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This repository contains various Ruby and Rails integrations for Elasticsearch:

  • ActiveModel integration with adapters for ActiveRecord and Mongoid
  • Repository pattern based persistence layer for Ruby objects
  • Enumerable-based wrapper for search results
  • ActiveRecord::Relation-based wrapper for returning search results as records
  • Convenience model methods such as search, mapping, import, etc
  • Rake tasks for importing the data
  • Support for Kaminari and WillPaginate pagination
  • Integration with Rails' instrumentation framework
  • Templates for generating example Rails application

Elasticsearch client and Ruby API is provided by the elasticsearch-ruby project.


The libraries are compatible with Ruby 1.9.3 and higher.

The version numbers follow the Elasticsearch major versions, and the master branch is compatible with the Elasticsearch master branch, therefore, with the next major version.

Rubygem Elasticsearch
0.1 1.x
2.x 2.x
5.x 5.x
6.x 6.x
master master


Install each library from Rubygems:

gem install elasticsearch-model
gem install elasticsearch-rails

To use an unreleased version, add it to your Gemfile for Bundler:

gem 'elasticsearch-model', github: 'elastic/elasticsearch-rails', branch: '5.x'
gem 'elasticsearch-rails', github: 'elastic/elasticsearch-rails', branch: '5.x'


This project is split into three separate gems:

Example of a basic integration into an ActiveRecord-based model:

require 'elasticsearch/model'

class Article < ActiveRecord::Base
  include Elasticsearch::Model
  include Elasticsearch::Model::Callbacks

# Index creation right at import time is not encouraged.
# Typically, you would call create_index! asynchronously (e.g. in a cron job)
# However, we are adding it here so that this usage example can run correctly.

@articles = Article.search('foobar').records

You can generate a simple Ruby on Rails application with a single command (see the other available templates):

rails new searchapp --skip --skip-bundle --template https://raw.github.com/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-rails/master/elasticsearch-rails/lib/rails/templates/01-basic.rb

Example of using Elasticsearch as a repository for a Ruby domain object:

require 'virtus'
class Article
  include Virtus.model
  attribute :title, String

require 'elasticsearch/persistence'
repository = Elasticsearch::Persistence::Repository.new

repository.save Article.new(title: 'Test')
# POST http://localhost:9200/repository/article
# => {"_index"=>"repository", "_type"=>"article", "_id"=>"Ak75E0U9Q96T5Y999_39NA", ...}

Please refer to each library documentation for detailed information and examples.





To work on the code, clone the repository and install all dependencies first:

git clone https://github.com/elastic/elasticsearch-rails.git
cd elasticsearch-rails/
bundle install
rake bundle:install

Running the Test Suite

You can run unit and integration tests for each sub-project by running the respective Rake tasks in their folders.

You can also unit, integration, or both tests for all sub-projects from the top-level directory:

rake test:all

The test suite expects an Elasticsearch cluster running on port 9250, and will delete all the data. You can launch an isolated, in-memory Elasticsearch cluster with the following Rake task:

TEST_CLUSTER_COMMAND=/tmp/builds/elasticsearch-2.0.0-SNAPSHOT/bin/elasticsearch TEST_CLUSTER_NODES=1 bundle exec rake test:cluster:start

See more information in the documentation for the elasticsearch-extensions gem.


This software is licensed under the Apache 2 license, quoted below.

Licensed to Elasticsearch B.V. under one or more contributor
license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
this work for additional information regarding copyright
ownership. Elasticsearch B.V. licenses this file to you under
the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at


Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
software distributed under the License is distributed on an
KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
specific language governing permissions and limitations
under the License.