Class: Paperclip::Attachment

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/paperclip/attachment.rb

Overview

The Attachment class manages the files for a given attachment. It saves when the model saves, deletes when the model is destroyed, and processes the file upon assignment.

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(name, instance, options = {}) ⇒ Attachment

Creates an Attachment object. name is the name of the attachment, instance is the model object instance it's attached to, and options is the same as the hash passed to has_attached_file.

Options include:

url - a relative URL of the attachment. This is interpolated using interpolator path - where on the filesystem to store the attachment. This is interpolated using interpolator styles - a hash of options for processing the attachment. See has_attached_file for the details only_process - style args to be run through the post-processor. This defaults to the empty list (which is

a special case that indicates all styles should be processed)

default_url - a URL for the missing image default_style - the style to use when an argument is not specified e.g. #url, #path storage - the storage mechanism. Defaults to :filesystem use_timestamp - whether to append an anti-caching timestamp to image URLs. Defaults to true whiny, whiny_thumbnails - whether to raise when thumbnailing fails use_default_time_zone - related to use_timestamp. Defaults to true hash_digest - a string representing a class that will be used to hash URLs for obfuscation hash_data - the relative URL for the hash data. This is interpolated using interpolator hash_secret - a secret passed to the hash_digest convert_options - flags passed to the convert command for processing source_file_options - flags passed to the convert command that controls how the file is read processors - classes that transform the attachment. Defaults to [:thumbnail] preserve_files - whether to keep files on the filesystem when deleting or clearing the attachment. Defaults to false filename_cleaner - An object that responds to #call(filename) that will strip unacceptable charcters from filename interpolator - the object used to interpolate filenames and URLs. Defaults to Paperclip::Interpolations url_generator - the object used to generate URLs, using the interpolator. Defaults to Paperclip::UrlGenerator escape_url - Perform URI escaping to URLs. Defaults to true



72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 72

def initialize(name, instance, options = {})
  @name              = name.to_sym
  @name_string       = name.to_s
  @instance          = instance

  options = self.class.default_options.deep_merge(options)

  @options               = options
  @post_processing       = true
  @queued_for_delete     = []
  @queued_for_write      = {}
  @errors                = {}
  @dirty                 = false
  @interpolator          = options[:interpolator]
  @url_generator         = options[:url_generator].new(self)
  @source_file_options   = options[:source_file_options]
  @whiny                 = options[:whiny]

  initialize_storage
end

Instance Attribute Details

#convert_optionsObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute convert_options



40
41
42
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 40

def convert_options
  @convert_options
end

#default_styleObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute default_style



40
41
42
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 40

def default_style
  @default_style
end

#instanceObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute instance



40
41
42
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 40

def instance
  @instance
end

#interpolatorObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute interpolator



40
41
42
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 40

def interpolator
  @interpolator
end

#nameObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute name



40
41
42
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 40

def name
  @name
end

#optionsObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute options



40
41
42
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 40

def options
  @options
end

#post_processingObject

Returns the value of attribute post_processing



42
43
44
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 42

def post_processing
  @post_processing
end

#queued_for_writeObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute queued_for_write



40
41
42
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 40

def queued_for_write
  @queued_for_write
end

#source_file_optionsObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute source_file_options



40
41
42
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 40

def source_file_options
  @source_file_options
end

#whinyObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute whiny



40
41
42
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 40

def whiny
  @whiny
end

Class Method Details

.default_optionsObject



12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 12

def self.default_options
  @default_options ||= {
    :convert_options       => {},
    :default_style         => :original,
    :default_url           => "/:attachment/:style/missing.png",
    :escape_url            => true,
    :restricted_characters => /[&$+,\/:;=?@<>\[\]\{\}\|\\\^~%# ]/,
    :filename_cleaner      => nil,
    :hash_data             => ":class/:attachment/:id/:style/:updated_at",
    :hash_digest           => "SHA1",
    :interpolator          => Paperclip::Interpolations,
    :only_process          => [],
    :path                  => ":rails_root/public:url",
    :preserve_files        => false,
    :processors            => [:thumbnail],
    :source_file_options   => {},
    :storage               => :filesystem,
    :styles                => {},
    :url                   => "/system/:class/:attachment/:id_partition/:style/:filename",
    :url_generator         => Paperclip::UrlGenerator,
    :use_default_time_zone => true,
    :use_timestamp         => true,
    :whiny                 => Paperclip.options[:whiny] || Paperclip.options[:whiny_thumbnails],
    :validate_media_type   => true,
    :check_validity_before_processing => true
  }
end

Instance Method Details

#as_json(options = nil) ⇒ Object



190
191
192
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 190

def as_json(options = nil)
  to_s((options && options[:style]) || default_style)
end

