Module: PageObject::Accessors

Defined in:
lib/page-object/accessors.rb

Overview

Contains the class level methods that are inserted into your page objects when you include the PageObject module. These methods will generate another set of methods that provide access to the elements on the web pages.

See Also:

  • for the watir implementation of the platform delegate
  • for the selenium implementation of the platform delegate

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#area(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to click the area, another to return the area element, and another to check the area's existence.

Examples:

area(:message, :id => 'message')
# will generate 'message', 'message_element', and 'message?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find an area. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :text => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1044

def area(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'area_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.click_area_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").click
  end
end

#audio(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds two methods - one to return the audio element and another to check the audio's existence.

Examples:

audio(:acdc, :id => 'audio_id')
# will generate 'acdc_element' and 'acdc?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find an audio element. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1094

def audio(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'audio_for', &block)
end

#b(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a b element, another to retrieve a b element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

b(:bold, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'bold', 'bold_element', and 'bold?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a b. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1140

def b(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier,'b_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.b_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#button(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to click a button, another to return the button element, and another to check the button's existence.

Examples:

button(:purchase, :id => 'purchase')
# will generate 'purchase', 'purchase_element', and 'purchase?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a button. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :text => Watir only

    • :value => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

    • :src => Watir and Selenium (input type=image only)

    • :alt => Watir and Selenium (input type=image only)

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 514

def button(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'button_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.click_button_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").click
  end
end

#canvas(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds two methods - one to return the canvas element and another to check the canvas's existence.

Examples:

canvas(:my_canvas, :id => 'canvas_id')
# will generate 'my_canvas_element' and 'my_canvas?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a canvas. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1071

def canvas(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'canvas_for', &block)
end

#cell(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: td

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text from a table cell, another to return the table cell element, and another to check the cell's existence.

Examples:

cell(:total, :id => 'total_cell')
# will generate 'total', 'total_element', and 'total?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a cell. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :text => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 631

def cell(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'cell_for', &block)
  define_method("#{name}") do
    return platform.cell_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#checkbox(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds five methods - one to check, another to uncheck, another to return the state of a checkbox, another to return a PageObject::Elements::CheckBox object representing the checkbox, and a final method to check the checkbox's existence.

Examples:

checkbox(:active, :name => "is_active")
# will generate 'check_active', 'uncheck_active', 'active_checked?',
# 'active_element', and 'active?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a checkbox. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :value => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

    • :label => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 388

def checkbox(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'checkbox_for', &block)
  define_method("check_#{name}") do
    return platform.check_checkbox(identifier.clone) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").check
  end
  define_method("uncheck_#{name}") do
    return platform.uncheck_checkbox(identifier.clone) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").uncheck
  end
  define_method("#{name}_checked?") do
    return platform.checkbox_checked?(identifier.clone) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").checked?
  end
end

#div(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text from a div, another to return the div element, and another to check the div's existence.

Examples:

div(:message, :id => 'message')
# will generate 'message', 'message_element', and 'message?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a div. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :text => Watir and Selenium

    • :title => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 543

def div(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'div_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.div_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#element(name, tag, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of an element, another to retrieve an element, and another to check the element's existence.

Examples:

element(:title, :header, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • the (Symbol)

    name of the tag for the element

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find an element. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1192

def element(name, tag, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  define_method("#{name}") do
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
  define_method("#{name}_element") do
    return call_block(&block) if block_given?
    platform.element_for(tag, identifier.clone)
  end
  define_method("#{name}?") do
    self.send("#{name}_element").exists?
  end
end

#elements(name, tag, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds a method to return a collection of generic Element objects for a specific tag.

Examples:

elements(:title, :header, :id => 'title')
# will generate ''title_elements'

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • the (Symbol)

    name of the tag for the element

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find an element. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1225

def elements(name, tag, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  define_method("#{name}_elements") do
    return call_block(&block) if block_given?
    platform.elements_for(tag, identifier.clone)
  end
end

#expected_element(element_name, timeout = ::PageObject.default_element_wait) ⇒ boolean

Creates a method that provides a way to initialize a page based upon an expected element. This is useful for pages that load dynamic content.

Examples:

Specify a text box named :address expected on the page within 10 seconds

expected_element(:address, 10)
page.has_expected_element?

