Module: Bundler

Defined in:
lib/bundler/version.rb,
lib/bundler.rb,
lib/bundler/ui.rb,
lib/bundler/cli.rb,
lib/bundler/dsl.rb,
lib/bundler/env.rb,
lib/bundler/graph.rb,
lib/bundler/index.rb,
lib/bundler/retry.rb,
lib/bundler/errors.rb,
lib/bundler/mirror.rb,
lib/bundler/plugin.rb,
lib/bundler/source.rb,
lib/bundler/worker.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/add.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/gem.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/viz.rb,
lib/bundler/fetcher.rb,
lib/bundler/gemdeps.rb,
lib/bundler/runtime.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/exec.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/info.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/init.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/lock.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/open.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/show.rb,
lib/bundler/injector.rb,
lib/bundler/resolver.rb,
lib/bundler/ruby_dsl.rb,
lib/bundler/settings.rb,
lib/bundler/spec_set.rb,
lib/bundler/ui/shell.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/cache.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/check.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/clean.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/issue.rb,
lib/bundler/constants.rb,
lib/bundler/dep_proxy.rb,
lib/bundler/deprecate.rb,
lib/bundler/installer.rb,
lib/bundler/ui/silent.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/common.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/config.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/doctor.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/inject.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/plugin.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/update.rb,
lib/bundler/definition.rb,
lib/bundler/dependency.rb,
lib/bundler/deployment.rb,
lib/bundler/gem_helper.rb,
lib/bundler/plugin/api.rb,
lib/bundler/plugin/dsl.rb,
lib/bundler/source/git.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/console.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/install.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/package.rb,
lib/bundler/gem_helpers.rb,
lib/bundler/source/path.rb,
lib/bundler/source_list.rb,
lib/bundler/ui/rg_proxy.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/binstubs.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/outdated.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/platform.rb,
lib/bundler/cli/pristine.rb,
lib/bundler/current_ruby.rb,
lib/bundler/feature_flag.rb,
lib/bundler/fetcher/base.rb,
lib/bundler/plugin/index.rb,
lib/bundler/psyched_yaml.rb,
lib/bundler/ruby_version.rb,
lib/bundler/fetcher/index.rb,
lib/bundler/vendored_thor.rb,
lib/bundler/match_platform.rb,
lib/bundler/shared_helpers.rb,
lib/bundler/source/gemspec.rb,
lib/bundler/version_ranges.rb,
lib/bundler/friendly_errors.rb,
lib/bundler/lockfile_parser.rb,
lib/bundler/source/rubygems.rb,
lib/bundler/yaml_serializer.rb,
lib/bundler/plugin/installer.rb,
lib/bundler/plugin/api/source.rb,
lib/bundler/fetcher/dependency.rb,
lib/bundler/fetcher/downloader.rb,
lib/bundler/gem_remote_fetcher.rb,
lib/bundler/lazy_specification.rb,
lib/bundler/plugin/source_list.rb,
lib/bundler/stub_specification.rb,
lib/bundler/vendored_molinillo.rb,
lib/bundler/similarity_detector.rb,
lib/bundler/vendored_persistent.rb,
lib/bundler/compact_index_client.rb,
lib/bundler/gem_version_promoter.rb,
lib/bundler/installer/standalone.rb,
lib/bundler/plugin/installer/git.rb,
lib/bundler/remote_specification.rb,
lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb,
lib/bundler/source/git/git_proxy.rb,
lib/bundler/environment_preserver.rb,
lib/bundler/fetcher/compact_index.rb,
lib/bundler/source/path/installer.rb,
lib/bundler/endpoint_specification.rb,
lib/bundler/rubygems_gem_installer.rb,
lib/bundler/source/rubygems/remote.rb,
lib/bundler/uri_credentials_filter.rb,
lib/bundler/installer/gem_installer.rb,
lib/bundler/plugin/installer/rubygems.rb,
lib/bundler/compact_index_client/cache.rb,
lib/bundler/compact_index_client/updater.rb,
lib/bundler/installer/parallel_installer.rb,
lib/bundler/ssl_certs/certificate_manager.rb

Overview

Some versions of the Bundler 1.1 RC series introduced corrupted lockfiles. There were two major problems:

  • multiple copies of the same GIT section appeared in the lockfile

  • when this happened, those sections got multiple copies of gems in those sections.