#assign(uploaded_file) ⇒ Object

What gets called when you call instance.attachment = File. It clears errors, assigns attributes, and processes the file. It also queues up the previous file for deletion, to be flushed away on #save of its host. In addition to form uploads, you can also assign another Paperclip attachment:

new_user.avatar = old_user.avatar


99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 99

def assign(uploaded_file)
  @file = Paperclip.io_adapters.for(uploaded_file)
  ensure_required_accessors!
  ensure_required_validations!

  if @file.assignment?
    clear(*only_process)

    if @file.nil?
      nil
    else
      assign_attributes
      post_process_file
      reset_file_if_original_reprocessed
    end
  else
    nil
  end
end

#blank?Boolean

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


360
361
362
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 360

def blank?
  not present?
end

#clear(*styles_to_clear) ⇒ Object

Clears out the attachment. Has the same effect as previously assigning nil to the attachment. Does NOT save. If you wish to clear AND save, use #destroy.



252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 252

def clear(*styles_to_clear)
  if styles_to_clear.any?
    queue_some_for_delete(*styles_to_clear)
  else
    queue_all_for_delete
    @queued_for_write  = {}
    @errors            = {}
  end
end

#content_typeObject

Returns the content_type of the file as originally assigned, and lives in the <attachment>_content_type attribute of the model.



295
296
297
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 295

def content_type
  instance_read(:content_type)
end

#created_atObject

Returns the creation time of the file as originally assigned, and lives in the <attachment>_created_at attribute of the model.



301
302
303
304
305
306
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 301

def created_at
  if able_to_store_created_at?
    time = instance_read(:created_at)
    time && time.to_f.to_i
  end
end

#default_optionsObject



150
151
152
153
154
155
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 150

def default_options
  {
    :timestamp => @options[:use_timestamp],
    :escape => @options[:escape_url]
  }
end

#destroyObject

Destroys the attachment. Has the same effect as previously assigning nil to the attachment *and saving*. This is permanent. If you wish to wipe out the existing attachment but not save, use #clear.



265
266
267
268
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 265

def destroy
  clear
  save
end

#dirty?Boolean

Returns true if there are changes that need to be saved.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


233
234
235
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 233

def dirty?
  @dirty
end

#errorsObject

Returns an array containing the errors on this attachment.



228
229
230
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 228

def errors
  @errors
end

#expiring_url(time = 3600, style_name = default_style) ⇒ Object

Alias to url that allows using the expiring_url method provided by the cloud storage implementations, but keep using filesystem storage for development and testing.



160
161
162
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 160

def expiring_url(time = 3600, style_name = default_style)
  url(style_name)
end

#file?Boolean Also known as: present?

Returns true if a file has been assigned.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


354
355
356
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 354

def file?
  original_filename.present?
end

#fingerprintObject

Returns the fingerprint of the file, if one's defined. The fingerprint is stored in the <attachment>_fingerprint attribute of the model.



289
290
291
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 289

def fingerprint
  instance_read(:fingerprint)
end

#hash_key(style_name = default_style) ⇒ Object

Returns a unique hash suitable for obfuscating the URL of an otherwise publicly viewable attachment.

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)


323
324
325
326
327
328
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 323

def hash_key(style_name = default_style)
  raise ArgumentError, "Unable to generate hash without :hash_secret" unless @options[:hash_secret]
  require 'openssl' unless defined?(OpenSSL)
  data = interpolate(@options[:hash_data], style_name)
  OpenSSL::HMAC.hexdigest(OpenSSL::Digest.const_get(@options[:hash_digest]).new, @options[:hash_secret], data)
end

#instance_read(attr) ⇒ Object

Reads the attachment-specific attribute on the instance. See instance_write for more details.



382
383
384
385
386
387
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 382

def instance_read(attr)
  getter = :#{@name_string}_#{attr}"
  if instance.respond_to?(getter)
    instance.send(getter)
  end
end

#instance_respond_to?(attr) ⇒ Boolean

Determines whether the instance responds to this attribute. Used to prevent calculations on fields we won't even store.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


366
367
368
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 366

def instance_respond_to?(attr)
  instance.respond_to?(:#{name}_#{attr}")
end

#instance_write(attr, value) ⇒ Object

Writes the attachment-specific attribute on the instance. For example, instance_write(:file_name, “me.jpg”) will write “me.jpg” to the instance's “avatar_file_name” field (assuming the attachment is called avatar).



373
374
375
376
377
378
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 373

def instance_write(attr, value)
  setter = :#{@name_string}_#{attr}="
  if instance.respond_to?(setter)
    instance.send(setter, value)
  end
end

#only_processObject



211
212
213
214
215
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 211

def only_process
  only_process = @options[:only_process].dup
  only_process = only_process.call(self) if only_process.respond_to?(:call)
  only_process.map(&:to_sym)
end

#original_filenameObject

Returns the name of the file as originally assigned, and lives in the <attachment>_file_name attribute of the model.



