tb - manipulation tool for tables

tb provides a command and a library for manipulating tables: Unix filter like operations (sort, cat, cut, ls, etc.), SQL like operations (join, group, etc.), other table operations (search, gsub, rename, cross, melt, unmelt, etc.), information extractions (git, svn, tar), and more.

tb supports various table formats: CSV, TSV, JSON, NDJSON, LTSV, etc.

Example

There is a CSV file for programming languages and their birth year in sample/ directory in tb package.

% head sample/langs.csv
language,year
FORTRAN,1955
LISP,1958
COBOL,1959
ALGOL 58,1958
APL,1962
Simula,1962
SNOBOL,1962
BASIC,1964
PL/I,1964

“tb” command has many subcommands. “sort” subcommand sort a CSV file. You don't need to care header: header is retained as is.

% tb sort sample/langs.csv|head
language,year
ALGOL 58,1958
APL,1962
Ada,1983
B,1969
BASIC,1964
BCPL,1967
C,1972
C#,2001
C++,1980

“sort” subcommand takes -f option to specify a field to sort. You don't need to count the position of the field. Also, the comparison method used in tb is smart to sort numbers correctly.

% tb sort -f year sample/langs.csv|head
language,year
FORTRAN,1955
LISP,1958
ALGOL 58,1958
COBOL,1959
APL,1962
SNOBOL,1962
Simula,1962
BASIC,1964
PL/I,1964

“search” subcommand search CSV file.

% tb search R sample/langs.csv
language,year
FORTRAN,1955
Ruby,1993

“search” subcommand takes -f with field name and -v to show non-matching rows. You don't need to care field separators (comma) to match. Following example searches languages which name contains a non-alphabet character.

% tb search -vf language '\A[A-Za-z]*\z' sample/langs.csv
language,year
ALGOL 58,1958
PL/I,1964
C++,1980
Objective-C,1983
Common Lisp,1984
Visual Basic,1991
C#,2001
F#,2002

“search” subcommand can take Ruby expression, instead of a regexp. The variable, “_”, contains a hash which represents a record.

% tb search --ruby '(1990..1999).include?(_["year"].to_i)' sample/langs.csv
language,year
Haskell,1990
Python,1991
Visual Basic,1991
Ruby,1993
Lua,1993
CLOS,1994
Java,1995
Delphi,1995
JavaScript,1995
PHP,1995
D,1999

“cut” subcommand extract one or more fields. This is similar to “cut” command of Unix and projection of relational algebra.

% tb cut language sample/langs.csv |head
language
FORTRAN
LISP
COBOL
ALGOL 58
APL
Simula
SNOBOL
BASIC
PL/I

“group” subcommand groups rows for specified field. -a option specifies aggregation expression to aggregate the grouped rows.

% tb group year -a count -a 'values(language)' sample/langs.csv |head
year,count,values(language)
1955,1,FORTRAN
1958,2,"LISP,ALGOL 58"
1959,1,COBOL
1962,3,"APL,Simula,SNOBOL"
1964,2,"BASIC,PL/I"
1967,1,BCPL
1968,1,Logo
1969,1,B
1970,2,"Pascal,Forth"

There are more subcommands. “help” subcommand shows list of subcommand.

% tb help
Usage:
  tb help [OPTS] [SUBCOMMAND]
  tb to-csv [OPTS] [TABLE ...]
  tb to-tsv [OPTS] [TABLE]
  tb to-ltsv [OPTS] [TABLE]
  tb to-pnm [OPTS] [TABLE]
  tb to-json [OPTS] [TABLE]
  tb to-yaml [OPTS] [TABLE]
  tb to-pp [OPTS] [TABLE]
  tb search [OPTS] REGEXP [TABLE ...]
  tb gsub [OPTS] REGEXP STRING [TABLE ...]
  tb sort [OPTS] [TABLE]
  tb cut [OPTS] FIELD,... [TABLE]
  tb rename [OPTS] SRC,DST,... [TABLE]
  tb newfield [OPTS] FIELD VALUE [TABLE]
  tb cat [OPTS] [TABLE ...]
  tb join [OPTS] [TABLE1 TABLE2 ...]
  tb consecutive [OPTS] [TABLE ...]
  tb group [OPTS] KEY-FIELD1,... [TABLE ...]
  tb cross [OPTS] VKEY-FIELD1,... HKEY-FIELD1,... [TABLE ...]
  tb melt KEY-FIELDS-LIST [OPTS] [TABLE ...]
  tb unmelt [OPTS] [TABLE ...]
  tb nest [OPTS] NEWFIELD,OLDFIELD1,OLDFIELD2,... [TABLE ...]
  tb unnest [OPTS] FIELD [TABLE ...]
  tb shape [OPTS] [TABLE ...]
  tb mheader [OPTS] [TABLE]
  tb crop [OPTS] [TABLE ...]
  tb ls [OPTS] [FILE ...]
  tb tar [OPTS] [TAR-FILE ...]
  tb svn [OPTS] -- [SVN-LOG-ARGS]
  tb git [OPTS] [GIT-DIR ...]

tb help -s shows one line summary of the subcommands.

% tb help -s
help        : Show help message of tb command.
to-csv      : Convert a table to CSV (Comma Separated Values).
to-tsv      : Convert a table to TSV (Tab Separated Values).
to-ltsv     : Convert a table to LTSV (Labeled Tab Separated Values).
to-pnm      : Convert a table to PNM (Portable Anymap: PPM, PGM, PBM).
to-json     : Convert a table to JSON (JavaScript Object Notation).
to-yaml     : Convert a table to YAML (YAML Ain't a Markup Language).
to-pp       : Convert a table to pretty printed format.
search      : Search rows using regexp or ruby expression.
gsub        : Substitute cells.
sort        : Sort rows.
cut         : Select columns.
rename      : Rename field names.
newfield    : Add a field.
cat         : Concatenate tables vertically.
join        : Concatenate tables horizontally as left/right/full natural join.
consecutive : Concatenate consecutive rows.
group       : Group and aggregate rows.
cross       : Create a cross table. (a.k.a contingency table, pivot table)
melt        : split value fields into records.
unmelt      : merge melted records into a record.
nest        : Nest fields.
unnest      : Unnest a field.
shape       : Show table size.
mheader     : Collapse multi rows header.
crop        : Extract rectangle in a table.
ls          : List directory entries as a table.
tar         : Show the file listing of tar file.
svn         : Show the SVN log as a table.
git         : Show the GIT log as a table.

Install

gem install tb

Run without gem

git clone https://github.com/akr/tb.git
ruby -Itb/lib tb/bin/tb help

Author

Tanaka Akira <[email protected]>

License

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
   copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
   disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
   with the distribution.
3. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote
   products derived from this software without specific prior
   written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR “AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

(The modified BSD licence)