Class: JSON::Validator

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/json-schema/validator.rb

Constant Summary collapse

@@schemas =
{}
@@cache_schemas =
false
@@default_opts =
{
  :list => false,
  :version => nil,
  :validate_schema => false,
  :record_errors => false,
  :errors_as_objects => false,
  :insert_defaults => false,
  :clear_cache => true,
  :strict => false,
  :parse_data => true
}
@@validators =
{}
@@default_validator =
nil
@@available_json_backends =
[]
@@json_backend =
'yajl'
@@serializer =
lambda{|o| YAML.dump(o) }
@@mutex =
Mutex.new

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(schema_data, data, opts = {}) ⇒ Validator



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 38

def initialize(schema_data, data, opts={})
  @options = @@default_opts.clone.merge(opts)
  @errors = []

  validator = JSON::Validator.validator_for_name(@options[:version])
  @options[:version] = validator
  @options[:schema_reader] ||= JSON::Validator.schema_reader

  @validation_options = @options[:record_errors] ? {:record_errors => true} : {}
  @validation_options[:insert_defaults] = true if @options[:insert_defaults]
  @validation_options[:strict] = true if @options[:strict] == true

  @@mutex.synchronize { @base_schema = initialize_schema(schema_data) }
  @original_data = data
  @data = initialize_data(data)
  @@mutex.synchronize { build_schemas(@base_schema) }

  # validate the schema, if requested
  if @options[:validate_schema]
    begin
      if @base_schema.schema["$schema"]
        base_validator = JSON::Validator.validator_for_name(@base_schema.schema["$schema"])
      end
      metaschema = base_validator ? base_validator.metaschema : validator.metaschema
      # Don't clear the cache during metaschema validation!
      meta_validator = JSON::Validator.new(metaschema, @base_schema.schema, {:clear_cache => false})
      meta_validator.validate
    rescue JSON::Schema::ValidationError, JSON::Schema::SchemaError
      raise $!
    end
  end

  # If the :fragment option is set, try and validate against the fragment
  if opts[:fragment]
    @base_schema = schema_from_fragment(@base_schema, opts[:fragment])
  end
end

Class Method Details

.add_schema(schema) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 312

def add_schema(schema)
  @@schemas[schema_key_for(schema.uri)] ||= schema
end

.cache_schemas=(val) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 331

def cache_schemas=(val)
  warn "[DEPRECATION NOTICE] Schema caching is now a validation option. Schemas will still be cached if this is set to true, but this method will be removed in version >= 3. Please use the :clear_cache validation option instead."
  @@cache_schemas = val == true ? true : false
end

.clear_cacheObject



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 304

def clear_cache
  @@schemas = {} if @@cache_schemas == false
end

.default_validatorObject



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 340

def default_validator
  @@default_validator
end

.deregister_format_validator(format, versions = ["draft1", "draft2", "draft3", "draft4"]) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 382

def deregister_format_validator(format, versions = ["draft1", "draft2", "draft3", "draft4"])
  validators_for_names(versions).each do |validator|
    validator.formats[format.to_s] = validator.default_formats[format.to_s]
  end
end

.fully_validate(schema, data, opts = {}) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 276

def fully_validate(schema, data, opts={})
  opts[:record_errors] = true
  validator = JSON::Validator.new(schema, data, opts)
  validator.validate
end

.fully_validate_json(schema, data, opts = {}) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 288

def fully_validate_json(schema, data, opts={})
  fully_validate(schema, data, opts.merge(:json => true))
end

.fully_validate_schema(schema, opts = {}) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 282

def fully_validate_schema(schema, opts={})
  data = schema
  schema = JSON::Validator.validator_for_name(opts[:version]).metaschema
  fully_validate(schema, data, opts)
end

.fully_validate_uri(schema, data, opts = {}) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 292

def fully_validate_uri(schema, data, opts={})
  fully_validate(schema, data, opts.merge(:uri => true))
end

.json_backendObject



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 394

def json_backend
  if defined?(MultiJson)
    MultiJson.respond_to?(:adapter) ? MultiJson.adapter : MultiJson.engine
  else
    @@json_backend
  end
end

.json_backend=(backend) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 402

def json_backend=(backend)
  if defined?(MultiJson)
    backend = backend == 'json' ? 'json_gem' : backend
    MultiJson.respond_to?(:use) ? MultiJson.use(backend) : MultiJson.engine = backend
  else
    backend = backend.to_s
    if @@available_json_backends.include?(backend)
      @@json_backend = backend
    else
      raise JSON::Schema::JsonParseError.new("The JSON backend '#{backend}' could not be found.")
    end
  end
end

.merge_missing_values(source, destination) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 433

def merge_missing_values(source, destination)
  case destination
  when Hash
    source.each do |key, source_value|
      destination_value = destination[key] || destination[key.to_sym]
      if destination_value.nil?
        destination[key] = source_value
      else
        merge_missing_values(source_value, destination_value)
      end
    end
  when Array
    source.each_with_index do |source_value, i|
      destination_value = destination[i]
      merge_missing_values(source_value, destination_value)
    end
  end
end