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name given to the element in the declaration

  • timeout (optional, Integer) (defaults to: ::PageObject.default_element_wait)

    default value is 5 seconds

Returns:

  • (boolean)


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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 112

def expected_element(element_name, timeout=::PageObject.default_element_wait)
  define_method("has_expected_element?") do
    self.respond_to? "#{element_name}_element" and self.send("#{element_name}_element").when_present timeout
  end
end

#expected_element_visible(element_name, timeout = ::PageObject.default_element_wait, check_visible = false) ⇒ boolean

Creates a method that provides a way to initialize a page based upon an expected element to become visible. This is useful for pages that load dynamic content and might have hidden elements that are not shown.

Examples:

Specify a text box named :address expected on the page within 10 seconds

expected_element_visible(:address, 10)
page.has_expected_element_visible?

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name given to the element in the declaration

  • timeout (optional, Integer) (defaults to: ::PageObject.default_element_wait)

    default value is 5 seconds

  • also (optional, boolean)

    check that element to be visible if set to true

Returns:

  • (boolean)


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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 130

def expected_element_visible(element_name, timeout=::PageObject.default_element_wait, check_visible=false)
  define_method("has_expected_element_visible?") do
    self.respond_to? "#{element_name}_element" and self.send("#{element_name}_element").when_present timeout
    self.respond_to? "#{element_name}_element" and self.send("#{element_name}_element").when_visible timeout
  end
end

#expected_title(expected_title) ⇒ boolean

Creates a method that compares the expected_title of a page against the actual.

Examples:

Specify 'Google' as the expected title of a page

expected_title "Google"
page.has_expected_title?

Parameters:

  • expected_title (String)

    the literal expected title for the page

  • expected_title (Regexp)

    the expected title pattern for the page

Returns:

  • (boolean)

Raises:

  • An exception if expected_title does not match actual title



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 92

def expected_title(expected_title)
  define_method("has_expected_title?") do
    page_title = title
    has_expected_title = (expected_title === page_title)
    raise "Expected title '#{expected_title}' instead of '#{page_title}'" unless has_expected_title
    has_expected_title
  end
end

#file_field(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to set the file for a file field, another to retrieve the file field element, and another to check it's existence.

Examples:

file_field(:the_file, :id => 'file_to_upload')
# will generate 'the_file=', 'the_file_element', and 'the_file?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a file_field. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :title => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

    • :label => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 988

def file_field(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'file_field_for', &block)
  define_method("#{name}=") do |value|
    return platform.file_field_value_set(identifier.clone, value) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value = value
  end
end

#form(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds two methods - one to retrieve the form element, and another to check the form's existence.

Examples:

form(:login, :id => 'login')
# will generate 'login_element' and 'login?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a form. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :action => Watir and Selenium

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 685

def form(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'form_for', &block)
end

#h1(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a h1 element, another to retrieve a h1 element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

h1(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a H1. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 796

def h1(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier,'h1_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.h1_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#h2(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a h2 element, another to retrieve a h2 element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

h2(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a H2. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 823

def h2(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'h2_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.h2_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#h3(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a h3 element, another to return a h3 element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

h3(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a H3. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 850

def h3(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'h3_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.h3_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#h4(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a h4 element, another to return a h4 element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

h4(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a H4. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 877

def h4(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'h4_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.h4_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#h5(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a h5 element, another to return a h5 element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

h5(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a H5. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 904

def h5(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'h5_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.h5_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#h6(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a h6 element, another to return a h6 element, and another to check for it's existence.

Examples:

h6(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a H6. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 931

def h6(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'h6_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.h6_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#hidden_field(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: hidden

adds three methods to the page object - one to get the text from a hidden field, another to retrieve the hidden field element, and another to check the hidden field's existence.

Examples:

hidden_field(:user_id, :id => "user_identity")
# will generate 'user_id', 'user_id_element' and 'user_id?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (String)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a hidden field. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :text => Watir and Selenium

    • :value => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 244

def hidden_field(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'hidden_field_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.hidden_field_value_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value
  end
end

#image(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: img

adds two methods - one to retrieve the image element, and another to check the image's existence.

Examples:

image(:logo, :id => 'logo')
# will generate 'logo_element' and 'logo?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find an image. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :alt => Watir and Selenium

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :src => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 661

def image(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'image_for', &block)
end

#in_frame(identifier, frame = nil, &block) ⇒ Object

Identify an element as existing within a frame . A frame parameter is passed to the block and must be passed to the other calls to PageObject. You can nest calls to in_frame by passing the frame to the next level.

