Class: Parser::Source::Map

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/parser/source/map.rb

Overview

Map relates AST nodes to the source code they were parsed from. More specifically, a Map or its subclass contains a set of ranges:

  • expression: smallest range which includes all source corresponding to the node and all expression ranges of its children.
  • other ranges (begin, end, operator, ...): node-specific ranges pointing to various interesting tokens corresponding to the node.

Note that the Heredoc map is the only one whose expression does not include other ranges. It only covers the heredoc marker (<<HERE), not the here document itself.

All ranges except expression are defined by Map subclasses.

Ranges (except expression) can be nil if the corresponding token is not present in source. For example, a hash may not have opening/closing braces, and so would its source map.

p Parser::CurrentRuby.parse('[1 => 2]').children[0].loc
# => <Parser::Source::Map::Collection:0x007f5492b547d8
#  @end=nil, @begin=nil,
#  @expression=#<Source::Range (string) 1...7>>

The AST_FORMAT document describes how ranges associated to source code tokens. For example, the entry

(array (int 1) (int 2))

"[1, 2]"
 ^ begin
      ^ end
 ~~~~~~ expression

means that if node is an AST::Node (array (int 1) (int 2)), then node.loc responds to begin, end and expression, and node.loc.begin returns a range pointing at the opening bracket, and so on.

If you want to write code polymorphic by the source map (i.e. accepting several subclasses of Map), use respond_to? instead of is_a? to check whether the map features the range you need. Concrete Map subclasses may not be preserved between versions, but their interfaces will be kept compatible.

You can visualize the source maps with ruby-parse -E command-line tool.

Examples:

require 'parser/current'

p Parser::CurrentRuby.parse('[1, 2]').loc
# => #<Parser::Source::Map::Collection:0x007f14b80eccd8
#  @end=#<Source::Range (string) 5...6>,
#  @begin=#<Source::Range (string) 0...1>,
#  @expression=#<Source::Range (string) 0...6>>

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: Collection, Condition, Constant, Definition, For, Heredoc, Index, Keyword, MethodDefinition, ObjcKwarg, Operator, RescueBody, Send, Ternary, Variable

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(expression) ⇒ Map

Returns a new instance of Map.

Parameters:


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# File 'lib/parser/source/map.rb', line 76

def initialize(expression)
  @expression = expression
end

Instance Attribute Details

#expressionRange (readonly)

Returns:


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# File 'lib/parser/source/map.rb', line 70

class Map
  attr_reader :node
  attr_reader :expression

  ##
  # @param [Range] expression
  def initialize(expression)
    @expression = expression
  end

  ##
  # @api private
  def initialize_copy(other)
    super
    @node = nil
  end

  ##
  # @api private
  def node=(node)
    @node = node
    freeze
    @node
  end

  ##
  # A shortcut for `self.expression.line`.
  # @return [Integer]
  #
  def line
    @expression.line
  end

  alias_method :first_line, :line

  ##
  # A shortcut for `self.expression.column`.
  # @return [Integer]
  #
  def column
    @expression.column
  end

  ##
  # A shortcut for `self.expression.last_line`.
  # @return [Integer]
  #
  def last_line
    @expression.last_line
  end

  ##
  # A shortcut for `self.expression.last_column`.
  # @return [Integer]
  #
  def last_column
    @expression.last_column
  end

  ##
  # @api private
  #
  def with_expression(expression_l)
    with { |map| map.update_expression(expression_l) }
  end

  ##
  # Compares source maps.
  # @return [Boolean]
  #
  def ==(other)
    other.class == self.class &&
      instance_variables.map do |ivar|
        instance_variable_get(ivar) ==
          other.send(:instance_variable_get, ivar)
      end.reduce(:&)
  end

  ##
  # Converts this source map to a hash with keys corresponding to
  # ranges. For example, if called on an instance of {Collection},
  # which adds the `begin` and `end` ranges, the resulting hash
  # will contain keys `:expression`, `:begin` and `:end`.
  #
  # @example
  #  require 'parser/current'
  #
  #  p Parser::CurrentRuby.parse('[1, 2]').loc.to_hash
  #  # => {
  #  #   :begin => #<Source::Range (string) 0...1>,
  #  #   :end => #<Source::Range (string) 5...6>,
  #  #   :expression => #<Source::Range (string) 0...6>
  #  # }
  #
  # @return [Hash<Symbol, Parser::Source::Range>]
  #
  def to_hash
    instance_variables.inject({}) do |hash, ivar|
      next hash if ivar.to_sym == :@node
      hash[ivar[1..-1].to_sym] = instance_variable_get(ivar)
