [
  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :limit => [offset, count]: skip offset members, return a maximum of count members

Returns:

  • (Array<String>, Array<[String, Float]>)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1612

def zrangebylex(key, min, max, options = {})
  args = []

  limit = options[:limit]
  args.concat(["LIMIT"] + limit) if limit

  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zrangebylex, key, min, max] + args)
  end
end

#zrangebyscore(key, min, max, options = {}) ⇒ Array<String>, Array<[String, Float]>

Return a range of members in a sorted set, by score.

Examples:

Retrieve members with score >= 5 and < 100

redis.zrangebyscore("zset", "5", "(100")
  # => ["a", "b"]

Retrieve the first 2 members with score >= 0

redis.zrangebyscore("zset", "0", "+inf", :limit => [0, 2])
  # => ["a", "b"]

Retrieve members and their scores with scores > 5

redis.zrangebyscore("zset", "(5", "+inf", :with_scores => true)
  # => [["a", 32.0], ["b", 64.0]]

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • min (String)
    • inclusive minimum score is specified verbatim
    • exclusive minimum score is specified by prefixing (
  • max (String)
    • inclusive maximum score is specified verbatim
    • exclusive maximum score is specified by prefixing (
  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :with_scores => true: include scores in output
    • :limit => [offset, count]: skip offset members, return a maximum of count members

Returns:

  • (Array<String>, Array<[String, Float]>)
    • when :with_scores is not specified, an array of members
    • when :with_scores is specified, an array with [member, score] pairs


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1650

def zrangebyscore(key, min, max, options = {})
  args = []

  with_scores = options[:with_scores] || options[:withscores]

  if with_scores
    args << "WITHSCORES"
    block = _floatify_pairs
  end

  limit = options[:limit]
  args.concat(["LIMIT"] + limit) if limit

  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zrangebyscore, key, min, max] + args, &block)
  end
end

#zrank(key, member) ⇒ Fixnum

Determine the index of a member in a sorted set.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • member (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1554

def zrank(key, member)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zrank, key, member])
  end
end

#zrem(key, member) ⇒ Boolean, Fixnum

Remove one or more members from a sorted set.

Examples:

Remove a single member from a sorted set

redis.zrem("zset", "a")

Remove an array of members from a sorted set

redis.zrem("zset", ["a", "b"])

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • member (String, Array<String>)
    • a single member
    • an array of members

Returns:

  • (Boolean, Fixnum)
    • Boolean when a single member is specified, holding whether or not it was removed from the sorted set
    • Fixnum when an array of pairs is specified, holding the number of members that were removed to the sorted set


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1461

def zrem(key, member)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zrem, key, member]) do |reply|
      if member.is_a? Array
        # Variadic: return integer
        reply
      else
        # Single argument: return boolean
        _boolify.call(reply)
      end
    end
  end
end

#zremrangebyrank(key, start, stop) ⇒ Fixnum

Remove all members in a sorted set within the given indexes.

Examples:

Remove first 5 members

redis.zremrangebyrank("zset", 0, 4)
  # => 5

Remove last 5 members

redis.zremrangebyrank("zset", -5, -1)
  # => 5

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • start (Fixnum)

    start index

  • stop (Fixnum)

    stop index

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    number of members that were removed



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1585

def zremrangebyrank(key, start, stop)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zremrangebyrank, key, start, stop])
  end
end

#zremrangebyscore(key, min, max) ⇒ Fixnum

Remove all members in a sorted set within the given scores.

Examples:

Remove members with score >= 5 and < 100

redis.zremrangebyscore("zset", "5", "(100")
  # => 2

Remove members with scores > 5

redis.zremrangebyscore("zset", "(5", "+inf")
  # => 2

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • min (String)
    • inclusive minimum score is specified verbatim
    • exclusive minimum score is specified by prefixing (
  • max (String)
    • inclusive maximum score is specified verbatim
    • exclusive maximum score is specified by prefixing (

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    number of members that were removed



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1717

def zremrangebyscore(key, min, max)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zremrangebyscore, key, min, max])
  end
end

#zrevrange(key, start, stop, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Return a range of members in a sorted set, by index, with scores ordered from high to low.

