Shodanz

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A modern, async Ruby gem for Shodan, the world's first search engine for Internet-connected devices.

Installation

$ gem install shodanz

Usage

require "shodanz"

client = Shodanz.client.new(key: "YOUR_API_KEY")

NOTE: You can also set the SHODAN_API_KEY environment variable instead of passing the API key as an argument when creating a client.

Optional Async Support

Shodanz utilizes async to provide asyncronous IO. This doesn't break any existing scripts using Shodanz, but now offers even more flexibility to write more awesome things, like this asyncronous honeypot detector:

require 'async'
require 'shodanz'

client = Shodanz.client.new

# Asynchronously stream banner info from shodan  and check any
# IP addresses against the experimental honeypot scoring service.
client.streaming_api.banners do |banner|
  if ip = banner['ip_str']
    Async do
      score = client.rest_api.honeypot_score(ip).wait
      puts "#{ip} has a #{score * 100}% chance of being a honeypot"
    rescue Shodanz::Errors::RateLimited
      sleep rand
      retry
    rescue # any other errors
      next
    end
  end
end

Note: To run any Shodanz method asyncronously, simply wrap it in a Async { ... } block. To wait for any other async operation to finnish in the block, call .wait on it.

REST API

The REST API provides methods to search Shodan, look up hosts, get summary information on queries and a variety of utility methods to make developing easier. Refer to the REST API documentation for more ideas on how to use it.

Shodan Search Methods

Search'n for stuff, are 'ya?

Host Information

Returns all services that have been found on the given host IP.

client.host("8.8.8.8")                # Default
client.host("8.8.8.8", history: true) # All historical banners should be returned.
client.host("8.8.8.8", minify: true)  # Only return the list of ports and the general host information, no banners.

Host Search

Search Shodan using the same query syntax as the website and use facets to get summary information for different properties.

client.host_search("mongodb")
client.host_search("nginx")
client.host_search("apache", after: "1/12/16")
client.host_search("ssh", port: 22, page: 1)
client.host_search("ssh", port: 22, page: 2)
client.host_search("ftp", port: 21, facets: { link: "Ethernet or modem" })

Search Shodan without Results

This method behaves identical to host_search with the only difference that this method does not return any host results, it only returns the total number of results that matched the query and any facet information that was requested. As a result this method does not consume query credits.

client.host_count("apache")
client.host_count("apache", country: "US")
client.host_count("apache", country: "US", state: "MI")
client.host_count("apache", country: "US", state: "MI", city: "Detroit")
client.host_count("nginx",  facets: { country: 5 })
client.host_count("apache", facets: { country: 5 })

Scan Targets

Use this method to request Shodan to crawl an IP or netblock.

client.scan("8.8.8.8")

Crawl Internet for Port

Use this method to request Shodan to crawl the Internet for a specific port.

This method is restricted to security researchers and companies with a Shodan Data license. To apply for access to this method as a researcher, please email [email protected] with information about your project. Access is restricted to prevent abuse.

client.crawl_for(port: 80, protocol: "http")

List Community Queries

Use this method to obtain a list of search queries that users have saved in Shodan.

client.community_queries
client.community_queries(page: 2)
client.community_queries(sort: "votes")
client.community_queries(sort: "votes", page: 2)
client.community_queries(order: "asc")
client.community_queries(order: "desc")

Search Community Queries

Use this method to search the directory of search queries that users have saved in Shodan.

client.search_for_community_query("the best")
client.search_for_community_query("the best", page: 2)

Popular Community Query Tags

Use this method to obtain a list of popular tags for the saved search queries in Shodan.

client.popular_query_tags
client.popular_query_tags(20)

Protocols

This method returns an object containing all the protocols that can be used when launching an Internet scan.

client.protocols

Ports

This method returns a list of port numbers that the Shodan crawlers are looking for.

client.ports

Account Profile

Returns information about the Shodan account linked to this API key.

client.profile

DNS Lookup

Look up the IP address for the provided list of hostnames.

client.resolve("google.com")
client.resolve("google.com", "bing.com")

Reverse DNS Lookup

Look up the hostnames that have been defined for the given list of IP addresses.

client.reverse_lookup("74.125.227.230")
client.reverse_lookup("74.125.227.230", "204.79.197.200")

HTTP Headers

Shows the HTTP headers that your client sends when connecting to a webserver.

client.http_headers

Your IP Address

Get your current IP address as seen from the Internet.

client.my_ip

Honeypot Score

Calculates a honeypot probability score ranging from 0 (not a honeypot) to 1.0 (is a honeypot).

client.honeypot_score('8.8.8.8')

API Plan Information

client.info

Streaming API

The Streaming API is an HTTP-based service that returns a real-time stream of data collected by Shodan. Refer to the Streaming API documentation for more ideas on how to use it.

Banners

This stream provides ALL of the data that Shodan collects. Use this stream if you need access to everything and/ or want to store your own Shodan database locally. If you only care about specific ports, please use the Ports stream.

client.banners do |data|
  # do something with banner data
  puts data
end

Banners Filtered by ASN

This stream provides a filtered, bandwidth-saving view of the Banners stream in case you are only interested in devices located in certain ASNs.

client.banners_within_asns(3303, 32475) do |data|
  # do something with banner data
  puts data
end

Banners Filtered by Country

This stream provides a filtered, bandwidth-saving view of the Banners stream in case you are only interested in devices located in certain countries.

client.banners_within_countries("DE", "US", "JP") do |data|
  # do something with banner data
  puts data
end

Banners Filtered by Ports

Only returns banner data for the list of specified ports. This stream provides a filtered, bandwidth-saving view of the Banners stream in case you are only interested in a specific list of ports.

client.banners_on_ports(21, 22, 80) do |data|
  # do something with banner data
  puts data
end

Banners by Network Alerts

Subscribe to banners discovered on all IP ranges described in the network alerts.

client.alerts do |data|
  # do something with banner data
  puts data
end

Banner Filtered by Alert ID

Subscribe to banners discovered on the IP range defined in a specific network alert.

client.alert("HKVGAIRWD79Z7W2T") do |data|
  # do something with banner data
  puts data
end

Exploits API

The Exploits API provides access to several exploit/ vulnerability data sources. Refer to the Exploits API documentation for more ideas on how to use it.

Search

Search across a variety of data sources for exploits and use facets to get summary information.

client.exploits_api.search("python")             # Search for python vulns.
client.exploits_api.search(port: 22)             # Port number for the affected service if the exploit is remote.
client.exploits_api.search(type: "shellcode")    # A category of exploit to search for.
client.exploits_api.search(osvdb: "100007")      # Open Source Vulnerability Database ID for the exploit.

Count

This method behaves identical to the Exploits API search method with the difference that it doesn't return any results.

client.exploits_api.count("python")             # Count python vulns.
client.exploits_api.count(port: 22)             # Port number for the affected service if the exploit is remote.
client.exploits_api.count(type: "shellcode")    # A category of exploit to search for.
client.exploits_api.count(osvdb: "100007")      # Open Source Vulnerability Database ID for the exploit.

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.