.parse(s) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 416

def parse(s)
  if defined?(MultiJson)
    MultiJson.respond_to?(:adapter) ? MultiJson.load(s) : MultiJson.decode(s)
  else
    case @@json_backend.to_s
    when 'json'
      JSON.parse(s, :quirks_mode => true)
    when 'yajl'
      json = StringIO.new(s)
      parser = Yajl::Parser.new
      parser.parse(json) or raise JSON::Schema::JsonParseError.new("The JSON could not be parsed by yajl")
    else
      raise JSON::Schema::JsonParseError.new("No supported JSON parsers found. The following parsers are suported:\n * yajl-ruby\n * json")
    end
  end
end

.register_default_validator(v) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 371

def register_default_validator(v)
  @@default_validator = v
end

.register_format_validator(format, validation_proc, versions = ["draft1", "draft2", "draft3", "draft4"]) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 375

def register_format_validator(format, validation_proc, versions = ["draft1", "draft2", "draft3", "draft4"])
  custom_format_validator = JSON::Schema::CustomFormat.new(validation_proc)
  validators_for_names(versions).each do |validator|
    validator.formats[format.to_s] = custom_format_validator
  end
end

.register_validator(v) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 367

def register_validator(v)
  @@validators["#{v.uri.scheme}://#{v.uri.host}#{v.uri.path}"] = v
end

.restore_default_formats(versions = ["draft1", "draft2", "draft3", "draft4"]) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 388

def restore_default_formats(versions = ["draft1", "draft2", "draft3", "draft4"])
  validators_for_names(versions).each do |validator|
    validator.formats = validator.default_formats.clone
  end
end

.schema_for_uri(uri) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 316

def schema_for_uri(uri)
  # We only store normalized uris terminated with fragment #, so we can try whether
  # normalization can be skipped
  @@schemas[uri] || @@schemas[schema_key_for(uri)]
end

.schema_key_for(uri) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 326

def schema_key_for(uri)
  key = Util::URI.normalized_uri(uri).to_s
  key.end_with?('#') ? key : "#{key}#"
end

.schema_loaded?(schema_uri) ⇒ Boolean



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 322

def schema_loaded?(schema_uri)
  !schema_for_uri(schema_uri).nil?
end

.schema_readerObject



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 296

def schema_reader
  @@schema_reader ||= JSON::Schema::Reader.new
end

.schema_reader=(reader) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 300

def schema_reader=(reader)
  @@schema_reader = reader
end

.schemasObject



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 308

def schemas
  @@schemas
end

.validate(schema, data, opts = {}) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 243

def validate(schema, data,opts={})
  begin
    validator = JSON::Validator.new(schema, data, opts)
    validator.validate
    return true
  rescue JSON::Schema::ValidationError, JSON::Schema::SchemaError
    return false
  end
end

.validate!(schema, data, opts = {}) ⇒ Object Also known as: validate2



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 261

def validate!(schema, data,opts={})
  validator = JSON::Validator.new(schema, data, opts)
  validator.validate
  return true
end

.validate_json(schema, data, opts = {}) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 253

def validate_json(schema, data, opts={})
  validate(schema, data, opts.merge(:json => true))
end

.validate_json!(schema, data, opts = {}) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 268

def validate_json!(schema, data, opts={})
  validate!(schema, data, opts.merge(:json => true))
end

.validate_uri(schema, data, opts = {}) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 257

def validate_uri(schema, data, opts={})
  validate(schema, data, opts.merge(:uri => true))
end

.validate_uri!(schema, data, opts = {}) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 272

def validate_uri!(schema, data, opts={})
  validate!(schema, data, opts.merge(:uri => true))
end

.validator_for_name(schema_name) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 355

def validator_for_name(schema_name)
  return default_validator unless schema_name
  validator = validators_for_names([schema_name]).first
  if validator.nil?
    raise JSON::Schema::SchemaError.new("The requested JSON schema version is not supported")
  else
    validator
  end
end

.validator_for_uri(schema_uri) ⇒ Object Also known as: validator_for



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 344

def validator_for_uri(schema_uri)
  return default_validator unless schema_uri
  u = Addressable::URI.parse(schema_uri)
  validator = validators["#{u.scheme}://#{u.host}#{u.path}"]
  if validator.nil?
    raise JSON::Schema::SchemaError.new("Schema not found: #{schema_uri}")
  else
    validator
  end
end

.validatorsObject



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 336

def validators
  @@validators
end

Instance Method Details

#absolutize_ref_uri(ref, parent_schema_uri) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 140

def absolutize_ref_uri(ref, parent_schema_uri)
  ref_uri = Addressable::URI.parse(ref)

  return ref_uri if ref_uri.absolute?
  # This is a self reference and thus the schema does not need to be re-loaded
  return parent_schema_uri if ref_uri.path.empty?

