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HTTP status exception
This simple plugin will register exception classes for all HTTP status. These exceptions can then be raised from your controllers, after which a response will be send back to the client with the desired HTTP status, possible with some other content.
You can use this plugin to access control mechanisms. You can simply raise a HTTPStatus::Forbidden if a user is not allowed to perform a certain action. A nice looking error page will be the result. See the example below:
See the project wiki (github.com/wvanbergen/http_status_exceptions/wikis) for additional documentation.
Installation is simple. Simply add the gem to the configuration in your
Rails::Initializer.run do |config| ... config.gem 'http_status_exceptions', :source => 'http://gemcutter.org' end
rake gems:install to install the gem if needed.
You can modify where HTTP status exception looks for its template files like so:
class ApplicationController < ActionController::Base ... HTTPStatus::Base.template_path = 'path_to/http_status_templates' end
You can also modify which layout is used when rendering a template by setting the
class ApplicationController < ActionController::Base ... HTTPStatus::Base.template_layout = 'exception' end
If you don't set a template_layout the current layout for the requested action will be used.
class BlogController < ApplicationController def destroy raise HTTPStatus::Forbidden, 'You cannot delete blogs!' unless current_user.can_delete_blogs? @blog.destroy end end
By default, this will return an empty response with the “forbidden” status code (403). If you want to add content to the response as well, create the following view:
shared/http_status/forbidden.html.erb. You can use the
@exception-object in your view:
<h1>Forbidden</h1> <p> <%= h(@exception.message) %> </p> <hr /> <p>HTTP status code <small> <%= @exception.status_code %>: <%= @exception.status.to_s.humanize %></small></p>
The response will only be sent if the request format is HTML because of the name of the view file. In theory you could make a response for XML requests as well by using
shared/http_status/forbidden.xml.builder as filename