Module: Msf::Post::Linux::System

Includes:
Common, File, Unix
Defined in:
lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from Unix

#enum_user_directories, #get_groups, #get_users, #is_root?, #whoami

Methods included from File

#_read_file_meterpreter, #_unix_max_line_length, #_write_file_unix_shell, #append_file, #attributes, #cd, #chmod, #dir, #directory?, #executable?, #exist?, #expand_path, #exploit_data, #file?, #file_local_write, #file_remote_digestmd5, #file_remote_digestsha1, #file_remote_digestsha2, #immutable?, #initialize, #mkdir, #pwd, #read_file, #readable?, #rename_file, #rm_f, #rm_rf, #setuid?, #stat, #upload_and_chmodx, #upload_file, #writable?, #write_file

Methods included from Common

#clear_screen, #cmd_exec, #cmd_exec_get_pid, #command_exists?, #get_env, #get_envs, #initialize, #peer, #report_virtualization, #rhost, #rport

Instance Method Details

#get_cpu_infoHash

Gets basic information about the system's CPU.

Returns:

  • (Hash)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 156

def get_cpu_info
  info = {}
  orig = cmd_exec("cat /proc/cpuinfo").to_s
  cpuinfo = orig.split("\n\n")[0]
  # This is probably a more platform independent way to parse the results (compared to splitting and assigning preset indices to values)
  cpuinfo.split("\n").each do |l|
    info[:speed_mhz]   = l.split(': ')[1].to_i if l.include? 'cpu MHz'
    info[:product]     = l.split(': ')[1]      if l.include? 'model name'
    info[:vendor]      = l.split(': ')[1]      if l.include? 'vendor_id'
  end
  info[:cores] = orig.split("\n\n").size
  info
rescue
  raise "Could not get CPU information"
end

#get_hostnameString

Gets the hostname of the system

Returns:

  • (String)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 176

def get_hostname
  if command_exists?("uname")
    hostname = cmd_exec('uname -n').to_s
  else
    hostname = read_file("/proc/sys/kernel/hostname").to_s.chomp
  end
  report_host({:host => rhost, :name => hostname})
  hostname
rescue
  raise 'Unable to retrieve hostname'
end

#get_mount_path(filepath) ⇒ String

Gets the mount point of `filepath`

Parameters:

  • filepath (String)

    The filepath to get the mount point

Returns:

  • (String)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 317

def get_mount_path(filepath)
  cmd_exec("df \"#{filepath}\" | tail -1").split(' ')[5]
rescue
  raise "Unable to get mount path of #{filepath}"
end

#get_pathString

Gets the $PATH environment variable

Returns:

  • (String)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 146

def get_path
  cmd_exec('echo $PATH').to_s
rescue
  raise "Unable to determine path"
end

#get_session_pidString

Gets the pid of the current session

Returns:

  • (String)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 216

def get_session_pid
  cmd_exec("echo $PPID").to_s
end

#get_shell_nameString

Gets the name of the current shell

Returns:

  • (String)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 192

def get_shell_name
  if command_exists?("ps")
    psout = cmd_exec('ps -p $$').to_s
    psout.split("\n").last.split(' ')[3]
  else
    str_shell = cmd_exec("echo $0").split("-")[1]
    return str_shell
  end
rescue
  raise 'Unable to gather shell name'
end

#get_shell_pidString

Gets the pid of the current shell

Returns:

  • (String)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 208

def get_shell_pid
  cmd_exec("echo $$").to_s
end

#get_suid_files(findpath = '/') ⇒ Array

Gathers all SUID files on the filesystem. NOTE: This uses the Linux `find` command. It will most likely take a while to get all files. Consider specifying a more narrow find path.

Parameters:

  • findpath (defaults to: '/')

    The path on the system to start searching

Returns:

  • (Array)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 136

def get_suid_files(findpath = '/')
  out = cmd_exec("find #{findpath} -perm -4000 -print -xdev").to_s.split("\n")
  out.delete_if {|i| i.include? 'Permission denied'}
rescue
  raise "Could not retrieve all SUID files"
end

#get_sysinfoObject

Returns a Hash containing Distribution Name, Version and Kernel Information


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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 13

def get_sysinfo
  system_data = {}
  etc_files = cmd_exec("ls /etc").split()

  kernel_version = cmd_exec("uname -a")
  system_data[:kernel] = kernel_version

  # Debian
  if etc_files.include?("debian_version")
    version = read_file("/etc/issue").gsub(/\n|\\n|\\l/,'').strip
    if kernel_version =~ /Ubuntu/
      system_data[:distro] = "ubuntu"
      system_data[:version] = version
    else
      system_data[:distro] = "debian"
      system_data[:version] = version
    end

