A Ruby client for Apache Solr. RSolr has been developed to be simple and extendable. It features transparent JRuby DirectSolrConnection support and a simple Hash-in, Hash-out architecture.


gem sources -a
sudo gem install mwmitchell-rsolr

Related Resources & Projects

Simple usage:

require 'rubygems'
require 'rsolr'
solr = RSolr.connect :url=>''

# send a request to /select
response = :q=>'*:*'

# send a request to a custom request handler; /catalog
response = rsolr.request '/catalog', :q=>'*:*'

# alternative to above:
response = rsolr.catalog :q=>'*:*'

To use a DirectSolrConnection (no http) in JRuby:

solr = RSolr.connect(:direct,

For more information about DirecSolrConnection, see the API.


Use the #select method to send requests to the /select handler:

response ={

The params sent into the method are sent to Solr as-is. The one exception is if a value is an array. When an array is used, multiple parameters are generated for the Solr query. Example: :q=>'roses', :fq=>['red', 'violet']

The above statement generates this Solr query:


Use the #request method for a custom request handler path:

response = solr.request '/documents', :q=>'test'

A shortcut for the above example:

response = solr.documents :q=>'test'

Updating Solr

Updating can be done using native Ruby structures. Hashes are used for single documents and arrays are used for a collection of documents (hashes). These structures get turned into simple XML “messages”. Raw XML strings can also be used.

Raw XML via #update

solr.update '</commit>'
solr.update '</optimize>'

Single document via #add

solr.add :id=>1, :price=>1.00

Multiple documents via #add

documents = [{:id=>1, :price=>1.00}, {:id=>2, :price=>10.50}]
solr.add documents

When adding, you can also supply “add” xml element attributes and/or a block for manipulating other “add” related elements (docs and fields) when using the #add method:

doc = {:id=>1, :price=>1.00}
add_attributes = {:allowDups=>false, :commitWithin=>10.0}
solr.add(doc, add_attributes) do |doc|
  # boost each document
  doc.attrs[:boost] = 1.5
  # boost the price field:
  doc.field_by_name(:price).attrs[:boost] = 2.0

Delete by id

solr.delete_by_id 1

or an array of ids

solr.delete_by_id [1, 2, 3, 4]

Delete by query:

solr.delete_by_query 'price:1.00'

Delete by array of queries

solr.delete_by_query ['price:1.00', 'price:10.00']

Commit & optimize shortcuts


XML Builders for RSolr

As of version 0.9.1, RSolr can use LibXml to create the update messages sent to solr. To switch from Builder to LibXml, set the RSolr::Message.builder like:

solr = RSolr.connect
solr.message.adapter =

Response Formats

The default response format is Ruby. When the :wt param is set to :ruby, the response is eval'd resulting in a Hash. You can get a raw response by setting the :wt to “ruby” - notice, the string – not a symbol. RSolr will eval the Ruby string ONLY if the :wt value is :ruby. All other response formats are available as expected, :wt=>'xml' etc..

Evaluated Ruby (default)>:ruby) # notice :ruby is a Symbol

Raw Ruby>'ruby') # notice 'ruby' is a String



You can access the original request context (path, params, url etc.) by calling the #adapter_response method:

response = :q=>'*:*'

The adapter_response is a hash that contains the generated params, url, path, post data, headers etc., very useful for debugging and testing.

HTTP Client Adapter

You can specify the http client adapter:

:net_http     uses the standard Net::HTTP library
:curb         uses the C based "curl" library

NOTE: The Net::Http is the default adapter.


RSolr.connect(:adapter => :curb)
RSolr.connect(:adapter => :net_http)

Intereseting read about Ruby's Net::HTTP library:

NOTE: You can't use the :curb adapter under jRuby. To install curb:

sudo gem install curb