      hash
    end
  end

  protected

  def with(&block)
    dup.tap(&block)
  end

  def update_expression(expression_l)
    @expression = expression_l
  end
end

#nodeParser::AST::Node

The node that is described by this map. Nodes and maps have 1:1 correspondence.

Returns:


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# File 'lib/parser/source/map.rb', line 70

class Map
  attr_reader :node
  attr_reader :expression

  ##
  # @param [Range] expression
  def initialize(expression)
    @expression = expression
  end

  ##
  # @api private
  def initialize_copy(other)
    super
    @node = nil
  end

  ##
  # @api private
  def node=(node)
    @node = node
    freeze
    @node
  end

  ##
  # A shortcut for `self.expression.line`.
  # @return [Integer]
  #
  def line
    @expression.line
  end

  alias_method :first_line, :line

  ##
  # A shortcut for `self.expression.column`.
  # @return [Integer]
  #
  def column
    @expression.column
  end

  ##
  # A shortcut for `self.expression.last_line`.
  # @return [Integer]
  #
  def last_line
    @expression.last_line
  end

  ##
  # A shortcut for `self.expression.last_column`.
  # @return [Integer]
  #
  def last_column
    @expression.last_column
  end

  ##
  # @api private
  #
  def with_expression(expression_l)
    with { |map| map.update_expression(expression_l) }
  end

  ##
  # Compares source maps.
  # @return [Boolean]
  #
  def ==(other)
    other.class == self.class &&
      instance_variables.map do |ivar|
        instance_variable_get(ivar) ==
          other.send(:instance_variable_get, ivar)
      end.reduce(:&)
  end

  ##
  # Converts this source map to a hash with keys corresponding to
  # ranges. For example, if called on an instance of {Collection},
  # which adds the `begin` and `end` ranges, the resulting hash
  # will contain keys `:expression`, `:begin` and `:end`.
  #
  # @example
  #  require 'parser/current'
  #
  #  p Parser::CurrentRuby.parse('[1, 2]').loc.to_hash
  #  # => {
  #  #   :begin => #<Source::Range (string) 0...1>,
  #  #   :end => #<Source::Range (string) 5...6>,
  #  #   :expression => #<Source::Range (string) 0...6>
  #  # }
  #
  # @return [Hash<Symbol, Parser::Source::Range>]
  #
  def to_hash
    instance_variables.inject({}) do |hash, ivar|
      next hash if ivar.to_sym == :@node
      hash[ivar[1..-1].to_sym] = instance_variable_get(ivar)
      hash
    end
  end

  protected

  def with(&block)
    dup.tap(&block)
  end

  def update_expression(expression_l)
    @expression = expression_l
  end
end

Instance Method Details

#==(other) ⇒ Boolean

Compares source maps.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'lib/parser/source/map.rb', line 140

def ==(other)
  other.class == self.class &&
    instance_variables.map do |ivar|
      instance_variable_get(ivar) ==
        other.send(:instance_variable_get, ivar)
    end.reduce(:&)
end

#columnInteger

A shortcut for self.expression.column.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

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# File 'lib/parser/source/map.rb', line 109

def column
  @expression.column
end

#last_columnInteger

A shortcut for self.expression.last_column.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

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# File 'lib/parser/source/map.rb', line 125

def last_column
  @expression.last_column
end

#last_lineInteger

A shortcut for self.expression.last_line.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

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# File 'lib/parser/source/map.rb', line 117

def last_line
  @expression.last_line
end

#lineInteger Also known as: first_line

A shortcut for self.expression.line.

Returns:

  • (Integer)

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# File 'lib/parser/source/map.rb', line 99

def line
  @expression.line
end

#to_hashHash<Symbol, Parser::Source::Range>

Converts this source map to a hash with keys corresponding to ranges. For example, if called on an instance of Collection, which adds the begin and end ranges, the resulting hash will contain keys :expression, :begin and :end.

Examples:

require 'parser/current'

p Parser::CurrentRuby.parse('[1, 2]').loc.to_hash
# => {
#   :begin => #<Source::Range (string) 0...1>,
#   :end => #<Source::Range (string) 5...6>,
#   :expression => #<Source::Range (string) 0...6>
# }

Returns:


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# File 'lib/parser/source/map.rb', line 166

def to_hash
  instance_variables.inject({}) do |hash, ivar|
    next hash if ivar.to_sym == :@node
    hash[ivar[1..-1].to_sym] = instance_variable_get(ivar)
    hash
  end
end