  # Amazon / CentOS
  elsif etc_files.include?('system-release')
    version = read_file('/etc/system-release').gsub(/\n|\\n|\\l/,'').strip
    if version.include? 'CentOS'
      system_data[:distro] = 'centos'
      system_data[:version] = version
    else
      system_data[:distro] = 'amazon'
      system_data[:version] = version
    end

  # Alpine
  elsif etc_files.include?('alpine-release')
    version = read_file('/etc/alpine-release').gsub(/\n|\\n|\\l/,'').strip
    system_data[:distro] = 'alpine'
    system_data[:version] = version

  # Fedora
  elsif etc_files.include?("fedora-release")
    version = read_file("/etc/fedora-release").gsub(/\n|\\n|\\l/,'').strip
    system_data[:distro] = "fedora"
    system_data[:version] = version

  # Oracle Linux
  elsif etc_files.include?("enterprise-release")
    version = read_file("/etc/enterprise-release").gsub(/\n|\\n|\\l/,'').strip
    system_data[:distro] = "oracle"
    system_data[:version] = version

  # RedHat
  elsif etc_files.include?("redhat-release")
    version = read_file("/etc/redhat-release").gsub(/\n|\\n|\\l/,'').strip
    system_data[:distro] = "redhat"
    system_data[:version] = version

  # Arch
  elsif etc_files.include?("arch-release")
    version = read_file("/etc/arch-release").gsub(/\n|\\n|\\l/,'').strip
    system_data[:distro] = "arch"
    system_data[:version] = version

  # Slackware
  elsif etc_files.include?("slackware-version")
    version = read_file("/etc/slackware-version").gsub(/\n|\\n|\\l/,'').strip
    system_data[:distro] = "slackware"
    system_data[:version] = version

  # Mandrake
  elsif etc_files.include?("mandrake-release")
    version = read_file("/etc/mandrake-release").gsub(/\n|\\n|\\l/,'').strip
    system_data[:distro] = "mandrake"
    system_data[:version] = version

  # SuSE
  elsif etc_files.include?("SuSE-release")
    version = read_file("/etc/SuSE-release").gsub(/\n|\\n|\\l/,'').strip
    system_data[:distro] = "suse"
    system_data[:version] = version

  # OpenSUSE
  elsif etc_files.include?("SUSE-brand")
    version = read_file("/etc/SUSE-brand").scan(/^VERSION\s*=\s*([\d\.]+)/).flatten.first
    system_data[:distro] = 'suse'
    system_data[:version] = version

  # Gentoo
  elsif etc_files.include?("gentoo-release")
    version = read_file("/etc/gentoo-release").gsub(/\n|\\n|\\l/,'').strip
    system_data[:distro] = "gentoo"
    system_data[:version] = version

  # Openwall
  elsif etc_files.include?("owl-release")
    version = read_file("/etc/owl-release").gsub(/\n|\\n|\\l/,'').strip
    system_data[:distro] = 'openwall'
    system_data[:version] = version

  # Generic
  elsif etc_files.include?("issue")
    version = read_file("/etc/issue").gsub(/\n|\\n|\\l/,'').strip
    system_data[:distro] = "linux"
    system_data[:version] = version

  # Others, could be a mismatch like ssh_login to cisco device
  else
    system_data[:distro] = "linux"
    system_data[:version] = ''

  end

  report_host({
    :host => rhost,
    :os_name => system_data[:distro],
    :os_flavor => system_data[:version]
  })

  return system_data
end

#glibc_versionString

Gets the version of glibc

Returns:

  • (String)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 305

def glibc_version
  raise 'glibc is not installed' unless command_exists? 'ldd'
  cmd_exec('ldd --version').scan(/^ldd\s+\(.*\)\s+([\d.]+)/).flatten.first
rescue
  raise 'Could not determine glibc version'
end

#has_gcc?Boolean

Checks if the system has gcc installed

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 224

def has_gcc?
  command_exists? 'gcc'
rescue
  raise 'Unable to check for gcc'
end

#interfacesArray

Gets all the interfaces of the device

Returns:

  • (Array)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 349

def interfaces
  result = []
  data = cmd_exec("for fn in /sys/class/net/*; do echo $fn; done")
  parts = data.split("\n")
  parts.each do |line|
    line = line.split("/")[-1]
    result.insert(-1,line)
  end
  return result
end

