Module: IDN::Punycode

Defined in:
ext/punycode.c

Class Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.IDN::Punycode.decode(string) ⇒ String

Converts Punycode to a string in UTF-8 format.

Raises IDN::Punycode::PunycodeError on failure.

Returns:

  • (String)

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# File 'ext/punycode.c', line 109

static VALUE decode(VALUE self, VALUE str)
{
  int rc;
  punycode_uint *ustr;
  size_t len;
  char *buf = NULL;
  VALUE retv;

  str = rb_check_convert_type(str, T_STRING, "String", "to_s");

  len = RSTRING_LEN(str);
  ustr = malloc(len * sizeof(punycode_uint));

  if (ustr == NULL) {
    rb_raise(rb_eNoMemError, "cannot allocate memory (%d bytes)", (uint32_t)len);
    return Qnil;
  }

  rc = punycode_decode(RSTRING_LEN(str), RSTRING_PTR(str),
                       &len, ustr, NULL);

  if (rc != PUNYCODE_SUCCESS) {
    xfree(ustr);
    rb_raise(ePunycodeError, "%s (%d)", punycode_strerror(rc), rc);
    return Qnil;
  }

  buf = stringprep_ucs4_to_utf8(ustr, len, NULL, &len);
  retv = rb_enc_str_new(buf, len, rb_utf8_encoding());
  xfree(ustr);
  xfree(buf);
  return retv;
}

.IDN::Punycode.encode(string) ⇒ String

Converts a string in UTF-8 format to Punycode.

Raises IDN::Punycode::PunycodeError on failure.

Returns:

  • (String)

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# File 'ext/punycode.c', line 59

static VALUE encode(VALUE self, VALUE str)
{
  int rc;
  punycode_uint *ustr;
  size_t len;
  size_t buflen = 0x100;
  char *buf = NULL;
  VALUE retv;

  str = rb_check_convert_type(str, T_STRING, "String", "to_s");
  ustr = stringprep_utf8_to_ucs4(RSTRING_PTR(str), RSTRING_LEN(str), &len);

  while (1) {
    buf = realloc(buf, buflen);

    if (buf == NULL) {
      xfree(ustr);
      rb_raise(rb_eNoMemError, "cannot allocate memory (%d bytes)", (uint32_t)buflen);
      return Qnil;
    }

    rc = punycode_encode(len, ustr, NULL, &buflen, buf);

    if (rc == PUNYCODE_SUCCESS) {
      break;
    } else if (rc == PUNYCODE_BIG_OUTPUT) {
      buflen += 0x100;
    } else {
      xfree(ustr);
      xfree(buf);
      rb_raise(ePunycodeError, "%s (%d)", punycode_strerror(rc), rc);
      return Qnil;
    }
  }

  retv = rb_str_new(buf, buflen);
  xfree(ustr);
  xfree(buf);
  return retv;
}