Examples:

in_frame(:id => 'frame_id') do |frame|
  text_field(:first_name, :id => 'fname', :frame => frame)
end

Parameters:

  • identifier (Hash)

    how we find the frame. The valid keys are:

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :regexp => Watir only

  • frame (defaults to: nil)

    passed from a previous call to in_frame. Used to nest calls

  • block

    that contains the calls to elements that exist inside the frame.



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 155

def in_frame(identifier, frame=nil, &block)
  frame = [] if frame.nil?
  frame << {frame: identifier}
  block.call(frame)
end

#in_iframe(identifier, frame = nil, &block) ⇒ Object

Identify an element as existing within an iframe. A frame parameter is passed to the block and must be passed to the other calls to PageObject. You can nest calls to in_frame by passing the frame to the next level.

Examples:

in_iframe(:id => 'frame_id') do |frame|
  text_field(:first_name, :id => 'fname', :frame => frame)
end

Parameters:

  • identifier (Hash)

    how we find the frame. The valid keys are:

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :regexp => Watir only

  • frame (defaults to: nil)

    passed from a previous call to in_iframe. Used to nest calls

  • block

    that contains the calls to elements that exist inside the iframe.



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 179

def in_iframe(identifier, frame=nil, &block)
  frame = [] if frame.nil?
  frame << {iframe: identifier}
  block.call(frame)
end

#indexed_property(name, identifier_list) ⇒ Object

adds a method that will return an indexed property. The property will respond to the [] method with an object that has a set of normal page_object properties that correspond to the definitions included in the identifier_list parameter, with the “what” of the “how and what” substituted based on the index provided to the [] method.

Examples:

indexed_property(:title, [
  [:text_field,  :field_1,   :id => 'table[%s].field_1'],
  [:button,      :button_1,  :id => 'table[%s].button_1'],
  [:text_field,  :field_2,   :name => 'table[%s].field_2']
])
# will generate a title method that responds to [].  title['foo'] will return an object
# that responds to the normal methods expected for two text_fields and a button with the
# given names, using the given how and what with 'foo' substituted for the %s.  title[123]
# will do the same, using the integer 123 instead.

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated method

  • definitions (Array)

    an array of definitions to define on the indexed property. Each entry in the array should contain two symbols and a hash, corresponding to one of the standard page_object properties with a single substitution marker in each value in the hash, e.g. [:text_field, :field_1, :id => 'table.field_1']



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1300

def indexed_property (name, identifier_list)
  define_method("#{name}") do
    IndexedProperties::TableOfElements.new(@browser, identifier_list)
  end
end

#label(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text from a label, another to return the label element, and another to check the label's existence.

Examples:

label(:message, :id => 'message')
# will generate 'message', 'message_element', and 'message?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a label. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :text => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1016

def label(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'label_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.label_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

adds three methods - one to select a link, another to return a PageObject::Elements::Link object representing the link, and another that checks the link's existence.

Examples:

link(:add_to_cart, :text => "Add to Cart")
# will generate 'add_to_cart', 'add_to_cart_element', and 'add_to_cart?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a link. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :href => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :link => Watir and Selenium

    • :link_text => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :text => Watir and Selenium

    • :title => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 355

def link(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'link_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.click_link_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").click
  end
end

#list_item(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: li

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text from a list item, another to return the list item element, and another to check the list item's existence.

Examples:

list_item(:item_one, :id => 'one')
# will generate 'item_one', 'item_one_element', and 'item_one?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a list item. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :text => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 710

def list_item(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'list_item_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.list_item_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#ordered_list(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: ol

adds three methods - one to return the text within the ordered list, one to retrieve the ordered list element, and another to test it's existence.

Examples:

ordered_list(:top_five, :id => 'top')
# will generate 'top_five', 'top_five_element' and 'top_five?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find an ordered list. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 768

def ordered_list(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'ordered_list_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.ordered_list_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#page_url(url) ⇒ Object Also known as: direct_url

Specify the url for the page. A call to this method will generate a 'goto' method to take you to the page.

Parameters:

  • the (String)

    url for the page.