#ipsArray

Gets all the IP directions of the device

Returns:

  • (Array)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 328

def ips
  lines = read_file("/proc/net/fib_trie")
  result = []
  previous_line = ""
  lines.each_line do |line|
    if line.include?("/32 host LOCAL")
      previous_line = previous_line.split("-- ")[1].strip()
      if not result.include? previous_line
        result.insert(-1, previous_line)
      end
    end
    previous_line = line
  end
  return result
end

#listen_tcp_portsArray

Parsing information based on: github.com/sensu-plugins/sensu-plugins-network-checks/blob/master/bin/check-netstat-tcp.rb

Gets all the listening tcp ports in the device

Returns:

  • (Array)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 383

def listen_tcp_ports
  ports = []
  content = read_file('/proc/net/tcp')
  content.each_line do |line|
    if m = line.match(/^\s*\d+:\s+(.{8}|.{32}):(.{4})\s+(.{8}|.{32}):(.{4})\s+(.{2})/)
      connection_state = m[5].to_s
      if connection_state == "0A"
        connection_port = m[2].to_i(16)
        if ports.include?(connection_port) == false
          ports.insert(-1, connection_port)
        end
      end
    end
  end
  return ports
end

#listen_udp_portsArray

Parsing information based on: github.com/sensu-plugins/sensu-plugins-network-checks/blob/master/bin/check-netstat-tcp.rb

Gets all the listening udp ports in the device

Returns:

  • (Array)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 405

def listen_udp_ports
  ports = []
  content = read_file('/proc/net/udp')
  content.each_line do |line|
    if m = line.match(/^\s*\d+:\s+(.{8}|.{32}):(.{4})\s+(.{8}|.{32}):(.{4})\s+(.{2})/)
      connection_state = m[5].to_s
      if connection_state == "07"
        connection_port = m[2].to_i(16)
        if ports.include?(connection_port) == false
          ports.insert(-1, connection_port)
        end
      end
    end
  end
  return ports
end

#macsArray

Gets all the macs of the device

Returns:

  • (Array)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 364

def macs
  result = []
  str_macs = cmd_exec("for fn in /sys/class/net/*; do echo $fn; done")
  parts = str_macs.split("\n")
  parts.each do |line|
    rut = line + "/address"
    mac_array = read_file(rut)
    mac_array.each_line do |mac|
      result.insert(-1,mac.strip())
    end
  end
  return result
end

#noexec?(file_path) ⇒ Boolean

Checks if `file_path` is mounted on a noexec mount point

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 255

def noexec?(file_path)
  mount = cmd_exec('cat /proc/mounts').to_s
  mount_path = get_mount_path(file_path)
  mount.lines.each do |l|
    return true if l =~ Regexp.new("#{mount_path} (.*)noexec(.*)")
  end
  false
rescue
  raise 'Unable to check for noexec volume'
end

#nosuid?(file_path) ⇒ Boolean

Checks if `file_path` is mounted on a nosuid mount point

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 270

def nosuid?(file_path)
  mount = cmd_exec('cat /proc/mounts').to_s
  mount_path = get_mount_path(file_path)
  mount.lines.each do |l|
    return true if l =~ Regexp.new("#{mount_path} (.*)nosuid(.*)")
  end
  false
rescue
  raise 'Unable to check for nosuid volume'
end

#pid_uid(pid) ⇒ String

Gets the uid of a pid

Returns:

  • (String)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 247

def pid_uid(pid)
  read_file("/proc/#{pid}/status").to_s
end

#pidof(program) ⇒ Array

Gets the process id(s) of `program`

Returns:

  • (Array)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 234

def pidof(program)
  pids = []
  full = cmd_exec('ps aux').to_s
  full.split("\n").each do |pid|
    pids << pid.split(' ')[1].to_i if pid.include? program
  end
  pids
end

#protected_hardlinks?Boolean

Checks for protected hardlinks on the system

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 285

def protected_hardlinks?
  read_file('/proc/sys/fs/protected_hardlinks').to_s.strip.eql? '1'
rescue
  raise 'Could not determine protected_hardlinks status'
end

#protected_symlinks?Boolean

Checks for protected symlinks on the system

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/msf/core/post/linux/system.rb', line 295

def protected_symlinks?
  read_file('/proc/sys/fs/protected_symlinks').to_s.strip.eql? '1'
rescue
  raise 'Could not determine protected_symlinks status'
end