Examples:

Retrieve all members from a sorted set

redis.zrevrange("zset", 0, -1)
  # => ["b", "a"]

Retrieve all members and their scores from a sorted set

redis.zrevrange("zset", 0, -1, :with_scores => true)
  # => [["b", 64.0], ["a", 32.0]]

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1534

def zrevrange(key, start, stop, options = {})
  args = []

  with_scores = options[:with_scores] || options[:withscores]

  if with_scores
    args << "WITHSCORES"
    block = _floatify_pairs
  end

  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zrevrange, key, start, stop] + args, &block)
  end
end

#zrevrangebyscore(key, max, min, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Return a range of members in a sorted set, by score, with scores ordered from high to low.

Examples:

Retrieve members with score < 100 and >= 5

redis.zrevrangebyscore("zset", "(100", "5")
  # => ["b", "a"]

Retrieve the first 2 members with score <= 0

redis.zrevrangebyscore("zset", "0", "-inf", :limit => [0, 2])
  # => ["b", "a"]

Retrieve members and their scores with scores > 5

redis.zrevrangebyscore("zset", "+inf", "(5", :with_scores => true)
  # => [["b", 64.0], ["a", 32.0]]

See Also:



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1682

def zrevrangebyscore(key, max, min, options = {})
  args = []

  with_scores = options[:with_scores] || options[:withscores]

  if with_scores
    args << ["WITHSCORES"]
    block = _floatify_pairs
  end

  limit = options[:limit]
  args.concat(["LIMIT"] + limit) if limit

  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zrevrangebyscore, key, max, min] + args, &block)
  end
end

#zrevrank(key, member) ⇒ Fixnum

Determine the index of a member in a sorted set, with scores ordered from high to low.

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • member (String)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)


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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1566

def zrevrank(key, member)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zrevrank, key, member])
  end
end

#zscan(key, cursor, options = {}) ⇒ String, Array<[String, Float]>

Scan a sorted set

Examples:

Retrieve the first batch of key/value pairs in a hash

redis.zscan("zset", 0)

Parameters:

  • cursor: (String, Integer)

    the cursor of the iteration

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :match => String: only return keys matching the pattern
    • :count => Integer: return count keys at most per iteration

Returns:

  • (String, Array<[String, Float]>)

    the next cursor and all found members and scores



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2416

def zscan(key, cursor, options={})
  _scan(:zscan, cursor, [key], options) do |reply|
    [reply[0], _floatify_pairs.call(reply[1])]
  end
end

#zscan_each(key, options = {}, &block) ⇒ Enumerator

Scan a sorted set

Examples:

Retrieve all of the members/scores in a sorted set

redis.zscan_each("zset").to_a
# => [["key70", "70"], ["key80", "80"]]

Parameters:

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :match => String: only return keys matching the pattern
    • :count => Integer: return count keys at most per iteration

Returns:

  • (Enumerator)

    an enumerator for all found scores and members



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 2433

def zscan_each(key, options={}, &block)
  return to_enum(:zscan_each, key, options) unless block_given?
  cursor = 0
  loop do
    cursor, values = zscan(key, cursor, options)
    values.each(&block)
    break if cursor == "0"
  end
end

#zscore(key, member) ⇒ Float

Get the score associated with the given member in a sorted set.

Examples:

Get the score for member "a"

redis.zscore("zset", "a")
  # => 32.0

Parameters:

  • key (String)
  • member (String)

Returns:

  • (Float)

    score of the member



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1484

def zscore(key, member)
  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zscore, key, member], &_floatify)
  end
end

#zunionstore(destination, keys, options = {}) ⇒ Fixnum

Add multiple sorted sets and store the resulting sorted set in a new key.

Examples:

Compute the union of 2*zsetA with 1*zsetB, summing their scores

redis.zunionstore("zsetC", ["zsetA", "zsetB"], :weights => [2.0, 1.0], :aggregate => "sum")
  # => 8

Parameters:

  • destination (String)

    destination key

  • keys (Array<String>)

    source keys

  • options (Hash) (defaults to: {})
    • :weights => [Float, Float, ...]: weights to associate with source sorted sets
    • :aggregate => String: aggregate function to use (sum, min, max, ...)

Returns:

  • (Fixnum)

    number of elements in the resulting sorted set



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# File 'lib/redis.rb', line 1787

def zunionstore(destination, keys, options = {})
  args = []

  weights = options[:weights]
  args.concat(["WEIGHTS"] + weights) if weights

  aggregate = options[:aggregate]
  args.concat(["AGGREGATE", aggregate]) if aggregate

  synchronize do |client|
    client.call([:zunionstore, destination, keys.size] + keys + args)
  end
end