Raven-Ruby, the Ruby Client for Sentry

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The official Ruby-language client and integration layer for the Sentry error reporting API.

Requirements

We test on Ruby 1.9, 2.2, 2.3, and 2.4 at the latest patchlevel/teeny version. We also support JRuby 1.7 and 9.0. Our Rails integration works with Rails 4.2+ (including Rails 5).

Getting Started

Install

gem "sentry-raven"

Raven only runs when SENTRY_DSN is set

Raven will capture and send exceptions to the Sentry server whenever its DSN is set. This makes environment-based configuration easy - if you don't want to send errors in a certain environment, just don't set the DSN in that environment!

# Set your SENTRY_DSN environment variable.
export SENTRY_DSN=http://public@example.com/project-id
# Or you can configure the client in the code (not recommended - keep your DSN secret!)
Raven.configure do |config|
  config.dsn = 'http://public@example.com/project-id'
end

Raven doesn't report some kinds of data by default

Raven ignores some exceptions by default - most of these are related to 404s or controller actions not being found. For a complete list, see the IGNORE_DEFAULT constant.

Raven doesn't report POST data or cookies by default. In addition, it will attempt to remove any obviously sensitive data, such as credit card or Social Security numbers. For more information about how Sentry processes your data, check out the documentation on the processors config setting.

Usage

If you use Rails, you're already done - no more configuration required! Check Integrations for more details on other gems Sentry integrates with automatically.

Otherwise, Raven supports two methods of capturing exceptions:

Raven.capture do
  # capture any exceptions which happen during execution of this block
  1 / 0
end

begin
  1 / 0
rescue ZeroDivisionError => exception
  Raven.capture_exception(exception)
end

More configuration

You're all set - but there's a few more settings you may want to know about too!

async

When an error or message occurs, the notification is immediately sent to Sentry. Raven can be configured to send asynchronously:

config.async = lambda { |event|
  Thread.new { Raven.send_event(event) }
}

Using a thread to send events will be adequate for truly parallel Ruby platforms such as JRuby, though the benefit on MRI/CRuby will be limited. If the async callback raises an exception, Raven will attempt to send synchronously.

Note that the naive example implementation has a major drawback - it can create an infinite number of threads. We recommend creating a background job, using your background job processor, that will send Sentry notifications in the background.

config.async = lambda { |event| SentryJob.perform_later(event) }

class SentryJob < ActiveJob::Base
  queue_as :default

  def perform(event)
    Raven.send_event(event)
  end
end

transport_failure_callback

If Raven fails to send an event to Sentry for any reason (either the Sentry server has returned a 4XX or 5XX response), this Proc or lambda will be called.

config.transport_failure_callback = lambda { |event|
  AdminMailer.email_admins("Oh god, it's on fire!", event).deliver_later
}

Context

Much of the usefulness of Sentry comes from additional context data with the events. Raven makes this very convenient by providing methods to set thread local context data that is then submitted automatically with all events.

There are three primary methods for providing request context:

# bind the logged in user
Raven.user_context email: 'foo@example.com'

# tag the request with something interesting
Raven.tags_context interesting: 'yes'

# provide a bit of additional context
Raven.extra_context happiness: 'very'

For more information, see Context.

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