  • a (Symbol)

    method name to call to get the url



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 40

def page_url(url)
  define_method("goto") do
    platform.navigate_to self.page_url_value
  end

  define_method('page_url_value') do
    lookup = url.kind_of?(Symbol) ? self.send(url) : url
    erb = ERB.new(%Q{#{lookup}})
    merged_params = self.class.instance_variable_get("@merged_params")
    params = merged_params ? merged_params : self.class.params
    erb.result(binding)
  end
end

#paragraph(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: p

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text of a paragraph, another to retrieve a paragraph element, and another to check the paragraph's existence.

Examples:

paragraph(:title, :id => 'title')
# will generate 'title', 'title_element', and 'title?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a paragraph. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 958

def paragraph(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'paragraph_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.paragraph_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#paramsObject

Return the params that exist on this page class



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 29

def params
  @params ||= {}
end

#params=(the_params) ⇒ Object

Set some values that can be used within the class. This is typically used to provide values that help build dynamic urls in the page_url method

Parameters:

  • the (Hash)

    value to set the params



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 22

def params=(the_params)
  @params = the_params
end

#radio_button(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: radio

adds four methods - one to select, another to return if a radio button is selected, another method to return a PageObject::Elements::RadioButton object representing the radio button element, and another to check the radio button's existence.

Examples:

radio_button(:north, :id => "north")
# will generate 'select_north', 'north_selected?',
# 'north_element', and 'north?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a radio button. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :value => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

    • :label => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 428

def radio_button(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'radio_button_for', &block)
  define_method("select_#{name}") do
    return platform.select_radio(identifier.clone) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").select
  end
  define_method("#{name}_selected?") do
    return platform.radio_selected?(identifier.clone) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").selected?
  end
end

#radio_button_group(name, identifier) ⇒ Object Also known as: radio_group

adds five methods to help interact with a radio button group - a method to select a radio button in the group by given value/text, a method to return the values of all radio buttons in the group, a method to return if a radio button in the group is selected (will return the text of the selected radio button, if true), a method to return an array of PageObject::Elements::RadioButton objects representing the radio button group, and finally a method to check the existence of the radio button group.

radio_button_group(:color, :name => “preferred_color”) will generate 'select_color', 'color_values', 'color_selected?', 'color_elements', and 'color?' methods

The valid keys are:

  • :name => Watir and Selenium

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • shared (Hash)

    identifier for the radio button group. Typically, a 'name' attribute.



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 461

def radio_button_group(name, identifier)
  define_method("select_#{name}") do |value|
    platform.radio_buttons_for(identifier.clone).each do |radio_elem|
      if radio_elem.value == value
        return radio_elem.select
      end
    end
  end
  define_method("#{name}_values") do
    result = []
    platform.radio_buttons_for(identifier.clone).each do |radio_elem|
      result << radio_elem.value
    end
    return result
  end
  define_method("#{name}_selected?") do
    platform.radio_buttons_for(identifier.clone).each do |radio_elem|
      return radio_elem.value if radio_elem.selected?
    end
    return false
  end
  define_method("#{name}_elements") do
    return platform.radio_buttons_for(identifier.clone)
  end
  define_method("#{name}?") do
    return platform.radio_buttons_for(identifier.clone).any?
  end
end

#select_list(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: select

adds five methods - one to select an item in a drop-down, another to fetch the currently selected item text, another to retrieve the select list element, another to check the drop down's existence and another to get all the available options to select from.

Examples:

select_list(:state, :id => "state")
# will generate 'state', 'state=', 'state_element', 'state?', "state_options" methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a select list. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :text => Watir only

    • :value => Watir only

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

    • :label => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 313

def select_list(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'select_list_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.select_list_value_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value
  end
  define_method("#{name}=") do |value|
    return platform.select_list_value_set(identifier.clone, value) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").select(value)
  end
  define_method("#{name}_options") do
    element = self.send("#{name}_element")
    (element && element.options) ? element.options.collect(&:text) : []
  end
end

#span(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to retrieve the text from a span, another to return the span element, and another to check the span's existence.

Examples:

span(:alert, :id => 'alert')
# will generate 'alert', 'alert_element', and 'alert?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a span. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :text => Watir and Selenium

    • :title => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 572

def span(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'span_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.span_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#standard_methods(name, identifier, method, &block) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1265

def standard_methods(name, identifier, method, &block)
  define_method("#{name}_element") do
    return call_block(&block) if block_given?
    platform.send(method, identifier.clone)
  end
  define_method("#{name}?") do
    return call_block(&block).exists? if block_given?
    platform.send(method, identifier.clone).exists?
  end
end

#svg(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds two methods - one to retrieve a svg, and another to check the svg's existence.

