Class: Capistrano::Deploy::SCM::Git

Inherits:
Base
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/capistrano/recipes/deploy/scm/git.rb

Overview

An SCM module for using Git as your source control tool with Capistrano 2.0. If you are using Capistrano 1.x, use this plugin instead:

http://scie.nti.st/2007/3/16/capistrano-with-git-shared-repository

Assumes you are using a shared Git repository.

Parts of this plugin borrowed from Scott Chacon's version, which I found on the Capistrano mailing list but failed to be able to get working.

FEATURES:

* Very simple, only requiring 2 lines in your deploy.rb.
* Can deploy different branches, tags, or any SHA1 easily.
* Supports prompting for password / passphrase upon checkout.
  (I am amazed at how some plugins don't do this)
* Supports :scm_command, :scm_password, :scm_passphrase Capistrano
  directives.

CONFIGURATION


Use this plugin by adding the following line in your config/deploy.rb:

set :scm, :git

Set :repository to the path of your Git repo:

set :repository, "[email protected]:/home/myproject"

The above two options are required to be set, the ones below are optional.

You may set :branch, which is the reference to the branch, tag, or any SHA1 you are deploying, for example:

set :branch, "master"

Otherwise, HEAD is assumed. I strongly suggest you set this. HEAD is not always the best assumption.

You may also set :remote, which will be used as a name for remote tracking of repositories. This option is intended for use with the :remote_cache strategy in a distributed git environment.

For example in the projects config/deploy.rb:

set :repository, "#{scm_user}@somehost:~/projects/project.git"
set :remote, "#{scm_user}"

Then each person with deploy priveledges can add the following to their local ~/.caprc file:

set :scm_user, 'someuser'

Now any time a person deploys the project, their repository will be setup as a remote git repository within the cached repository.

The :scm_command configuration variable, if specified, will be used as the full path to the git executable on the remote machine:

set :scm_command, "/opt/local/bin/git"

For compatibility with deploy scripts that may have used the 1.x version of this plugin before upgrading, :git is still recognized as an alias for :scm_command.

Set :scm_password to the password needed to clone your repo if you don't have password-less (public key) entry:

set :scm_password, "my_secret'

Otherwise, you will be prompted for a password.

:scm_passphrase is also supported.

The remote cache strategy is also supported.

set :repository_cache, "git_master"
set :deploy_via, :remote_cache

For faster clone, you can also use shallow cloning. This will set the '–depth' flag using the depth specified. This cannot be used together with the :remote_cache strategy

set :git_shallow_clone, 1

For those that don't like to leave your entire repository on your production server you can:

set :deploy_via, :export

To deploy from a local repository:

set :repository, "file://."
set :deploy_via, :copy

AUTHORS


Garry Dolley scie.nti.st Contributions by Geoffrey Grosenbach topfunky.com

Scott Chacon http://jointheconversation.org
            Alex Arnell http://twologic.com
                     and Phillip Goldenburg

Instance Attribute Summary

Attributes inherited from Base

#configuration

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods inherited from Base

default_command, #initialize, #local, #local?, #next_revision, #scm

Constructor Details

This class inherits a constructor from Capistrano::Deploy::SCM::Base

Instance Method Details

#checkout(revision, destination) ⇒ Object

Performs a clone on the remote machine, then checkout on the branch you want to deploy.


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# File 'lib/capistrano/recipes/deploy/scm/git.rb', line 132

def checkout(revision, destination)
  git    = command
  remote = origin

  args = []
  args << "-o #{remote}" unless remote == 'origin'
  if depth = variable(:git_shallow_clone)
    args << "--depth #{depth}"
  end

  execute = []
  if args.empty?
    execute << "#{git} clone #{verbose} #{variable(:repository)} #{destination}"
  else
    execute << "#{git} clone #{verbose} #{args.join(' ')} #{variable(:repository)} #{destination}"
  end

  # checkout into a local branch rather than a detached HEAD
  execute << "cd #{destination} && #{git} checkout #{verbose} -b deploy #{revision}"
  
  if variable(:git_enable_submodules)
    execute << "#{git} submodule #{verbose} init"
    execute << "#{git} submodule #{verbose} sync"
    execute << "#{git} submodule #{verbose} update"
  end

  execute.join(" && ")
end

#commandObject


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# File 'lib/capistrano/recipes/deploy/scm/git.rb', line 235

def command
  # For backwards compatibility with 1.x version of this module
  variable(:git) || super
end

#diff(from, to = nil) ⇒ Object

Returns a string of diffs between two revisions


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# File 'lib/capistrano/recipes/deploy/scm/git.rb', line 205

def diff(from, to=nil)
  from << "..#{to}" if to
  scm :diff, from
end

#export(revision, destination) ⇒ Object

An expensive export. Performs a checkout as above, then removes the repo.


