Module: Jacobian

Included in:
Newton
Defined in:
lib/bigdecimal/jacobian.rb

Overview

require 'bigdecimal/jacobian'

Provides methods to compute the Jacobian matrix of a set of equations at a point x. In the methods below:

f is an Object which is used to compute the Jacobian matrix of the equations. It must provide the following methods:

f.values(x)

returns the values of all functions at x

f.zero

returns 0.0

f.one

returns 1.0

f.two

returns 2.0

f.ten

returns 10.0

f.eps

returns the convergence criterion (epsilon value) used to determine whether two values are considered equal. If |a-b| < epsilon, the two values are considered equal.

x is the point at which to compute the Jacobian.

fx is f.values(x).

Class Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.dfdxi(f, fx, x, i) ⇒ Object

Computes the derivative of f at x. fx is the value of f at x.


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# File 'lib/bigdecimal/jacobian.rb', line 44

def dfdxi(f,fx,x,i)
  nRetry = 0
  n = x.size
  xSave = x[i]
  ok = 0
  ratio = f.ten*f.ten*f.ten
  dx = x[i].abs/ratio
  dx = fx[i].abs/ratio if isEqual(dx,f.zero,f.zero,f.eps)
  dx = f.one/f.ten     if isEqual(dx,f.zero,f.zero,f.eps)
  until ok>0 do
    s = f.zero
    deriv = []
    nRetry += 1
    if nRetry > 100
      raise "Singular Jacobian matrix. No change at x[" + i.to_s + "]"
    end
    dx = dx*f.two
    x[i] += dx
    fxNew = f.values(x)
    for j in 0...n do
      if !isEqual(fxNew[j],fx[j],f.zero,f.eps) then
        ok += 1
        deriv <<= (fxNew[j]-fx[j])/dx
      else
        deriv <<= f.zero
      end
    end
    x[i] = xSave
  end
  deriv
end

.isEqual(a, b, zero = 0.0, e = 1.0e-8) ⇒ Object

Determines the equality of two numbers by comparing to zero, or using the epsilon value


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# File 'lib/bigdecimal/jacobian.rb', line 27

def isEqual(a,b,zero=0.0,e=1.0e-8)
  aa = a.abs
  bb = b.abs
  if aa == zero &&  bb == zero then
    true
  else
    if ((a-b)/(aa+bb)).abs < e then
      true
    else
      false
    end
  end
end

.jacobian(f, fx, x) ⇒ Object

Computes the Jacobian of f at x. fx is the value of f at x.


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# File 'lib/bigdecimal/jacobian.rb', line 77

def jacobian(f,fx,x)
  n = x.size
  dfdx = Array::new(n*n)
  for i in 0...n do
    df = dfdxi(f,fx,x,i)
    for j in 0...n do
      dfdx[j*n+i] = df[j]
    end
  end
  dfdx
end