Examples:

svg(:circle, :id => 'circle')
# will generate 'circle_element', and 'circle?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a svg. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1167

def svg(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'svg_for', &block)
end

#table(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds three methods - one to return the text for the table, one to retrieve the table element, and another to check the table's existence. The existence method does not work on Selenium so it should not be called.

Examples:

table(:cart, :id => 'shopping_cart')
# will generate a 'cart', 'cart_element' and 'cart?' method

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a table. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 601

def table(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'table_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.table_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#text_area(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: textarea

adds four methods to the page object - one to set text in a text area, another to retrieve text from a text area, another to return the text area element, and another to check the text area's existence.

Examples:

text_area(:address, :id => "address")
# will generate 'address', 'address=', 'address_element',
# 'address?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (String)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a text area. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

    • :label => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 275

def text_area(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'text_area_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.text_area_value_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value
  end
  define_method("#{name}=") do |value|
    return platform.text_area_value_set(identifier.clone, value) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value = value
  end
end

#text_field(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds four methods to the page object - one to set text in a text field, another to retrieve text from a text field, another to return the text field element, another to check the text field's existence.

Examples:

text_field(:first_name, :id => "first_name")
# will generate 'first_name', 'first_name=', 'first_name_element',
# 'first_name?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (String)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a text field. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :label => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :text => Watir and Selenium

    • :title => Watir and Selenium

    • :value => Watir only

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 210

def text_field(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block) 
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'text_field_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.text_field_value_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value
  end
  define_method("#{name}=") do |value|
    return platform.text_field_value_set(identifier.clone, value) unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").value = value
  end
end

#unordered_list(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object Also known as: ul

adds three methods - one to return the text within the unordered list, one to retrieve the unordered list element, and another to check it's existence.

Examples:

unordered_list(:menu, :id => 'main_menu')
# will generate 'menu', 'menu_element' and 'menu?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find an unordered list. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Selenium only

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 739

def unordered_list(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'unordered_list_for', &block)
  define_method(name) do
    return platform.unordered_list_text_for identifier.clone unless block_given?
    self.send("#{name}_element").text
  end
end

#video(name, identifier = {:index => 0}, &block) ⇒ Object

adds two methods - one to return the video element and another to check the video's existence.

Examples:

video(:movie, :id => 'video_id')
# will generate 'movie_element' and 'movie?' methods

Parameters:

  • the (Symbol)

    name used for the generated methods

  • identifier (Hash) (defaults to: {:index => 0})

    how we find a video element. You can use a multiple parameters by combining of any of the following except xpath. The valid keys are:

    • :class => Watir and Selenium

    • :css => Watir and Selenium

    • :id => Watir and Selenium

    • :index => Watir and Selenium

    • :name => Watir and Selenium

    • :xpath => Watir and Selenium

  • optional

    block to be invoked when element method is called



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 1117

def video(name, identifier={:index => 0}, &block)
  standard_methods(name, identifier, 'video_for', &block)
end

#wait_for_expected_title(expected_title, timeout = ::PageObject.default_element_wait) ⇒ boolean

Creates a method that waits the expected_title of a page to match the actual.

Examples:

Specify 'Google' as the expected title of a page

expected_title "Google"
page.has_expected_title?

Parameters:

  • expected_title (String)

    the literal expected title for the page

  • expected_title (Regexp)

    the expected title pattern for the page

  • timeout (optional, Integer) (defaults to: ::PageObject.default_element_wait)

    default value is nil - do not wait

Returns:

  • (boolean)

Raises:

  • An exception if expected_title does not match actual title



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# File 'lib/page-object/accessors.rb', line 67

def wait_for_expected_title(expected_title, timeout=::PageObject.default_element_wait)
  define_method("wait_for_expected_title?") do
    error_message = lambda { "Expected title '#{expected_title}' instead of '#{title}'" }

    has_expected_title = (expected_title === title)
    wait_until(timeout, error_message.call) do
      has_expected_title = (expected_title === title)
    end unless has_expected_title

    raise error_message.call unless has_expected_title
    has_expected_title
  end
end