Class: ActiveMerchant::Billing::Gateway

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
CreditCardFormatting, PostsData
Defined in:
lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb

Overview

Description

The Gateway class is the base class for all ActiveMerchant gateway implementations.

The standard list of gateway functions that most concrete gateway subclasses implement is:

  • purchase(money, credit_card, options = {})

  • authorize(money, credit_card, options = {})

  • capture(money, authorization, options = {})

  • void(identification, options = {})

  • refund(money, identification, options = {})

  • verify(credit_card, options = {})

Some gateways also support features for storing credit cards:

  • store(credit_card, options = {})

  • unstore(identification, options = {})

Gateway Options

The options hash consists of the following options:

  • :order_id - The order number

  • :ip - The IP address of the customer making the purchase

  • :customer - The name, customer number, or other information that identifies the customer

  • :invoice - The invoice number

  • :merchant - The name or description of the merchant offering the product

  • :description - A description of the transaction

  • :email - The email address of the customer

  • :currency - The currency of the transaction. Only important when you are using a currency that is not the default with a gateway that supports multiple currencies.

  • :billing_address - A hash containing the billing address of the customer.

  • :shipping_address - A hash containing the shipping address of the customer.

The :billing_address, and :shipping_address hashes can have the following keys:

  • :name - The full name of the customer.

  • :company - The company name of the customer.

  • :address1 - The primary street address of the customer.

  • :address2 - Additional line of address information.

  • :city - The city of the customer.

  • :state - The state of the customer. The 2 digit code for US and Canadian addresses. The full name of the state or province for foreign addresses.

  • :country - The [ISO 3166-1-alpha-2 code](www.iso.org/iso/country_codes/iso_3166_code_lists/english_country_names_and_code_elements.htm) for the customer.

  • :zip - The zip or postal code of the customer.

  • :phone - The phone number of the customer.

Implmenting new gateways

See the ActiveMerchant Guide to Contributing

Direct Known Subclasses

AdyenGateway, App55Gateway, AuthorizeNetArbGateway, AuthorizeNetCimGateway, AuthorizeNetGateway, BalancedGateway, BankFrickGateway, BanwireGateway, BarclaysEpdqGateway, Be2billGateway, BeanstreamGateway, BeanstreamInteracGateway, BluePayGateway, BogusGateway, BorgunGateway, BraintreeBlueGateway, BraintreeGateway, BridgePayGateway, CC5Gateway, CardStreamGateway, CashnetGateway, CecabankGateway, CertoDirectGateway, CheckoutGateway, CommercegateGateway, ConektaGateway, CyberSourceGateway, DataCashGateway, EfsnetGateway, ElavonGateway, EpayGateway, EvoCaGateway, EwayGateway, EwayManagedGateway, EwayRapidGateway, ExactGateway, FatZebraGateway, FederatedCanadaGateway, FirstGivingGateway, FirstPayGateway, FirstdataE4Gateway, GarantiGateway, GlobalTransportGateway, HdfcGateway, HpsGateway, IatsPaymentsGateway, IdealBaseGateway, InspireGateway, InstapayGateway, IridiumGateway, ItransactGateway, JetpayGateway, LinkpointGateway, LitleGateway, MaxipagoGateway, MerchantESolutionsGateway, MerchantOneGateway, MerchantWareGateway, MerchantWareVersionFourGateway, MerchantWarriorGateway, MercuryGateway, MetricsGlobalGateway, MigsGateway, ModernPaymentsCimGateway, ModernPaymentsGateway, MonerisGateway, MonerisUsGateway, MoneyMoversGateway, NabTransactGateway, NetRegistryGateway, NetaxeptGateway, NetbillingGateway, NetpayGateway, NetworkMerchantsGateway, NmiGateway, OgoneGateway, OpenpayGateway, OptimalPaymentGateway, OrbitalGateway, PacNetRavenGateway, PagoFacilGateway, PayGateXmlGateway, PayJunctionGateway, PaySecureGateway, PayboxDirectGateway, PayexGateway, PayflowExpressGateway, PayflowGateway, PaymentExpressGateway, PaymillGateway, PaypalExpressGateway, PaypalGateway, PayscoutGateway, PaystationGateway, PaywayGateway, PinGateway, PlugnpayGateway, PsigateGateway, PslCardGateway, QbmsGateway, QuantumGateway, QuickpayGateway, RealexGateway, RedsysGateway, SageBankcardGateway, SageGateway, SagePayGateway, SageVaultGateway, SageVirtualCheckGateway, SallieMaeGateway, SecureNetGateway, SecurePayAuGateway, SecurePayGateway, SecurePayTechGateway, SkipJackGateway, SmartPs, SoEasyPayGateway, SpreedlyCoreGateway, StripeGateway, SwipeCheckoutGateway, TnsGateway, TransFirstGateway, TrustCommerceGateway, UsaEpayAdvancedGateway, UsaEpayGateway, UsaEpayTransactionGateway, VerifiGateway, ViaklixGateway, VindiciaGateway, WepayGateway, WirecardGateway, WorldpayGateway, WorldpayUsGateway