As a result, Bundler 1.1 contains code that fixes the earlier corruption. We will remove this fix-up code in Bundler 1.2.

Defined Under Namespace

Modules: FriendlyErrors, GemHelpers, MatchPlatform, Molinillo, Persistent, Plugin, RubyDsl, SSLCerts, SharedHelpers, UI, URICredentialsFilter, VersionRanges, YAMLSerializer Classes: APIResponseMismatchError, BundlerError, CLI, CompactIndexClient, CurrentRuby, CyclicDependencyError, Definition, DepProxy, Dependency, Deployment, DeprecatedError, Dsl, EndpointSpecification, Env, EnvironmentPreserver, FeatureFlag, Fetcher, GemHelper, GemInstaller, GemNotFound, GemRemoteFetcher, GemRequireError, GemVersionPromoter, Gemdeps, GemfileError, GemfileEvalError, GemfileLockNotFound, GemfileNotFound, GemspecError, GenericSystemCallError, GitError, Graph, HTTPError, Index, Injector, InstallError, InstallHookError, Installer, InvalidOption, LazySpecification, LockfileError, LockfileParser, MarshalError, MirrorSockets, NoSpaceOnDeviceError, OperationNotSupportedError, ParallelInstaller, PathError, PermissionError, PluginError, ProductionError, RemoteSpecification, Resolver, Retry, RubyGemsGemInstaller, RubyVersion, RubyVersionMismatch, RubygemsIntegration, Runtime, SecurityError, Settings, SimilarityDetector, SocketAddress, Source, SourceList, SpecSet, Standalone, StubSpecification, SudoNotPermittedError, TemporaryResourceError, Thor, ThreadCreationError, VersionConflict, VirtualProtocolError, Worker, YamlSyntaxError

Constant Summary

ORIGINAL_ENV =
environment_preserver.restore
SUDO_MUTEX =
Mutex.new
VERSION =

We're doing this because we might write tests that deal with other versions of bundler and we are unsure how to handle this better.

"1.15.4"
WINDOWS =
RbConfig::CONFIG["host_os"] =~ /(msdos|mswin|djgpp|mingw)/
FREEBSD =
RbConfig::CONFIG["host_os"] =~ /bsd/
NULL =
WINDOWS ? "NUL" : "/dev/null"
Deprecate =
Gem::Deprecate
YamlLibrarySyntaxError =

Syck raises ArgumentError

::ArgumentError

Class Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Class Attribute Details

.bundle_pathObject

Returns absolute path of where gems are installed on the filesystem.



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 77

def bundle_path
  @bundle_path ||= Pathname.new(settings.path).expand_path(root)
end

Class Method Details

.app_cache(custom_path = nil) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 225

def app_cache(custom_path = nil)
  path = custom_path || root
  path.join(settings.app_cache_path)
end

.app_config_pathObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 217

def app_config_path
  if ENV["BUNDLE_APP_CONFIG"]
    Pathname.new(ENV["BUNDLE_APP_CONFIG"]).expand_path(root)
  else
    root.join(".bundle")
  end
end

.bin_pathObject

Returns absolute location of where binstubs are installed to.



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 82

def bin_path
  @bin_path ||= begin
    path = settings[:bin] || "bin"
    path = Pathname.new(path).expand_path(root).expand_path
    SharedHelpers.filesystem_access(path) {|p| FileUtils.mkdir_p(p) }
    path
  end
end

.cacheObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 199

def cache
  bundle_path.join("cache/bundler")
end

.clean_envHash

Deprecated.

Use `original_env` instead

Returns Environment with all bundler-related variables removed

Returns:

  • (Hash)

    Environment with all bundler-related variables removed



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 259

def clean_env
  Bundler::SharedHelpers.major_deprecation("`Bundler.clean_env` has weird edge cases, use `.original_env` instead")
  env = original_env

  if env.key?("BUNDLER_ORIG_MANPATH")
    env["MANPATH"] = env["BUNDLER_ORIG_MANPATH"]
  end

  env.delete_if {|k, _| k[0, 7] == "BUNDLE_" }

  if env.key?("RUBYOPT")
    env["RUBYOPT"] = env["RUBYOPT"].sub "-rbundler/setup", ""
  end

  if env.key?("RUBYLIB")
    rubylib = env["RUBYLIB"].split(File::PATH_SEPARATOR)
    rubylib.delete(File.expand_path("..", __FILE__))
    env["RUBYLIB"] = rubylib.join(File::PATH_SEPARATOR)
  end

  env
end

.clean_exec(*args) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 294

def clean_exec(*args)
  with_clean_env { Kernel.exec(*args) }
end

.clean_system(*args) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 290

def clean_system(*args)
  with_clean_env { Kernel.system(*args) }
end

.clear_gemspec_cacheObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 432

def clear_gemspec_cache
  @gemspec_cache = {}
end

.configureObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 63

def configure
  @configured ||= configure_gem_home_and_path
end

.current_rubyCurrentRuby

Returns current version of Ruby

Returns:



