Network Device Standard Library

Build Status


This module implements the type specification for the network device support program. The goal of this module is to provide the Puppet types for writing provider implementations of these types for a specific network device model.

Reference Information

The following reference material is useful when developing providers for the types implemented in this module.

Getting Started for Development

This section describes how to get started developing providers for the types implemented in this module.

First, configure a Ruby development environment. There are multiple ways to accomplish this task including rvm, rbenv, and crossfader. This module has been developed using crossfader, a pre-packaged build of multiple Ruby versions specifically designed for developing and extending Puppet.

Install Crossfader

Please follow the Crossfader Quick Start instructions to get started with crossfader on Mac OS X.

Set the ruby environment

Once crossfader is installed, select the version of Ruby currently shipping with Puppet Enterprise. At the time of writing this is currently Ruby 1.9.3-p484. Information on the current version of Ruby shipping with Puppet Enterprise is available at [Puppet Enterprise Software Components]pe components.

$ eval "$(crossfader --ruby 1.9.3-p484 --gemset netdev shellinit)"

Once initialized, verify the environment is using the specified version of ruby with the gem env command.

$ gem env
RubyGems Environment:
  - RUBY VERSION: 1.9.3 (2013-11-22 patchlevel 484) [x86_64-darwin13.0.0]
  - INSTALLATION DIRECTORY: /opt/crossfader/versions/ruby/1.9.3-p484/gemsets/netdev/ruby/1.9.1
  - RUBY EXECUTABLE: /opt/crossfader/versions/ruby/1.9.3-p484/bin/ruby
  - EXECUTABLE DIRECTORY: /opt/crossfader/versions/ruby/1.9.3-p484/gemsets/netdev/ruby/1.9.1/bin
    - ruby
    - x86_64-darwin-13
     - /opt/crossfader/versions/ruby/1.9.3-p484/gemsets/netdev/ruby/1.9.1
     - /opt/crossfader/versions/ruby/1.9.3-p484/gemsets/global/ruby/1.9.1
     - /opt/crossfader/versions/ruby/1.9.3-p484/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1
     - /Users/jeff/.gem/ruby/1.9.1
     - :update_sources => true
     - :verbose => true
     - :benchmark => false
     - :backtrace => false
     - :bulk_threshold => 1000

Clone the Repository

Clone this repository into your local development workspace.

$ git clone
Cloning into 'netdev_stdlib'...
remote: Counting objects: 595, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (172/172), done.
remote: Total 595 (delta 264), reused 587 (delta 261)
Receiving objects: 100% (595/595), 76.83 KiB | 0 bytes/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (264/264), done.
Checking connectivity... done.

Install dependencies

The types depend primarily on Puppet which itself has a set of dependencies. All of these additional software components should be installed using bundler when developing the types and providers.

$ cd netdev_stdlib/
$ bundle install --path .bundle/gems/
Fetching gem metadata from
Resolving dependencies...
Installing rake (10.1.1)
Installing CFPropertyList (2.2.8)
Installing ast (2.0.0)
Installing slop (3.6.0)
Installing parser (2.2.0.pre.4)
Installing astrolabe (1.3.0)
Installing timers (1.1.0)
Installing celluloid (0.15.2)
Installing coderay (1.1.0)
Installing diff-lcs (1.2.5)
Installing docile (1.1.5)
Installing facter (2.2.0)
Installing ffi (1.9.3)
Installing formatador (0.2.5)
Installing rb-fsevent (0.9.4)
Installing rb-inotify (0.9.5)
Installing listen (2.7.9)
Installing lumberjack (1.0.9)
Installing method_source (0.8.2)
Installing pry (0.10.1)
Installing thor (0.19.1)
Installing guard (2.6.1)
Installing rspec-core (2.13.1)
Installing rspec-expectations (2.13.0)
Installing rspec-mocks (2.13.1)
Installing rspec (2.13.0)
Installing guard-rspec (3.1.0)
Installing powerpack (0.0.9)
Installing rainbow (2.0.0)
Installing ruby-progressbar (1.5.1)
Installing rubocop (0.26.0)
Installing guard-rubocop (1.1.0)
Installing json_pure (1.8.1)
Installing hiera (1.3.4)
Installing metaclass (0.0.4)
Installing mocha (1.1.0)
Installing multi_json (1.10.1)
Installing yard (
Installing pry-doc (0.6.0)
Installing rgen (0.6.6)
Installing puppet (3.6.2)
Installing puppet-lint (1.0.1)
Installing puppet-syntax (1.3.0)
Installing rspec-puppet (1.0.1)
Installing puppetlabs_spec_helper (0.8.1)
Installing simplecov-html (0.8.0)
Installing simplecov (0.9.0)
Using bundler (1.3.6)
Your bundle is complete!
It was installed into ./.bundle/gems
bundle install --path .bundle/gems/  7.74s user 1.99s system 45% cpu 21.569 total

Run the spec tests

Before starting development of the types or providers, make sure the current branch is known-good by automatically validating expected behavior against actual behavior.

