Class: WIN32OLE_VARIANT

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
win32ole_variant.c,
win32ole_variant.c

Overview

WIN32OLE_VARIANT objects represents OLE variant.

Win32OLE converts Ruby object into OLE variant automatically when
invoking OLE methods. If OLE method requires the argument which is
different from the variant by automatic conversion of Win32OLE, you
can convert the specfied variant type by using WIN32OLE_VARIANT class.

  param = WIN32OLE_VARIANT.new(10, WIN32OLE::VARIANT::VT_R4)
  oleobj.method(param)

WIN32OLE_VARIANT does not support VT_RECORD variant. Use WIN32OLE_RECORD
class instead of WIN32OLE_VARIANT if the VT_RECORD variant is needed.

Constant Summary collapse

Empty =

represents VT_EMPTY OLE object.

rb_funcall(cWIN32OLE_VARIANT, rb_intern("new"), 2, Qnil, INT2FIX(VT_EMPTY))
Null =

represents VT_NULL OLE object.

rb_funcall(cWIN32OLE_VARIANT, rb_intern("new"), 2, Qnil, INT2FIX(VT_NULL))
Nothing =

represents Nothing of VB.NET or VB.

rb_funcall(cWIN32OLE_VARIANT, rb_intern("new"), 2, Qnil, INT2FIX(VT_DISPATCH))
NoParam =

:NoParam, false)

represents VT_ERROR variant with DISP_E_PARAMNOTFOUND.
This constants is used for not specified parameter.

fso = WIN32OLE.new("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
fso.openTextFile(filename, WIN32OLE_VARIANT

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#new(val, vartype) ⇒ Object

Returns Ruby object wrapping OLE variant. The first argument specifies Ruby object to convert OLE variant variable. The second argument specifies VARIANT type. In some situation, you need the WIN32OLE_VARIANT object to pass OLE method

shell = WIN32OLE.new("Shell.Application")
folder = shell.NameSpace("C:\\Windows")
item = folder.ParseName("tmp.txt")
# You can't use Ruby String object to call FolderItem.InvokeVerb.
# Instead, you have to use WIN32OLE_VARIANT object to call the method.
shortcut = WIN32OLE_VARIANT.new("Create Shortcut(\&S)")
item.invokeVerb(shortcut)

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# File 'win32ole_variant.c', line 401

static VALUE
folevariant_initialize(VALUE self, VALUE args)
{
    int len = 0;
    VARIANT var;
    VALUE val;
    VALUE vvt;
    VARTYPE vt;
    struct olevariantdata *pvar;

    len = RARRAY_LEN(args);
    rb_check_arity(len, 1, 3);
    VariantInit(&var);
    val = rb_ary_entry(args, 0);

    check_type_val2variant(val);

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct olevariantdata, &olevariant_datatype, pvar);
    if (len == 1) {
        ole_val2variant(val, &(pvar->var));
    } else {
        vvt = rb_ary_entry(args, 1);
        vt = NUM2INT(vvt);
        if ((vt & VT_TYPEMASK) == VT_RECORD) {
            rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "not supported VT_RECORD WIN32OLE_VARIANT object");
        }
        ole_val2olevariantdata(val, vt, pvar);
    }
    return self;
}

Class Method Details

.array(ary, vt) ⇒ Object

Returns Ruby object wrapping OLE variant whose variant type is VT_ARRAY. The first argument should be Array object which specifies dimensions and each size of dimensions of OLE array. The second argument specifies variant type of the element of OLE array.

The following create 2 dimensions OLE array. The first dimensions size is 3, and the second is 4.

ole_ary = WIN32OLE_VARIANT.array([3,4], VT_I4)
ruby_ary = ole_ary.value # => [[0, 0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0, 0]]

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# File 'win32ole_variant.c', line 284

static VALUE
folevariant_s_array(VALUE klass, VALUE elems, VALUE vvt)
{
    VALUE obj = Qnil;
    VARTYPE vt;
    struct olevariantdata *pvar;
    SAFEARRAYBOUND *psab = NULL;
    SAFEARRAY *psa = NULL;
    UINT dim = 0;
    UINT i = 0;

    ole_initialize();

    vt = NUM2UINT(vvt);
    vt = (vt | VT_ARRAY);
    Check_Type(elems, T_ARRAY);
    obj = folevariant_s_allocate(klass);