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# File 'lib/bundler/current_ruby.rb', line 6

def self.current_ruby
  @current_ruby ||= CurrentRuby.new
end

.default_bundle_dirObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 311

def default_bundle_dir
  SharedHelpers.default_bundle_dir
end

.default_gemfileObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 303

def default_gemfile
  SharedHelpers.default_gemfile
end

.default_lockfileObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 307

def default_lockfile
  SharedHelpers.default_lockfile
end

.definition(unlock = nil) ⇒ Bundler::Definition

Returns an instance of Bundler::Definition for given Gemfile and lockfile

Parameters:

  • unlock (Hash, Boolean, nil) (defaults to: nil)

    Gems that have been requested to be updated or true if all gems should be updated

Returns:



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 125

def definition(unlock = nil)
  @definition = nil if unlock
  @definition ||= begin
    configure
    Definition.build(default_gemfile, default_lockfile, unlock)
  end
end

.environmentObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 115

def environment
  SharedHelpers.major_deprecation "Bundler.environment has been removed in favor of Bundler.load"
  load
end

.feature_flagObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 441

def feature_flag
  @feature_flag ||= FeatureFlag.new(VERSION)
end

.git_present?Boolean

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 436

def git_present?
  return @git_present if defined?(@git_present)
  @git_present = Bundler.which("git") || Bundler.which("git.exe")
end

.homeObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 187

def home
  bundle_path.join("bundler")
end

.install_pathObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 191

def install_path
  home.join("gems")
end

.loadObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 111

def load
  @load ||= Runtime.new(root, definition)
end

.load_gemspec(file, validate = false) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 405

def load_gemspec(file, validate = false)
  @gemspec_cache ||= {}
  key = File.expand_path(file)
  @gemspec_cache[key] ||= load_gemspec_uncached(file, validate)
  # Protect against caching side-effected gemspecs by returning a
  # new instance each time.
  @gemspec_cache[key].dup if @gemspec_cache[key]
end

.load_gemspec_uncached(file, validate = false) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 414

def load_gemspec_uncached(file, validate = false)
  path = Pathname.new(file)
  contents = path.read
  spec = if contents.start_with?("---") # YAML header
    eval_yaml_gemspec(path, contents)
  else
    # Eval the gemspec from its parent directory, because some gemspecs
    # depend on "./" relative paths.
    SharedHelpers.chdir(path.dirname.to_s) do
      eval_gemspec(path, contents)
    end
  end
  return unless spec
  spec.loaded_from = path.expand_path.to_s
  Bundler.rubygems.validate(spec) if validate
  spec
end

.load_marshal(data) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 399

def load_marshal(data)
  Marshal.load(data)
rescue => e
  raise MarshalError, "#{e.class}: #{e.message}"
end

.local_platformObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 298

def local_platform
  return Gem::Platform::RUBY if settings[:force_ruby_platform]
  Gem::Platform.local
end

.locked_gemsObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 133

def locked_gems
  @locked_gems ||=
    if defined?(@definition) && @definition
      definition.locked_gems
    elsif Bundler.default_lockfile.file?
      lock = Bundler.read_file(Bundler.default_lockfile)
      LockfileParser.new(lock)
    end
end

.mkdir_p(path) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 348

def mkdir_p(path)
  if requires_sudo?
    sudo "mkdir -p '#{path}'" unless File.exist?(path)
  else
    SharedHelpers.filesystem_access(path, :write) do |p|
      FileUtils.mkdir_p(p)
    end
  end
end

.original_envHash

Returns Environment present before Bundler was activated

Returns:

  • (Hash)