  uri = parent_schema_uri.clone
  uri.fragment = ''
  Util::URI.normalized_uri(uri.join(ref_uri.path))
end

#build_schemas(parent_schema) ⇒ Object

Build all schemas with IDs, mapping out the namespace



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 153

def build_schemas(parent_schema)
  schema = parent_schema.schema

  # Build ref schemas if they exist
  if schema["$ref"]
    load_ref_schema(parent_schema, schema["$ref"])
  end

  case schema["extends"]
  when String
    load_ref_schema(parent_schema, schema["extends"])
  when Array
    schema['extends'].each do |type|
      handle_schema(parent_schema, type)
    end
  end

  # Check for schemas in union types
  ["type", "disallow"].each do |key|
    if schema[key].is_a?(Array)
      schema[key].each do |type|
        if type.is_a?(Hash)
          handle_schema(parent_schema, type)
        end
      end
    end
  end

  # Schema properties whose values are objects, the values of which
  # are themselves schemas.
  %w[definitions properties patternProperties].each do |key|
    next unless value = schema[key]
    value.each do |k, inner_schema|
      handle_schema(parent_schema, inner_schema)
    end
  end

  # Schema properties whose values are themselves schemas.
  %w[additionalProperties additionalItems dependencies extends].each do |key|
    next unless schema[key].is_a?(Hash)
    handle_schema(parent_schema, schema[key])
  end

  # Schema properties whose values may be an array of schemas.
  %w[allOf anyOf oneOf not].each do |key|
    next unless value = schema[key]
    Array(value).each do |inner_schema|
      handle_schema(parent_schema, inner_schema)
    end
  end

  # Items are always schemas
  if schema["items"]
    items = schema["items"].clone
    items = [items] unless items.is_a?(Array)

    items.each do |item|
      handle_schema(parent_schema, item)
    end
  end

  # Convert enum to a ArraySet
  if schema["enum"].is_a?(Array)
    schema["enum"] = ArraySet.new(schema["enum"])
  end

end

#handle_schema(parent_schema, obj) ⇒ Object

Either load a reference schema or create a new schema



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 222

def handle_schema(parent_schema, obj)
  if obj.is_a?(Hash)
    schema_uri = parent_schema.uri.clone
    schema = JSON::Schema.new(obj, schema_uri, parent_schema.validator)
    if obj['id']
      Validator.add_schema(schema)
    end
    build_schemas(schema)
  end
end

#load_ref_schema(parent_schema, ref) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 130

def load_ref_schema(parent_schema, ref)
  schema_uri = absolutize_ref_uri(ref, parent_schema.uri)

  return true if self.class.schema_loaded?(schema_uri)

  schema = @options[:schema_reader].read(schema_uri)
  self.class.add_schema(schema)
  build_schemas(schema)
end

#schema_from_fragment(base_schema, fragment) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 76

def schema_from_fragment(base_schema, fragment)
  schema_uri = base_schema.uri
  fragments = fragment.split("/")

  # ensure the first element was a hash, per the fragment spec
  if fragments.shift != "#"
    raise JSON::Schema::SchemaError.new("Invalid fragment syntax in :fragment option")
  end

  fragments.each do |f|
    if base_schema.is_a?(JSON::Schema) #test if fragment is a JSON:Schema instance
      if !base_schema.schema.has_key?(f)
        raise JSON::Schema::SchemaError.new("Invalid fragment resolution for :fragment option")
      end
      base_schema = base_schema.schema[f]
    elsif base_schema.is_a?(Hash)
      if !base_schema.has_key?(f)
        raise JSON::Schema::SchemaError.new("Invalid fragment resolution for :fragment option")
      end
      base_schema = JSON::Schema.new(base_schema[f],schema_uri,@options[:version])
    elsif base_schema.is_a?(Array)
      if base_schema[f.to_i].nil?
        raise JSON::Schema::SchemaError.new("Invalid fragment resolution for :fragment option")
      end
      base_schema = JSON::Schema.new(base_schema[f.to_i],schema_uri,@options[:version])
    else
      raise JSON::Schema::SchemaError.new("Invalid schema encountered when resolving :fragment option")
    end
  end

  if @options[:list]
    base_schema.to_array_schema
  else
    base_schema
  end
end

#validateObject

Run a simple true/false validation of data against a schema



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 114

def validate()
  @base_schema.validate(@data,[],self,@validation_options)
  if @options[:errors_as_objects]
    return @errors.map{|e| e.to_hash}
  else
    return @errors.map{|e| e.to_string}
  end
ensure
  if @validation_options[:clear_cache] == true
    Validator.clear_cache
  end
  if @validation_options[:insert_defaults]
    JSON::Validator.merge_missing_values(@data, @original_data)
  end
end

#validation_error(error) ⇒ Object



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 233

def validation_error(error)
  @errors.push(error)
end

#validation_errorsObject



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# File 'lib/json-schema/validator.rb', line 237

def validation_errors
  @errors
end