Module: JSS::Composer

Defined in:
lib/jss.rb,
lib/jss/composer.rb

Overview

This module provides two methods for building very simple Casper-happy .pkg and .dmg packages for deployment.

Unlike Composer.app from JAMF, this module currently doesn't offer a way to do a before/after disk scan and use the differences to build the root folder from which the package is built. Nor does the module support editing the pre/post install scripts in .pkgs.

The 'root folder', a folder representing the root filesystem of the target machine where the package will be installed, must already exist and be fully populated and with correct permissions.

Constant Summary collapse

PKG_UTIL =

the apple pkgutil tool

Pathname.new '/usr/sbin/pkgutil'
PKGBUILD =

The location of the cli tool for making .pkgs

Pathname.new '/usr/bin/pkgbuild'
PKG_BUNDLE_ID_PFX =

the default bundle identifier prefix for pkgs

'ruby-jss-composer'.freeze
HDI_UTIL =

Apple's hdiutil for making dmgs

'/usr/bin/hdiutil'.freeze
DEFAULT_OUT_DIR =

Where to save the output ?

Pathname.new '/Users/Shared'

Class Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.mk_dmg(name, root, out_dir = DEFAULT_OUT_DIR) ⇒ Pathname

Make a casper-happy .dmg out of a root folder, permissions are assumed to be correct.


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# File 'lib/jss/composer.rb', line 172

def self.mk_dmg(name, root, out_dir = DEFAULT_OUT_DIR)
  dmg_filename = "#{name}.dmg"
  dmg_vol = name
  dmg_out = Pathname.new "#{out_dir}/#{dmg_filename}"
  if dmg_out.exist?
    mv_to = dmg_out.dirname + "#{dmg_out.basename}.#{Time.now.strftime('%Y%m%d%H%M%S')}"
    dmg_out.rename mv_to
  end # if dmg out exist

  ### TODO - this may need to be sudo'd to handle proper internal permissions.
  system "#{HDI_UTIL} create -volname '#{dmg_vol}' -scrub -srcfolder '#{root}' '#{dmg_out}'"

  raise 'There was an error building the .dmg' unless $?.exitstatus.zero?
  Pathname.new dmg_out
end

.mk_pkg(name, version, root, opts = {}) ⇒ Pathname

Make a casper-happy .pkg out of a root folder, permissions are assumed to be correct.

Options Hash (opts):

  • :bundle_id_prefix (String)

    the pkg bundle identifier prefix. If no :pkg_id is provided, one is made using this prefix and the name provided. e.g. 'com.mycompany' Defaults to 'PKG_BUNDLE_ID_PFX'. See 'man pkgbuild' for more info

  • :out_dir (String, Pathname)

    he folder in which the .pkg will be created. Defaults to DEFAULT_OUT_DIR

  • :preserve_ownership (Boolean)

    If true, the owner/group of the rootpath are preserved. Default is false: they become the pkgbuild/installer 'recommended' (root/wheel or root/admin)

  • :signing_identity (String)

    the optional name of the signing identity (certificate) to use for signing the pkg. See `man pkgbuild` for details

  • :signing_options (String)

    the optional string of options to pass to pkgbuild. See `man pkgbuild` for details

Raises:


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# File 'lib/jss/composer.rb', line 95

def self.mk_pkg(name, version, root, opts = {})
  raise NoSuchItemError, "Missing pkgbuild tool. Please make sure you're running 10.8 or later." unless PKGBUILD.executable?

  opts[:out_dir] ||= DEFAULT_OUT_DIR
  opts[:bundle_id_prefix] ||= PKG_BUNDLE_ID_PFX

  pkg_filename = name.end_with?('.pkg') ? name : name + '.pkg'
  pkg_id = opts[:pkg_id]
  pkg_id ||= opts[:bundle_id_prefix] + '.' + name
  pkg_out = "#{opts[:out_dir]}/#{pkg_filename}"
  pkg_ownership = opts[:preserve_ownership] ? 'preserve' : 'recommended'

  if opts[:signing_identity]
    signing = "--sign '#{opts[:signing_identity]}'"
    signing << " #{opts[:signing_options]}" if opts[:signing_options]
  else
    signing = ''
  end # if opts[:signing_identity]

  ### first, run 'analyze' to get a 'component plist' in which we can change some settings
  ### for any bundles in the root (bundles like .apps, frameworks, plugins, etc..)
  ###
  ### we edit the settings thus:
  ### BundleOverwriteAction = upgrade, totally replace any version current on disk
  ### BundleIsVersionChecked = false, allow us to install regardless of what version is currently installed
  ### BundleIsRelocatable = false,  if there's a version of this in some other location, Do Not move this one there after installation
  ### BundleHasStrictIdentifier = false, don't care if there's something at the install path with a different bundle id.
  ###
  ### In other words, just install the thing!
  ### (see 'man pkgbuild' for more info)
  ###
  ###
  comp_plist_out = Pathname.new "/tmp/#{PKG_BUNDLE_ID_PFX}-#{pkg_filename}.plist"
  system "#{PKGBUILD} --analyze --root '#{root}' '#{comp_plist_out}'"
  comp_plist = Plist.parse_xml comp_plist_out.read

  ### if the plist is empty, there are no bundles in the pkg
  if comp_plist[0].nil?
    comp_plist_arg = ''
  else
    ### otherwise, edit the bundle dictionaries
    comp_plist.each do |bndl|
      bndl.delete 'ChildBundles' if bndl['ChildBundles']
      bndl['BundleOverwriteAction'] = 'upgrade'
      bndl['BundleIsVersionChecked'] = false
      bndl['BundleIsRelocatable'] = false
      bndl['BundleHasStrictIdentifier'] = false
    end
    ### write out the edits
    comp_plist_out.open('w') { |f| f.write comp_plist.to_plist }
    comp_plist_arg = "--component-plist '#{comp_plist_out}'"
  end

  ### now build the pkg
  begin
    it_built = system "#{PKGBUILD} --identifier '#{pkg_id}' --version '#{version}' --ownership #{pkg_ownership} --install-location / --root '#{root}' #{signing} #{comp_plist_arg} '#{pkg_out}' "

    raise 'There was an error building the .pkg' unless it_built
  ensure
    comp_plist_out.delete if comp_plist_out.exist?
  end

  Pathname.new pkg_out
end