An object mapper for any adapter that can read, write, delete, and clear data.


The project comes with two main includes that you can use -- Toy::Object and Toy::Store.

Toy::Object comes with all the goods you need for plain old ruby objects -- attributes, dirty attribute tracking, equality, inheritance, serialization, cloning, logging and pretty inspecting.

Toy::Store includes Toy::Object and adds identity, persistence and querying through adapters, mass assignment, callbacks, validations and a few simple associations (lists and references).


First, join me in a whirlwind tour of Toy::Object.

class Person
  include Toy::Object

  attribute :name, String
  attribute :age,  Integer

# Pretty class inspecting
pp Person

john  = => 'John',  :age => 30)
steve = => 'Steve', :age => 31)

# Pretty inspecting
pp john

# Attribute dirty tracking = 'NEW NAME!'
pp john.changes       # {"name"=>["John", "NEW NAME!"], "age"=>[nil, 30]}
pp john.name_changed? # true

# Equality goodies
pp john.eql?(john)  # true
pp john.eql?(steve) # false
pp john == john     # true
pp john == steve    # false

# Cloning
pp john.clone

# Inheritance
class AwesomePerson < Person

pp Person.attributes.keys.sort          # ["age", "name"]
pp AwesomePerson.attributes.keys.sort   # ["age", "name", "type"]

# Serialization
puts john.to_json
puts john.to_xml

Ok, that was definitely awesome. Please continue on your personal journey to a blown mind (very similar to a beautiful mind).


Toy::Store is a unique bird that builds on top of Toy::Object. Below is a quick sample of what it can do.

class Person
  include Toy::Store

  attribute :name, String
  attribute :age,  Integer, :default => 0

# Persistence
john = Person.create(:name => 'John', :age => 30)
pp john
pp john.persisted?

# Mass Assignment Security
Person.attribute :role, String, :default => 'guest'
Person.attr_accessible :name, :age

person = => 'Hacker', :age => 13, :role => 'admin')
pp person.role # "guest"

# Querying
pp Person.read_multiple([])
pp'NOT HERE') # nil

begin!('NOT HERE')
rescue Toy::NotFound
  puts "Could not find person with id of 'NOT HERE'"

# Reloading
pp john.reload

# Callbacks
class Person
  before_create :add_fifty_to_age

  def add_fifty_to_age
    self.age += 50

pp Person.create(:age => 10).age # 60

# Validations
class Person
  validates_presence_of :name

person =
pp person.valid?        # false
pp person.errors[:name] # ["can't be blank"]

# Lists (array key stored as attribute)
class Skill
  include Toy::Store

  attribute :name, String
  attribute :truth, Boolean

class Person
  list :skills, Skill

john.skills = [Skill.create(:name => 'Programming', :truth => true)]
john.skills << Skill.create(:name => 'Mechanic', :truth => false)

pp == john.skill_ids # true

# References (think foreign keyish)
class Person
  reference :mom, Person

mom = Person.create(:name => 'Mum') = mom
pp john.reload.mom_id == # true

# Identity Map
Toy::IdentityMap.use do
  frank = Person.create(:name => 'Frank')

  pp                # true
  pp == frank.object_id # true

# Or you can turn it on globally
Toy::IdentityMap.enabled = true
frank = Person.create(:name => 'Frank')

pp                # true
pp == frank.object_id # true

# All persistence runs through an adapter.
# All of the above examples used the default in-memory adapter.
# Looks something like this:
Person.adapter :memory, {}

puts "Adapter: #{Person.adapter.inspect}"

# You can make a new adapter to your awesome new/old data store
Adapter.define(:append_only_array) do
  def read(key)
    if (record = client.reverse.detect { |row| row[0] == key })

  def write(key, value)
    client << [key, value]

  def delete(key)
    client.delete_if { |row| row[0] == key }

  def clear

client = []
Person.adapter :append_only_array, client

pp "Client: #{Person.adapter.client.equal?(client)}"

person = Person.create(:name => 'Phil', :age => 55)
person.age = 56

pp client

pp # Phil with age 56

If that doesn't excite you, nothing will. At this point, you are probably wishing for more.

Luckily, there is an entire directory full of examples and I created a few power user guides, which I will kindly link next.


ToyStore comes with a log subscriber and automatic metriks instrumentation. By default these work with ActiveSupport::Notifications, but only require the pieces of ActiveSupport that are needed and only do so if you actually attempt to require the instrumentation files listed below.

To use the log subscriber:

# Gemfile
gem 'activesupport'

# config/initializers/toystore.rb (or wherever you want it)
require 'toy/instrumentation/log_subscriber'

To use the metriks instrumentation:

# Gemfile
gem 'activesupport'
gem 'metriks'

# config/initializers/toystore.rb (or wherever you want it)
require 'toy/instrumentation/metriks'

ToyStore Power User Guides


As of 0.8.3, I started keeping a changelog. All significant updates will be summarized there.


  • Rails 3.0., 3.1., 3.2.*, Sinatra, etc. No Rails 2 (because it uses Active Model).
  • Ruby 1.9.3 only

Mailing List!forum/toystoreadapter


  • Fork the project.
  • Make your feature addition or bug fix in a topic branch.
  • Add tests for it. This is important so we don't break it in a future version unintentionally.
  • Commit, do not mess with rakefile, version, or changelog. (if you want to have your own version, that is fine, but bump version in a commit by itself so we can ignore when we pull)
  • Send a pull request.