277
278
279
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 277

def original_filename
  instance_read(:file_name)
end

#path(style_name = default_style) ⇒ Object

Returns the path of the attachment as defined by the :path option. If the file is stored in the filesystem the path refers to the path of the file on disk. If the file is stored in S3, the path is the “key” part of the URL, and the :bucket option refers to the S3 bucket.



168
169
170
171
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 168

def path(style_name = default_style)
  path = original_filename.nil? ? nil : interpolate(path_option, style_name)
  path.respond_to?(:unescape) ? path.unescape : path
end

#processorsObject



217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 217

def processors
  processing_option = @options[:processors]

  if processing_option.respond_to?(:call)
    processing_option.call(instance)
  else
    processing_option
  end
end

#reprocess!(*style_args) ⇒ Object

This method really shouldn't be called that often. Its expected use is in the paperclip:refresh rake task and that's it. It will regenerate all thumbnails forcefully, by reobtaining the original file and going through the post-process again. NOTE: Calling reprocess WILL NOT delete existing files. This is due to inconsistencies in timing of S3 commands. It's possible that calling #reprocess! will lose data if the files are not kept.



337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 337

def reprocess!(*style_args)
  saved_only_process, @options[:only_process] = @options[:only_process], style_args
  saved_preserve_files, @options[:preserve_files] = @options[:preserve_files], true
  begin
    assign(self)
    save
    instance.save
  rescue Errno::EACCES => e
    warn "#{e} - skipping file."
    false
  ensure
    @options[:only_process] = saved_only_process
    @options[:preserve_files] = saved_preserve_files
  end
end

#saveObject

Saves the file, if there are no errors. If there are, it flushes them to the instance's errors and returns false, cancelling the save.



239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 239

def save
  flush_deletes unless @options[:keep_old_files]
  if @options[:only_process].any? && !@options[:only_process].include?(:original)
    @queued_for_write.except!(:original)
  end
  flush_writes
  @dirty = false
  true
end

#sizeObject

Returns the size of the file as originally assigned, and lives in the <attachment>_file_size attribute of the model.



283
284
285
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 283

def size
  instance_read(:file_size) || (@queued_for_write[:original] && @queued_for_write[:original].size)
end

#staged?Boolean

:nodoc:

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


181
182
183
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 181

def staged?
  ! @queued_for_write.empty?
end

#staged_path(style_name = default_style) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:



174
175
176
177
178
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 174

def staged_path(style_name = default_style)
  if staged?
    @queued_for_write[style_name].path
  end
end

#stylesObject



198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 198

def styles
  if @options[:styles].respond_to?(:call) || @normalized_styles.nil?
    styles = @options[:styles]
    styles = styles.call(self) if styles.respond_to?(:call)

    @normalized_styles = styles.dup
    styles.each_pair do |name, options|
      @normalized_styles[name.to_sym] = Paperclip::Style.new(name.to_sym, options.dup, self)
    end
  end
  @normalized_styles
end

#time_zoneObject

The time zone to use for timestamp interpolation. Using the default time zone ensures that results are consistent across all threads.



317
318
319
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 317

def time_zone
  @options[:use_default_time_zone] ? Time.zone_default : Time.zone
end

#to_s(style_name = default_style) ⇒ Object

Alias to url



186
187
188
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 186

def to_s style_name = default_style
  url(style_name)
end

#updated_atObject

Returns the last modified time of the file as originally assigned, and lives in the <attachment>_updated_at attribute of the model.



310
311
312
313
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 310

def updated_at
  time = instance_read(:updated_at)
  time && time.to_f.to_i
end

#uploaded_fileObject

Returns the uploaded file if present.



271
272
273
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 271

def uploaded_file
  instance_read(:uploaded_file)
end

#url(style_name = default_style, options = {}) ⇒ Object

Returns the public URL of the attachment with a given style. This does not necessarily need to point to a file that your Web server can access and can instead point to an action in your app, for example for fine grained security; this has a serious performance tradeoff.

Options:

timestamp - Add a timestamp to the end of the URL. Default: true. escape - Perform URI escaping to the URL. Default: true.

Global controls (set on has_attached_file):

interpolator - The object that fills in a URL pattern's variables. default_url - The image to show when the attachment has no image. url - The URL for a saved image. url_generator - The object that generates a URL. Default: Paperclip::UrlGenerator.

As mentioned just above, the object that generates this URL can be passed in, for finer control. This object must respond to two methods:

#new(Paperclip::Attachment, options_hash) +#for(style_name, options_hash)+



142
143
144
145
146
147
148
# File 'lib/paperclip/attachment.rb', line 142

def url(style_name = default_style, options = {})
  if options == true || options == false # Backwards compatibility.
    @url_generator.for(style_name, default_options.merge(:timestamp => options))
  else
    @url_generator.for(style_name, default_options.merge(options))
  end
end