    TypedData_Get_Struct(obj, struct olevariantdata, &olevariant_datatype, pvar);
    dim = RARRAY_LEN(elems);

    psab = ALLOC_N(SAFEARRAYBOUND, dim);

    if(!psab) {
        rb_raise(rb_eRuntimeError, "memory allocation error");
    }

    for (i = 0; i < dim; i++) {
        psab[i].cElements = FIX2INT(rb_ary_entry(elems, i));
        psab[i].lLbound = 0;
    }

    psa = SafeArrayCreate((VARTYPE)(vt & VT_TYPEMASK), dim, psab);
    if (psa == NULL) {
        if (psab) free(psab);
        rb_raise(rb_eRuntimeError, "memory allocation error(SafeArrayCreate)");
    }

    V_VT(&(pvar->var)) = vt;
    if (vt & VT_BYREF) {
        V_VT(&(pvar->realvar)) = (vt & ~VT_BYREF);
        V_ARRAY(&(pvar->realvar)) = psa;
        V_ARRAYREF(&(pvar->var)) = &(V_ARRAY(&(pvar->realvar)));
    } else {
        V_ARRAY(&(pvar->var)) = psa;
    }
    if (psab) free(psab);
    return obj;
}

Instance Method Details

#[](i, j, ...) ⇒ Object

Returns the element of WIN32OLE_VARIANT object(OLE array). This method is available only when the variant type of WIN32OLE_VARIANT object is VT_ARRAY.

REMARK:

The all indices should be 0 or natural number and
lower than or equal to max indices.
(This point is different with Ruby Array indices.)

obj = WIN32OLE_VARIANT.new([[1,2,3],[4,5,6]])
p obj[0,0] # => 1
p obj[1,0] # => 4
p obj[2,0] # => WIN32OLERuntimeError
p obj[0, -1] # => WIN32OLERuntimeError

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# File 'win32ole_variant.c', line 503

static VALUE
folevariant_ary_aref(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    struct olevariantdata *pvar;
    SAFEARRAY *psa;
    VALUE val = Qnil;
    VARIANT variant;
    LONG *pid;
    HRESULT hr;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct olevariantdata, &olevariant_datatype, pvar);
    if (!V_ISARRAY(&(pvar->var))) {
        rb_raise(eWIN32OLERuntimeError,
                 "`[]' is not available for this variant type object");
    }
    psa = get_locked_safe_array(self);
    if (psa == NULL) {
        return val;
    }

    pid = ary2safe_array_index(argc, argv, psa);

    VariantInit(&variant);
    V_VT(&variant) = (V_VT(&(pvar->var)) & ~VT_ARRAY) | VT_BYREF;
    hr = SafeArrayPtrOfIndex(psa, pid, &V_BYREF(&variant));
    if (FAILED(hr)) {
        ole_raise(hr, eWIN32OLERuntimeError, "failed to SafeArrayPtrOfIndex");
    }
    val = ole_variant2val(&variant);

    unlock_safe_array(psa);
    if (pid) free(pid);
    return val;
}

#[]=(i, j, ...) ⇒ Object

Set the element of WIN32OLE_VARIANT object(OLE array) to val. This method is available only when the variant type of WIN32OLE_VARIANT object is VT_ARRAY.

REMARK:

The all indices should be 0 or natural number and
lower than or equal to max indices.
(This point is different with Ruby Array indices.)

obj = WIN32OLE_VARIANT.new([[1,2,3],[4,5,6]])
obj[0,0] = 7
obj[1,0] = 8
p obj.value # => [[7,2,3], [8,5,6]]
obj[2,0] = 9 # => WIN32OLERuntimeError
obj[0, -1] = 9 # => WIN32OLERuntimeError

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# File 'win32ole_variant.c', line 559

static VALUE
folevariant_ary_aset(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    struct olevariantdata *pvar;
    SAFEARRAY *psa;
    VARIANT var;
    VARTYPE vt;
    LONG *pid;
    HRESULT hr;
    VOID *p = NULL;

