ActsAsTaggableOn

This plugin was originally based on Acts as Taggable on Steroids by Jonathan Viney. It has evolved substantially since that point, but all credit goes to him for the initial tagging functionality that so many people have used.

For instance, in a social network, a user might have tags that are called skills, interests, sports, and more. There is no real way to differentiate between tags and so an implementation of this type is not possible with acts as taggable on steroids.

Enter Acts as Taggable On. Rather than tying functionality to a specific keyword (namely “tags”), acts as taggable on allows you to specify an arbitrary number of tag “contexts” that can be used locally or in combination in the same way steroids was used.

Installation

Plugin


Acts As Taggable On is available both as a gem and as a traditional plugin. For the traditional plugin you can install like so (Rails 2.1 or later):

script/plugin install git://github.com/mbleigh/acts-as-taggable-on.git

For earlier versions:

git clone git://github.com/mbleigh/acts-as-taggable-on.git vendor/plugins/acts-as-taggable-on

GemPlugin


Acts As Taggable On is also available as a gem plugin using Rails 2.1's gem dependencies. To install the gem, add this to your config/environment.rb:

config.gem "acts-as-taggable-on", :source => "http://gemcutter.org"

After that, you can run “rake gems:install” to install the gem if you don't already have it.

** NOTE ** Some issues have been experienced with “rake gems:install”. If that doesn't work to install the gem, try just installing it as a normal gem:

gem install acts-as-taggable-on --source http://gemcutter.org

Post Installation (Rails)


  1. script/generate acts_as_taggable_on_migration

  2. rake db:migrate

Testing

Acts As Taggable On uses RSpec for its test coverage. Inside the plugin directory, you can run the specs with:

rake spec

If you already have RSpec on your application, the specs will run while using:

rake spec:plugins

Example

class User < ActiveRecord::Base

acts_as_taggable_on :tags, :skills, :interests

end

@user = User.new(:name => “Bobby”) @user.tag_list = “awesome, slick, hefty” # this should be familiar @user.skill_list = “joking, clowning, boxing” # but you can do it for any context! @user.skill_list # => [“joking”,“clowning”,“boxing”] as TagList @user.save

@user.tags # => [<Tag name:“awesome”>,<Tag name:“slick”>,<Tag name:“hefty”>] @user.skills # => [<Tag name:“joking”>,<Tag name:“clowning”>,<Tag name:“boxing”>]

# The old way User.find_tagged_with(“awesome”, :on => :tags) # => [@user] User.find_tagged_with(“awesome”, :on => :skills) # => []

# The better way (utilizes named_scope) User.tagged_with(“awesome”, :on => :tags) # => [@user] User.tagged_with(“awesome”, :on => :skills) # => []

@frankie = User.create(:name => “Frankie”, :skill_list => “joking, flying, eating”) User.skill_counts # => [<Tag name=“joking” count=2>,<Tag name=“clowning” count=1>…] @frankie.skill_counts

Finding Tagged Objects

Acts As Taggable On utilizes Rails 2.1's named_scope to create an association for tags. This way you can mix and match to filter down your results, and it also improves compatibility with the will_paginate gem:

class User < ActiveRecord::Base

acts_as_taggable_on :tags
named_scope :by_join_date, :order => "created_at DESC"

end

User.tagged_with(“awesome”).by_date User.tagged_with(“awesome”).by_date.paginate(:page => params, :per_page => 20)

Relationships

You can find objects of the same type based on similar tags on certain contexts. Also, objects will be returned in descending order based on the total number of matched tags.

@bobby = User.find_by_name(“Bobby”) @bobby.skill_list # => [“jogging”, “diving”]

@frankie = User.find_by_name(“Frankie”) @frankie.skill_list # => [“hacking”]

@tom = User.find_by_name(“Tom”) @tom.skill_list # => [“hacking”, “jogging”, “diving”]

@tom.find_related_skills # => [<User name=“Bobby”>,<User name=“Frankie”>] @bobby.find_related_skills # => [<User name=“Tom”>] @frankie.find_related_skills # => [<User name=“Tom”>]

Dynamic Tag Contexts

In addition to the generated tag contexts in the definition, it is also possible to allow for dynamic tag contexts (this could be user generated tag contexts!)

@user = User.new(:name => “Bobby”) @user.set_tag_list_on(:customs, “same, as, tag, list”) @user.tag_list_on(:customs) # => [“same”,“as”,“tag”,“list”] @user.save @user.tags_on(:customs) # => [<Tag name='same'>,…] @user.tag_counts_on(:customs) User.find_tagged_with(“same”, :on => :customs) # => [@user]

Tag Ownership

Tags can have owners:

class User < ActiveRecord::Base

acts_as_tagger

end

class Photo < ActiveRecord::Base

acts_as_taggable_on :locations

end

@some_user.tag(@some_photo, :with => “paris, normandy”, :on => :locations) @some_user.owned_taggings @some_user.owned_tags @some_photo.locations_from(@some_user)

Caveats, Uncharted Waters

This plugin is still under active development. Tag caching has not been thoroughly (or even casually) tested and may not work as expected.

Contributors

  • Michael Bleigh - Original Author

  • Brendan Lim - Related Objects

  • Pradeep Elankumaran - Taggers

  • Sinclair Bain - Patch King

Patch Contributors


  • tristanzdunn - Related objects of other classes

  • azabaj - Fixed migrate down

  • Peter Cooper - named_scope fix

  • slainer68 - STI fix

  • harrylove - migration instructions and fix-ups

  • lawrencepit - cached tag work

Resources

Copyright © 2007 Michael Bleigh (mbleigh.com/) and Intridea Inc. (intridea.com/), released under the MIT license