Class: Rack::Test::Session

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Extended by:
Forwardable
Includes:
Utils
Defined in:
lib/rack/test.rb

Overview

Rack::Test::Session handles a series of requests issued to a Rack app. It keeps track of the cookies for the session, and allows for setting headers and a default rack environment that is used for future requests.

Rack::Test::Session's methods are most often called through Rack::Test::Methods, which will automatically build a session when it's first used.

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from Utils

#build_multipart, #build_nested_query

Constructor Details

#initialize(app, default_host = DEFAULT_HOST) ⇒ Session

Creates a Rack::Test::Session for a given Rack app or Rack::Test::BasicSession.

Note: Generally, you won't need to initialize a Rack::Test::Session directly. Instead, you should include Rack::Test::Methods into your testing context. (See README.rdoc for an example)

The following methods are defined via metaprogramming: get, post, put, patch, delete, options, and head. Each method submits a request with the given request method, with the given URI and optional parameters and rack environment. Examples:

# URI only:
get("/")                   # GET /
get("/?foo=bar")           # GET /?foo=bar

# URI and parameters
get("/foo", 'bar'=>'baz')  # GET /foo?bar=baz
post("/foo", 'bar'=>'baz') # POST /foo (bar=baz in request body)

# URI, parameters, and rack environment
get("/bar", {}, 'CONTENT_TYPE'=>'foo')
get("/bar", {'foo'=>'baz'}, 'HTTP_ACCEPT'=>'*')

The above methods as well as #request and #custom_request store the Rack::Request submitted in #last_request. The methods store a Rack::MockResponse based on the response in #last_response. #last_response is also returned by the methods. If a block is given, #last_response is also yielded to the block.


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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 99

def initialize(app, default_host = DEFAULT_HOST)
  @env = {}
  @app = app
  @after_request = []
  @default_host = default_host
  @last_request = nil
  @last_response = nil
  clear_cookies
end

Instance Attribute Details

The Rack::Test::CookieJar for the cookies for the current session.


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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 67

def cookie_jar
  @cookie_jar
end

#default_hostObject (readonly)

The default host used for the session for when using paths for URIs.


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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 70

def default_host
  @default_host
end

Class Method Details

.new(app, default_host = DEFAULT_HOST) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 57

def self.new(app, default_host = DEFAULT_HOST) # :nodoc:
  if app.is_a?(self)
    # Backwards compatibility for initializing with Rack::MockSession
    app
  else
    super
  end
end

Instance Method Details

#after_request(&block) ⇒ Object

Run a block after the each request completes.


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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 118

def after_request(&block)
  @after_request << block
end

#basic_authorize(username, password) ⇒ Object Also known as: authorize

Set the username and password for HTTP Basic authorization, to be included in subsequent requests in the HTTP_AUTHORIZATION header.

Example:

basic_authorize "bryan", "secret"

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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 198

def basic_authorize(username, password)
   = ["#{username}:#{password}"].pack('m0')
  header('Authorization', "Basic #{}")
end

#clear_cookiesObject

Replace the current cookie jar with an empty cookie jar.


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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 123

def clear_cookies
  @cookie_jar = CookieJar.new([], @default_host)
end

#custom_request(verb, uri, params = {}, env = {}, &block) ⇒ Object

Issue a request using the given HTTP verb for the given URI, with optional params and rack environment. Example:

custom_request "LINK", "/"

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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 160

def custom_request(verb, uri, params = {}, env = {}, &block)
  uri = parse_uri(uri, env)
  env = env_for(uri, env.merge(method: verb.to_s.upcase, params: params))
  process_request(uri, env, &block)
end

#env(name, value) ⇒ Object

Set an entry in the rack environment to be included on all subsequent requests through the session. Use a value of nil to remove a previously value. Example:

env "rack.session", {:csrf => 'token'}

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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 185

def env(name, value)
  if value.nil?
    @env.delete(name)
  else
    @env[name] = value
  end
end

#follow_redirect!Object

Rack::Test will not follow any redirects automatically. This method will follow the redirect returned (including setting the Referer header on the new request) in the last response. If the last response was not a redirect, an error will be raised.


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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 209

def follow_redirect!
  unless last_response.redirect?
    raise Error, 'Last response was not a redirect. Cannot follow_redirect!'
  end

  if last_response.status == 307
    request_method = last_request.request_method
    params = last_request.params
  else
    request_method = 'GET'
    params = {}
  end

  # Compute the next location by appending the location header with the
  # last request, as per https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7231#section-7.1.2
  # Adding two absolute locations returns the right-hand location
  next_location = URI.parse(last_request.url) + URI.parse(last_response['Location'])

  custom_request(
    request_method,
    next_location.to_s,
    params,
    'HTTP_REFERER' => last_request.url,
    'rack.session' => last_request.session,
    'rack.session.options' => last_request.session_options
  )
end

#header(name, value) ⇒ Object

Set a header to be included on all subsequent requests through the session. Use a value of nil to remove a previously configured header.

In accordance with the Rack spec, headers will be included in the Rack environment hash in HTTP_USER_AGENT form. Example:

header "user-agent", "Firefox"

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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 173

def header(name, value)
  name = name.upcase
  name.tr!('-', '_')
  name = "HTTP_#{name}" unless name == 'CONTENT_TYPE' || name == 'CONTENT_LENGTH'
  env(name, value)
end

#last_requestObject

Return the last request issued in the session. Raises an error if no requests have been sent yet.

Raises:


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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 134

def last_request
  raise Error, 'No request yet. Request a page first.' unless @last_request
  @last_request
end

#last_responseObject

Return the last response received in the session. Raises an error if no requests have been sent yet.

Raises:


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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 141

def last_response
  raise Error, 'No response yet. Request a page first.' unless @last_response
  @last_response
end

#request(uri, env = {}, &block) ⇒ Object

Issue a request to the Rack app for the given URI and optional Rack environment. Example:

request "/"

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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 150

def request(uri, env = {}, &block)
  uri = parse_uri(uri, env)
  env = env_for(uri, env)
  process_request(uri, env, &block)
end

Set a cookie in the current cookie jar.


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# File 'lib/rack/test.rb', line 128

def set_cookie(cookie, uri = nil)
  cookie_jar.merge(cookie, uri)
end