    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct olevariantdata, &olevariant_datatype, pvar);
    if (!V_ISARRAY(&(pvar->var))) {
        rb_raise(eWIN32OLERuntimeError,
                 "`[]' is not available for this variant type object");
    }
    psa = get_locked_safe_array(self);
    if (psa == NULL) {
        rb_raise(rb_eRuntimeError, "failed to get SafeArray pointer");
    }

    pid = ary2safe_array_index(argc-1, argv, psa);

    VariantInit(&var);
    vt = (V_VT(&(pvar->var)) & ~VT_ARRAY);
    p = val2variant_ptr(argv[argc-1], &var, vt);
    if ((V_VT(&var) == VT_DISPATCH && V_DISPATCH(&var) == NULL) ||
        (V_VT(&var) == VT_UNKNOWN && V_UNKNOWN(&var) == NULL)) {
        rb_raise(eWIN32OLERuntimeError, "argument does not have IDispatch or IUnknown Interface");
    }
    hr = SafeArrayPutElement(psa, pid, p);
    if (FAILED(hr)) {
        ole_raise(hr, eWIN32OLERuntimeError, "failed to SafeArrayPutElement");
    }

    unlock_safe_array(psa);
    if (pid) free(pid);
    return argv[argc-1];
}

#valueObject

Returns Ruby object value from OLE variant.

obj = WIN32OLE_VARIANT.new(1, WIN32OLE::VARIANT::VT_BSTR)
obj.value # => "1" (not Fixnum object, but String object "1")

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# File 'win32ole_variant.c', line 608

static VALUE
folevariant_value(VALUE self)
{
    struct olevariantdata *pvar;
    VALUE val = Qnil;
    VARTYPE vt;
    int dim;
    SAFEARRAY *psa;
    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct olevariantdata, &olevariant_datatype, pvar);

    val = ole_variant2val(&(pvar->var));
    vt = V_VT(&(pvar->var));

    if ((vt & ~VT_BYREF) == (VT_UI1|VT_ARRAY)) {
        if (vt & VT_BYREF) {
            psa = *V_ARRAYREF(&(pvar->var));
        } else {
            psa  = V_ARRAY(&(pvar->var));
        }
        if (!psa) {
            return val;
        }
        dim = SafeArrayGetDim(psa);
        if (dim == 1) {
            val = rb_funcall(val, rb_intern("pack"), 1, rb_str_new2("C*"));
        }
    }
    return val;
}

#value=(val) ⇒ Object

Sets variant value to val. If the val type does not match variant value type(vartype), then val is changed to match variant value type(vartype) before setting val. Thie method is not available when vartype is VT_ARRAY(except VT_UI1|VT_ARRAY). If the vartype is VT_UI1|VT_ARRAY, the val should be String object.

obj = WIN32OLE_VARIANT.new(1) # obj.vartype is WIN32OLE::VARIANT::VT_I4
obj.value = 3.2 # 3.2 is changed to 3 when setting value.
p obj.value # => 3

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# File 'win32ole_variant.c', line 669

static VALUE
folevariant_set_value(VALUE self, VALUE val)
{
    struct olevariantdata *pvar;
    VARTYPE vt;
    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct olevariantdata, &olevariant_datatype, pvar);
    vt = V_VT(&(pvar->var));
    if (V_ISARRAY(&(pvar->var)) && ((vt & ~VT_BYREF) != (VT_UI1|VT_ARRAY) || !RB_TYPE_P(val, T_STRING))) {
        rb_raise(eWIN32OLERuntimeError,
                 "`value=' is not available for this variant type object");
    }
    ole_val2olevariantdata(val, vt, pvar);
    return Qnil;
}

#vartypeObject

Returns OLE variant type.

obj = WIN32OLE_VARIANT.new("string")
obj.vartype # => WIN32OLE::VARIANT::VT_BSTR

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# File 'win32ole_variant.c', line 647

static VALUE
folevariant_vartype(VALUE self)
{
    struct olevariantdata *pvar;
    TypedData_Get_Struct(self, struct olevariantdata, &olevariant_datatype, pvar);
    return INT2FIX(V_VT(&pvar->var));
}