$ bundle exec rspec spec/
Finished in 2.43 seconds
1213 examples, 0 failures
Coverage report generated for Unit Tests to /netdev_stdlib/coverage/. 512 / 519 LOC (98.65%) covered.
bundle exec rspec spec  3.59s user 0.27s system 99% cpu 3.896 total

Test Driven Development

If the types are being changed, the spec tests may be automatically run in response to file system change events using guard.

$ bundle exec guard
16:52:13 - INFO - Guard is using Tmux to send notifications.
16:52:13 - INFO - Guard is using TerminalTitle to send notifications.
16:52:13 - INFO - Guard::RSpec is running
16:52:13 - INFO - Inspecting Ruby code style of all files
16:52:16 - INFO - Guard is now watching at '/netdev_stdlib'
[1] guard(main)>

Implementing a provider

For a platform named foo, the following section describes how to implement a module containing providers for the netdev_stdlib types.

The basic process for implementing providers for these types are as follows. First, create a parent directory for use as the module directory. This parent directory will contain the netdev_stdlib module and the netdev_stdlib_foo module. For example, /workspace/netdev/.

Clone the netdev_stdlib into the module directory, for example /workspace/netdev/netdev_stdlib and install dependencies using bundler as described in Getting Started for Development.

Generate the Provider Module

With a current working directory of the type module, generate the provider module using puppet module generate:

$ cd /workspace/netdev/netdev_stdlib/
$ bundle exec puppet module generate acme-netdev_stdlib_foo
We need to create a metadata.json file for this module.  Please answer the
following questions; if the question is not applicable to this module, feel free
to leave it blank.

Puppet uses Semantic Versioning ( to version modules.
What version is this module?  [0.1.0]
--> 0.1.0

Who wrote this module?  [acme]
--> acme

What license does this module code fall under?  [Apache 2.0]

How would you describe this module in a single sentence?
--> Acme Foo platform providers for the Network Device Standard Library types

Where is this module's source code repository?

Where can others go to learn more about this module?  []

Where can others go to file issues about this module?  []

  "name": "acme-netdev_stdlib_foo",
  "version": "0.1.0",
  "author": "acme",
  "summary": "Acme Foo platform providers for the Network Device Standard Library types",
  "license": "Apache 2.0",
  "source": "",
  "project_page": "",
  "issues_url": "",
  "dependencies": [
      "name": "puppetlabs-stdlib",
      "version_range": ">= 1.0.0"

About to generate this metadata; continue? [n/Y]

Notice: Generating module at /workspace/serious/src/modules/netdev/test/netdev_stdlib/acme-netdev_stdlib_foo...
Notice: Populating ERB templates...
Finished; module generated in acme-netdev_stdlib_foo.

Move the skeleton into the module directory:

$ mv acme-netdev_stdlib_foo ../netdev_stdlib_foo
$ cd ../netdev_stdlib_foo

Express the dependencies

The provider module has the same dependencies as the type module and so it is easiest to simply copy the dependency information from the netdev_stdlib type.

$ cp ../netdev_stdlib/{Gem,Guard}file .

Install the dependencies:

$ bundle install --path .bundle/gems/

Configure RSpec

Puppet Providers are generally tested with RSpec. Copy the spec helper, which initializes RSpec for module testing.

$ cp ../netdev_stdlib/spec/spec_helper.rb spec/

Remove the rspec-puppet generated example for a puppet class.

$ rm ./spec/classes/init_spec.rb

Test that rspec runs:

$ bundle exec rspec spec/
No examples found.
Finished in 0.00004 seconds
0 examples, 0 failures


The device API used by the provider should be modeled as a utility class in PuppetX::NetDev::FooApi class, located at lib/puppet_x/net_dev/foo_api.rb. Instance methods of this API class are suitable for mocking network based API calls in the spec tests. For REST API's the response data from the resource request should be serialized into a fixtures directory. These fixtures are therefore able to be updated as API responses are changed or added over time.

For more information on rspec, please see


Copyright 2014 Puppet Labs

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.