    Environment present before Bundler was activated



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 253

def original_env
  ORIGINAL_ENV.clone
end

.read_file(file) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 395

def read_file(file)
  File.open(file, "rb", &:read)
end

.require(*groups) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 107

def require(*groups)
  setup(*groups).require(*groups)
end

.require_thor_actionsObject



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# File 'lib/bundler/vendored_thor.rb', line 3

def self.require_thor_actions
  Kernel.send(:require, "bundler/vendor/thor/lib/thor/actions")
end

.requires_sudo?Boolean

Returns:

  • (Boolean)


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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 324

def requires_sudo?
  return @requires_sudo if defined?(@requires_sudo_ran)

  sudo_present = which "sudo" if settings.allow_sudo?

  if sudo_present
    # the bundle path and subdirectories need to be writable for Rubygems
    # to be able to unpack and install gems without exploding
    path = bundle_path
    path = path.parent until path.exist?

    # bins are written to a different location on OS X
    bin_dir = Pathname.new(Bundler.system_bindir)
    bin_dir = bin_dir.parent until bin_dir.exist?

    # if any directory is not writable, we need sudo
    files = [path, bin_dir] | Dir[path.join("build_info/*").to_s] | Dir[path.join("*").to_s]
    sudo_needed = files.any? {|f| !File.writable?(f) }
  end

  @requires_sudo_ran = true
  @requires_sudo = settings.allow_sudo? && sudo_present && sudo_needed
end

.reset!Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 445

def reset!
  reset_paths!
  Plugin.reset!
  reset_rubygems!
end

.reset_paths!Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 451

def reset_paths!
  @root = nil
  @settings = nil
  @definition = nil
  @setup = nil
  @load = nil
  @locked_gems = nil
  @bundle_path = nil
  @bin_path = nil
  @user_home = nil
end

.reset_rubygems!Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 463

def reset_rubygems!
  return unless defined?(@rubygems) && @rubygems
  rubygems.undo_replacements
  rubygems.reset
  @rubygems = nil
end

.rm_rf(path) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 234

def rm_rf(path)
  FileUtils.remove_entry_secure(path) if path && File.exist?(path)
rescue ArgumentError
  message = "It is a security vulnerability to allow your home directory to be world-writable, and bundler can not continue.\nYou should probably consider fixing this issue by running `chmod o-w ~` on *nix.\nPlease refer to http://ruby-doc.org/stdlib-2.1.2/libdoc/fileutils/rdoc/FileUtils.html#method-c-remove_entry_secure for details.\n"
  File.world_writable?(path) ? Bundler.ui.warn(message) : raise
  raise PathError, "Please fix the world-writable issue with your #{path} directory"
end

.rootObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 207

def root
  @root ||= begin
              default_gemfile.dirname.expand_path
            rescue GemfileNotFound
              bundle_dir = default_bundle_dir
              raise GemfileNotFound, "Could not locate Gemfile or .bundle/ directory" unless bundle_dir
              Pathname.new(File.expand_path("..", bundle_dir))
            end
end

.ruby_scopeObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 143

def ruby_scope
  "#{Bundler.rubygems.ruby_engine}/#{Bundler.rubygems.config_map[:ruby_version]}"
end

.rubygemsObject



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# File 'lib/bundler/rubygems_integration.rb', line 843

def self.rubygems
  @rubygems ||= if RubygemsIntegration.provides?(">= 2.1.0")
    RubygemsIntegration::MoreFuture.new
  elsif RubygemsIntegration.provides?(">= 1.99.99")
    RubygemsIntegration::Future.new
  elsif RubygemsIntegration.provides?(">= 1.8.20")
    RubygemsIntegration::MoreModern.new
  elsif RubygemsIntegration.provides?(">= 1.8.5")
    RubygemsIntegration::Modern.new
  elsif RubygemsIntegration.provides?(">= 1.8.0")
    RubygemsIntegration::AlmostModern.new
  elsif RubygemsIntegration.provides?(">= 1.7.0")
    RubygemsIntegration::Transitional.new
  elsif RubygemsIntegration.provides?(">= 1.4.0")
    RubygemsIntegration::Legacy.new
  else # Rubygems 1.3.6 and 1.3.7
    RubygemsIntegration::Ancient.new
  end
end

.settingsObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 246

def settings
  @settings ||= Settings.new(app_config_path)
rescue GemfileNotFound
  @settings = Settings.new(Pathname.new(".bundle").expand_path)
end

.setup(*groups) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 91

def setup(*groups)
  # Return if all groups are already loaded
  return @setup if defined?(@setup) && @setup

  definition.validate_runtime!