Constant Summary

DEBIT_CARDS =
[ :switch, :solo ]
CURRENCIES_WITHOUT_FRACTIONS =
[ 'BIF', 'BYR', 'CLP', 'CVE', 'DJF', 'GNF', 'HUF', 'ISK', 'JPY', 'KMF', 'KRW', 'PYG', 'RWF', 'TWD', 'UGX', 'VND', 'VUV', 'XAF', 'XOF', 'XPF' ]
CREDIT_DEPRECATION_MESSAGE =
"Support for using credit to refund existing transactions is deprecated and will be removed from a future release of ActiveMerchant. Please use the refund method instead."
RECURRING_DEPRECATION_MESSAGE =
"Recurring functionality in ActiveMerchant is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Please contact the ActiveMerchant maintainers if you have an interest in taking ownership of a separate gem that continues support for it."
STANDARD_ERROR_CODE =

Standardized Error Codes

:incorrect_number - Card number does not comply with ISO/IEC 7812 numbering standard :invalid_number - Card number was not matched by processor :invalid_expiry_date - Expiry date deos not match correct formatting :invalid_cvc - Security codes does not match correct format (3-4 digits) :expired_card - Card number is expired :incorrect_cvc - Secerity code was not matched by the processor :incorrect_zip - Zip code is not in correct format :incorrect_address - Billing address info was not matched by the processor :card_declined - Card number declined by processor :processing_error - Processor error :call_issuer - Transaction requires voice authentication, call issuer :pickup_card - Issuer requests that you pickup the card from merchant

{
  :incorrect_number => 'incorrect_number',
  :invalid_number => 'invalid_number',
  :invalid_expiry_date => 'invalid_expiry_date',
  :invalid_cvc => 'invalid_cvc',
  :expired_card => 'expired_card',
  :incorrect_cvc => 'incorrect_cvc',
  :incorrect_zip => 'incorrect_zip',
  :incorrect_address => 'incorrect_address',
  :card_declined => 'card_declined',
  :processing_error => 'processing_error',
  :call_issuer => 'call_issuer',
  :pickup_card => 'pick_up_card'
}
@@implementations =
[]

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from CreditCardFormatting

#expdate, #format

Constructor Details

#initialize(options = {}) ⇒ Gateway

Initialize a new gateway.

See the documentation for the gateway you will be using to make sure there are no other required options.



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 175

def initialize(options = {})
  @options = options
end

Instance Attribute Details

#optionsObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute options



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 134

def options
  @options
end

Class Method Details

.card_brand(source) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 141

def self.card_brand(source)
  result = source.respond_to?(:brand) ? source.brand : source.type
  result.to_s.downcase
end

.inherited(subclass) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 98

def self.inherited(subclass)
  super
  @@implementations << subclass
end

.non_fractional_currency?(currency) ⇒ Boolean

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 146

def self.non_fractional_currency?(currency)
  CURRENCIES_WITHOUT_FRACTIONS.include?(currency.to_s)
end

.supported_countriesObject



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 159

def self.supported_countries
  @supported_countries ||= []
end

.supported_countries=(country_codes) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 150

def self.supported_countries=(country_codes)
  country_codes.each do |country_code|
    unless ActiveMerchant::Country.find(country_code)
      raise ActiveMerchant::InvalidCountryCodeError, "No country could be found for the country #{country_code}"
    end
  end
  @supported_countries = country_codes.dup
end

.supports?(card_type) ⇒ Boolean

Use this method to check if your gateway of interest supports a credit card of some type

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 137

def self.supports?(card_type)
  supported_cardtypes.include?(card_type.to_sym)
end

Instance Method Details

#card_brand(source) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 167

def card_brand(source)
  self.class.card_brand(source)
end

#generate_unique_idObject



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 103

def generate_unique_id
  SecureRandom.hex(16)
end

#scrub(transcript) ⇒ Object

Raises:

  • (RuntimeError)


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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 189

def scrub(transcript)
  raise RuntimeError.new("This gateway does not support scrubbing.")
end

#supported_countriesObject



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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 163

def supported_countries
  self.class.supported_countries
end

#supports_scrubbing?Boolean

Does this gateway know how to scrub sensitive information out of HTTP transcripts?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 185

def supports_scrubbing?
  false
end

#test?Boolean

Are we running in test mode?

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/active_merchant/billing/gateway.rb', line 180

def test?
  (@options.has_key?(:test) ? @options[:test] : Base.test?)
end