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# File 'lib/capistrano/recipes/deploy/scm/git.rb', line 163

def export(revision, destination)
  checkout(revision, destination) << " && rm -Rf #{destination}/.git"
end

#handle_data(state, stream, text) ⇒ Object

Determines what the response should be for a particular bit of text from the SCM. Password prompts, connection requests, passphrases, etc. are handled here.


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# File 'lib/capistrano/recipes/deploy/scm/git.rb', line 243

def handle_data(state, stream, text)
  host = state[:channel][:host]
  logger.info "[#{host} :: #{stream}] #{text}"
  case text
  when /\bpassword.*:/i
    # git is prompting for a password
    unless pass = variable(:scm_password)
      pass = Capistrano::CLI.password_prompt
    end
    "#{pass}\n"
  when %r{\(yes/no\)}
    # git is asking whether or not to connect
    "yes\n"
  when /passphrase/i
    # git is asking for the passphrase for the user's key
    unless pass = variable(:scm_passphrase)
      pass = Capistrano::CLI.password_prompt
    end
    "#{pass}\n"
  when /accept \(t\)emporarily/
    # git is asking whether to accept the certificate
    "t\n"
  end
end

#headObject

When referencing “head”, use the branch we want to deploy or, by default, Git's reference of HEAD (the latest changeset in the default branch, usually called “master”).


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# File 'lib/capistrano/recipes/deploy/scm/git.rb', line 122

def head
  variable(:branch) || 'HEAD'
end

#log(from, to = nil) ⇒ Object

Returns a log of changes between the two revisions (inclusive).


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# File 'lib/capistrano/recipes/deploy/scm/git.rb', line 211

def log(from, to=nil)
  scm :log, "#{from}..#{to}"
end

#originObject


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# File 'lib/capistrano/recipes/deploy/scm/git.rb', line 126

def origin
  variable(:remote) || 'origin'
end

#query_revision(revision) ⇒ Object

Getting the actual commit id, in case we were passed a tag or partial sha or something - it will return the sha if you pass a sha, too

Raises:

  • (ArgumentError)

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# File 'lib/capistrano/recipes/deploy/scm/git.rb', line 217

def query_revision(revision)
  raise ArgumentError, "Deploying remote branches is no longer supported.  Specify the remote branch as a local branch for the git repository you're deploying from (ie: '#{revision.gsub('origin/', '')}' rather than '#{revision}')." if revision =~ /^origin\//
  return revision if revision =~ /^[0-9a-f]{40}$/
  command = scm('ls-remote', repository, revision)
  result = yield(command)
  revdata = result.split(/[\t\n]/)
  newrev = nil
  revdata.each_slice(2) do |refs|
    rev, ref = *refs
    if ref.sub(/refs\/.*?\//, '').strip == revision.to_s
      newrev = rev
      break
    end
  end
  raise "Unable to resolve revision for '#{revision}' on repository '#{repository}'." unless newrev =~ /^[0-9a-f]{40}$/
  return newrev
end

#sync(revision, destination) ⇒ Object

Merges the changes to 'head' since the last fetch, for remote_cache deployment strategy


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# File 'lib/capistrano/recipes/deploy/scm/git.rb', line 169

def sync(revision, destination)
  git     = command
  remote  = origin

  execute = []
  execute << "cd #{destination} && #{git} gc"

  # Use git-config to setup a remote tracking branches. Could use
  # git-remote but it complains when a remote of the same name already
  # exists, git-config will just silenty overwrite the setting every
  # time. This could cause wierd-ness in the remote cache if the url
  # changes between calls, but as long as the repositories are all
  # based from each other it should still work fine.
  if remote != 'origin'
    execute << "#{git} config remote.#{remote}.url #{variable(:repository)}"
    execute << "#{git} config remote.#{remote}.fetch +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/#{remote}/*"
  end

  # since we're in a local branch already, just reset to specified revision rather than merge
  execute << "#{git} fetch #{verbose} #{remote} && #{git} reset #{verbose} --hard #{revision}"

  if variable(:git_enable_submodules)
    execute << "#{git} submodule #{verbose} init"
    execute << "for mod in `#{git} submodule status | awk '{ print $2 }'`; do #{git} config -f .git/config submodule.${mod}.url `#{git} config -f .gitmodules --get submodule.${mod}.url` && echo Synced $mod; done"
    execute << "#{git} submodule #{verbose} sync"
    execute << "#{git} submodule #{verbose} update"
  end

  # Make sure there's nothing else lying around in the repository (for
  # example, a submodule that has subsequently been removed).
  execute << "#{git} clean #{verbose} -d -x -f"

  execute.join(" && ")
end