  SharedHelpers.print_major_deprecations!

  if groups.empty?
    # Load all groups, but only once
    @setup = load.setup
  else
    load.setup(*groups)
  end
end

.specs_pathObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 195

def specs_path
  bundle_path.join("specifications")
end

.sudo(str) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 371

def sudo(str)
  SUDO_MUTEX.synchronize do
    prompt = "\n\n" + "Your user account isn't allowed to install to the system RubyGems.\nYou can cancel this installation and run:\n\nbundle install --path vendor/bundle\n\nto install the gems into ./vendor/bundle/, or you can enter your password\nand install the bundled gems to RubyGems using sudo.\n\nPassword:\n".gsub(/^ {6}/, "").strip + " "

    unless @prompted_for_sudo ||= system(%(sudo -k -p "#{prompt}" true))
      raise SudoNotPermittedError,
        "Bundler requires sudo access to install at the moment. " \
        "Try installing again, granting Bundler sudo access when prompted, or installing into a different path."
    end

    `sudo -p "#{prompt}" #{str}`
  end
end

.system_bindirObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 315

def system_bindir
  # Gem.bindir doesn't always return the location that Rubygems will install
  # system binaries. If you put '-n foo' in your .gemrc, Rubygems will
  # install binstubs there instead. Unfortunately, Rubygems doesn't expose
  # that directory at all, so rather than parse .gemrc ourselves, we allow
  # the directory to be set as well, via `bundle config bindir foo`.
  Bundler.settings[:system_bindir] || Bundler.rubygems.gem_bindir
end

.tmp(name = Process.pid.to_s) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 230

def tmp(name = Process.pid.to_s)
  Pathname.new(Dir.mktmpdir(["bundler", name]))
end

.tmp_home_path(login, warning) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 169

def tmp_home_path(, warning)
   ||= "unknown"
  path = Pathname.new(Dir.tmpdir).join("bundler", "home")
  SharedHelpers.filesystem_access(path) do |tmp_home_path|
    unless tmp_home_path.exist?
      tmp_home_path.mkpath
      tmp_home_path.chmod(0o777)
    end
    tmp_home_path.join().tap(&:mkpath)
  end
rescue => e
  raise e.exception("#{warning}\nBundler also failed to create a temporary home directory at `#{path}':\n#{e}")
end

.uiObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 67

def ui
  (defined?(@ui) && @ui) || (self.ui = UI::Silent.new)
end

.ui=(ui) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 71

def ui=(ui)
  Bundler.rubygems.ui = ui ? UI::RGProxy.new(ui) : nil
  @ui = ui
end

.user_bundle_pathObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 183

def user_bundle_path
  Pathname.new(user_home).join(".bundle")
end

.user_cacheObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 203

def user_cache
  user_bundle_path.join("cache")
end

.user_homeObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 147

def user_home
  @user_home ||= begin
    home = Bundler.rubygems.user_home

    warning = if home.nil?
      "Your home directory is not set."
    elsif !File.directory?(home)
      "`#{home}` is not a directory."
    elsif !File.writable?(home)
      "`#{home}` is not writable."
    end

    if warning
      user_home = tmp_home_path(Etc.getlogin, warning)
      Bundler.ui.warn "#{warning}\nBundler will use `#{user_home}' as your home directory temporarily.\n"
      user_home
    else
      Pathname.new(home)
    end
  end
end

.which(executable) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 358

def which(executable)
  if File.file?(executable) && File.executable?(executable)
    executable
  elsif paths = ENV["PATH"]
    quote = '"'.freeze
    paths.split(File::PATH_SEPARATOR).find do |path|
      path = path[1..-2] if path.start_with?(quote) && path.end_with?(quote)
      executable_path = File.expand_path(executable, path)
      return executable_path if File.file?(executable_path) && File.executable?(executable_path)
    end
  end
end

.with_clean_envObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 286

def with_clean_env
  with_env(clean_env) { yield }
end

.with_friendly_errorsObject



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# File 'lib/bundler/friendly_errors.rb', line 120

def self.with_friendly_errors
  yield
rescue Exception => e
  FriendlyErrors.log_error(e)
  exit FriendlyErrors.exit_status(e)
end

.with_original_envObject



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# File 'lib/bundler.rb', line 282

def with_original_env
  with_env(original_env) { yield }
end